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REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY "^OLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 01738 7827 



GENEALOGY 
974.5 
B644 
1913 



BOOK NOTES 



CONSISTING OF 



LITERARY GOSSIP, CRITICISMS OF BOOKS AXD 

LOCAL HISTORICAL .MATTERS CONNECTED 

WITH RHODE ISLAND. 



VOL. XXX. 
January to December inc., 1913. 



PROVI PENCE : 

SIDXEY vS. RIDER, 
1913. 



V r>9'J6o7 

BOOK NOTES 

HISTORICAL, LITERARY AND CRITICAL, 

CONDUCTED BV 

SIDNICY S, RIDER. 



7^ ALMY SlREKl , .... - - PROl'lDEhCE, R. 1 . 

Entered as Second class Matter, at the Providence. R. I. Post Office. 



50 Cents per annum. Fortnightly. 
Single Copy 5 Cents. 



Saturday, January 4, iyJ3. 



THE niC LUXE BOOK SWINDLE; 

.\.S IT IS TO-DAY A.XD AS IT 

WAS HERE IX PROVH)EXCE 

TWEXTY YEARS AOO, 

The newspapers have publisl'.ed ac- 
counts of "Szciiidliug Dc Luxe l.iooks." 
sold largely here in Xrw England. Such 
a headiiT^'' nee<is an e.\plan 
means getting ricli foo's ti) i: 
which the swindling seller.s c 
tioiis Dc Luxe. This I'Tei 
means "lu.xurious, elegant, splendid, ric 
sumptuous, ornamental," etc. Rich pe 
pie in Xew I*"ngland were \isile<I 1: 
whom the>' ne\er saw. nor hea 
aiMi specimens de Luxe exhibited, 
books were, without exceptior 



It 

M.kS. 

L:di- 

rd 



men 

nf. 

The 
the 



works of well known authors, like 
Shakespeare, Scutt. Hawthorne, Cooper. 
lr\ing, etc. The number of copies 
printed in their "De Luxe Editions" 
were always stated to be \ cry small- 
say five copies — and the prices asked ran 
from $.")000. to $:.'n,()00, and $:'..j.OOO, 
$}0.000. to $100,000, and in one case re- 
cently discovered, Si:!0.O0O. It seems in- 
credible. But its origin is very interest- 
ing. Eor many years copies of the first 
editions of popular books grew in price, 
as time, and scarcity took place, and 
ignorant men grew rich. I have myself 
sold a set of ],:j(,ks for $2:.0.0(! which 
now sells for ."?f.::."iO. In m.iny cas-'s such 
results followed. I sold another set of 
books for $1.'>().(iO which has <ince been 
taken back to Lond'ni. where 1 bougiit 
it, and suld for $:i500. There was no 
ra.'-cality in the growth of prices, under 
such conditiirn-. .Xs men nudtiplied. 
and became interested in literature,; 



and grew rich in money ; naturally they 
wanted these l)i>oks sc) deep in litera- 
ture, and their prices were varied. I 
could give no end practically to such 
illustrations. It was out of this delight- 
ful passion that these tremendous 'T)e 
Luxe swindles" grev. , and reached sjiu-h 
tremen<lou5 figures. This, however, is 
no palliation for the "De Luxe" liars, 
and criminals. The\' p'ayed with the 
trust which women gave to men; and 
which rich male fools did not know 
enough to see. and put into practice. 
In one case it has been stated that an 
edition of a "De Lu.xe" book consisted 
of l.j. or 20 volumes and the number of 
■"De Luxe" copies, or sets in the edition, 
was 5, one of wdiich was bought by 
King Edward of England: one. by his 
Royal Highness J. P. Morgan, whose 
business organizations control S;3.'),r;2.5,- 
000,000. A third set was ordered by 
another American multi-nn'llionaire '.n 
Paris at the time; and the letter was 
shown to other rich fool.-, liut with what 
success we do not know. This infernal 
work has been in operation l.j or 20 
years ; and it rests upon two good prin- 
ciples ; First, the desire to possess cop- 
ies of rare first editirms of books of 
real intellectual worth to men and wo- 
iicn of intelligence: and second, that 
trust on good qualities of men and 
uomen prevailed; until ue sec that li ;d 
i(ualitics now pre\ail. • 'i'he magni- 
lude of the tremendous -windles of th-- 
"De Luxe" books of today is. when com- 
i)ared with the "De Ln.Ke" book sv.'ind- 
les tws-nty years ago w.is immense. 
Twenty years ago the highest price ask- 



,"■."9 « 



cd was SirsO.OO; to-day the amounl asked 
is $loO.OOO.OO. It is an admirable illus- 
tration of to-day's work, in Railroad 
Slocks, bonds, coal, oil, su^ar, tru>l5 of 
every kind; and esiK-cially the taritl. 

At some time, say fifteen years ayo, a 
' Catalog" (of a) Collossal De Luxe 
Book Sale, was distributed here in 
Providence, bearing the name, Calkn- 
der, McAuslan and IVoup Co., f'rovi- 
dence, R. I. S vo., 3-1 pages. There is 
no date upon it. But on page 14 is ad- 
vertised the works of Charles Lamb; 
the edition printed by D. B. Updike at 
the Merrymount Press. Boston, copies of 
whict, so the catalogue reads, sell at 
from "$90.00 to $900.00 a set." This 
Updike Press was established not far 
from twenty years ago. A "circular" 
was also i>.';ued. bearing tiiis heading, 
"Callender, McAuslan and Troup Co — 
BOSTON' STORK. Bargain Price or- 
der blank. Creat DE LUXE Book Sale." 
Both of these pamphlets I now possess. 
There were sixty-four sets of books in 
the Catalog. I will mention, with the 
prices, a few authors, with the prices 
for which they w^ere first published; 



and the Boston Store price. 

Shakespeare, Si:>U.OO. price at Boston 
store, $29. .-)0; Walter Scott's, $100.00 
pi ice at Boston Store, 24.50; Charles 
Lamb. $900.00. price at Boston Store, 
$s.2.5; .\ddison's works. $0.00. price at 
B'iSton Store, $1.2."); Thackeray's works. 
$19.00, price at Boston Store, $12. .')0; 
Balzac, $72.00, price at Boston Store, 
S1S..J0. 

These six specimens illustrate the en- 
tire catalog, with its 64 sets, and show 
a drop in prices approximating 75 per 
cent. The prices for Lamb's works in 
tin's list are four in number, to wit, 
$900.00. $90.00, $35.00. and last, $S.25, 
the editions all the same. There were 
six names of publishing firms engaged 
in the publishing of these "He T.nve" 
editions in this catalogue, to wit, ("eb- 
bie & Co.; Bigelow & Co.; the Chester- 
iield Society; John D. Morris & Co.; 
the Xottingham Society; the Dcvos 
Press, chiefly at Philadelphia. I be- 
lieve that Morris iv Co. were in the Ca'- 
lender sale. Xot one of these did T ever 
know, nor see. The De Luxe business 
spread to Boston. A firm there pu''- 



UNION TRUST COMPANY. 

62 DORRANCE ST., CORNER OF VVEST?.^!NSTER ST 

CAPITAL $1,000,000. SURPLUS $500,000 

A COMMERCIAL BAiNK AND TRUST COMPANY. 

OFFICERS. 

MARSDEN J. PERRY, Chairman of the Board. 

ARAM J. POTHTER, President. 

ARCHIBALD G. LOOMIS. Vice-President. 

HAROLD J. GROSS, Vice-President. 

FRAXK E. CHAFEE. Treasurer. 

CHARLES H. SHELDOX, Secretary. 

CLIXTOX F. STEVE XS, Ass't Treasurer and Ass't Secretary. 



Samuel M. Nicholson. 
Aram T. Pothier, 
Archibald G. Loomis, 
Harold J. Gross, 
Benjamin A. Jackson, 
Joseph Satiuels, 



DIRECTORS. 

Arthur H. Watson, 
Clarence L. Watson, 
^larsden J. Perry, 
William W. Douglas, 
Harry Cutler, 
Charles .'Alexander. 
Miehael J. Houlihan. 



Everett L. Spencer, 
Albert A. Remington, 
Philip Allen, 
George W. Thurston, 
William B, Greenough 
Walter W. Grifilth. 



lislied an Edition De I^uxe, of Buhver's 
novels (there were then on ihe market 
twenty other editions of Bulwer's novels. 
The subscription price was S^U.OO. A 
man bought a set for $so.OO, but, getting 
"hard up," could get nothing for it; at 
last he sold to the publishers for ^l.'i.OO. 
Another Boston publisher owned a set 
of stereotype plates of Balzac's nove's. 
The tirm printed from these plates a 
"De Luxe edi'.iou" at a subscription 
price of $200.00. more than six times 
the price of the original edition. A 
"large paper" copy of a book has no 
intrinsic value above the ordinary size 
of the book. Books were invented for 
tiie disserninailou, and preservation of 
ideas. There was no advance in ideas, 
in a "Large Paper," nor a De Luxe book, 
beyond the regular issues. Books are 
the product of the human intellect; 
the workings of the lumian mind; 
they are the greatest mind build- 
ers in existence. Corrupt books 
degrade. while clean, and true, 
and thought lui books build and broaden 
the mind ; an honest, thoughtful book 
helps to keep men honest ; while at the 
same time it increases their knowledge. 
That thing which we now call a book 
developed into form as it now exists 



: about the Fifteenth century. Survey the 
: growth, breadth, depth and scope of the 
humim mind, during the comparatively 
ihort bpace of time which has yet fol- 
lowed. .-Ml books have value, and worth, 
• more or less. An ignorant man may 
i become educated, and a wise made wiser. 
j Books are food for the mind, while 
, Beef, and .Mutton and Pork, and Poul- 
I try are food for the body; but for the 
I body there would be no mind. 



A Fi:w Thoughts from Rogkr 
Wif.r.i.vMs. 

"The world is full of admirable men 
and women who are not Christians." 

"The most glorious sun and the heav- 
enly bodies have their limited motions; 
the days and the nights, the summer and 
the winter, light and darkness know their 
periods of beginning and ending; all 
have their hitherto and no further set 
by the Infinite." 

"Xo created finite power can reach to 
what Infinity is." 

"Woman wears the golden chain of 
■he glorified as well as the wisest and 
the strongest of mankind." 

"The wisdom of God prefers some 
women before thousands of men." 



PI?OV!DI:MC!: BANKING CO.. 

141 wcsTriirisrci^ ST., ppovidcn'ci:, i^. i. 



LOCAL STOCKS, BONDS 



HigiiGixKlelnx'estnientSecuiiries 

Orders executed ot-. the New York and Fioston Stock 
Exchange. Foreign Exchange bought and sold. Letters of 
Credit furnished for travelers. 



"I say liberty and equality, both 
land and government." 

"Kings and magistrates must be «. > 
sidered invested with no nmre I'lw 
tlian the peui)le 1-etrust them with." 

"The sovereiL!n power of all civil i 
ihority is fiiunded in tlie consent i.f t 
people." 

."I have acknowledged, and shal'. t 
deavor to maintain, the rights and pr< 
erties of every inhabitant vt Rhode 
land in peace." 

It is scarcely necessary f<.ir me 
point out tb.c profound political wi.-^di 
embodied in the four last sentenc 
They lie at the foundation of a repi 
lican form of govcrr.tr.cnt, ar.d v. > 
written in 1644. 



"WnEkE Gon U.\TH A Tf:.mplk the 
Devil W'li.i, Mave .\ Chapel. 

Among ihc Famiiitir Ouotatn'iis wliich 
appear in Mr. John Bartlett's admirable 
collection are the following (pp. drii). 
651). 

"Where (Jod hath a temp'e. the Devil 
will have a chapel." 

Quoted from Burton's .1 iiLilomy of 
Melancholy Pt. 3, Sec. 4. This book was 



printed lti21, l(i24, lf.2S, 1032, 103S. lt)52, 
mr.O, IGTt). 

"Wherever C-od erects a house of 
prayer. 

The tievil always builds a chapel there." 

(Juoied from Defoe's True Bi'n: I'.iiy- 
iishiniin. I't. 1, Line 1. This 1 jjk was 
printed in lO'.t;). 
■■ "od never h^ad a church but tn.ere men 

say. 
The I)evi! a chapel hath raised by sume 
wy'es." 

Quoted from the Fostlutiiicus Poems 
of Drumniond of Hawthornden, first 
printed, 1(150. 

"Xo Sooner is a temple built to tiod, 
l:ut i!;^ Dc.il biiildo u chapel bird u\." 

Quoted from the Jacida Pnidentuin, 
by George Herbert; first printed in 1040, 
under the name Outlandish Proverbs. 
Scuteiiccs. xr," the name given above was 
that of the second edition. lt)51. 

Bcxjk Xotes presents another quota- 
ti'in hitherto unknown. "I take the lib- 
erty now a little to enlarge, to remember 
*o tlie readers of the old proverb that 
where God hath his church, the Devil 
will have his chappel." From George 
l-'i'x Digg'd froni his Burrozcs by Roger 
Wi'liams, first printed in 1076. 



HE NATIONAL EXCHANGE BANK, 

63 WESTMINSTER STREET. 

Capital, $5OO,0OO. Surplus & Profits, $1,024,203.92 

ORGANIZED 1801 



OFFICERS 

MIICHAEL F. DOOLEY, President. 

Vice-Presidents, FREDERICK S. PECK, JOSEPH E. FLETCHER. 

AUGUSTUS R. PKIRCE. 

C. H. W. .\LAXDE\TLLE. Cashier. 

GEORGE G. WOOD, Asst. Cashier. 



N'ewton D. Arnold, 
Walter Callender, 
Edmund D. Chcsebro, ^LD 
Frank P. Conistock, 
Arthur W. Dennis, 



DIRECTORS 

Samuel ^L Einstein, 
Joseph E. Fletcher. 
Theodore W. Foster, 
Artiiur ITenius, 
John McMaiius, 



Frederick S. Peck, 
Frank N. Phillips, 
Joseph L. Sweet, 
Clarence L. Watson. 
Michael F. Dooley. 



One of the Oldest and Strongest Banks in Rhode Island 



It will be ob?erved that Burton. Her- 
bert and Drummoiid each used th,' 
l>hrase before Williams used it, but it [ 
will also be noted that Williams used 
almost the precise language r>t lUirton. \ 
Seven editions of lUirton had appeared 
in English previous to the publication of j 
George Pox Digg'd. Three of these 
editions were published between ICi'Jl 
and IGol, or while Wil'iains was in col- 
lege, or engaged in his studies, and bo- 
fore he came to Xew ruigkuul; a work ! 
so popular must have attracted him, and ! 
indeed the indications throughout j 
George fox Digg'd. that Williams had 
been a careful reader of Burton's An^t- 
cr.-.y of Mvln.i^hwlv uie quite a['paren'. 
It will be further observed that Williams 
speaks of the phrase as "the Old Pro- 
verb." fTe cites the phrase, he does 
not pretend authorship, ((leorge Fox 
Digged from his Burrows, ed. of 1872, 
published at Providence, R. T.)' 



The Xew York Times, for the 26th 
December last prints this: 

"In his sermon yesterday morning in 
the cathedral of St. John the Divine, 
the I'ery Rev. William M. C.rosvenor. 
Dean of the cathedral, attacked Christ- 



mas charity dinners, and expressed 
himself very strongly in favor of a 
little more religion and not quite so 
much charity." 

I have personally known memliers of 
the Crosvenor family seventy-two (^72) 
years; and meaner money grabbers I 
never knew. Again : 

"It is all very we'l," he said, "feed- 
ing the hungry. I rejoice in it and I 
know that it may be true that until we fill 
the stomachs of men we can't get them 
to listen to us. but it is so easy to buy 
things, it is a part of the splendid pros- 
perity of the .\merican Nation." 

Take, for instance, the Rockefellers, 
Carnegie, J. i'. Morgan ct id genus 
oiiDics. If tilling stomachs will lead 
men "to listen to us" (Orosvenors) then 
where is the objection, logically, of giv- 
ing men free dinners? Of course it is 
logical rot; just like Grosvenor's reli- 
gion. .\gain : 

"What we must need to give to eacii 
other is the faith in the living Christ. 
We need some one to teach us once 
more to pray, having lost the habit in 
the rush of these busy days." 

Yes. what we need is. "faith in the 
living Christ." But unless you can show 
evidence that God himself violated the 



INDUSTRIAL TRUST COMPANY, 

49 WESTMINSTER ST., PROVIDENCE. R. 1. 

Capital, $3,000,000. Surplus $3,000,000. 



HANKING DKPARTMENT — Interest paid on deposits. Issues 
. Certificates of Deposit at attractive rates. Loans and Discotints. 
Collections made on all points on favorable terms. 

FOREIGN KXCHANGK DHPARTMKNT — Foreion Drafts and 
Letters of Credit available in all parts of the World. Cable 
Transfers. 

TRUST DKPARTMENT— Authorized to accept Trusts. Is a legal 
depositary for trust funds. Acts as Trustee, Executor, Adminis- 
trator, Guardian and as Registrar and Transfer Agent of Coipora- 
tions. 



Divine Law. in the conception, how can 
you show faith in such a son? It must 
be that these Grosvenors, the worst of 
money grabbers, were t.iuyht to Pray 
l)y some imatjinary Clirist, like tlie Poi)e 
of Rome. Ai,'ain : 

"The shops ^)f tlie city arc full of 
beautiful things, but men and women, 
are still unhappy. The great ships ate 
crossing the ocean, laden with gifts 
but they bear also broken-hearted men 
and women. The great mass of the 
people are surfeited and a'-c wailing for 
something they do not want." 

If such is the result, for practicing 
such religion as this (^rosvenor is now 
firacticmg, tnen why continue to prac- 
tice it? The Roman Catholic Church, 
or Vatican commissioners have prac- 
ticed it for a thousand years, more Lir 
less, in time, the result being that, ac- 
cording to this "Very Reverend," "men 
and women are still unhappy," and also 
"men and women are hroken-liearted." 
The time is nr^w com.e to stop such reli- 
gious work, for it never helped men, or 
women ; but robbed chiefly womeri. 



IT IS WHOLESOME 




Combinati(,ins against the People in 
matters pertaining to actual life abound 
all over the United States. \\"c are the 
victims. 



NMoa 3aisdn 
noA Nunx y-jA3N miM ±\ 

THE SHEPARD COa^PAf^Y, 

251-273 Weslmlnster Street. 

ELBERT SI^IOMS, 

108 VVostmlnster Street 

DODGE g cmniLD, 

56 Exchange Place. 

ERNEST I. SMITH, 

35 Harkness Street. 

THE R. AND D. COf^lPANY, 

73 Atmy St., Providence. Tel. 500 West. 

TRY THIS TASTE-FULL-TONIC. 

R and G means "Orange." 



(Nineteen (19) Copie.s, onl)-, remain.) 

The Lands of Rhode Island 

as they were known to 

, CAUNOUNICUS AND .MIAKTUNNOMU 

when RoGKR Williams came in 1636. 



An Indian Map "f the Principal Locations 

known to the NAII IG ANvSlCTS and liLABORATE 
HISTORICAL NOTI-S by Sidnky S. Ridkk. 

The edition consisted of 495 ; 19 remain to be sold. Price, post 
paid, $9.00. Adtiiess the Author, Providence, R. I.' 



SOUL LIBERTY 

RHODK ISLAND'S GIFT TO THK 

NATION. 

An inquiry concerning the validity of the claims made by Roman 
Catholics that Maryland was settled upon that basis (Soul Libekty) 
before Roger Williams planted the Colony of Rhode Island. 

— BY- 
SIDNEY S. RIDER. 

"I feel soriewhat acquainted with you tlirovgh niv parcial peiiisa) of vciir naslerlx 
treatise, entitled : SOVI, LIBKKTV." A.J. S. Bout deai<, Missiot.aiy Sec') , H'al/nvfiloti . 1). C 

Quarto, 95 pages, $1.25 

(Twenty-five copies). 



Hunger of the People, used by 
dealers in food to rob them of money; 
cold in the winter, is used by coal deal- 
ers, in unlawful combinations to rob the 
People of money; Xakcdness is used by 
cloth corporations to rob both sexes. 



Is this a government of the People, 
b\' the People, for the People, or what 



RUSSELL'S NATIVE TREES. 
Of Rhode Island. 

It has 18 octavo plates of these 
Rhode Island Trees beautiful pictures, 
with excellent descriptions, with the 
locations of them. I will "mail" a copy 
*o you for Fifty cents. 



Those v/ho wish to purchase the book which it is desired that 
I publish V7iii please sign the subscription below, and send it to 
the writer. 



No. 



191 



To SIDNEY S. RIDER, Providence, R. L 

Please deliver to when fmblishcd, 

one copy of 

"THE DEVELOPMENT OF COIISTIlUTIOfML GOVERNMENT IN RHODE ISLiKO" 

I!V SIDXKY S. lilDKI!, 

in three volumes, for which 1 agree to pay Eive Dollars {$^.00) 
per volume as delivered. 



Name 



Address 



CHARLES C. HARRIN-G TOX. ROWLAND G. HAZARD, 

President. Vice-President. 



f^ 



i\i A i PA Ml^ 



Opposite City Hali <,nd Railroad Siailon. 

To those desiring to change or make new banking 
connections, we offer the services of this conveni- 
ently located and progressively managed institution. 

H. EDWARD THURSTON, EDWARD A. HAVENS, 

Cashier. Asst. Cashier. 



GENTLEMEN'S SrilRTS 



A unique gift of local interest ;;iid not 
a .J,' ..;/ ^ il'.'i.. r. w . .'tiUl !ic nnc of my maps 

of the Indian Lauds of Kitodi' Isla-'ul, as i tuv nvrcT 

Canoiiiciis and Miantmomi knew them, "^ *"t FINEST MAIEKIAL 

when Roger WiUlav.is saic them in lG:;r.. ' THE BEST I'OSSIBLE FITTING 

These maps are folde-I. in a neat cover. THE FINEST PRIVATE WOKK 

and only one hundred and thirty eight 
(138) copies remain for sale. The price 
will be $].50, quickly delivered by my- 
self. These will soon be gone; then OfderS TakCIl fOF ButtOflhoIeS. 
everybruly will want one. and mme of 
you will ever get one — for it is unique. 



AND 



A Durability Approaching Perpetuality 



Can the Judges of the Supreme 
and Superior Courts dr)uble their .sala- 
ries, as the .Mdermen of the City of 

Providonce voted. ' ANNIE E. RIOER, n ALMY STREET, 



Your MONEY never 
went so far in SHIRTS 
in the WORLD before. 



BROWN,LISLE&MARSHALL 

Investm ent Securities 

236 Industr al Trust Co Building, Providence, R, I. 

PUBLIC SERVICE BONDS. 

There are three elements to be oonsi.iered in makiro- an inve'^tment, Safety 
Pcrmancnec and Income. 'I he bondn, of cdicientlv inaua.'ed I'ublic .Service Cor' 
porafu.ns otTer the investor a particnbirly wrll balanced" eombination of tbe8e 
es^euiiaU. the business is n.')t afrected by tariff changes and is r.trnianent 
because it furnishes public nect-s-iiies. .such as the teleihone, electricity oas 
Blreet lailwavs, dc. IJusiness depression^ do not interrupt the s'eady increase in 
earnings. The income is high in relation to the hafety of the principal 

We are in a positiun to obtain aceurare information con'cernin<r the 
corporations ^vhose bouds we offer. " 



BOOK NOTES 



HISTORICAL, LITERAlvY AND CRITICAL. 

CONDUCTED BY 

SIDNEY S. RIDER, 

r? ALMY STREF.'l, . - . - - - PROVIDENCE, R. ] . 

Entered as Second class Matter, at the Providence, R. I. Post Office. 



'^''"^^"g'rcopyscem"'^''''''! Saturday, January 18, 1913. 



Vol 30 
No. -l. 



The '"Sinr FevEu," Which Was 
Bkdught into the PiiRT of Bdstox 
Bv Sfi-i-EKixG Irishmen- in the Year 
1S47. 



In Scptemljer las^ I receixed a letter 
from snir.e one whom I di'l not know, 
{\o\\\ wiiich I niuke liie followirg clip- 
ping: "I want to get at some facts cun- 
cernirg the 'Ship I-V-ver' in lioston whieh 
broke out June fith, 184;." That year 
was the I'amhic year in Irclanrl, hence 
the misery, and the "Ship ]"e\er." Ships 
loaded with passengcr.s were dumped 
Oil Deer Island. Port of li'iston." Of 
course I remember well the -hiploads 
of sick and suffering men and women, 
l>rought from Ireland to P>oston ; and 1 
remember well the the shiploads of pro- 
visions sent to Ireland for the Irish, 
most largely from Xi-w York; and from 
IjO.= ton, too. The "Ship Fever" did rot 
"break out" in. Boston; it broke out on 
the ships which brought the Irish, It 
is an awful his!ory, which has never 
been truthfully, nor even fairly written, 
'^o ihat men cou'd understand it. It was 
Englishmen who injected the germ of 
the "Ship Fever" into the flesh of the 
Irirh, which developed on 'he ships 
p'owing the .\tlantic during their te- 
dious voyages. I come now with some 
extracts from a medical journal of that 
day. the ablest medical jourral then ex- 
irlMg in Bo- ton. 

The fo'lowing paragraphs arc from 
tp.- Bvslcu Mc'ica' ani Snnjical Jmtr- 
iicl. of Jui-c K;. 1S47: 

"\''e-sels arc continually arriving li'jre 
with va>t multitudes ';f miser:d;lc human 



I'.eings from famine stricken Ireland who 
were both physically and morally en- 
feebled before commencing a voyage 
which tracks across the ocean with un- 
erring certainty." "Cases appear on 
shore clinging to the Irish emigrant, and 
breaking him dov.n far in tb^ r,-,n.-,try 
aficr lie had sntTt-red from the conline- 
ment of a shi[ihold; had these thoughi- 
U'ss. headstrong, intpnidott peojile one 
ray of discretiijn, their sulTerirgs would 
be less." — "and cases would be fewer in 
number, were the emigrants influ- 
enced by the advice urged upon them by 
kind hearted, benci'olcnt physicians/' 
"Bad food and the huddling together of 
men, wmien and children in the hold of 
a ship, for weeks engender the disease 
which is brought to our shores." Now 
read this destructive paragraph of all 
that preceded it; "A constant profes=ion- 
al intercourse with multitudes of Irish 
emigrants v/ho arrive at the port of Bos- 
ton furnishes opportunities for witness- 
ing ship fever in all its phases. TJie 
only efficient re>iicdy. certainly the first 
source of relief is a fresh atmospheric 
exposure; it is delightful to contemplate 
the change by this simple process." 
(Boston Medical and Surgical Journal. 
V. 36. pp. 402,403). Xow read the fol- 
lowing paragraphs : 

■'.\ great deal has been said of late 
by the secu'ar pres.s, and to very little 
p-,rpose, about Shiji FcVer. The public 
mind has been nced'essly thrown into 
alarm, and sundry tncdieal men hove 
been striiing to get ut a panie, which 
is wholly uncalled for. * * * * Th.e fam- 
ine in Ireland has hurried the rapid tide 



of immigration into tliis country, bring- 
ing a famishing multitude, crowding the 
steerage of every packet and passenger 
vessel, on board of which many have 
suiiered from want of food and even 
of water, while oCv-upying filthy and 
unvertilated apartments. These throngs 
of em'grarts, thus unfavorably circum- 
stanced, have, by the exhahitinns from 
their bodies, already enfeebled and em- 
aciated by starvation at home, falk-n vic- 
tims to their unavoidable violations of 
the laws of both health and life. A mal- 
ignant and fatal fever has been generat- 
ed on board ship, of which many have 
died on the passage, while still more 
have been landed either already sick. 
or so infected by the atmospheric poison 
that they zcor. develop it in a form no 
less dangerous and fatal than that which 
has proved mortal on board the vessels 
which brou.Liht them hither." f Boston 
Medical and Surgical Journal, v. oB. p. 
420.) 

The English peers had seized individ- 
ual possession of all the lands in Ire- 
land. Xo Irishman could cal or sld^p. 
unless he paid some English peer for 



the privilege; and at last the suffering 
people were seized, forcibly, thrust upon 
ihips and sent to sea, for Boston. 



It is not alone in Ireland that the work 
of the English peers has for four hun- 
dred years w"rought ruin upon the peo- 
ple. Read this clipping: 

'■.\t the autumn meeting of the Scot- 
tish Liberal Association held in Aber- 
deen recently, Mr. Lloyd-(".eorge deliv- 
tr^d a speech on the merits and working 
of the insurance act and on the impor- 
tance of the land question. "The first 
essential condition to every sc>:ial re- 
form, ever}- real impro\emen". in the lot 
of the people, is a thorough, complete 
change in the land systcrh,' declared the 
Chancellor of the exchequer. 'Land.' 
he said, 'is at the root of nuist of the 
problems which call themselves housing 
wages, food; for the sokit'on of these 
there must be a free land system.'" 

Lloyd-George is one of the strongest 
political men now living in England, and 
the great mass of men. stri[)ped of a'l 
lands, will ultimately act v.-ith muscular 
force. 



UNION TRUST COMPANY. 

6E DORRANCE ST., CORNER OF WESTMiNSTER ST 

CAPITAL $1,000,000. SURPLUS $500,000 

A COMMERCIAL BANK AND TRUST COMPANY. 



OFFICERS. 

MARSDEN J. PERRY. Cliairman of the Board. 

ARAM J. POTHTER. President. 

ARCHIBALD G. LOOMIS. Vice-President. 

HAROLD I. GROSS. Vice-President. 

FRANK E. CHAFEE. Treasurer. 

CHARLES H. SHELDON, Secre'arv. 

CLINTON F. STEVENS, Ass't Treasurer and Ass't Secretary. 



Samuel ^f. Nicholson, 
Aram J. Pothier, 
Archibald G. Lcomis, 
Harpld ]. Gross, 
Benjamiri A. Jackson, 
Joseph Samuels, 



DIRECTORS. 
Arthur H. Watson, 
Clarence L. Watson, 
Marsden J. Perrv, 
William W. Douglas, 
Harry Cutler, 
Charles Alexander. 
^Iichael J, Houlihan. 



Everett L. Spencer, 
Albert A. Remington, 
Philip Allen, 
George W. Thurston. 
William B. Grcenough 
Walter W. GrifTith. 



All taxes levied upon the Rich are at 
once levied Ly the Rich, uiiuu the Pv:ior. 
The phjsical s:rength of men lies with 
the va.si Pui.r; LiU the m.auy p.)\ver lies 
V. ith tlie comparatively feeble few rich 
men. Things can be lixed. 



I fraud; the stuff used was a chemical 
compound, manufactured, and named 
j Sount; but tiicre was not in tlic stuff 
I a particle of that part of human blood 
! krowii for ages as Scmin. 



When you con?ide»- the great danger 
to Heaith, shown by the "Sliip Fever" 
work upon the Irish at lioston in, 1^47 
as shown in this issue, what is the re- 
sult of Mellen packing stn ot cars wi'.h 
60 or 100 human beings, all more or less 
di-~.eased. to sit, or stand, for a long 
time, breathing the breathe of diseased 
lung;, or throats, or Hesli, the stench of 
which fills the car; there is not doubt 
that hundreds of Grippe cases have 
grown from these five cent rides. 



The danger to human life became at 
last known, and fixed in the minds of 
men who were not doctors; and the doc- 
tors were rapidly forced to abandon it. 
So they concocted another scheme, vac- 
cination as a preventive against Ty- 
phoid Fever; and they have received 
from the United States Treas- 
ury immense sums of money for 
their work in the army, using Serum. 
But just there was another scandalous 



Xeither corpi nations, nor catamounts 
have souls. But men and women have 
souls; and those souls are immortal. 
Socrates told his friends on the day the 
l>oison was admiin"stered, that he would 
! soon talk with the Cods. How can we 



talk with the Cods, unless, when we de- 
I part, we take with us our souls? A 
I catamount has certain senses, ju-t like 
men. It can see, hear, taste, sme'l and 
i touch. But men and women have occa- 
I sional respect for persons and actions 
I which the catam.oimt neither ron^iebT'; 
i:or respects. As, for instance, honesty 
I for another's property; charity for the 
i suffering; mental studies of the Uni- 
verse; Temperance; Prudence; Justice; 
Fortitude. Xeither catamounts nor cor- 
porations possess these gifts nor powers, 
which spring from something beyond the 
the mind powers, or from the body; it 
is our souls which do it. 

A lawyer here in Providence, a friend, 
wrote me an elaborate letter concerning 
my paper in Book Xotes, December 2 1st 



PROVIDilMCl: BANKING CO.. 

141 wrzSTnirisrr:!^ ST., ppoviDtiNct:, p. i. 



LOCAL STOCKS, BONDS 



-AND- 



HighGracleliwestmentSecLirities 

Orders executed or. the New York and Boston Stock- 
Exchange. Forei'on Exchange bought and sold. Letters of 
Credit furnished for travelers. 



12 



last on Coke's saying, "Corporaiiur.s 
liave no souls." It set mc a tliii;kiiig, 
with result above written. But, brought 
to nic this additional thought: A 
Judge, acting on the Bench, thinks, ar.d 
acts sometimes ditTerentiy when he 



comes down among us i)oor mo 
tirg" on the grass. 



■tals 



The action of William G. Rr.ckefe'ler 
in relati<'n to the work of the V. S. 
House of Representatives in certain fin- 
ancial work to rob the peiiple of their 
earnings is a clear showing of his ras- 
cality. He has hidden, ar.d dodged the 
bulipocna for more than six months. 
Would an innocent and upright, honest 
man do such work? Xevertheless, hi- 
my IS past. 'I'no men, and women toM, 
in this country are now in action, and 
the physical powers cannot ^top them: 
much less money, the weakest power 
(e.xcept for doing evil ) now on this 
earth. 



The more men you can make sick, or 
keep sick, the more money medical men 
will get. Three doctors, at the request 
of Morse, then in prison for awful finan- 



cial swindles in Xew York , gave him a 
certiiicaie tha*. death was coming rapidly 
to Morse from the resu't of imprison- 
ment; .\iorse was released. Look at 
Morse: lie has eniered up-iu his (not 
imniDrtall hut infernal life. Xow this 
came to men fr^m this .M.jr.-e work. 
William Rockefeller was desired by a 
congressional committee to give it a 
little informatic'n on certain financial 
work done by his brother or himself, 
or both together. For six months lie 
kept in hiding; then leaving a triple cer- 
tificate from doctors concerning the dan- 
ger to hi? life to ask of him concerning 
tliose que^tions. secretly fled from 
.\'cw York. The Government at last 
d'scovered the trail, and >cnt a medical 
man to Florida to intercept him. The 
.Mor^e diclors didn't work with Rocke- 
feller. 



If tlic Rhode Island Company's proper- 
ty, in railroads, for dividends, valued at 
S:3S,857,20S.O0, on which ten per cent, 
dividends are paid to members of corpor- 
ation, possibly five, and the charter has 
l>-en made to be perpetual by the work 
of Seiuitor Aldrich, confi>cation should 
f'illow at once; it W'ill conic. 



THE NATIONAL EXCHANGE BANI, 

63 WESTMINSTER STREET. 

Capital, $500,000. Surplus & Profits, $1,024,203.92 
ORGANIZED 1801 



OFFICERS 

MIICHAEL F. DOOLEY. ?^resident. 

Vice-Presidents, FREDERICK S. PECK, JOSEPH E. FLETCHER, 

AUGUSTUS R. PKIRCE. 

C. H. W. MAXDEVII.LE, Cashier. 

GEORGE (.. WOOD, Asst. Cashier. 



Newton D. Arnold, 
Walter Callcnder, 
Edmund D. Chesebro, M.D. 
Frank P. Comstock, 
Arthur W. Dennis, 



DIRECTORS 

Samuel M. Einstein, 
Joseph E. Fletcher, 
Theodore W. Fostcs 
.Arthur Henius, 
John M^cManus, 



Frederick S. Peck, 
Frank X. P)iiliips, 
Joseph L. Sv.eet, 
Clarence L. \Vatson. 
Michael F. Doolev 



Oneof the Oldest and Strongest Banks in Rhode Island 



13 



Will the Heahli DcpaniiKnt of the i 
city of Pruvidcnce order all the manure 
removed from a dead hen before it is 
oiTered tn the People to eat? The trut:i 
is tha: the Health Department is not ; 
worth half a damn. ; 



of money for the privilege of injuring 
the great mass of men now existing. 
Fkrc in Providence, Tuesday, the 7th day 
of January, 19i:j, was a day which will he 
forever niemoraMe in this sm 'ke de- 
clared, in the Rhode Island laws, to I)e 
a Public Nuisance. 



The University of Pittsburgh, Pa., has 
recently printed an "Outline of the 
Smoke ]nve->tigatii>n," wbiieh was order- 
ed by the University. The "staff" in 
charge of this investigation comprised 
27 men, all scienlitic; and this outline 
shows in a minute the profound depth 
of the work. I will give one specimeti : 
"The smoke nuisance, it has been es- 
timated, costs the city of Cleveland, 
Ohio, St),000,000, Cincinnati, Ohio, $8.- , 
000.000. and Chicago. Illinois. S.>0.000.- ! 
no;) per annum. Herbert W. Wilson of | 
the I'nitcd States Ceological Survey is 
authority for the statement that the i 
coun'ry as a whole suffers a loss of j 
$.jOO,000.000 each year in damage done to i 
merchandise; defacement of buildings; I 
tarnishing of metals; injury to human 
life, and to plant life; the greatly in- 
creased labor, and cost of housekeeping; 
and the losses of manufacturers due to 
imperfect combustion of coal." The 
manufacturers actually pay huge sums 



The greatset farce in these recent 
days was the funeral of Whitelaw Reid, 
who played politics all his life, and got 
rich fields after he got a rich man's 
daughter. 



The action of the Governors of many 
states in pardoning criminals is an utter 
abomination ; why do men whc) are not 
criminals permit such work to go on; 
why did ib.'y ui-m-lr ;<- f^ ;'.?.-t? Or.c 
of the worst cases is that of "Spike" 
Murphy, who, with art accomplice, mur- 
dered, in broad daylight, here in Provi- 
dence, a man whom I well knew. 
Waterman Irons. He sold leather 
and bought hides on High street ( now 
Westminster street), nearly opposite 
Dean street. iXIurphy would never dis- 
close his accomplice. These men had dis- 
covered that, there being no banking in- 
stitution nearby, iMr. Irons was obliged 
to keep $200.00, or $.300.00 in his pocket 



INDUSTRIAL TRUST COMPANY, 

49 WESTFilNSTER ST., PROVIDENCE, R. I. 

Capital, 13,000,000. Surplus $3,000,000. 



BANKING DEPARTMENT — Interest paid on deposits. Lssues 
Certificates of Deposit at attractive rates. Ivoans and Discounts. 
Collections made on all points on favorable ternis. 

FORIUGN EXCHANGE DEPARTMENT — Forcion Drafts and 
Letters of Credit available in all parts of llie Woild. Cable 
Transfers. 

TRUST DEPARTMENT—Authorized to accept Trusts. Is a legal 
depositary for irust funds. Acts as Trustee, Executor, Adiuinis- 
trator, Guardian and as Registrar and Tran.'sfer Agent of Coipora- 
tioiis. 



H 



to pay for the hides. Murphy was 
caught, tried, and senlcn.-cd lr>r life. He 
.-triiggled for years to break out of 
prison; but never could, until the par- 
d'lning p'j'.vcr helped him c>ut. and it has 
been stated, tlie aw fid criminal was en- 
tcrtaiiud at tlie State Hi>use. until cer- 
tain other criminal^, then in prison, sent 
nionev to him. 



IT IS WHOLESOME 



The Providence Journal Almanac of 
1913, if not the best, is one of the best 
ever published in ihe United States 
This Juiinia! A'manac was the invcntiop. 
of George A. Stockwell, who at the time 
worked for the Juitnial. He a^ked me 
to allow him to u^-e m}- n-mie as the pub- 
lisher. 0\ cunrse, 1 had no objection. 
It was done. The moment George W. 
Daniclson saw it he "phlew" over to my 
bookshop and asked me if J consented 
to the use of my name; it was of course 
none of his business; but I said yes; he 
"phlew" back and instantly discharged 
poor Stockwell from service; but poor 
Stockwell learned one thing, to wit, thi." 
danger of having anything to do with 
Sidney S. Rider. A specimen of Stock- 
well's .Minanac i-- nov,- in tlie Sidney S. 
Rider Col]ectii>n at Brown Universitv. 




■j;^, ana, ^^ 




NMoa saiscin 
noA Nan± hiiabn -iiim xi 

THE SHEPARP COMPANY, 

251-273 VVestrulnster Street. 

ELBERT SiaiOF^S, 

106 Westminster Street 

DODGE Mi C/V:.inELD, 

56 Exchange Place. 

ERI^EST L Sr^lTH, 

35 Harknoss Sireet. 

THE R. k^m G. COrclPAt^Y, 

73 Almy St., Providsncc. Tel. 500 West. 

TRY THIS TASTE-FULL-TONiC. 

R and G means "O ranpe." 



(Nineteen (19) Copies, only, remain.) 

The Lands of Rhode Island 

ay> they ^vere known to 

CAUNOUNICUS AND MfANTUNNOMU 

when RoGKR Wili.iam.s came in 16^6. 



An Indian Map of the Principal Locations 

kno\vi5 to the NAHlGANvSHTvS and KLABORATE 
HISTORICAL NOTES by Sidney S. Ridkk. 

The edition consi.sted of 495 ; 19 remain to l)e sold. Price, post 
paid, $9.00. Address the Autlior, Providence, R.. I.' 



I^ 



Ilist'irical Pamphlet,- — Rare and valu- 
able ; in every packai-re arc jingle pam- 
phlets worth more money than I ask 
lor the entire package. 

Kach \.\ck luis Ten Pnniphlcts, all 
marked and uunit'Cied as tliey apiiear in 
the iollo\vinff adveitisement. Every pam- 
phlet is perfect. No duplicates. Tlie 
price will be $1.10 per pack, postage or 
expressage prepaid. 

Pack I. 

1. Dewey, Orville. Calvani.'-tic Views of 
Moral Pliilo.=:o!>hy. 183-5. 2. Waierpon, 
Robert, A Boston Merchant. Memoir, 18ii;'. 
3 l-oUows, ir. -W. Christ and Abraham. 
A .«ernion, 187.1. -!. Lebensgescliichte des 
General Harrison dern Candidaten de.- 
holies. 1S40. Port and Plates. 5. Good- 
Ir.e, D. R. The Southern Platform on 
Slavery. IS'iS. G. Sigel, F. Sociolofjv 
Applied to Politics. IS'.iS. 7. Mackenzie, 
W. ly. Lives and Opinions of lieu Frank- 
lin, Bullcr and Jerre Hoyt. 1M5. 8. 
Logan, J. A. Oration at Tomb of U. S. 
Grant. ISSO. 9. Whipple, John. Report 
on Letter of }i. G. Otis on Slavery. 18?,'^-' 
10. Van Zandt. C. C. Address Semi 
fo. It. Celeb. Soc. Domebtic Indu.sCrv. 1S70 
Pack. II. 

1. Hooker, Dr. W. History of Medioal 
Delusions-Lessons. IS.oO. i:. Speech?s 
IL'iyne and AVebster.lSHO. ed. ISr.S. ?. 
Hodges, n. M. Sermons, Life and Provi- 
dence. ISGO. 4. Voorhees, D. W. Speech 
on Library of Congress. 1880. 5. Ander- 
son. M. B. Voluntaryism in Hisfher Educa- 
tion. 1877. t>. Events in Election of an 
Assistant Bishop for Illinois. 1848. 7. 
Corporations. Regulations by the State of 
the profits of — Gas in particular. N. D. 
S. ^Medbcrry. .Augustus. Courage, A ser- 
mon, 21 April. 1861. 9. Putnam, A. P. 
Disc, on William Lloyd Garrison. 1879. 10. 
Menhaden Fishery of ilaine. Hist. De- 
tails. 1878. 



The greatest illustration of the Un- 
earned flic rone lit now standing is the 
Turk's Head. 



Pack III. 

1. Choate, Rufus. Discourse Commem- 
orative of Daniel Webster. 18.53. 2. Bui- 
lock, A. H. Intellectual Leadership In 
American Hist. 1S75. 3. Hall, E. B. 
Pleasures and Vices of the Cilv, Provi- 
dence. R. I. 1S5G. 4. Waurin, L. E.x- 
i:erimeMts in Swiss Democracy. IS '5. Z. 
Ware, I. F. W. 'Sermon, 23.">ih Anniv. 
A net. Hon. Artillery Co. Mass. 1873. 6. 
Hart, Samuel. Address, Conunemoration 
of J. P.rocklesby, L. L. D. 188 t. 7. Don- 
ton. William. Garrison in Heaven, .A 
Dream. 8. Two Months Abroad in Eng- 
land. France. Badi^n, Prussia and Belgium 
in 1843 by R. R. Director of .Massachu- 
sett.<^. 1814. 9. Bigelow, Andrew. God's 
Charge Unto Israel, before the Legislature 
of Massachusetts. 1S3G. 10. Beeclier, 
Lyman. A Reformation of Morals Indis- 
pensable. Did. at Litchneld, Con. 1812. 
Pack nil. 

1. Sumner, Charles. Speech on "Our 
Foreign Relations." 1SC3. 2, Yale, Linu.s 
Jr. Locks and Lockspicking. 18.50. 3. Wood- 
bury, Augustus. Tiie Assassination of 
Abraham Lincoln. A sermon. 1865. 4. 
X^'oodbury, Augustus. Sketch of the 
Character of Abraham Lincoln. ISG.t, ". 
Coffin, Dr. joiin G. Medical Educaiion 
and the INIodical Profession. Boston 1S22. 

6. Rider, S. S. Retrospect from tl;o 
Round Tower (on Narr. Bay, R. 1., ISS m 

7. Livingston. Argument Against Cajn- 
tal l-'\ini.-;hiiienf. 1S47. ^. Stapii-s. C. A. 
First Congregatioral Church, I'l evidence, 
a Discourse. 1S78. 9. Gregory. Dr. Sam- 
uel. Female Physicians for' their i;\vn 
Se.x. l>?5il. 10. Oue Hundredth .A.n!.ivei- 
sary of the Founding of Brown Univer.sitv. 
The Celebration, 18G4. 



RUSSELL'S NATIVE TREES. 
Of Rhode Island. 
It has iS octavo plates of these 
Rhode Island Trees beautiful pictures, 
with excellent descriptions, with the 
locations of them. I will "mail" a copy 
'■.o you for Fifty cents. 



Thoso v/ho wish fo purchsse the book which it is desired that 
! publlGli will pSease sign the subscription below, and send it to 
ths writsr. 

y\^ . 

7^7 S/D.VL-i'-S. RIDER, Providence, R. I. 

Please dcliaey f . _ 

■ ■. .,^y of 

"THE OEyELG°!^['n 0^ COfiSIiniTlGf!^L GOVERNMENT IN RHODE ISUND" 
''•'' '- ' ' '' / a]rrcc to pay Five DoUnis (./,-. rx/) 




i6 



CHARLES C. HARRIXGTOX, 



ROWLAND G. HAZARD, 
Vioe-Presi Jent. 



ECHANICS 

NATSONAL BANK 



Opposite City Hall and Railroad Station. 

To those desiring to change or make new banking 
connections, we offer the services of this conveni- 
ently located and progressively managed institution. 



H KOW \RU THURSTON, 

Cashier. 



EDWARD A. HAVENS, 
Asst. Cashier. 



"The bound volume of Bock .Votes for 
190S cor.fnir.s >ii-. Sidney S. Riders liter- 
ary gossip and criticisms of historical, j 
literary ar.d political matters in Rhode ! 
Island. li is very full measure for the 
price, ^fr. Rider attacks everything he 
disapproves, be it the courts, the As- 
sembly, the smoke nuisanc?, vaccination 
or what not, \vi:h cliaractcristic fervor. 
The Journal co'.r.Cb in for its share of 
Mr. Rider's spicy comment, even beir.g 
blamed for tarift views th;it it Iias not 
advanced for 15 years. But that is only 
an entertaining fcatj're in tlie many col- 
■ unms of gijod "sluit"' contained in Book 
Xotes. Tiiosc wh.o enjoy candor and 
"biff" can fmd pleasure in each number 
of Mr. Rider's frirtn.ightly.' — Providence , 
Journal Feb. 14th, 19:19. 



OF THE FINEST MATERI.iiL 
THE BEST POSSIBLE FITTING 
THE FINEST FKIV.ATE Y,OKK 

AND 

A Darabilily Approacliiiig Perpetuality 
Oriicrs Taken for Bulfonlioles. 

Your MONEY never 
went so far in SalRTS 
in (he WORLD before. 

ANNIE E. R19ER, 7^ ALMY STREET. 



BROWN, LiSLE&MARSMALL 

Investment Securities 



936 Industrial Trust Co. Building, Providence, R. 1. 

PUBL/C SERVICE BONDS. 

Thoro arc tbree elements to be considered in making- an investment, Sa 
rerinant.-nce and Income. 'J'lio bond? of clricientlv managed I'uldic. Service 
j.oratioitr otYer the invotor a panicubnrly well bidauced'" eombi nation of t 
essentials. 'IMie bntinese is nut allucted by taritf changes and is pernia 
l)e(:au!>e it furnishes public neees-it ius. sucli as the telofCone. ckrrrioity. 
street raihva\8, etc. BiisinesK dcpret'sione do not interru-pt t))e steady increa 
earning.-. The income ie high in relation to the Rafety of tbe principal. 

We are in a position to obtain accurate iuformatiou couctrnin'r 
corporations whose bonds we offer. ° 



fetv. 
Cor- 
hcic 
nent 
gas, 
FC in 

the 



BOOK NOTES 

HISTORICAL, LITf:rvAKY AND CRITICAL. 

CONDUCTKD BV 

SIDNEY S. RIDER, 

77 AL.^fy STREET, ... - . . PROVIDE,\CE, R. /. 

Entered as Second class Matter, at the Pro\ndence, R. I. Post Office 



50 Cents per annum. Fortnightly. 
Single C0P5- 5 Ceut.s. 



Saturday, February 1, 19 J 3. 



Vol : 

No. 



]"ooD Axu THK Earth .a.ke Ar^mlitk 
XKct.-^siTiEs oi" Lii'i-:. Arf:: we forevkk 

C.OIXG TO AELOW MOXEY SllARKa TO KIEL 
US? 

Food, like the Earth, is an absolute 
iiece.^si'.y of life, to men, women and 
vl.iiui t-ii , uiiiioui cither wc shall die. 
It is because of this condition, that men 
have been, for ages, seizing the lands by 
individua's, in order to squeeze rents 
out of men, by "cornering." This caused 
the "unearned increment," an absolute 
cp.rse and robbery. It has been just the 
same with food. In England, about 1700, 
men were convicted and hanged for "cor- 
rcring" the price of food. In this coun- 
t'-y, this "cornering" began about ISoO. 
and has increased ever since. These 
things touch vitally Human Rights. I 
am going into a little examination of one 
<.'f these matters, to wit. Food here in 
Piovidence, and which touches vitally 
and fatally 200,000 people. 

There came here to Providence, from 
Sweden, two or three men to engage in 
business. There was at that time a grow- 
ing f<,-< ling among the people for a Pub- 
lic Market. This arose from a "corner- 
ing" of Beef, by a concern here, then ex- 
i^tmf:. The people were then paying 
for meat foods more money tlun in any 
>-ity in 'the United States. I obtained 
the details; but George W. Danielson, 
then the real editor of the Providence 
.''>uruiil, would not print them. These 
Sv>e<!cs opened a shop and called it a 
I'lthHc Market. It was not a Public 
.Ui':l\-t in the slightest sense. It was 
a fr.z-.itr market, conceived on forms, 
which had w,{ then been .<:et in practice. 



r am going to show some of the results 
which followed, and how these forms 
have affected the people of this city. 
Early in December last, these gentlemen 
aimounced that the money taken in their 
Xovoiiber sales amounted to $677,000.00. 
On trie Ist of January, 1913, they an- 
nounced that their total sales for 1912 
had increased over the former year, 
$900,000.00; not many days later, they 
advertised how "it had been possible to 
build up a retail business of seven mil- 
I'Ons a year in two cities." Let me 
study something of the methods by 
which it had been done. 

Every thing for sale has a card, on 
each lot; thus mutton, on eacli leg a 
card with prices running from 10 to 20 
cents a pound. Beef had rear twenty 
varieties of price, running from 10 to 50 
cents a pound. Poultn,- had 13 different 
prices, running from 1.") to 30 cents; 
every bird packed solid with intestines, 
nilcd with manure, and this done to 
(^reserve and purify the flesh of th.e 
f'.ivl. Salt Pork was 12. l.'i, 11. I."., if, 
cents a pound. I'.acon (Flitch) U>. 17, 
IS, 19, 25 cents a pound. Coffee, 1,:;. J 8. 
22, 25, 27, 2S. 29. 31. 35, .38 cents a pound. 
Tea, 20, 25. 35, 3S. 4.5, 50, CO, 75. SO ; and 
everything else in tlie same way. People 
l.ave been told, and made to believe that 
the higher the price, the better the fjui'- 
i'y. These Swedish gentlemen played on 
:!iis hoiest and innocent belief, and thus 
swiped millions of dollars out of the 
hands and pockets of the men who earn- 
ed it. .V crusade on Eggs visited Provi- 
dence in I")ccember la^t. "Xcarby" Eggs 
had reached a price of 06 cents a dozen. 



lion from it. 
four stores 
the average 
has been 



A smash came, and yesterday (January 
2'.) tlie price was 3S cents, out of the 
same box. The Ez'cniuq Tribune, al- 
most at once published a communica- 
tion signed '•Qne of the Proprietors of 
ihe Providence Public Market. Decem- 
ber 20, 1912." I will make a brief quota- 
"The Public Market has 
in Providence. where 
price for storage eggs 
2.J cents per dozen 
for the past week." I calculated the 
price at once. The "Market" had cards 
on five boxes of egg-^, thus, 2;;. 2.j, 27, 
:^2, 35 cents per dozen, the average price 
for storage eggs was 2S 1-2 cents; on 
the 19th of January, the average price 
was 32 cents. The "Proprietor" contir.- 
i!fs; "F.ggs cost the \vholesaler at the 
warehouse 22 or 23 cents a dozen; and 
after they are candled they cost the re- 
ta'ler 23 to 26 cents a dozen. In the 
Public Market the eggs are candled 
again, and divided into classes, so that 
the average selling price upon which a 
fair profit can be made is about 27 cents." 
Are we to believe that every egg is held 
lip to a candle, to see whether it is rotten 



twice before a buyer sees it at the "Pub- 
lic" market? Such statement is more 
rotten than tlie egg. The use of the two 
words, near and by. Nearby, applied to 
eggs, was a device, concocted to deceive 
the people. The Department of Com- 
merce, \\'ashington, D. C, says this 
word is so used "on the Atlantic coast, 
l.iy several cities; in the middle West; 
in Tennessee; and on the Pacific coast 
(Retail Prices of Food, 1S90-1011, p.43). 
Wherever this word is used it means 
nothing certain. A dozen boxes of Kggs, 
under the name "nearby," can be bought 
m Tennessee, or on the Pacific coast, and 
so'.d here in Providence, as "Xea>-by." 
The purpose being like the various prices 
of meat, and everything else, to deceive 
■'.e people, who never think of a "nearby" 
egg coming from anywhere else than 
Seekonk or Chepachet. How 'ong are 
200.000 people goirg to permit four 
men to do such work with this great 
necessity. Food? W^hat is the difference 
in law between selling De Luxe editions 
of books, in the way it was done, for 
S40,000 or $130,000? The buyers were 
deceived by what was shown to them ; 



UNION TRUST COMPAiNY. 

62 DQRRANCE ST., CORNER OF V/ESTr5^.iNSTER ST 

CAPITAL $1,000,000. SURPLUS $500,000 

A COMiViHRCIAL BANK AND TRUST COMPANY. 

OFFICERS. 

MARSDEN J. PERRY, Chairman of the Board. 

ARAM T. POTHIER. President, 

ARCHIBALD G. LOOMIS, Vice-President. 

HAROLD J. GROS.S. Vice-President. 

FRANK E. CHAFEE, Treasurer. 

CHARLES H. SHELDON, Secretary. 

CLLNTON F. STEVENS, Ass"t Treasurer and Ass't Secretary. 



Samuel >f. Nicholson, 
Aram J. Pothier, 
Archibald G. Loomis. 
Harold J. Gross, 
Benjamin A. Jackson, 
Joseph Sa'nuels, 



DIRECTORS. 
Arthur H. Watson, 
Clarence L. Watson, 
Marsdcn J. Perry, 
William W. Douglas, 
Harry Cutler, 
Charles Alexander, 
Micha-l J. Houlihan. 



Everett L. Spencer, 
Albert A. Remington, 
Philip Allen, 
George W. Thurston, 
William B. Grecnough, 
Walter W. Griffith. 



19 



both thinking that the higher price, or 
scarcity, the greater the value, and sell- 
ing mutton, bcif, poultry, col'tLe, etc., 
lar 10 or *~0, or more ditl'erent prices. 

I have been a ■'housekeeper" in this cit\- 
Tor titty-live years. I have preserved 
every bill, receipted, for food supplies 
in my family. A brief table foTcnvs. 
-Milk in this table was not bought at the 
Public Market. 

Rider Public 
Househobl Market 
is:>o-iS(;.; vm2 

Apples, per bushel GG l.oO 

Cheese, per pound 00 .38 

Codfish, salt, per pound . . . .0:J .14 

Crackers, per pound OG .10 

Coffee, Java, per pound 10 .38 

i'.eef, per pound 10 .10-.50 

Poultry, per pound 11 .15-. 30 

Sweet Potatoes, bushel C6 2.40 

Rice, per pound 01 .10 

r^lilk, per quart 04 .10 

Molasses, "X. O." '. .30 .70 

Lard, leaf, per pound 0;» .15 

Eggs, "nearby," per dozen .15 .3.8 

Flam, per pound OS .20 

Raisins, per pound 03 .15 

Tea, "O. H.," per pound ... .50 .80 

.Mackerel, "Salt Soaked," 

per pound OS .35 



Pork, salt, per pound 11 



j Liver, beef, per pound OG 

I Sausage, per pound 10 

I 'J'urkcy, per pound 12 

i Soajt, "pound bars" 03 



I The fallowing law becomes a clever 
; note to follow my Food and Health pa- 
\ per in this Book Notes. This law can 
i be seen in the Public Ile.J.th Report, by' 
; the U. S. Health Service for Jaiuiary 
I 10, 1913, p. 89. 
1 Chattanooga, Tenn. 

j FoodstutTs — Fowls to be drawn. (Or- 
j d:n:u-.ce adopted Sept. IG, 1912). 
i Section 1. Hereafter it shall be un- 
I lawful for any person or persons within 
j th;- city of Chattanooga to sell, barter. 
j or give away, or to have on hand for the 
I purpose of sale, or to keep at ariy store, 
j shop, or stall, or any other place where 
I goods or provisions are kept or exposed 
j ior sale, any turkey, chicken, duck, or 
1 fowl of any kind from which the cn- 
I trails have not been withdrawn after the 
j !^ame has been killed and dressed and 

made ready for market. 
I Sec. 2. Any person or persons violat- 
ing the provisions of this ordinance shall 
be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and 
upon conviction therefor before the citv 



PROVIDENCE BANKING CO., 

141 WCSTHiriSITR ST., I^POVIDtlN'Cll, Q. I. 



LOCAL Sl^OCKS, BONDS 



-AND- 



H iglA Grade I m'estnient Securities 

Orders executed on the New York and Boston Stock 
Exchange. Foreign Exchange bought and sold. Letters of 
Credit furnished for travelers. 



judge shall be fined not less than $5 
or more than $50. 

Sec. 3. This ordinance takes elTcct 
to weeks from and after it> pas- 
sage, the public welfare requiring it. 



A very honest, and learned Fool 
writes me a letter dated Jaiuiary 20, 
]i'13, informing me that "The Soul of 
a corporation is the material property 
measured by the value in gold." The 
wind, then, of corporation stock must be 
gold plated. Again, "Corporations are 
i:ccessary:" Webster defuies a necessary 
a-, a privy, a backhouse or a water closet. 
That is about what I supposeod a cor- 
poration was. Again, "All animal crca- 
ti.-^i. f.G:cc;:c; :.crrov.-s and joys'' E:;pc- 
cially Hogs. Again, "All mankind lives 
on the earth for a time as Clod's family; 
is endowed v.ith (lodiike at'riimtes of 
Free Will, memory and understanding. 
Man dominates all things on earth, all be- 
ing made for his use and benelr." "The 
Catamount is an animal — the physical 
v:ants, and natural laws of propagation, 
and self preservation control their ac- 
tion." That must be why animals never 
fight. What man dominates the rise 
and fall of the waves of the sea? 



There is no "God's family," nor 
bar man any Codlike attributes. 
Such stuff is all popycock rot. 
The writer of such stuil shows sense in 
not signing his name to it. But he has 
one more paragraph which 1 glorify. 
"Corporations liaz'C im frirluhj<, no joys 
uov sorroivs, (like cataniou'..'.- ^ they 
V. ere created (who created them?) for 
nioncy profits and live and tlirive on 
profits." 



The publisher of Book Xotes wishes 
U: purchase a copy of "The Book of 
Blunders," by C. C. Bombaugh, pub- 
lished by S. T. Souder and Co., Phila- 
delphia, ]S70. 



The Wai'.um Lake State Sanatorium,, 
liarry Lee Barnes, M. D., Superintend- 
ent, will allow no butter, nor anything 
under the name, to be used in the Hos- 
pital, where there are daily IGS sick peo- 
ple. I bought at the Pub'ic Market 
e'even p-riunds of something called "Pure 
I'utter;" it became "rotten" before n 
was half used. 



What hope is there of legislation to 
restore, and perfect Human Rights, so 
long as }kIorgan, and Baker, and Ryan 



THE NATIONAL EXCHANGE B. 

63 WESTMiNSTER STREET. 

Capital, $500,000. SuriDlus & Profits, $1,024,203.92 
ORGANIZED 1801 



OFFICERS 

MHCHARL F. DOOLEY, President. 

Vice-Presidents, FREDERICK S. PECK, JOSEPH E. FLETCHER, 

AUGUSTUS R. PKIRCE. 

C. H. W. MAXDEVnXE, Cashier. 

GEORGE G. WOOD, Asst. Cashier. 



Newton D. Arnold, 
Walter Callender, 
Edmund D. Chesebro, M.D 
Frank P. Comstock, 
Arthur W. Dennis, 



DIRECTORS 

Samuel iM. Einstein, 
Joseph E. Fletcher, 
Theodore W. Foster, 
Arthur Plenius, 
lohn McManus, 



Frederick S. Peck, 
Frank X. Phillips, 
Joseph L. Sweet, 
Clarence L. Watson, 
Michael F. Dooley. 



One of the Oldest and Strongest Banks in Rhode Island 



it 



and Rockefeller, with their $50,000,000,- 
('00.00 are ready at any moment to man- 
ipulate the members of legisla'aires; or 
"fugle" a Petit Jury. 



'I'he farcical Millerite work of 1840-4.3, j 
here in Xcw ]£ngiand, tixiny th.,- day of : 
the burning of the Cdobe, is being re- j 
juvenatcd by the Baptist church here in 
I'rovidcnce. The following paragraph 
ij from tlie Pro\idence Jounic. of the 
2Tth of January last: 

"Rev. J. F. Vichcrt, pastor of the 
First Baptist Church, spoke last evening 
on "The Day that Ends the World," his 
sermon being on the text, "And then 
shall the end come." He said in part: 

"To what time and to what event did 
our Lord refer? Many opinions have 
been entertained, but the reference is 
commonly understood to be to tlie end of 
the world. This statement is made in 
answer to the question of the disciples, 
'What shall be the sign of Thy coming 
rnd of the end of the world?' 

"Those two events were associated in 
the thought of the early Christians, and 
have ever been the subject of specula- 
tion. A single quotation will serve to 
present a common expectation : 'The day ! 
of the Lord will come as a thief in the ! 



right; in which the heavens shall pass 
away with a great noise, and the ele- 
'v.tnts shall melt with fervent heat, the 
earth also and the works that are there- 
iii shall be burned up." 

The Baptists here have, within a y-ar, 
c-.tablished Hell; also they have m:ide a 
g'x-at change in the King Jamc> version 
c t the Bible, having now a "genuine" 
] baptist Version. We ha\e, within my 
cwn time, had four Eiiglish versions of 
this "('od made Book;" and the Roman' 
Catholics are obliged to have a specific 
version to fit their Popes, who ic^resoit 
Cod here on Earth. The corruption of 
such work has at last awakened men all 
over the Earth, and its day has gone 
forever. 



The work of the Peers in E: gland is 
now, and has been for four Inmdred 
}tars, absolutel}' damnable. They have 
v.iped out all chance of living by the 
per^plc. There are said to be in London 
2.'iO,000 paupers, near SO years of age. 
I is these Peers who have for th.esc four 
h-ur.drcd years contri:)ried all legislation 
against them; and do so now. Will 
men never act in defence of Himian 
Rights? The Rhode Lsland Cer.eral As- 



INDUSTRIAL TRUST COMPANY, 

49 WESTMINSTER ST,, PROVIDENCE. R. I. 

Capital, 13,000,000. Surplus $3,000,000. 



BANKING DKPARTM]{NT — Interest paid on deposits. Issues 
Certificates of Deposit at attractive rates. Loans and Discounts. 
Collections made on all points on favoral)le terms. 

FOREIGN HXCHANGli DEPARTMENT -- Foreign Drafts and 
Letters of Credit available in all parts of the World. Cable 
Transfers. 

TRUST DICPARTMENT— Authorized to accept Trn.sts. Is a legal 
depositary for trust funds. Acts as Trustee, F'xeculcr, Adn)inis- 
trator. Guardian and as Registrar and Transfer Agent of Coipora- 
tions. 



scnibly are acting the Peers ol Khotie 
I>land. 



()ii the inorniny of t!ic 2Tth of Janu- 
:.rv hist, 1 picked up in the street on 
which my house stands, seveitty-tiiree 
cobble stones and pieces of bricks, sun- 
dry broken glass bottles, all brought 
there by Italian cliildren chiefly and 
thrown at each other within forty-eight 
hours. 



IT IS WHOLESOME 




On the 24th of the same January, 
■v.-alking through Federal street, I .'^aw 
a crowd of boys; there were near seveu- 
ti-tive boys and ten men (I counted 
thtin). A prize tight was in progress 
bitween two boys about ]3 years of age. 
ru.. .,.„.. „.nc Mocked. I 'saw an Ital- 
ian whLim I knew, and asked him why he 
did r.ot stop such disgraceful work. "I 
have no law." was his in>wer. 

The work of the Police Commission 
is behind tlie whole. It cannot say, "We 
have no law." 



The chief delight of the children of 
tlie Italians, and the Turks, now Ameri- 
cans, is to gather glass bottles and 
smash them on the sidewalks ; and the 
Police Commission helps them, by not 
insisting on having more men on the 
I-olice force. 







NMoa Boisdn 
noA Nanj. aiiAarg miM j.i 

THE SH.rPARD OOMPMIY, 

251-273 Westminster Street, 

ELOEBT SIIViONS, 

IOC Westminster Street 

DODGE g CAfviFlELD, 

56 Exchange Place. 

ERNEST L SMHH, 

35 Harkness Street. 

THE R. AND G. CGfl^PANY, 

73 Almy St., Providence. Tel. 500 West. 

TRY THIS TASTE-FULL-TONIC. 

R and G means "Orange." 



(Nineteen (19) Copies, only, remain.) 

The Lands of Rhode Island 



as they were known to 



CAUNOUNICUS AND MIANTUNNOMU 

wlien Roger Williams came in 1636. 



An Indian Map of ihe Principal Locations 

known to the NAHIGANSKTvS and HLABORATK 

HISTORICAL NOTES by Sidnkv S. Ridkr. ' 

The edition consisted of 495 ; 19 remain to be sold. Price, post 

paid, $9.00. Address the Author, Providence R.I.' 



Historical Pamphlets — Rare and valu- 
alilo; in every package are single pam- 
phlets worth more money than I ask 
for the entire package. 

I'/ich puck has Ten r.-imph!ets. ail 
marked and numbered as the\' appear in 
Ihe follo\'\ iiig advertisement. Every pam- 
phlet is perfect. No duplicates. The 
price \vill be ?1.10 per pack, postage or 
f.xpressage prei'aid. 

Pack I. 

1. Dewey, Orville, Calvanistic Views of 
^ror^.l Philosophy. 1S35. 2. Waterson. 
Robert, A Boston Merchant, Memoir, ISGfi. 
:V Pel lows, H. W. Christ and Ahra'nam. 
A sermon. 1870. 4. Tjehenstjeschichte de.=i 
•JJoneral Harrison dem CanJIdaten de.^ 
loHes. 1S40. Port and Plaies. 5. Good- 
loe, D. R. The Southern Platform on 
Slavery. 1S58. 6. Sisel, F. Sociologv 
Applied to Politics. IS'.iS. 7. Mackenzie, 
W. L. Lives and OpinioriS of Ben Frank- 
lin, Butler and lerre Hovt. 18Ki. S. 
Logan, J. A. Oration at Tomb of LT. 9 
Grant. ISiO. 9. Whipple, John. Report 
on Letter of II. G. Otis on Slaverv. iS-i^ 
li>. Van Z tpdt, C. C. Address Semi 
C:ent. Celeb. Soc. Domestic Industry. ISTn 
Pack. II. 

1. Hooker, Dr. "W. History of Medical 
Delusions-Lessons. ISoO. 2. Speeches 
Hayno and Webster,lS30. ed. 1S52. 3. 
Hodges, R. Isl. Sermoiis, Life and Provi- 
dence. 1S*59. 4. Voorhees, D. W. Speech 
on Library of Congress. ISSO. 5. Ander- 
son, M. B. Voluntaryism in Higher r:duca- 
tion. 1ST7. 6. Events in Election of an 
Assistant Bishop for Illinois. 1S4S. 7. 
Corporations, Regulations by the State of 
the profits of— Gas in particular. N. D. 
8. INFedbcrry, Augustus. Courage, A ser- 
mon, 21 April, 1S6L 9. Putnam. A. P. 
Disc, on Villiajn Lloyd Garrison. 1879. 10. 
Menhaden Fishery of I\Iaine. Hist. De- 
tails. 1S7S. 



The greatest illustration of the Un- 
earned TncrcmcvA now standing is the 
I'urk's Head. 



Pack MI. 

1. Choate, Rufus. Discourse Commem- 
orative of Daniel Webster. IS.'jS. 2. Bui- 
iGck, A. H. Intellectual Leadership in 
American Hist. 1S75. 3. Hall. K. B. 
Pioasuros and Vices of the Citv. I'r.ivi- 
dence, R. I. 1856. 4. Waurin, I-. Kx- 
1 eriments in Swiss Democracy. ISjS. 5. 
Ware, T. F. W. Sermon, 23'3th Auniv. 
Anct. Hon. Artillery Co. Mass. 1S73. C. 
Hart, Samuel. Address, ConimemonUion 
of J. PJrocklesby, L. L. D. ISS'. 7. Den- 
ton, William. Garrison in Heaven. A 
Dream. S. Two Months Abroad in F:ng- 
land. France. Badf>n. Prussia and Belgium 
in 1S43 by R. R. Director of ^[assaclul- 
setts. 1S44. M. Bigelow, Andiew. God's 
Charge Unto Israel, before the Legislature 
of Massachusetts. 1836. 10. Beeclier, 
Lyman. A Reformation of Morals Indis- 
pensable. Did. at Litchfield, Con. 1S12. 
Pack nil. 

1. Sumner, Charles. Speech on "Our 
Foreign Relations." 1863. 2. Yale. Linus 
Jr. Locks and Lockspicking. 1S3G. 3. Woo<.l- 
bury, Augustus. The Assassination of 
Abraham Lincoln. A sermon. 1S05. 4 
Woodbury, Augustus. Sketch of the 
Character of Abraham Lincoln. ISG.o. 3. 
Cotnn, Dr. John G. Medical Ediicafioii 
and the Medical Profession. Boston 1S2;^ 
e. Rider, S. S. Retrosjiect from the 
Round Tower (on Narr. Bav. R. i., i<,sO) 
7. Livingston. Argument Against Capi- 
tal Punishment. 1^47. 6. Staples. C. A. 
p-ir.-it Congregatioral Church, Providence, 
a Discourse. 1878. 9. Gregory, Dr. Sam- 
uel. Female Phys-icians for' their <.\vn 
Sex. 1.S5C.. 10. O'lie Hundredth Amiver- 
sary of the Founding of Browu Univcisilv. 
The Celebration, 18(>i. 



RUSSELL'S NATIVE TREES. 
Of Rhode [sland. 
It has l8 octavo plates of these 
Rhode Island Trees beautiful pictures, 
with excellent descriptions, v.-ith the 
locations of them. I will "mail" a copy 
'o yon for Fifty cents. 



Thas3 who wish tri purchase Vhb book which It Is desired \hat 
I publish vvli! pleasD sign the subscription below, and send it to 
the writer. 



No 

To SIDNEYS. RIDER, Providence, R. L 



191 

ivhen published. 



PI case deliver to 

one copy\o/ 

"THE DEVELOPMENT OF CONSTIIUTIOfUL GOVERNMENT IH RHODE ISLAND" 

FV SIDXK.y S. KIDKi:, 

in three volumes, for 7vhich 1 a^ree to pay Five Dollars {$^.00) 
per volnyve as delivered. 

Name 



/Id dress. 



CHARLES C. HARRIKGTOX, 
President. 



ROWLAND G. HAZARD, 

Vice-Presi Jent. 



MECHANIC 






f\ p- 



AIMK 



Opposite City Hall and Bsilroad Station. 

To those desiring to change or make new banking 
connections, we offer the services of this conveni- 
ently located and progressively managed institution. 



EDW.\RD TilURSrON, 
Cashier. 



EDWARD A. 
Asst.Ca 



HAVENS, 

bhier. 



The moiiK-nt that the Providence 
Journal cv posed the :\rel1ei.-nra!Kl 
Trunk awful conspiracy against, the Xew 
Eng'ar.d people, Mellon began the pub- 
lication of huge, displayed essays, which 
Eoniebody wrote for him, in newspapers 
all over Xew England, and in Xow York 
City, as advertisements. His purpose 
was to stop the editors of these news- 
papers from publishing things against 
liim, and by publishing such thi''.gs, lose 
liis advertisements. 



The Trees and Shrubs Growing Natur- 
allv in the Forests of Massachusetts. 
Or"iirin>''llv puMished under an order of 
Legislature of the State, hy George B. 
Kmerson. 2 v 8 vo. Third edition. Hoston. 
1S78 Now out of print and very scarce. 
A verv fine copy in cloth. ?17.50. It is 
beautifullv illustrated by l4:t engravings. 
manv of "them beautifully colored. 



OF THE FINEST }\m\\\kl 
TNI: IIFST rOSSlHlE FITTING 
Till: FINEST PRIVATE WORK 

AND 

A Durability Approaching Perpetuality 
Orders Taken for Biitfonholes. 

Your fflONEY never 
went so far in SHIRTS 
in l!ieJ\;ORLD before. 

ANNIE E. RIDER, 73 ALMY STREET. 



BROWN, LISLE&MARSHALL 

Investment Securities 



236 Inclustr'ai Trust Co. Building, Providence, R, I. 

PUBLIC SERVICE BONDS. 

There are tlirfc eleineuts to be considered in niakiuji an investment, Safety, 
Permanence and Income. The bonds of cttici<;ntly mana-^ed Public Service Cor- 
porations offer the investor a particularly well ))alanced combination of these 
esKeniials. The business in not affected by tariff changes and is permanent 
because it furuibbcb public ne'-es^^iiti*":. such as the telefbonc, electricity, f^ap, 
street railways, etc. Businens dc['ressions do hOt intciru))t the .^leady increase in 
earniuRS. The income ip high in relation to the raftty of tiie jtrincipal. 

\\Ui are in a position to obtain accurate information concerning the 
corporations whose bonds we ofTcr. 



BOOK NOTES 

HISTORICAL, LITERARY AND CRITICAL. 
CONDUCTKD BY 

SIDNKY S. RIDKR. 



A L^fy STREET, .... . - PROVJ DENCE, K\ /. 

Entered as Second class Matter, at the Providence, R. I. Post Office. 



50 Cents per atjnuni. Fortiiiglitly. 
Single Copy 5 Cents. 



Saturday, February 13, 19] 3. 



A Cuf.n WlNTl£R. 
'I'o the Kditor of the Journal; 

In looking over past ro'-ords of tlie 
weatlior, I find that the winter of ]S.')C> 
and 1S.")7 holds tiio reC'^rd for the lo\vc^-t 
tcnii)erarure in Pro\idencc. Snowstorms 
were heavy, road« and ?treels were { 
Mi'ekaded t. ;r .-everal day.-. On th.t ! 
eighth of Jamuiry. 18J7. rai'r(jad train.> 
were .Niiowbound all over Xew England 
On tliat day not a train reached Provi- 
dence until evening, Pawtucket omni- 
huses were unabic to reach the city, Xar- 
ragansett bay was frozen solid to Xew- 
liort, and a few per.-on.s skated to that 
city. Xo vessel arrived from outside 
for ten days. On January 22nd, ihe 
mercury was 14 degrees below zero; 3:;d, 
17 below; 24th, :;G below; 2.3th. 17 be- 
low; 2Gth, 20 below. 

W. A. POTTER. 
Providence, Jan. .31. 

This brief note to the Editor of thj 
Providence Journal is correct in th.e 
es-cntial facts; curiously enoufgh I can j 
,:^ivc a few more facts — facts too of i 
tremendous magnitude. 1 was at the ,; 
time a clerk in the book store of <'.eorge I 
II. Whitney: and before his time 
^vith Charles lUirnett. at 3 Westminster 
street. Henry A. Prescott, who was j 
subsequently killed at Bull Run, kept \ 
a men's clothing shop at 1 Westminster j 
street and John W. Butts kept a men's j 
l.at shop at •"' Westmin-ter. Alas, such 
shops no longer exist — the Department 
.'^tores have kille<l them all and made 
-slaves of their keepers. I had kept a 
p'cl.et diary for years befor 18.57; and 
J had a curiosity to look over my notes. 



.\ heavy storm began on Saturday, Janu- 
ary ;'., ]8.>7. li continued all night a!id 
all the next day. On Sunday, the IStli 
of January, 1S.',7, the thermometer drop- 
ped to ti below zero; at night it began 
t<.> snow, the wind was heavy, an.d from 
the northeast. The snow storm was 
nemeridou-. .-\ liuge snow drift w^-s 
bl'iwn around the Washington building, 
where Henry Prescott's shop was. When 
I reached M'r. ^^'hitney's shop that snow 
drift was seventeen feet high; and the 
boys had pierced it with a hole, through 
which the boys had led a horse, un- 
hitched from a nearby carting v.agon 
'i'he StaJe Pri-on was on the west of 
the cove. The therin«:.meter, on the morn- 
ing of the 2:ird, stood 20 below. I lived 
oi! Clifford street. My thermometer 
stood ten below. At John Mcader's 
home, then in Xorth Providence, the 
mercury stood at 32 below; mine s'ood 
at 11 below. .\11 railroad trains ceas'i-d 
to run on the night of the 19th insl., 
the train to Worcester ran once, on 
l'"riday, rjr Saturda}', on the week of 
the storm. X'arragairsett bay v,'r.s frozen 
over with solid ice from Prcvider.co to 
Xewport. Xever within the memory of 
men before, nor since, have such condi- 
tions existed here. Westminster street 
was a bed of ice two feet thick for a 
month, or more. 



Th.ere was published in T.nndon "n 
\('>:>'.), an admirable book entitled "The 
Whole Duty <>{ Man." Some years 
later the book was again published and 
large additions were made, entitled 
"Works of the Autlior of the Whole 



:,( .'r)r,M,i7m'i 



Duty of Man." In reading one of these 
works entitled. "The Governniont of tlie 
TonLjue," 1 came aeross this para^^raph, 
■'.Mereiiants are under a necessity of 
dealiri; willi the nmre i.uudiant ehap- 
nie!!. ai'd with them their counterfeit 
wares will go off. hcst. It is indeed 
siranye to consider with what gross im- 
pudent falsehood; men of tin's trade will 
court their patrons. {iriiolc Di-tx of 
Man— The Govenivnciit of t'lc Toiujuc. 
!". ;5;i.) The intere^lin;J; reference to the 
word Cliapincn, and the terrilde ex- 
posure by this great scholar, of dealers 
of the supplies of our own time, 
is interesting in comparison. Wright's 
Frovincial English Dictionary gives 
the word as hcing—ccapiuan in Atiglo- 
Sa.xon— meaning "a buyer <,r seller." 

I..ire\'s Dictionary, London, j7;;0, un- 
der the word Cliapinait gives the-e forms 
— Koopman, Dufcli: Kauffman, Crrnian: 
Kobmand. Djitish and meaning "one 
who cheapens, or offers to purchase. But 
John Dryden dues it I/^ broioti. in IGTO. 
'"Their chapmen they betray 
Their shops are dens, their ])uyer is 
their prey." 



It must be a source of delight to Hx- 
Senator Aid rich, once of Rhode Island, 
to look now from his great political 
height, and -urvey the political held 
which he cultivated for thiiiy years, 
iuid won. assisted by that great Patriot. 
Charles R. Brayton,— for the People— 
or was it for iiimself? But the People 
have not finished their work yet with 
the ex-political gentleman. 



John D. Rockefeller and Senator Xd- 
son W. Aldrich have seen the "Rising" 
Sun. Xow, under the Divine Law. 
which neither of them forbid Congress, 
or the State Legislatures, to enact, will 
see during the remainder of their lives, 
'lie "Setting" Sun. 



The Vatican Pope undertook to con- 
trol all legal religion in Portugal: hi.- 
edict was driven out of the country. 
The Roman Catho'ic religion i-; now 
pr)wcrless in England. I'rance. C.ermany, 
Holland. Austria. Spain, Russia and 
now Portugal. The burning ,,f 'JTit luig- 
lish at the sttike in 1370 fixed the busi- 
ness, hut something more is coming. 



UNION TRUST COMPANY. 

62 DOBRAhJgE ST., CG HrJER OF WESTMiNSTER ST 

CAPITAL $1,000,000. SURPLUS $000,000 

A COMMERCIAL BANK AND TRUST COMPANY. 

OFFICERS. 

MARSDEN J. PERRY. Chairman of the Board 

ARAM J. POTHIER. President. 

ARCHIBALD G. LOOMIS, Vice-President. 

, HAROLD J. GROSS. Vice-President. 

I- RANK E. CHAFEE. Treasurer 

CHARLES H. SHELDON, Secretary. 

CLINIOX E. STEVENS, Ass't Treasurer and Ass't Sectctarv 



Samuel ^.^ Nicliolson. 
Aram J. Pothicr, 
Archibald Ti. Loomi-;. 
Harold J. Gross, 
Benjamin A. Jackson, 
Joseph Samuels, 



DIRECTORS. 
Arthur H. Watson. 
Clarence L. Watson, 
Marsden J. Perry, 
Wilh'am W. Douglas, 
Harry Cutler, 
Charles Alexander, 
Michael L' Houlihan. 



Everett L. Spencer. 
Albert A. Remington, 
Philip Allen. 
George W. Thurston. 
William B. Grecnough, 
Walter W. Griffith 



Thf, Bowlpkrs ok the Bluxdeks. 

This interesting little paper was \vrit- 
ten b}' me in 1S74, and printed in the 
Providence Joiirual on thcl.") th of July. 
I was out at the Doxier's HonH', Sniith- 
ficld, with Lucian .^liarp. A drive to 
tlio ■■P.iuiKlers" was pr. >p.>sed and this 
little paper was the re-^ult. 

"It is always with pleasure that we see 
those places which we have visited im- 
mortalized in print, and none the less 
so were wc on perceiviry the 'i>lunders" 
ill a recent Joiinuil. It is a pleasant re- 
tninder of a little expedition of which. 
we once formed a part. Wc are, how^ 
ever, inclined to differ from the v.riier 
as to the cause of this wonder lul rock- 
work. He is inclitied towards a "Diluvi- 
a: cuiieiu." wiiiie w c incline lo ihe op"n- 
inn that these were the remainder on 
hand after the general scattering o\er 
Rhode Island. I'ul whatever be the 
cause, here is one of the most beautiful 
and romantic spots around Providence. 
Like most places of this nature, so much 
loved by the Indians, this has its tradi- 
tions. From these lofty rocks, as in 
so many such places, the Indian maiden, 
citiier to escape from or in pursuit of 
the little god, is said to have leaped, 



I to fird herself in the happy hunting 
; groiuid:> of h.er departed lover, 
i Just behind the rocks is a marvellous 
si)ring. 'ying in the midst of the densest 
i shrubbery, and >ii;uhd Iiy the overhang- 
i irg branches of the witch hazel, the 
: black birch ard the elders. Por a 
; knowledge of the virtues <if the ?weet 
j waters of this secluded spriug we are 
I indebted to the traditions of many gen- 
I orations. Precisely at midniglu. when 
I tlie moon is full and the sky cl.>ud!e-s. 
; m.ust its waters be gatliered to pu; forth 
i their virtues in restraining the raging 
i fe\er. However rarely its medicinal 
I virtues may now be called into exercise, 
! they were not so in ancient times, and 
; plenty of sound certificates might be ob- 
' taincd by applying to the older inhabit - 
[ ants wh.o yet live arour.d it. 

Another remarkable otijecl of this 
I singular locality is a viaduct of solid 
j masonry, which ciinncct> the road witli 
; the woodlands l}ing l)ehiiid the rocks. 
; This viaduct was the work of a sturdy 
' farmer, ojnstructcd for the pi;rpose of 
! hauling rails from his wO'xls beyond: 
' its work is wjrthy of London Bridge, 
{ so strong, se"" even and well constructed 



is it. It will outlast the everlasting liills. 



PPOVIDENCI: BANliiNG CO., 



141 WnSlTIIMSTI:!? ST., Pi^OVIDllNCl:, 1^. i. 



.OCAL STOCKS, BOMDS 



-AND- 



H igh Grcjcle I RX'estmeiit Securi I ies 

Orders executed on the New York and Hoslon Stock- 
Exchange. Foreign Exchange bought and sold. Letters of 
Credit furnished for travelers. 



28 



The disproportion between the labor of 
building it and the uses to which it was 
assigned is the first thought of the look- 
er-on. In this huge pile fugitive^ iiave 
often found a refuge. In the trouljle- 
pome times o{ '42 a party of refugees 
from W'oonsocket fur a long time elud- 
ed the pursuit of Col. IJlodget's hnin- 
eible;^. and finally escaped. Many and 
many a story could '.\ e gather among 
the good pco[)le surri>unding tlli^ m- 
teresting jilace had we rbie !ei>urc and 
the necessary skill. 

The article to which I above referred 
was printed in the Providence Journal 
of June 2:;, 1S74. 



I'erkcley, Cal., Jan. 26. \\"ar to tiic 
death on all cats was declared here 
yesterday by th.e police department in 
tbc interest of public health. .\ theory 
tb.at cats arc responsible for spreading 
small-pox cau'-ed the campaign against 
them. 

iKx's not vaccination prevent a cat 
from spreading small-pox? Such work 
!:■ intellectual rot. 



Of course the people of the United 
States must protect by a Tariff, the 
Caoutchouc tree growers (of which 
there is not one) in this country. Caout- 
chouc is India rubber; and ex-Senator 
Aldrich, and Saint Rockefeller own all 
the Caoutchouc now coming into the 
United States; and a tariff raise- t'lo ] 
price, for the owners of the .\fncan 
trees. Such work is li'.tle better than 
highway robbery. 



There came into Providence on the 
2r)th of January last, IDC.:; UnM of An- 
lliracite coal, and J172S tons of bitu- 
minous (soft, smoking coal). All of 
this legal "Public Nuisance Stuff" is to 
be burned here by the Mellcn railroads; 
and all the law abiding corporations, 
tbrusung .s(K)i iiiio an our nouses. 



It was a good lesson for the politi- 
cians here in Providence to note the 
s-nding to prison , practically for life, 
b\ the Italian Government, of a Roman 
Catholic priest, who prayed chiefly for 
the Camorri.-ts: and living, too. within 
twenty-three miles of the Wigwam of 
Pope of Rome. 



th 



THE NATIONAL EXCII 

63 WESTMINSTER STREET. 

Capital, $500,000. Surplus & Profits, $1,024,203.92 

ORGANIZED I801 



OFFICERS 

MIICHAEL F. DOOLEY. President. 

Vice-Presidenls, FREDERICK S. PECK, JOSEPH E. FLETCHER, 

AUGUSTUS R. PEIRCE. 

C. H. W. MAXDEVILLE. Cashier. 

GEORGE G. WOO.O, Asst. Cashier. 



Newton D. Arnold, 
Waltt-r Cailender, 
Kdmund I). Cliesboro, 
Frank I'. Conistock, 
Arthur \V. Dennis, 
Micliael F. Dooley, 
.Saiiinel M. Panntein, 



DIRECTORS 

.Joseph K. Fletcher, 
Theodore \V, Foster, 
Arthur lleiiius, 
John Mc.Manup. 
Frederick S. Peck. 
Frank .V. ] "hi 1 tips, 
Jobcph L. JSweet, 



Clarence L. Watson, 
l']arle V. Cliarlcton, 
Ciiarlet. li. W. ]\randevillc, 
B. Thomas Potter, 
Gerald T. Hanley, 
Sidney I). HumiAirey, 
Charles Fletcher. 



Oneof the Oldest and Strongest Banks in Rhode Island 



59 



The following Poem I found in an 
ancicrt luii^lish Folio, in my own pos- 
session. It was prol);il)ly written hy the 
l.'itJ Rev. William C. Richard. He was 
ai; Kiiglisi-iiian wlm l.ccanu' a I'aptist 
preacher. He came to rr.nidenee in 
IS.").") and hecanie Assistant Pastor of t!ic 
First Baptist Chnrch. He soon left that 
Church to become Pa>;i'r of the 
Brown Street Baptist Ciiurch until istjp, ; 
soon after whirii time he left Rhode Is- 
land. He was a ceaslcss wanderer dur-. 
ii-i; his entire life. It was during these 
warderings that this little poem was 
written in a steandxjat liible. The last 
line "O! Blessed Book, what 'acks the 
traveller now:" leads to this c.:>nc!u,Mon. 

.MX IX OXF. 
Line:: v.-rittc:-: -n the ilyleaf of a steam- 
i)i)at Bible. i 

( From the Xew York Clviuiiclc.) I 

A mine of wealtii, where everv one may ' 

toil. I 

And for his pains, grow rich in golden ; 

spoil. ' 

A living spring, with waters running j 

free, j 

Where all who thirst may drink nn- i 

stintedly. j 

A glowing sun, where light and warmth ; 

are shed 



F.-.r war.dering souls, whose light and 

warmth are fled. 
A lavish feast, and all wayfarers wooed, 
Xo price in hand, to cat immortal food. 
A spotless dress, made ready to array 
.\1I pilgrims stained in sin's defiling way 
A b.and book true, where they whi^ run 

may read, 
To shun what patlT;, and what safe 

guides to heed. 
Mire, spring, sun. feast, dress, guide and 

passport thou. 
O ! IMcssed Book, what lacks the trav- 
eler now? W. C. R. 



The pubishcr of Book Xotes wishes to 
purcha.-e a copy of '"The I5ook of 
B'under,^," by C. C. Bombaugh, publish- 
ed by S. 'J". Souder and Co.. Philadel- 
phia. ISTO. 



The Department St'jres in tlie >tatc 
of Mis-^ouri have had chartered ;t cor- 
poration under name, "American He- 
partment Stores Corporation," to wipe 
out all wholesale dealers. Hitherto 
these corporations have been "Retailers," 
iiow they are to become "Wholesalers" 
a- well. The people of this country are 
ciimii'g to the front, and all corporatiim^ 
to rob them any longer will come to rui 
end. 



INDUSTRIAL TRUST COMPANY, 

49 WESTFilNSTER ST., PROVIDENCE, R. I. 

Capital, $3,000,000. Surplus $3,000,000. 



BANKING DEPARTMENT — Interest paid on deposits. Issues 
Certificates of Deposit at attractive rates. Loans and Discounts. 
Collections made on all points on favorable terms. 

FOREIGN EXCHANGE DEPARTMENT — Foreign Drafts and 
Letters of Credit available in all parts of the World. Cable 
Transfers. 

TRUST DEPARTMENT— Authorized to accept Trusts. Is a legal 
depositary for trust funds. Acts as Trustee, Executor, Adminis- 
trator, Guardian and as Registrar and Transfer Agent of Coij^ora- 
tions. 






3-I 



30 



The "Swede's" Public Market pub- 
lished in the newspapers advertisements 
reducing the prices of vegetable food, 
on the 4tli of l'"ebruary, 1013. There 
came fmm Chicago a disp;itch on tho 
•J'.Uh (if January. It charges "tliat re- 
tail meat dealers are maintaining unrea- 
sonably high prices, in the face of a 
■rapidly dtx-lining market." The price 
of cattle on the hoof has dropped 
$11.10 in December to $S.90 in January, 
more than $3.00 a hundred. T 
"Swedes' " Public Market has made no 
decline. The vegatable tumble here was 
to head off, if possible, tho estalilish- 
ment of City Public Markets here in 
Providence, all over the citv. 



IT IS WHOLESOME 



The morning papers told us that 
Woddrow Wilsnn took a walk, with a 
guard on the mfjrning of the r>th of 
Xo\ ember last ; a largo rattle .-^nake 
crossed his path ; a guanisman came 
towards Wilson and whaled the serpent 
dead. But it was no comparison to 
the snake killed by Wilson the day bo- 
fore— Xovember fifth. 




llis Imperial M:ije-t\-, Sir William 
Rockyfellow, must havo .done .things, 
lir.ancial, which were of such character 
that he dares not now mention them. He 



THE SHEPARO COMPANY, 

25t-273 Westminster Street, 

THE R. km G. C01V1PANY, 

73 Almy St., Providence. 

TRY THIS TASTE-FULL-TONIC. 

R and G means "Orange." 



is "unable" to talk. But he will soon 
fhscovcr that MFA" will act. His day 
h.as passed. It was not his talking 
which made him sick, it was his acting. 



(Nineteen (19) Copies, only, remain.) 

The Lands of Rhode Island 

a.s the)- were known to 

CAUNOUNICUS AND MIANTUNNOiVlU 

when RoGKR Williams came in 1636. 



An Indian Map of the Principal Locations 

known to the NAIIIGANSETS and KLAEORATK 
HISTORICAL NOTES by Sidney S. Rider. 

The edition consi.sted of 495 ; 19 remain to he sold. Price, T)ost 
paid, $9.00. Address the Author, l^rovideiice, R. I.' 



31 



Historical Pamphlets — Rnre and valu- 
able; in every package arc >inglo pam- 
phlets \V':>-.iIi more money than I ask 
I'ur the entire package. 



Kacli pack has Ten Pninplilets. all 
marked and numbered as they appear In 
the following advertisement. Kvery pam- 
phlet is perfect. No duplicates. The 
price will be -H-IO per pack, postage or 
e.xpre.ssage prepaid. 

Pack I. 

1. Dewey, Orville, Calvani?tic Views of 
.Moral Pliilosophv. 1S35. 2. Waterson. 
Hubert, A Boston JNIerchant, iNiemoir, ISGO. 
2 Kellows, H. W. Christ and Abraham. 
A sermon. 1870. 4. Lebensgeschichte des 
General Harrison dem Candida ten de.^ 
Foltes. 1S«. Port and Plates. 5. Good- 
loc. D. R. The Southern Platform on 
Slaverv. ISf.S. P. Sigel, F'. Sociologv 
.A.!ipl)ed to Politics. IS'.'S. 7. Mackenzie, 
\V. I^. Lives and Opinions of Ben Frank- 
'■.r., G-IIl: c.:-.~i J.iiv Jfovt. 1^7,. >. 
1 r.E.ui, .J. X. Oriition at Tomb of U. « 
Giant. ISSti. 9. Whipple. .John. RepO't 
on Letter of II. G. Otis on ."Slavery. IS^"^' 
in. Van Zandt, C. C. Adores-- Semi- 
Cent. Celeb. Soc. Domestic Indi-stry. ISTO 

Pack. II. 

1. Hooker, Dr. "W. History of IMedica! 
l>elusions-Lessons. 18.50. 2. Speeches 
Hayne and "U^ebster,]8.'30. ed. 1S.52. 3. 
Hoil.^es, R. M. Sermons, Life and Provi- 
dence. ISiJi*. 4. Voorhees, D. ^V. Speech 
on Library of Cong-ress. ISSO. 5. Ander- 
son, ^L B. Voluntaryism in Hiaib.er Educa- 
t/ion. 18.7. G. Events in Election of an 
.■Assistant Bishop for Illinois. 1S48. 7. 
Gorporations, Regulations by the State of 
the profits of — Gas in paiticular. N. D. 
8. Medberry. Au?rustu.s. Courage, A ser- 
mon, 21 Ai>ril. 1861. 9. Putnam, A. P, 
Disc, on William Lloyd Garrison. 1879. 10. 
Menhaden Fishery of Maine. Hist. De- 
tails. 1878. 



Pack III. 

1. Choate, Rufus. Discourse Commem- 
orative of Daniel Webster. 1S."3. 2. Bui- 
lock. A. H. Inteileetnal Leadership in 
-American Hist. 1S75. 3. Hail, E. B. 
I'leasruies and Vices of the Citv, Provi- 
dence, R. I. . 1856. 4. Waurln, L. Ex- 
periments ill Swiss Democracy. ISJi. :,. 
Ware, I. F. W. .Sermon. 23r)th Anniv. 
.\nct. Hon. Artillery Co. Mass. 1S73. t; 
Hart, Samuel. Address. Commemoration 
of J. liroeklesby. L. L. D. 1SS9. 7. Den- 
ton, William. Garrison in Heaven, A 
Dieam. S. Two Months Abroad in Eng- 
land. France, Bad'^n. Pru.^sia and Belgium 
in 1813 by R. R. Director of Massachu- 
setts. 1844. 9. Bigelow, Andrev.-. God'.^ 
Charge Unto Israel, before the Legislaturo 
of ^rassachusetts. isr.c. lO. Beecher, 
Lyman. A Reformation of Morals Indi?^- 
pensable. Did. at Litchfield, Con. 1812. 
Pack nil. 

L Sunmer, Charles. Speech on "Our 
Foreign Relations." 1S63. 2. Yale, Linus 
Jr. Locks and Lockspicking. 1856. 3. Wood- 
bury, Augustus. The Assassination of 
Abraham Lincoln. A sermon. 18t'5. 4. 
Woodbury, Augustus. Sketch of the 
Character of Abraham Lincoln. :SG5. 5. 
Coffii!, Dr. John G. Medical Ediicafion 
'ind the Medical Profession. I-ioston 1S22. 
fi. Rider, S. S. Retrospect from tt:o 
Jiound Tower (on Narr. Bay, R. L, ISSo 
7. Livingston. Argument Against Capi- 
tal runishnient. 184.. ^. Staple>. C. A. 
First Congre.tcatioral Church. Piovideiice. 
a Discourse. 1>'7S. y. Grejcorv. Dr. Sain' 
iiel. Female Ph\.vic!aiis ^for" Iheir own 
Sex. l^o'l. 10. One Hundredth Aui ivei- 
sarv of the Founding of Brown University. 
The Celebration, l.*r4. 



RUSSELL'S NATIVE TREES. 
Of Rhode Island. 
It has i8 octavo plates of these 
Rl'ode Island Trees beautiful pictures, 
with excellent descriptions, with tlie' 
locations of them. I will "mail" a copy 
to yoti for Fifty cents. 



Thoss v/ho wish to purchase the book which it is desired that 
I publish vrflll please sign the subscription below, and send it to 
the v/ritor. 




A'o 

To SIDXEYS. RIDER, Providence, R. /. 

Please deliver to • 

071 e. copy of 

"THE DEVELOPMENT OF COfJSTIIllT!Of,'ilL GOVERNMENT IN RHODE ISU,\'D" 

1!V SI1).\KY S. i:iDKI{, 

/// llirce volumes, for irliicli J agree to pay Five Dollars {$^.00) 
per volume as delivered. 

Name 

Address. 



CHART.KS C. HAKRINGTOK, 
President. 



ROWLAND G. HAZARD, 

Vice-President. 



iV'l teais^ri 




ANK 



Opposite City Hall snd Railroad Station. 

To those desiring to cliange or make new banking 
connections, we offer the services of this conveni- 
ently located and progressively managed institntion. 



H. KDWAKU THURSTON. 
Cashier. 



EDWARD A. HAVENS, 
Asst. Cashier. 



Mr. Sidney S. Rider, whose mind is x 
cyclopedia for cvfry*h:::g ccr::i?cttd with 
the past in Rhode Island, is continually 
on the lookout for historical articles in 
the daily papers, and woe betide the un- 
lucky wi^ht who slips up on his facts; 
many a delightful roriiantic story has he 
spoiled by knocking the bottom com- 
pletely out of it with his cold facts; 

* * * he is a terror to reporters and 
to others who write historical articles, 

* * * (but he) has secured to thc 
newspaper reader more accurate hits of 
local history. — Boston Globe. 

I have known the uien controlling tht- 
Ktlitorial work of the Providence Jonriial 
more than sixty years; but never in my 
life li.ive I seen such timidity as is now 
exercised. 1 have long felt. ])ersonally. 
that my own "timidity" was my ruin. 
The _/<?«/•//(?/ is biased by Truth and Hu- 
man Rii^hts. 



OF Till: FINEST .^lATFRlAl 
THE HFST POSSIBLE FITTLNTj 
THE FINEST FRIV.ATE WORK 

AXD 

A Durability Approaching Ferpetnalit)' 
Orders Taken for Buttonholes. 

Yoor MONEY never 
went so far in SHIRTS 
in the WORLD before. 

ANNIE E. RIDER, 73 ALMY STREET. 



BROWN, LISLE& MARSHALL 

Investment Securitie s 

236 Industrial Trust Co Building, Providence, R. I. 

PUBLIC SERVICE BONDS. 

Tlierc are thr<^e elemtnls to be eonsidercd in makii'g an inve'^tment. Safety, 
Permanence and Income. '1 he bonds of ffhcienlly iiianai.'ed I'ublic .Serviee CoV- 
t>orati(>nR offer the iiive-tor a r'.'irlieularly well bMlaneed eombi nation of these 
essentialp. The business is not aOected l»y tariif changes and is permanent 
because it furnishes public neees<ities. such as the lele;'hone, electricity, fjas, 
blreet laihvavs, etc. business depressions do r.ot interrupt the s-eady increase in 
earningG. I'hc income is liigh in relation to the safety of the princij/al. 

We are in a position to obtain accurate information concerning the 
corporations whose bonds we offer. 



BOOK NOTES 

niSTOKlCAL, LITERACY AND CRITICAL. 

COXDUCTKD BY 

SIDNEY S. RIDER, 

77 ALUy' STREET, .... . . PROVIDENCE, R. 1. 

Entered as Second class Matter, at the Providence, R. I. Post Office. 



W Cents per annum. Fortnightly. 
Single Copy 5 Cents. 



S-vruRD.w, March 1, 19] 3. 



The Secret Work ok Wii,i,i.ajm Cod- 
dingtox ix ,a.rtemptixg ixdivi- 
r)U.\L PossE.ssiox OK AoiiDXEC Is- 
land AND :MaKK a KlXGDO>r OK IT 

KOR His Family axd Dkci-xdaxt.s. 
.'V paper was read before ihe Newport 

I [l^u,.ui<.ci"i 3<.'i-:civ (ui the i^MU of Ni>- 

vember, 1912, on Governor William Cod- 
dington, by Mrs. Sarah K. Birckhead. 
It has been printed, as Bulletin No. 5 
(January, 1913) by the society. The 
lady gives this brief preliminary note: 
"The paper which I am al)Out to read 
:s evolved (disentangled) from two 
separate papers which my father wrote 
at ditterent times, on the life of Willinm 
Coddington." The name of the lady's 
father I do not know. On page 23 of 
this bulletin is the following note : "Mr. 
Sidney S. Rider, in his Historical 
Tract No. 4, which contains the paper 
(•n Coddington, prepared by Dr Henry 
E. Turner in 1S7S. Mr. Rider says in 
his introductory note: "A view more 
Javorable to the memory of Mr. Cod- 
dmgton has been presented by Dr. 
David King, of Newport, which the 
publisher (myself) expected to incor- 
porate into this serie-;; the conduct of 
Coddington. he (myself) continues, of- 
fers a legitimate subject of historic in- 
quiry' for Rhode Island students, arid 
any matters which will tend to lift the 
sh;.dow from the good name of Cod- 
dmgton will be received with satisfac- 
tinn by all Rhode Island scholars." Dr. 
Kiig brought his manuscript to me for 
examination, but Ijefiue I had the oppor- 
tunity to e.xaininc it, I3r. King wrote 



to Prof. William Gammell to get the 
manuscript fri;>m me, and Mr. Gamint.ll 
t'K.k the mantiscript from me, and 1 
iK-\er heard further from it. The slu'J 
( for it is ni'thing hut stiip ) which has 
for years l)een written, has been radical- 
1;. changed since these two Newport 
doctors, aiul I'ruf. (;ammell faded from 
existence. These great changes I have 
examined, and severely considered and 
printed the so called "Coddington Com- 
mission," and the facts upon which it 
rests (Book Notes v. 24 (1907), pp. 
Ib4-is;i). First. I will now consider 
the "Commib^ion," as it is given in the 
Newport Historical Society Bulletin. 
Number 5, and as I gave it in Boo!: 
Xotcs as abnve cited. The difference 
is radical, and as "History," positively 
fatal. In line 1 the word "late" may be an 
interpolation, and the w^ord "last," fol- 
lowing October, is ommitted ; hue 10, 
•he word "Pattente" appears; it -hould 
read. ".\ny letters, patents or other au- 
tlinrities formerly granted." The word 
"[latents"' here refers to the cliarter of 
1G43-4, , obtained by Roger Williams, 
which. Coddington was constantly work- 
ing to destroy. Line 14, occurs the words 
.\qu-dncck, and Qunnungate; in tlie 
original they are written Acquedneck, 
and Quinnunagat— Conanicut is the r-res- 
ent form. In this same line are the words 
"Rhode Jshmd:" in the original the 
ff.rm is "Rho-id Island." In line !•; 
arc th','-e w.irds, ".\'arragan-ett Bay in. 
'he n'/r'hern part of .America:" in the 
original the line reads, "in the bcHtr 
p-'rts of .\inerica." hi lines J5-10 are 
the words "frequented by the Indians 



34 



lying within the Xarragansctl Bay;" in 
the original they appear "frequented 
by the Indians living west on the Xarra- 
gansett Bay." In line .19 oceur tlie 
Vvords, "Saclienis of South .-Incrft;" in 
the original they read "v^achem of Sr>- 
wanset." There was but oi;e sachem 
of Sowaniset in 1G51, when this Cod- 
dington Commission was written and his 
name was Ousamaquin, or Massaso-'t 
(Fcssenden's Hist, of Warren, pp. 12, 
33). There w^as never an Indian local- 
ity on Rhode Island lands named "South 
Ancett." In line 24 occur tiie words, 
"populating and planting of the said 
islands; in the original they are writ- 
ten "populir.ing and planting of the said 
islands." Line 54 reads "for the better 
discharge of your office:" in the r.rip-_ 
!i:.:d they arc written "for ili^ bettor 
direction." I will make one more com- 
parison, beginning with line 54. A coun- 
cil consisting of persons rightfully 
qualified for judgment and good atVec- 
tion to the interest of this common- 
wealth, not exceeding the numbcer of 
six, aftr the manner hereafter set down 
and expressed, viz; that the said per- 



sons shall be nominated by such free- 
holders of the towns of Newport and 
Portsmouth within the said island as 
shall be well affected to the government 
of this commonwealth according to your 
instruction." The original reads: "A 
cuncill consisting of persons rightlv 
justified for judgment and good atlec- 
tiou to the interest of this Common- 
weal:h, not exceeding the number of 
six, hereafter set forth in this Com- 
mission. That the said persons shall 
l)e examined by such freeholders of the 
towns of Xewport and Portsmouth 
within the said island as shall be well 
a fleeted' to the Government of this 
Commonwealth aecording to the Instruc- 
Itons and Directions thereir. provided." 
Tt is not rif-.-^cvai-^- ir> .onipnT-e further 
these two forms of the commission 
which Coddington brought to Xew Eng- 
land, the last citation is absolute de- 
struction to the commission, aside from 
the question of its legality. The text 
of the copy of the commission, which 
I have cited above, was a photographic 
stereotype reproduction of the original 
copy, in manuscript of the Coddington 



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62 DORRANDE ST., CQHfv'ER OF V/ESTMINSTER SY 

CAPITAL $1,000,000. SURPLUS $500,000 

A COMMERCIAL BANK AND TRUST COMPANY. 

OFFICERS. 

MARSDEN J. PERRY, Chairman of the Board. 

ARAM J. POTHTER, President. 

ARCHIBALD G. LOOM IS, Vice-President. 

HAROLD I. GROSS, Vice-Pre.^ident. 

FRAXK E. CHAFEE. Treasurer. 

CHARLES H. SHELDOX, Secretary-. 

CLINTON F. STEVENS, Ass't Treasurer and Ass't Secretary 



Samuel M. Nicholson, 
Aram J. Pothier, 
Archibald G. Loomis, 
Harold J. Gross, 
Benjamin A. Jackson, 
Joseph SaTiuels, 



DIRECTORS. 

Arthur H. V/atson, 
Clarence L. Watson, 
Marsden J. Perrv, 
William^ W. Douglas, 
Harry Cutler, 
Charle<i Alexander. 
Michaei;j. Iloulilian. 



Everett L. Spencer, 
Albert A. Remington, 
Philip Allen, 
George W. Thurston, 
William B. Greenough, 
Walter W. GrifHth. 



\ 69Dbu7 



v^5 



commission. It was brought by the 
piishop of London, in September, I'JUT. 
with the permission of the King of Eng- 
land, to be presented to President Roose- 
velt, then the president oi the United 
States. A reduced facsimile was print- 
ed by the Churchinan, a magazine theii 
published in the city of Xew York, in 
its October issue, 1007. It was mucli 
reduced in size; but I used a powerful 
glass in reproducing it as J printed it 
(Book Notes v. 24, pp. IS.V 1ST). It 
had been lost for about 2o0 years; and 
had been found, then recently, in Ful- 
bam Palace, and brought as above stat- 
ed, to President Roosevelt. I will re- 
produce my conclusions a_- published in 
Book Notes at that time (Book Notes, 
V. 24; pp ^fi.^.-^F.z^ 

1 1 is oi great intere.-t, not alone to 
students of Rhode Island History, bur 
also to those interested in a History of 
the Commonwealth. Mr. Coddingtnii 
was elected to an ofTice under the War- 
wick Charter in the Provi^Jence planta- 
tions, in ]6i7, but declined to serve. He 
secretly left the island of Aquidneck, 
where he dwelt, early in the years 164f^ 
Six weeks after the head of Charles the 
First rolled from the Block, Coddingtun 
landed in England. The Council of 



: Slate had not then bc<Jn formed. On 
: the tJth March Coddington presented a 
, I'etilion to this Council. I will repro- 
i duce a paa of it. "Petition of Wiiiiam 
! Coddington setting forth that he was 

one of the first p!an^e^s in -\e\v Eng- 
! land, and about thirteen years past he 
I discovered two small islands, called 
! Aquiednick ah Rhoad Island, and 
I Ouununagate lying within Narragansett 
1 Bay, which he purchased from the In- 
I dians, and has quietly enjoyed ever 
! smce; but being desirous to govern by 
; English laws, and to have dependence 

on the Commonwealth, he prays for a 
! grant of these islands fi Dm Parliament 
j v,ith such immunities as ha\e been 
j granted to others in like cases." 

! Thii Pf-rirlon birl q y:-;-. betV.re t!ie 

i Council, practically nothing being done 
! with it. Nothing was known concern- 
^ mg it, in the Providence Plantation. On 
I the .3rd April. 1651, the Council Record 
j states that Great Changes were to be 
I made in the Commission, to wit, that 
j Coddington was to be Governor of the 
i two islands, and adminisirer the en- 
j gagement to himself. On the same day, 
but later, it was signed by the Presi- 
[ dent, John Bradshaw, the seal affixed 
' and given to Coddington. 



PROViDilNCE BANKING CO., 

141 WCSTniNSTQI^ ST., Pl^OXMDCN'CC, P. I. 



LOCAL STOCKS, BONDS 



-AND- 



HigUGraclelRveslnientSecuriries 

Orders executed on the New York and Boston Stock 
Exchange. Foreign Exchange bought and sold. Letters of 
Credit [urnished for travelers. 



36 



On, or about September 1st, 165], 
Coddington appeared on Aquidneck Is- 
land, and showed his Commission. 
There was intense opposition to it, both 
at Aquidneck, and at Providence, and 
Warwick. In truth, it split the govern- 
ment of Proxider.ce Plantatirm.^ irilo 
two parts. The people oi Providence 
selected Roger Williams to gro to Lon- 
don to find out about it. and to try and 
re-instate the Warwick charier. 'J'he 
People on Aquidneck selected John 
Clark to go with Williams to assist him. 
Roger Williams had proposed to Cod- 
dington and Clark the purchase of this 
Island for a settlement, and Mr. Wil- 
liams had made the purchase for them. 
Clark was a joint owner. Williams and 
Clrn-k left Wvv- Fnjla.id ?h.-^ut Xovem- 
bcr HI, 1G51. On or about -March Isl 
following, Codding-ton fled from the Is- 
land and secreted him-clf. Thi- he did 
near the time when a repl.v might reach 
I'rovidence and Newport from Wil- 
liams and Clark. This flight by Cod- 
dington indicates fraud in the transac- 
tion. I have 7iot yet the evidence, but I 
have no doubt that Sir Henrv Vane in- 



stantly secured delay in Coddington's 
getting liis commisssion into operation. 
At all events it zcas stopped. I will 
state a few points: Coddington in his 
Petition states that he was the discov- 
erer and individual purchaser of two 
small islands— Aquidneck and Quanana- 
cut. He was neither the discoverer, nor 
the individual purchaser. These Indian 
names were unknown to the members 
of the Council of State, among whose 
members were Oliver Cromwell, Sir 
Henry Vane and Cornelius Holland. 
The two latter had been active in secur- 
ing th.e Warwick charter, seven or eight 
years before. They were all friends of 
Roger Williams, and would never have 
permitted the enactmein of Coddington 
comm.ission had they knovrn its pur- 
pose and effect. Xevertheless. in direct 
language it destroyed the Warwick 
charter. Th.e commission was to stand 
"Any Letters. Pateius or other authori- 
ties formerly granted, or given to the 
contrary notwtthstanding." 

All the vital powers were injected 
into the Commission on the 3rd day of 
April. It was during the afternoon 



HE NATIONAL EXCHANGE BANI, 

63 WESTMINSTER STREET. 

Capital, $500,000. Surplus & Profits, $1,024,203.92 

ORGANIZED ISOl 



OFFICERS 

MIICHAEL F. DOOLEY. President. 

Vice-Presidents, FREDERICK S. PECK, TOSEPH E. FLETCHER 

AUGUSTUS. R. PHI RCE. 

C. H. W. ^LAXDEVILLE, Cashier. 

GEORGE G. WOOD, Asst. Cashier. 



Newton D. Arnold, 
\VaIt»-rCan<ndor, 
fJdmund D. Chesboro, 
Frank I'. (Jo ni stock, 
Arthur W. Denni--, 
Michael F. iJooley, 
Sainnel M. P^insioin, 



DIRECTORS 

Jcsepli ]■:. Fletcher, 
Theodore \V. Foster, 
Ai thur Henius. 
John McMaiius! 
Fred orb k S. Peck, 
Frank N. Phi Hips, 
Jo6-ej)li L. Sweet, 



Clarence L. Watson, 
Farle V. I'liarleton. 
CliarlesH.W. Marideville, 
B. Thomas ['otter, 
Gerald T. ILanlcy, 
.Sidney I). Humphrey, 
Chailes Fletclier. 



Oneof the Oldest and Strongest Banks in Rhode Island 



37 



oi this dny, that the real power? were 
imparted ( luteregnuin ICiitry Book, v. 
'.1 !. pp. 210-21;^). Hut there is no rec- | 
ord of the enactment of the Comniis- | 
sion by the Council of State. Again, it i 
is signed only by John Bradshaw, and '; 
this fact destroyed it. Previous to the . 
beheadnig of Charles the First, and to | 
the sulisequeiit formation oi the Conn- • 
cil of State, the Earl of Warwick had 
held control of all Plantations, or Eng- . 
lish Colonies. After the establislunent i 
of this Council of State by Parliament, i 
all power and authority which the Earl I 
of Warwick "had, or ought to have had, 
and exerci.sed, passed to the Council of 
State." (Fiissett's Omitted Chapters of 
English History, v. 1. p. 40). -The Council 
cf State rr.z&j an -rder, ' That the v,-holc 
Council or any fn'c of tiu-ii:. l)e appoint- 
ed a Commitlee for Trade and Fianta- 
t'on." (P.issett's Omitted Chapters of 
the History of England, v. 2, p. 79). 
Coddington's Commission was signed 
by John Bradshaw alone: it should I 
have been signed by five men and i 
John Bradshaw. It was illegal. ! 
Oliver Cromwell, ignoring the commis- ' 
sion which Coddingion had brought to j 
Xew England, ordered the people of \ 
Newport and Providence to re-establis'r ' 



themselves under the Warwick charter 
and continue its government (,R. L Col. 
Rec. 1, :UG"). and Coddington immedi- 
ately submitted ( R. I. Col. Rec. 1, 327). 
The Coddington Commission on that 
day disappeared and has hut just been 
disco\ered (in 1007) in Fulham Paiace. 

The diiircluiian says: Coddington's 
Ci-nnmission made him Go\ ernor cu' 
Rhode Island" for Life. But Rhode Is- 
land, as a Colony, or State, did not tl en 
e.xist ; he was made C.ovtrnor i)n'y of 
Aquidneck and Conamcut. 

Unless these things can be destroyed, 
the political character of Coddington is 
uterly destroyed. Before leaving. I will 
touch one more subject: on page 20th 
of Mrs. Birckhead's paper is this para- 
graph: "William Coddington. howcvc-r, 
who was the ^raiesman greatly instru- 
mental in giving Rhode Inland Jicr first 
cod^ nf LiVK's : and who fijr a numlicr 
of years shaped her pol'cy; was the first 
to establish in concrete form, and con- 
firm by act of legislature this great prin- 
ciple (Religious Toleration) in the year 
1G41." Again: "Here on this i>land 
under the leadersliip of William Cod- 
dington for the first tiiiw in the cirUizcd 
■zvorld, zcas reeorded the lazi' of libeity 
of co'.seicnee for all >nen. Of course 



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Capital, $3,000,000. Surplus 53,000,000. 



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Letters of Credit available in all parts of the World. CaVjJe 
Transfers. 

TRUST DEPARTMENT— Authorized to accept Trusts. Is a legal 
depositary for Irust funds. Acts as Trustee, Executor, Acjninis- 
trator, fiuardian and as Registrar antl Transfer Agent of Co;], ora- 
tions. 



Qh 



!c3 



38 



tliere is not the slightest foundation for 
5uch statements. 

Neither of them is true. Xobody ever 
established Religious Tolcnitioi in 
Rhode Island. It was SOUL LIB- 
ERTY, which Roger Williams estab- 
lished here, years before Coddingcon 
came to dwell on these lands. Codding- 
ton, with eighteen companions, intro- 
duced by Roger Williams to the Island 
of Acquidneck, induced Roger Williams 
to buy for them the Island from the 
great Sachems of Xarragansett. Each 
of these nineteen purchasers were 
equal owners, and Coddington was 
forced to declare it so, in 1052. (R. I. 
Col.- Rec. V. 1. p. 50\ He had been 
secretly at work, as I believe, to get 

of Aquidneck, which upon his death 
should descend to his eldest son, and so 
continue. 



IT IS WHOLESOME 




The following interesting clipping I 
took from the Providence Journal of 
February 20th, last. 

THE SOCIAL UNREST. 

(From the N. Y. Journal of Commerce.) 

"Social discontent is too self-evident 

everywhere to be ignored. It expresses 

itself in nimierous ways; but chieflj- in 



K'Moa 3aisdn 
noA Manx hha^nj "iniM jli 

THE SHEPAnO CD^^IPANY, 

251-273 Westminster Street, 

THE R. AfJD G. COr^PAf^Y, 

73 Almy St., Providsnce. 

TRY THIS TASTE-FULL-TONIC. 

R and G means "Orange." 



the spread of radical legislation, in the 
doubtful widening of Governm.ent ac- 
tivities, in the aggressive attitude of or- 

(Continued on pajje S.) 



(Nineteen (19) Copies, only, remain.) 

The Lands of Rhode Island 

as they were known to 

, CAUNOUNICUS AND WIANTUNNOMU 

when RociKR Williams came in 1636, 



An Indian Map of the Principal Locations 

known to the NAIIIGANSETS and KLABORATE 
HISTORICAL NOTES by Sidklv S. Rider. 

The edition consisted of 495 ; 19 remain to be sold. Price, post 
paid, $9.00. Address the Author, Providence, R. I. 



TO A^ PEERLESS RIDER. 



DrCDICATi'D BY Tlllv WKITKR 

W. W. B. 

TO 

I^ORANIA BURKK RIDER 

My Dear Companion of half a century. 

They tell us now tliat chivalry is dead; 

The brave, old, princely spirit is no more; 
The dreams of lieroes are forever fled, 

And nought will kindle the fine ilanie of yore. 

No "gentle knight comes pricking" through the vale, 
L/cd by his spirit to some high emprise; 

No Galahad, seeking for the Holy Grail; 
Or grand reward in queenly beauty's eyes. 

Yet are there fair fields waiting to be won; 

Still Beauty bides her time to re-awake, 
If but a hero rise; his armor don, 

The Princess and her kingdom he will take. 

One RIDER still is ours; he leads us on. 
Fearless where e'er a wrong he can attack; 

Heedless of triumph or of victory won, 
If he but lays a he upon it's back ! 

Foremost in battle, in the hottest wrt, 
We note his banner \\a\ing in the van, 

Ivikc to the white plume of the bold Na%"arre, 
Hailing the presence of an honest man ! 

To INIrs. Rider, at Mount Hygeia, ) 
sincere regards of W. W. B. 
6 Cushing Street, 

Providence, August 24, 1907, 



40 



CHAULKS C. HARRINGTON, 
President. 






iH I 






N 



ROWLAND G. HAZARD, 
Vice-President. 



^AN1CS 



L BANK 



Opposite City Hall anti Railroad Station. 

To those desiring- to change or make new banking 
comiections, \vc offer the services of this conveni- 
ently located and progressively managed institution. 



H. EDWARD THURSTON, 
Cashier. 



RDWARD A. HAVENS, 
Asst. Cashier. 



gaiiizocl labor, in the grov.th of social- 
istic ideas and in an unusnal pu!>l;c ir- 
r'tability. ll seems JiKicaU lo traCc 
this movement to any single or \'ery 
definite cause. It is the result of a 
remarkable coml^nation of economic, 
psychological and moral forces; poliiicil 
conditions not being a serious factor, 
because they arc simply effect-, not 
causes." 

Such stuff is simply to play \\'ilh the 
feeble reasonings of men. Is the Steal 
Trust a psychological force; and the 
Standard Oil a moral factor?' These 
two newspapers — The X. Y. Tijhcs and 
the X. Y. JoiDiial of Coi>tiiici\-c. tlie peo- 
[)le will wipe out of existence presently. 



GENTLEIPN^S SHIRTS 

OF TliE FINEST M.ATFRIAL 
TUli niiST POSSIBLE FITTING 
THE FINEST FKIV.ATE YVOEK 

AND 

A Biirability .Approaching Perpetuality 
Orders Taken for ButtoHlioles. 

Your MONF.Y never 
. went so far in SHIRTS 
in fli^YOSLD before. 

ANNIE E. RIDER, 73 ALMY STREET. 



BROWN, LISLE& MARSHALL 



nvestment Securities 



236 Industr a! Trust Co. Bulldina, Providence, R. \. 



PUBLIC SERVICE BONDS. 

There are three elements to be considered in mnkiiif;- an investment, vSafety, 
Permanence and Income. The bonds of ettieiently managed I'ublic Scrviee Cor- 
porations offer the invotof a particularly well balanced conibinalion of these 
essentials. The business is not ailected by tarilf chanfjes and is pernianent 
because it furnishes public necessities, such as the telephone, electricity, fjas, 
street railways, etc. Business depressions do not interrupt tlie steady increase in 
earninos. The income is hio;b in relation to the safety of the princii^al. 

We are iu a position to ol>taiu accurate infornintiou conetrning tlie 
corporations whose bonds we olier. 



BOOK NOTES 

HISTORICAL, LITERAKY AND CRITICAL. 

CONDUCIVE D BY 

SIDNICY 8. RIDER, 

7? ALMY STREET , .... . . PROVIDENCE, R. J. 

Entered as Second class Matter, at the Providence, R. I. Post Office. 



I Ceiits per aiiuum. Foituightly. 
Shag^le Copy 5 Ceuts. 



Saturday, March 15, 1933. ''"L. 



Pkkpetuai.— Laws— Eticuxal. 

Can the General As.scmhly of today 
enact a law which no succeeding General 
Assembly, or Legishtture. can change, 
verbally or by repeal? Did the General 
.-Vsscinbly of Rhode I.dand. in ISOS, 
which oracted Senator X^ls^i, W. Al- 
dfich's statute entitUfl "An Act provid- 
ing a tax on street railways" (which 
title is a deliberate ticiion) and which by 
this clause, '*It shall not be altered, or 
amci^ded without the consent of both 
parties," gave eternal life to the Union 
Street Railway cori-i.:iratic.n. Two men. 
members of the (".eu'Tal Assembly, 
John T. Blodgett and Edward C. 
Dub'iis. The first. b<jrn in M;issachu- 
sett5, the hrst great enemy of Rhode 
Island ; the second, the son of a French- 
man, born in England. These two men 
assisted Senator Aldrich in securing the 
enactment of his infernal statute. Both 
were made judges of the Supreme Coui t 
as 5">on as vacant seats took place. The 
Rhode Island General .-Vsscmbly of to- 
day is the result of the rascality of 
Henry B. Anthony, Xelson W. .Aldrich 
and their tool. Charles R. Brayton; but 
it is more detrimental now to the people, 
and to Human Rights, than ever before. 

Much feehng lias arisen among men 
in opposition to the terrible robbery of 
the people that fMlliiwefl. But years be- 
lt ire this work by S':n:r,or AUlrich. there 
was ;i similar work in relation to the 
durati'in of tlie salaries of the Judges. 
of the Su]»reme Court. Men know- 
nothing whatever of its origin, engineer- 
ing or results. These judges, and in 



truth all judges, are servants of the 
people, in the protection of the rights of 
the people as against people in every 
fo.'"m. Tliey must stand for Human 
Riglits. or they will go where they went 
when the negro. Dred Scot, walked into 
the Court House. 

Tlie first appearance of this Com-t 
perpetual salary law will be found in 
the Digest of Rhode Island Laws, of 
ISDfi. This Digest was the Nvork of 
three men appointed by Governor Ladd. 
on the 20th of April, 1S90. Tliese men 
were ^^"illiam G. Roelker. Joseph C. 
Ely and Henry W. Hayes. It was six- 
years in construction for operation. In 
it was the tir-t apearance of tlie Eter- 
nal Salary law for the Judges of th.e 
Supreme Court. This salary law was 
slipped into this Digest, privately. The 
people knew nothing* of it until the Di- 
gest was published and put in circula- 
tion. 

William C,. Roelker was one of tlie 
revisory of the Statutes of Rhode L- 
Lnd for the Digest of 3S0G. This pcr- 
petual salary law was inserted in the 
Digest b}' these revisors. Mr. Roelker 
v.-as also a member of the General As- 
■"ead.ly when Senator Aldrich got his 
"perptetual street railroad lav.- enacted 
Roelker v.-as a stockholder in tlie Union 
S'reet Railroad at the time, and made 
a fortune by tlie "Act Providiv.g a lav 
</:i Street Rai'rodds." 

The perpetual salary law does not ap- 
pe; r in any issue of the Acts and Re- 
solves of the General Assemblj" issued 
after 1SS2 and before the publication of 
the Digest of 189C. 



42 



The Supreme Court consisted in 1S'.)G 
of Charles M;itte.-on. Chief; and Jolni 
H. Stiness, Pardon E. Tillinghast, 
C.forge A. W'lllnu-. Horatio Rngcrs and 
William W. Duuglas. U. .M. liosworrh 
came in a year later, hut died in l&',;-8. 
PUh.vard C. Dubois was elected in Bos- 
worth's place in January. 1Sy9. 

The work of the R. I. Cicneral As- 
sembly on the matter oi salarie,- to be 
continued when the Judges of the Su- 
preme Court quit work, first appears ' 
in the Digest of FL I. Laws, edition of 
1^'J^l, to wit, "Whenever any person 
shall have held the ofiice of a justice of 
the Supreme Cotu-t continuously for 
the period of twenty five years, or when- 
ever any justice of said court, having 
held such ofncc continuously for a period 
of ten years, shall have reachc-d the age 
of sci'ciiiy years, he may resign said 
oificc, and ^hal! be entitled to draw, and 
receive his then salary during his life." 
(C.er.eral Laws of Rhode Islar.d, 1^90, 
p. 757). The result has been to in, crease 
the numlier of jud:ges. and to place men 
upon the Bench who should never have 
been there. 



The Constitution of Rhode Island con- 
tained this provision; "The Judges of 
the Siipreme Court shall receive a com- 
pensation for their services which shall 
not dimim'sh during their cnr.tiniKUice 
in. o.tTiee."' (.\rt. 10. See. n.) We are 
referred to action (jf the Supreme Court 
on this article in the -Ith R. L Reports, 
p. ?;M, but nothing appears there. On th.e 
]2fh of December, VJOQ, tiie General As- 
sembly eiKic'.ed this amendment : "When- 
ever any per.-on shall have held ;he of- 
jice of a justice of the Supreme Court 
continuou.-il}' for a period of twenty-five 
years, or whenever any justice of said 
court, having held such office continu- 
ously for a period of ten years, shall 
have reached the age of sixty-five years, 

entitled to draw, and receive his tlu;-, 
salary during his life." The judges of 
the court v,-erc a! this time John LI. 
Stiness, William \V. Douglas, Edward 
C. Dubois. John Taggard Blodgett. Bus- 
wortli was dead and his place was not 
filled until 1903. For the above enact- 
ment see .\cts and Resolves, December, 
100:>, Chapter 10G2, p. 2]. 



UNION TRUST COMPAiNY. 

62 DaFSn.ANGE ST., CORNER OF ¥^r.STF^liNSTER ST 

CAPITAL $1,000,000. SUriPiyS .$SOQ,000 

A COMMERCIAL BANK AND TRUST COMPANY. 

OFFICERS. 

MARSDEN J. PERRY, Chairman of the Board. 

ARAM J. POTI-TTER. President. 

ARCHIBALD G. LOOMIS, Vice-President. 

HAROLD L GROSS. Vice-President. 

FRANK E. CLL\FEE. Treasurer. 

CHARLES H. SbnCLDON, Secretary-. 

CLINTON ]■. STEVENS. Ass't Treasurer and Ass't Secretary. 



Samuel ^T. Nicholson, 
Aram J. Pothier, 
Archibald «L Loomis, 
Plarold J. f^iross, 
Benjamin A. Jackson, 
Joseph Samuels, 



DIRECTORS. 

Arthur H. W^alson. 
Clarence L. Watson, 
Marsden J. Perry, 
William W. Douglas, 
Harry Cutler, 
Charles Alexander, 
Michael J. Houlihan, 



Everett L. ^ 
Albert A. L 
Philip Allen 



'pencer, 
emington. 



rjiiiip rvneii, 
George W. Thurston. 
William B. Greenough, 
Walter W. Griflith. 



43 



This act of the General Assein!)ly in 
DtC'inber. t'.iO::, \\:is ir.troduecd in tlio 
House on the Dili, l>y Frank K. HoUiea. 
who was a member of ihe Judiciary 
Committee. It was passed immediately 
and sent to the Senate judiciary Crmi- 
nn'ltee. Kdward L. Freem;in wa> Chair- 
man of the Judiciary Committee. ISijth 
Judiciary Conmiittces adopted it. and 
l)otli the House and the Senate enacted 
it on the 12th of December. C. Fran.k 
Parkhurst, now a Supreine Cour: 
judge, was then a n-..mber cif the (.en- 
er-r. Assembly and one of the Judicial y 
Committee. Mr. Parkhurst was elected 
a Judge of the Supreme Court, 21st of 
February, 100,5. Clark H. Johnson. now- 
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, 
was elected a meuiiier of the General 
Assembly in 1902; and a member of 
tile Judiciary Committee in December, 
1002. He was elected a Judge of the 
Supreme Court ?. larch 6, 1903, he being 
a member of the t'>eneral Assembl}' a' 
the time. 

The General Laws. Revision of lOO't, 
p. 953, enacted the following law, — 
"Whenever any person has served as a 
justice in said courts, or either of them 
(the Supreme or Superior) for twcnty- 



' nve years, or has so served for ten years 
: ;md reached the age of seventy years, 
lie may resign his office, and the salary 
: which he is then receiving shall be paid 
! t.i him (luring his life. Provided, that 
I ti.e provisiriHS of Chapter one thousand 
; ^ixt^-two oi the public law-, passed 
I Deceinlier 12:h, ninetetn hundred t\v(> 
! shall continue to apply to the justices of 
1 the Supreme Court holding office on 
1 the third da\- of .May, 190.")." 
i The Revision of the Laws, of Digest 
1 for 1S9G, co.>t the people of this state 
$.S2,.'W j.OO. The money paid to the judges 
and ex-judges for the year 1911 eost 
i the people of the state $4S,000. Tliere 
{ are four ex-judges now in receipt of 
j perpetual sal-irio;. In 1911 there wer.- 
I three; one, holding the position fourteen 
j years, has received $rr,000: another, 
j holding the position ten years, has re- 
ceived $55,000; a third, holding the posi- 
tion three years, has received $19,500. 

The salaries of Judges was, in 1S«2, 
$4500; in 1890, $ jOOU C in 1900, 
.f'JOOii; in 1900. $6500. And the laboring 
man h,-is yearly been growing poorer and 
poorer. Under the Constitution thcie 
is no existi; g power to remedy, or 
change conditions. 



PROViDilNCE BANKING CO., 

141 WilSITlinSTI:!? ST., PPOViDriNCC, Q. I. 



LOCAI. STC^CKS, BONDS 



-AND- 



I ligliGradeiiwestnieni SecurHies 

Orders executed on the New York and Boston Stock 
Exchange. Foreign Exchange bought and sold. Letters of 
Credit (urnished for travelers. 



44 



The best thing tlic oily can do is lo 
abolish the old school commitlcc ; and 
create a commission ui live educated 
men, or witli three men and three w >- 
men. six in all. Practical educalion will 



l>e immensely heli^ 
quorum. 



aril 



fixed 



The Jourual's editorial on Ice on t'l': 
Kth inst. is of imincnse interest and vain-: 
to the people of Providence; and ilic 
Table of Prices in eight cities, one being 
I'iovidencc. on the 1st inst., lia^ im- 
mense force. 



Some curious regulations in regard lo 
the Old Market House in Providence 
were made in ITSG. It was provided 
that meals should be weighed bv 
scales and not by steelyards. That 
f<A\ls and such small things should I'e 
sold only by the pound ; ne\ er at so mucii 
a pair. That fish might be weighed by 
steelyards, which must be se;ded by the 
town ofilcer. That oysters should 
not be opened after candle light. That 
a farmer coming into town with produce 
should not sell out his produce to any 



shopkeeper or butcher before one o'clock 
in the afiernoun. At one o'clock the 
Market House was to be closed. Fines 
were impci-ed for infringement (^f all. 
or each of these regidati<in-. \u tiie 
case oi a fanner selling to a sh'.pkeeper 
both panic- were fined. There were- 
many other regulations. One was that 
ro truckin.an was allowed to ride upon 
h:s truck. In 1S15 the Benelicent Con- 
gregational Church on Broad, now Wey- 
bosset street, asked and received per- 
mission to stretch chains across the 
-treet during their hours of service. 



The Providence Journal of March 8 
IS a telegraphic dispatch from Fhila- 
jlphia dated March 7, announcing a 
leavv l.rpnl.- in t]\f wl.ob -,,i!e price of 
^al from 7.") cents to $1.00 iier ton.'" In 
lis publication the Jonnuil gives the 
lUiiwir.g interview: 

Samuel J. (ireene. Treasurer of the 
astern Coal Company, said: 
"I dor:'t know where those prices came 
"om. It is certain that no dealer around 
ere is getting any such prices offered 
im. 



Til NATIONAL EXCHANGE BANI, 

63 WESTMINSTER STREET. 

Capital, $500,000. Surplus & Profits, $1,024,203.92 

ORGANIZED ISOl 



OFFICERS 

MIICHAEL F. DOOLEY. President. 

Vice-Presidents, FREIJERICK S. PECK, lOSEPFI E.. FLETCHER, 

AUGUSTUS R. PEIRCE. 

C. H. W. MAXDEVILLE. Cashier. 

GEORGE G. WOOD, Asst. Cashier. 



DIRECTORS 

Sarnticl M. Einttein, 
diaries Fletcher. 
Joseph K. P'letelier, 
Theodoie \V. Foster, 
Gerald T. IJanley, 
Arthur JIciuu.k. 
.Sidney D. llumphrev 



Newton D. Arnold, 

WaltrrCal lender, 

Kaile P. CLarleton, 

Edmund 1). Chesboro, 

Frank F. Constoek, 

Arthur W. Dennis, 

Michaci F. Dooley, . ... , 

One of the Oldest and Strongest Banks in Rhode Island 



Charles IE W. Mandeville, 
John }>JcManus, 
Frederick h". Peck. 
Frank N, IMiillips, 
13. Thomas Potter, 
Joseph L. .Sweet, 
Clarence L. WatBon, 



45 



"EAcnbody has a lot of high-priced 
coal on hand which tliey imu-t got rid 
of before tlicy reduce tlie price in or- 
der to protect thenisel\e>. ruid 1 do i.ot 
see any pro-;^ect vi t!ie price l)eing re- 
ilneed hef..re the first of Aprih" 

Here is a direct acknowlcdgnieiu of a 
coniliination of dealers to hold up the 
!i:gh price, until they have shoved the 
I(-ss upon llie consumers; and the peo- 
ple have no remedy. 



The Spring-neld Rnuiblimn of .March 
»■ has the folh:>\ving note touchi!:g the 
Grand Trunk and its Rhode I-huid rail- 
road to tidewater — stopping all work un- | 
less the Rhode Island General AssemVily j 
will guaranty $6,000,000.00 of Grar.d I 
Trunk Bonds. Here ]., „h..l C-\^ R.- \ 
publican thinks: I 

"It takes a fair amount of nerve to do '■ 
what President Chamberlain of the 1 
Grand Trunk railroad did in appearir;g j 
before the Rhode Island Lcgi'^lature and j 
asking for a state guaranty of $0,000- 1 
000 in -new bonds for the completion of j 
tile southern extension to Providence. I 
"If this guaranty can be secured," said j 
the railroad president, "I am assured, j 
and I assure you, that there would be j 
no difficulty in securing the necessary ' 



fur.ds te^ complete t'ne Southern Xew 
li!:gh'.r.d railway." Tiie Proviilence 
Jniirnal insists that tlit^ Grand Tvun'-; 
.'^Irmld redeem its pledges and not try 
i>< jojkey the state of Rhode Ishmd 
inti> underwriting the road's loans. Tiie 
[liedge to build was made; the extensinn 
is already partly constructed. If the 
Grand 'j'runk values its honor, it should 
do whit it agreed to do without squeal- 
ing." 

Mellen and Chamberlain acl^d to- 
gether to destroy the railroad into 
Rh.ode Idand, tu the licad of Xarragan- 
sttt-, being constructed by the ("'.rand 
Trunk. Xow, for the G;rand Trunk of- 
ficers to come here and consult the 
Governor and the General Assemble is 



The Editor of the Xczv York Times 
of the 2.">th of I'ebrnary, has tlii- tine 
specimen <.)f the utility, or usefulness, of 
itewspapers to the people of these Urated 
States at the present lime: 

Gov. Wilson has passed seven bills 
against tinancial trusts and other forms 
of A-ice, and Gov. Sulzer has had in- 
troduced eleven bills against every- 
thing w^ith a Wall Street "end." P.ut 
Mr. Pujo meanwhile is baffled by 



NDUSTRIAL TRUST COMPANY, 

49 WESTMINSTER ST., PROVIDENCE. R. I. 

Capital, $3,000,000. Surplus S3,000,000. 



BANKING DEPARTMKNT — Interest paid on deposits. Lssnes 
Certificate.s of Deposit at attractive rates. Loans and Discounts. 
Collections made on all points on favorable tern:s. 

FOREIGN EXCHANGE DEPARTMENT — Eoreion Drafts and 
"Letters of Credit available in all parts of the World. Cable 

Transfers. 
TRUST DEPARTMENT—Authorized to accept Trusts. Is a legal 

depositary for trust funds. Acts as Tiustee, Executor, Adniiuis- 

trator, Guardian and as Registrar and Transfer Agent of Coij-ora- 

tious. 



46 



troubles in his own house. He cannot 
control liis own connnitteo. and the 
prospect tliat he can produce anythii:g 
which Cor.gress will adopt is even smal- 
ler thiin tlic cli.incc oi .Mr. Unterniyer's 
prodncingr anything which Mr. Tujii can 
sign. 

In my stupidity I had supposed that it 
was the Legislature of Xew Jersey that 
passed those se\en bills, and not Goa'. 
Woodrow Wilson. Again, "Pujo can- 
not control his own ci immittee ;" it is a 
sub-committee, and there is a fair pros- 
pect that the minority of the snli-com- 
mittee may produce the document which 
the full committee would accept for 
their own report. Aleaiiwhiie ilie pub- 
lic might just forget the wiiole business, 
since if is nr.lilcely thai thc-e wi 
iesiilt fron; it except t!ie paynie 
bills for printing and frarkirg it." 

Such work by a newspaper of Xe^v 
York City owned by aii individual, and 
the whole gang robbing the people, is 
simply damnable. 



l)ody cali^ me "biased." Yes, I ; 
Iiiased for the Trufh. and for Ilian 
Rights. I dn not believe that m.>n hn 
a right, human, nor animal, to play 
work of thieves, and liars 




If I call a inan a thief, who steals; 
or a man a liar, who swears to an un- 
true, or false statement: or denounce the 
tarifT, which has built all the trusts, for 
individual.^ to rob the people of every 
cent the people can earn, then every- 



NMoa aaisdn 
noA MJdni avjAaN -niM j.i 

the: shepabd company, 

P51-273 Westminster Street. 

THE B. Am Q. COaiPANY, 

73 AlmySt., Providence. 

TRY THIS TASTE-FULL-TONIC. 

R and G means "Orange." 



(Nineteen (19) Copies, only, remain.) 

The Lands of Rhode Island 

as they were known to 

CAUNOUNICUS AND MIANTUNNO.\iU 



when Rogi:r W 



ILL! AM s came in 1636. 



An Indian Map of th. Principal Locations 

known to the NAHIGANSETS and ELABORATE 

HISTORICAL NOTES by Sidnkv S. Ridkr. 

The edition consi.sted of 495 ; 19 remain to be sold. Price po'^t 

paid, ;r.9.oo. Address the Autlior, Providence R. I. 



THE FONES RECORDS 



Thci^e Records were the First ever made of the Transfers of the LANDS 
or the XARRAGAaSETTS, from the South line of the (Greenwich Towns to 
Long Island Sound; and the earliest transfers by the English settlers. The 
Xame Foues was given to them in comniontalk, because John Foanes, or Foncs 
made tliem. They were kept in Secrecy from most men for nearly a century 

The Original Manuscript is now in t!ie possession of the State. These 
records go back to the Indians, and cover the lands of every landowner there 
even to tliis day. I offer a few copies. It is an octavo volume of 200 pages, 
hoimd in cloth. Price $1.50. 

SIDNEY S. 

73 ALMY STREET, 



RIDER, 



PROVIDENCE, R. L 



A month or two ago the newspaper 

dispr 



s! 



gave us this dispatch from the ralican: 
ROr^IF. J;i'i. 1.-^. — jii-'t jLxniie Wik-uii 
of Philadelphia, who has been employc<l 
ill the Treasury Department at Wash- 
ingtun f(ir the la-t ?0 years, came to 
RiiiTic this week bent on seeing the 
Pope, as slie is convinced that he ha^ 
the power of healing bodily iiifirmitics 
l^y placing his hands on the head. Miss 
Wilson has been suffering from a com- 
plaint which the doctors in .-\merica 
IM-onounced tn be incurable. 

After several days she was granted 
an atidience \vith many others, whom the 
Pope ble-sed in the ordinary way. Miss 
Wilson motioned to the Holy Father 
that she had something to say to him, 
but nobody present understood English 



and so the request could not l>e translated. 

Pius X., being the representative of 
God liere on earlii. does not understand 
English, and so Mamie couldn't talk 
with God's representative. 

Miss Wilson knelt at his feet and 
looked up at him in an imploring man- 
ner with eloquent eyes, trying hard to 
make him unde-J'stand, the Pope re- 
mained in deep thought for a few min- 
utes as if in prayer. Then his face 
suddenly lighted up. and, actitig as if 
under uncontrollable impulse, he placed 
his hands over her head and lifting his 
eyes to heaven blessed her. 

Mamie is going to send money to 
Rome evei-} year for the Pope. It was 
clearly a case of Roman Catholic Chris- 
tian Science. 



SOUL LIBERTY 

RHODE LSLAND'S GIET TO THE 

NATION. 

An inqtiirj' concerning- the validity of the claim's made by R 
Calholi'.^.s that Maryland was settled upon tliat basis (Soul Ljj;)- 
before Roger Williams ])Ianted the Colony of Rhode Island. 

— BY- , - 

SIDNEY S. RIDER. 



oman 

KTV) 



"1 feel sr 
'ati.',e, cntill'. 



ith \o\\ throuth 



iiv jiariial rcTr?.nI of your iiirif 
A/>iur,.,n-i Sn\i. K fr-Zin f ton . 



Quarto. 95 pages, Sr.25 

(Twenty-fivt copies). 



4S 



CHARLES C. HAURIXGTOX. ROWLAND G- HAZARD. 

President. Vice-President. 

ATIONAL BANK 

opposite City Hall and Rsilrcad Station. 

To those desiring to change or make new banking 
connections, we offer the services of this conveni- 
ently located and progressively managed institution. 

H KDWARD THURSTON, EDWARD A. HAVENS. 

Cashier. Asst. Cashier. 



Look at the highways of the city of 

Prc.vidcr.cc and :cc how tlic people arc 

roi/hcd of monvy, a;;d Hie. 

Tile Providence (kis Company, with its 
deadl_v ;)oi.-'in. and its price, an abom- 
ination. 

The Union Strci-t Rail\\a\-i, now itn.^.or 



QENTLEMEN'S SHIRTS 

OF THE FINEST .^lATERIAL 
THE 1;EST POSSIRIE FITTING 
THE FINEST PRIVATE WOIHv 

AND 



"perpetual" 'lease, and paying ccvcn i A DufaMlity ApprOachllJg Ferpetualilj 
dividends on a 5 cent fare. 



The Xanagan^vtt Electric Tj'gluing 

Company, with the exclus.v- r'gh*- to 

use the city streets. 
The Providence Telephone ConTpany, 

with its exclusive pri^i!cge, and it, , , i-rriv-iK r^ t ^ 

prodigious price, and profit. 10 the WOl^LD hfOTQ. 



Orders Taken for Buttonholes. 

Yoisr MONErnever 
viint so far in SHIRTS 



How much longer are vou goi; g »o ' 
submit to such infernal work? ' j ANNIE E. RIDER, 73 ALMY STREET. 



BR0V\/IM,L1SLE& MARSHALL 

Investment Securities 

236 Industr'al Trust Co. Building, Providence, R. I. 

PUBLIC SERVICE BONDS. 

There arc three elements to be considered in making an invest meat, Safety, 
Permanence and Income. Tlie bonds of eliicicntly managed Public .Service Cor- 
porations offer the inve-lor a particularly well balanced combination of these 
essentials. The biisinesb is nut aifected by tariff changes and is permanent 
because it furnishes public necessities, such as the telephone, elecirieity, gas, 
street lailwavs, etc I'.iisiness depressions do not interrupt the steady increase in 
earnings. The income is high iu relation to the safety of the principal. 

We are in a position to obtain accurate information concerning the 
corporations wlioso boudB we offor. ^ 



BOOK NOTES 

HISTORICAL, LITERACY AND CRITICAL. 

CONDUCTED BV 

vSIDNKY S. RIDER, 

7? AL^fV STREET, .... . - PFOVIDEACE, R. J. 

Entered as Second class Matter, at the Providence, R. I. Post Office. ' 



^''c-^^sPf^,rcT;5c;'ut^^''''- 1 Saturday, March 29, 19] 3. ""t^^: 



IIICRE IS THE SECOND RIXc^JXi^ 
OF THE FIRST BELL. 

For more llian a hundrcil and eighty 
(lt<0) \cars, the Legislative, Indi\idual, 
and F.xecuti\e power in Rhode Ishind 
,v.ct^-l ;., ill.. ii-,n,u ,,{ se>L-ii men, to uU, 
the (iov'.inor, and six, of wliat we nuw 
call Senators. Four of tb.eje gentlemen, 
for all those year^ controlled the cnn- 
structiiin and enactment of every stat- 
ute formed themsehes into a court, and 
"tried"' finally, every legal case, and con- 
trolled the elective franchise. The re- 
sult was tlie revolution of ISl'J. [)oet- 
ieally called the Dorr War, All the^e 
terrible tilings I have studied and de- 
scribed in the great A\ork which I ]ia\e 
written, and which I hope will some day j 
be printed and made public; has been j 
awaker.ed, by the [lublica'ion, in these { 
Book Xotcs. On the l.jth of March last ! 
a brief account of the terrible work of j 
the then U. S. Senator from Rhode j 
Island. Xelsun W. Aldrich, in the getting j 
enacted of a '"Perpetual" statute for his 
own enrichment, and the stockholders of 
the Union T Street) Railroad, with him. 
Senator Aldrich did this in 1S9S. It was 
the "J'erpetual" salary work for Judges 
of the courts in 1890 which opened the 
d(X)r for Aldrich to do what he did. Two 
of the men. then I'l'^Os) members of 
the Ciencral .-\ssemb!y who assisted Al- 
drich iu getting enacted his "Perpetual" 
statute wcri- made Supreme Court 
Judge-, one in 1M)9. the other in IIJOO, 
and botli in the "Peipetual" salary high- 
way. I come again briefly to the sub- 
ject. 



The first "Perpetual" salary law, be- 
came a law when the General Lazijs of 
fl'.e Stole of Rhode Island, edition of 
ISOC), were made laws, on the first day of 
February- 1890, (page llOS), by the act 
of the General Assembly. The Supreme 
CiHirt consisted at that time of Charles 
]\]atteson. Chief Justice, John H. Sti- 
ncss. First Associate Justice, and Pardon 
E. Tillinghast, C.eorge A. Wilbur, Hora- 
tio Rogers, William W. Douglas, and B. 
yi. Eosworth. There were six associates 
at that time. Judge Bosworth died Feb. 
11, 1890. Judge Tillinghast died in lOO.j. 
and Wilbur resigned in the same year. 
The work in getting the law of 1896, the 
lirst one of all, was a secret kept from 
the General Assembly, and from the Peo- 
ple. The People were kept in ignorance 
of it until the Statute Book of ISOr, was 
printed. Judges Matteson, Stiness and 
Douglas, soon began, and still continue. 

Here is the salary clause in the first 
act, lS9ri. to wit. "Whenever any person 
shall have held the ofifice of a justice of 
(he Sui)rcine Court continuously for the 
period of twenty' five years, or whenever 
any justice of said court, having held 
such office continuously for a period of 
ten, years, shall have reached the age of 
sc'o'enty years, he may resign said office, 
i'.nd shall be entitled to draw, and re- 
ceive his then salary during his life." 

This was amended by the Genera! As- 
^cnibly on the 12th of' December, 1902. 
The amendment reads as follows: 
■ W'licncver any person shall have held 
the oflice of a just'ce of rhe Supreme 
Court continously for a period of twen- 
ty-five years, or v.dienever any justice of 



50 



said Court, Iiaving held such office cou- 
tinuDUsIy for a period of ten years, sliall 
ha\c readied the age of sixty-five years, 
he may resign said office, and shall l>e 
entitled to draw, and receive his then 
salary iluring his life." 

Horatio Rogers was an Associate Jus- 
tice at the time and the change was made 
for his henefit. He was born May IS, 
lS3r>. He was elected a Judge in ISUl, 
in I'.lOl he had served ten }ears, and in 
]901, he was sixty-five years of age; he 
.resigned February 17, 1903. It is clear 
that it was for Judge Rogers that the 
work was done. Judge Rogers died No- 
vember r~', 1904. An elaborate memoirs 
of him was written by Edwin Field, and 
was printed in volume IS of the Provi- 
dence Early Records. My own expe- 
rience with Judge Rogers does nvit '"tally 
well" with Mr. Edwin Field's material- 
istic eulogium. 

The third act In this perpetual salary 
law appears the first time in the Gen- 
eral Laws of Rhode Island. The revi- 
sion prepared by Walter R. Stiness. Sam- 
uel W. K. Allen, and Joliu Murdoch and 
liecame a law by act of the General .\s- 



scmbly on the 31st of December, 1009. It 
was never before the General Assembly; 
it does not appear in any issue of tlie 
Acts and Re.-olves; nor did the people 
know anything of its cxi>tence until the 
Digest of 19()',i was printed. I will repro- 
duce it entire: "Whenever an\' person 
has served as a justice in said courts, or 
either of them (the Supreme or Superi- 
or) for twenty-five years, or has so 
ser\ ed for ten years and reached the age 
of se\enty years, he may resign his of- 
fice, and tiie salary which he is then re- 
ceiving shall be paid to him during his 
life. Provided, that the provisions of 
Chapter une thousand sixty-two of the 
public laws, passed December i;.'th. nine- 
teen hundred two, shall continue to ap- 
ply to the jr.stices of the Snnrenn' 
Court holding office on the third day of 
May, 1905." 

The Supreme Court of 1905 had three 
Chief Jn-tices. to wit, John II. Stiness, 
who had resigned. Pardon E. Tillinghast, 
who had died and William W. Douglas. 
The latter was elected February loth. 
100.5, and on the same day Christopher 
Frank Parkhurst was elected. Hence this 



UNION TRUST COMPANY, 

62 DOKRANCE ST., C3BNEK OF WESTMINSTER ST 



CAPITAL $1,000,000. SUBPLUS $S00,000 

A COMMERCIAL BANK AND TRUST COMPANY. 



OFFICERS. 

MARSDEN J. PERRY. Chairman of the Board. 

ARA:^I I. POTHIER, President. 

ARCHIBALD G. LOOMIS, Vice-President. 

HAROLD J. GROSS, Vice-President. 

FRANK E. CHAFEE. Treasurer. 

CHARLES H. SHELDON, Secreiary. 

CLINTON F. STEVENS. Ass't Treasurer and Ass't Secretary. 



Samuel M. Nicholson, 
Aram J. Potliier, 
Archibald G. Loomis. 
Harold J. Gross, 
Benjamin A. Jackson, 
Joseph SaTiuels, 



DIRECTORS. 

Arthur H. Watson, 
Clarence L. Watson, 
Marsden J. Perry, 
William W. Douglas, 
Harry Cutler, 
Charles Alexander. 
Michael J. Houlihan. 



Everett .L. Spencer, 
Albert A. Remington, 
Philip Allen, 
George W. Thurston, 
William B. Creenough 
Walter W. Griffith. 



5t 



thirJ act of 1909 was made to cover 
tliem wall the work of Judge Rogers, 
.-iliove doscrilnd, doin.- in 190:?. The As- 
sociate Judges for 100."> were William W. 
Douglas, wlio was elected Chief Justice 
early iu that year; B. -M. Bosworth (ac- 
cording to the R. I. ]^Ianual) who died in 
ISUO; Edward C. Dubois; John Taggard 
P.Iodgett; Clark H. John>..n; Christo- 
pher Francis Parkhurst. 



The people created courts, and select- 
ed Judges, to preserve human rights, 
and do genuine justice between all men 
alike. Xow they cater to the rich; and 
let the lalioring poor be robbed in every 
way, and doing nothing to stop or pre- 
vent it. The courts under the charter 
government lu-re in Rhode Ts'and for 
nearly two centuries were simply damna- 
ble. In my forthcoming history. I have 
carefully studied, and written the terri- 
ble truth, which never yet has been told, 
nor written by any writer of pretended 
history. The courts here in Rhode Isl- 
and have been packed by corporations 
for years, and by political scoundrels. 
Look at the work of Harry B. Anthony, 
and his tool, Charles R. Brayton, and the 
Rubber King, Senator X. W. Aldrich. 



The Rhode Island Citizens' Historical 
.\ssociation held a meeting on the loth 
of March last, which day, the President, 
Thomas W. Bicknell, who presided. 
Slated was the :unh birthday of the As- 
sociation. But it is my recollection that 
no such named association was then 
born. Lieutenant Governor Roswell B 
Burchard, Mayor Joseph H. C.ainer. 
Colonel Henry Anthony Dyer, President 
of the Providence Art Club; Reverend 
Gideon A. Burgess and United Stales 
j Marshall Daniel II. Ballou addressed the 
I meeting. With much regard for his Hx- 
I cellency Lt. Gov. Burchard, I ask him 
I whether the taking of a Town Record 
I Book of Land Titles out of a Town 
I Clerk's office in Warren, and giving it to 
; the Town of Barrmgton was an evi- 
i deuce of historic truth, or honesty. 
I With much regard for his Highne>s 
j Mayor G.ainer of Providence, 1 ask, 
I would you permit Thomas W. Bicknell 
I to take a Town Record Book, from the 
j Providence office and give it to Plymouth 
in Massachusetts, and let such work go 
unpunished. 

With much regard for actual, real, 
truthful religion. I ask Reverend Gidcm 
A. Burgess whether such work bv a 



PPOVIDIlNCE BANKING CO.. 

141 wiisrniNSTci^ sw, PPOViDi:\'cr:, p. i. 



.OCAL STOCKS, BONDS 



HigKGradelRvesimeiYl'Securiries 

Orders executed on the New York and Boston Stock- 
Exchange. Foreign Exchange bought and sold. Letters of 
Credit furnished for travelers. 



0- 



truthfit!, ir'storical individual is not Gi- 
gantick? 

Willi much regard for his artistic 
icaruirg, J ask Colonel (Colonel oi 
\\liat-) ilcnry Antiiony Oyer, President 
of t!ie Providence Art Club, what color 
/((• would "dye" such work, as '"Ufck" 
did. The Colonel m.ide this remark, 
"Tlie Artist is as much a historian if 
not more so than tlie man who wriies of 
events." With great humility, I ask whe- 
tlu-r his father's book, "A Summer's 
I'ravel to Find a German Home, wa-^ 
burned, the entire edition, and the ashes 
thrown into Xarragansctt Ray. Was it 
a "Dier" riceessity? Again were Tom 
Robinson, and Jim Lewin, and Fred 
Bachelor, and George Owen, and Xed 
Leavitt, and (icorge Whittaker, and Xed 
!':mi.stcr, all h.i-torians greater than Tom 
riicknel] ; or was his work an illustra- 
tion of "Materialism," as you named 
suine'.hing. With much regard for his 
word, I ask United States Marshall Dan- 
iel II. Ballou, has your "Historical" Presi- 
dent ever returned the book of Towm 
Records of certain Deeds, which he tc.ok 
from Warren and placed in Barrii.gton ; 
or has "Eick" ever been punished for 



such an act; or, do birds of a feather 
dock together. 



li is positively delightful to nml two 
Rhode Island newspapers. pnl>lislK-d in 
■owns in which the Editors dare to write 
fuch things as here follows. The lirst is 
from the \N"esterly 5m h. 

AFTER THE MIDDLEMAX. 

"One of tlie thii:gs taken up in the 
Farmers' Institute was the need of a 
marketplace in the city of Providence, 
ihc centre of Rhode Island cunnnerciai 
life, wiietlier in manufacturing or the 
market for the product of the farm. The 
complaining seems to be that the state 
farmers are not able to secure as large 
a price as they ought for their produce 
and that the nUimate consumer is payirg 
more than he ought. The whole troulde 
liinges around the mitldleman. who 
makes too much profit to the injury of 
the producer and the consumer. 

It is the plan to have a common 
marketplace in the capital city where the 
farmers may bring their stuff to market, 
rnd where the people may go to buy, 
knocking out the profits of the middle- 
man, securing more money for the farm- 



THE NATIONAL EICIIANGE BANK, 

63 WESTMINSTER STREET. 

Capita!, $500,000. Surplus & Profits, $1,024,203.92 
ORGANIZED 1801 



OFFICERS 

T^IIICflAEL F. DOOLEY. President. 

Vice-Presidents, FREDERICK S. PECK, lOSEPH E. FLETCHER, 

AUGUSTUS R. PRIRCE. 

C. H. W. MAXDEVILLE, Cashier. 

GEORGE G. WOOD, Asst. Cachier. 



Nfiwton D. Arnold, 
Walt.r Callender, 
Earle P. Charletoii, 
Edmund 1). Chetboro, 
Frank I'. Oomstock, 
Arthur W. Dennis, 
Michael F. Dooley, 



DIRECTORS 

Samuel M. Kinstein, 
Charles Fletcher. 
Jose)>h K. Fletchej-. 
Theodore W. Foster, 
Gerald T. Hanley, 
Artliur Ilenius, 
Sidney D. Jrliiniplirey, 



CharlPB II. W. Mandevillt 
•John Mc.Mantif;, 
Frederick S. Peck. 
Frank X. Phillips, 
B. Thomas Potter. 
Josepli h. .Sweec, 
Clar^.-nce L. Watson, 



One of the Oldest and Strongest Banks in Rhode Island 



55 



er. and a lower price for the consumer. 
The marketplace is a feature of all the 
ci'.ics of tho uld workl. and may be found 
iri^re often in tliis country in liio cit:ev 
of the south. It is usually maintained 
i.y the city, .and the common mectir.c; 
place of producer aiu! con-umcr does 
much to make free competition, and that 
results in lower prices." 



This is from the Xarra!70)!Si'lt 'rimes, 
n-al-.efield. 

"One very pressing need of this coun- 
ty is more respect for law. The only 
way to make a law respected is to en- 
force it. Our courts are responsible in 
a very large degree for tlie kiwlessness 
tiiat abounds throughout our land. 



■vu 



v:^\c.°v. c". 



1U-..1 ontgiouth of the lesson taught that i 
v.-eaith is practically inmn-.ne from the 
co,ise(]uer.ces of crime. In a certain lo- | 
cality in the city of Xew York there is j 
more wealth than can be found in the 
same space anywhere in the world. No- 
where else is it so unevenly distributed. 
Xowhere else is it so commonly believed 
that the dollar makes the man. It fol- 
lows that the race for the dollar there, is 
more insistent and more desperate than 
anywhere else. The police scandals in 



thi^ section of Xew York recently have 
-lu'wn t'lat you can buy anything, even 
111. life of a man, for money. What, 
then, except money i::in make a man re- 
S;)ectable? In the eyes of honest men 
tins is not the highest type of civiliza- 
tion. CHir courts can hardly consider 
tliem such. .\nd our courts and bar as- 
sociations can correct this evil tendency 
of the time if they will. Theirs is the 
pouer. We have contempt for law in 
.Ins free country. Of our murderers less 
tlia.n ten per cent, are punished, less 
than three per cent, are executed. The 
we;dthy malefactors easily escape too 
oi\en with a fine. 

The Rhode Island country town ncws- 
pai)ers were for years mere tools for 
Charles R. Brayton to use in his political 
work. Ihit these two neswpapers arc 
excellent exceptions from that use — not 
b. ss noteworthy are the intellectual 
things which they print. 



The People sh<:>uld direct their C.en- 
cral Astemlily to enact a statute closing 
at once every grocerj' store, meat market, 
wholesale and retail dealers in vegetables. 
:v.d bread bakers and peddlers, save 
only the "Swede's Public" market. It is 
"mnnicipar' markets which they danm ; 
Init it is "moneyciple" which we damn. 



INDUSTRIAL TRUST COMPANY, 

49 WESTMINSTER ST., PROVIDENCE, R. 1. 

Capital, $3,000,000. Surplus S3,000,000. 



BANKING DEPARTMENT — Interest paid on deposit.s. I.s.sue.s 
Certificates of Deposit at attractive rates. I^oans and Discounts. 
Collections made on all points on favorable terms. 

FOREIGN ENCHANGE DI^FARTMi: NT — Foreion Drafts and 
Letters of Credit available in all parts of the World. Cable 
Tratisfers. 

TRUST DEPARTMENT— Authorized to accept Tru.sts. Is a legal 
depositary for Irust funds. Acts as Trustee, Ivxeculor, Adniini.--- 
trator, Guardian and as Registrar and Transfer Agent of Coij^ora- 
tions. 



54 



A Roman Catholic Priest. Rev. Fr. 
Craig, said these tilings in Ea.-t Provi- 
dence, at a St. Patrick's Day Dinner; 

'"The great danger tliat threatens the 
United States to-day is tlie present sys- 
tem oi teaching in the luiMic schools I 
which debars all religious in-truction." ] 
declared Rev. Frai\k Craig of Ka-t 
Pro\idence at ihe Hiysiuni last night. 

Fr. Craig was one of the many speak- 
ers at the annual dimier ol the Irish.- 
Amcrican Club in celebration of St. Pat- 
rick's da} and was speakir.g in rcspor.se 
to the toast "Our Holy ^Mother Church." 

"1 do not mean to say," said the priest, 
"that the present system of public scIk 
education is wrong, but do say that it 
IS incomplete. 

'■\^'hat are we to expect from children 
v.-ho are hrouyht up and educated ii; in- 
stitutions where the name of Cod is 
rarely mentioned and in some ca.-e- in- 
deed is absolutely prohibited." 

Any man who thinks the Roman 
Catholic Religion will now, or ever 
be taught in the public schools of these 
United States is worse than a lunatic. Xo 
such work will ever be permitted: no 
more than the burning of 2T0 men and 
women, in London., in I.IG.^, Ity order of 
the \'atican Pope. Those days are erod- 
ed for ever. 



The ijulili.-^hei- of Book Notes wishes ti 
inehi.se :i copy of "Tlie Book of Hluii- 
er.s," by C. C. l!om!i;uig:li. piililisl.ed by 
. T. Soiidor and Co., Philadelpliia, IST'i. 



IT IS WHOLESOME 




NMOa BQISdn 

noA Nam, m-^a3n -niM xi 

THE SHEPARO COMPAfJY, 

251-273 Westminster Street. 

THE R. Mid G. COLIPANY, 

73 Almy St., Providence. 

TRY THIS TASTE-FULL-TONIC, 

Ii find G means "Orange." 



(Nineteen (19) Copie.s, only, remain.) 

The Lands of Rhode Island 

as they were known to 

CAUNOUNICUS AND MIANTUNNOMU 

when RoGKR Williams came in 1636, 



An Indian Map of t!,e Principal Locations 

known to the NAHIGANSKTS and ELABORATE 
HIvSTORICAE NOTES by Sidxhy vS. Ridek. 

The edition consi.sted of 495 ; 19 remain tf) be sold. Price, post 
paid, $9.00. Address the Author, Providence, R. l' 



55 



THE FONES RECORDS 



Tlicsc Records were the First ever made of t!ie Transfers of llic LANDS 
OF the XARKAC.AXSETTS, from the Soith iiiic of the Greeinvi.-h Towns to 
Long Island Sound; and the earliest transfers bj' the English settlers. The 
Xame Foucs was given to them in cominontalk, becawse John Foanes, or Foncs 
made th.cm. They were kept in Secrecy from most men for nearly a century 

The Original ^Lanuscript is nov>- in the possession of the State. Those 
records go back to the Indians, and cover the lands of every landowner there 
even to tliis day. I offer a few copies. It is an octavo volume of 200 pages, 
bound in c'oth. Price $1.50. 

SIDNEY 

73 ALMV STRKKT, 



S. RIDER, 

PROVIDKXCK, R 



Instead of calling- men thieves, or i The Pope of the Roman Catholic \'ati- 

nuirderers. as we used to call them, the can government assumes to cover a'l 

newspapers now use these tine meaning- \ the iimd or. this g!ct\-, with zvdz:^ :h..t 

ks? vvoriL- — Cracksmen ; 'S'eggnien ; C.un- a Roman Catholic Bishop when created 

men. ("irafter.-, etc. Odd, liut meaning- \ by him. (the Pope), became a CORPO- 

Icss. I RATIOX SOLE in land ownership. 

About how long are the men, and wo;ncn 



Business, under present conditions, has 
developed into a thing which compared 
to highway robbery, is immensely more 
dangerous, and destructive to all of us. 
than is highway robbery. 



of these I'nited States going to pernnl 
such work, done, too, by a man who, in a 
communication to President Taft, de- 

1 clared himself the representative of i'.od 

\ on this globe. 



The ''Department'' stores have crip- 
pled the husincis development of young 
men and young women. Look at the 
horrors e.xpo'-ed under tlic investigation 
oi a Chicago Department Store. There 
is only one end; and that is utter de- 
struction of the accursed system. 



It is certainly interesting that iC.x- 
Senator Xelson W. Aldrich. and J. Pier- 
pont Morgan skipped the country Lcfr.re 
Woodrow Wilson could get himself in- 
augurated President of the People of the 
United States. Never before have the 
i people had a President. 



SOUL LIBERTY 

RHODK ISLAND'S GIFT TO THE 

NATION. 

All inqitiry concerning the validity of the claims made by Roman 
Catholics tliat Maryland was settled npnn that basis (Soul LiRj:KTy) 
before Roger Williams planted the Colon\- of Rhode Island. 

— BY- 
SiDNEY S. RIDER. 

"1 ffcl 'ii.meub.-it acqiiriinlcd v.illi vou tlirfii^^b ni v jiariial pf i ust;] of \ our m.Tstii 1\ 
tic.nlise, eiitilUd : SOT:r, I.) li)- PT V." .I.J. .S. F.inn dtaii , Mtaioi tny S,•c■^. U a'^lnvf:!,,,. D.C' 

Quarto, 9-, pages, $1.25 

(Twenty-five copies). 



5.6 



CHAUI,KS C. HARRINGTON, 
President. 



ROWLAND G. HAZARD 
Viee-Presklent. 



MECHANICS 
NATIONAL BANK 

Oppoi^ite City Hal! and Railroad Station. 

To those desiring to change or make new banking- 
connections, we c-ffer the services of this conveni- 
ently located and progressively managed institution. 



:D\VARD THURSTON, 
Cashier. 



fc-DWARD A. HAVENS, 
Asst. Cashier. 



"WliL-n it clcvek>pcd in tlio suit now 
!n,-iiiL'. ui..-(; ill Acw Yc'ik of Hrnry Clay 
I'icrce ajiain^t the Standard Oil Com- , 
pany tliat the fortune of lohn D. Rocke- ; 
feller i.ow amounted to ?000,000,000 stu- [ 
dents of statictics began to figure out ; 
just what that meant. The result is i 
startlin.LT. It speak? for itself. This is ; 
the way is figures out; 
John D. RMkefclIer',-. wealth, $900,000,000 
Ineome per year at '> per eent. 45,000,000 
Ineome per day (Sundays in- 
eluded ) 12G.000 

Income every hour of every day 5,250 
To get rid of his income Mr. Rocke- 
feller v.ould have to spend every min- 
ute of every day in the year $87.50. 



OF THE FINEST M.^LRLAl 
THE BEST POSSIBLE FITTING 
THE FINEST I'RiVATE ^\{)HK 

AND 

A Durability Approaching Perpetiiality 
Oruers Taken for Bullonholes. 

Your MONEY never 
went so far in SHIRTS 
in th e WOR LD before. 

ANNIE E, RIDER, 7^ ALMY STREET. 



BROWN,LISLE&MARSHALL 

Investment Securities 

236 induslr'a! Trust Co. Building, Providence, R. I. 

PUBLIC SERVICE BONDS. 

Tliere arc throe eleuienis U> be considered in making an investment, Safety, 
Permancu< e and Income. T)ie bonds of elliciently managed Public Service Cor- 
porationB otTcr tlic invc-tor a pai ticulaily well Ijalaneed combination of tliese 
essentials. The businegs in not affected by tariff elianges and in i)ermunent 
bccaui^c it furnisijcs jjublic necessities, such as tJie teicjlione, electricity, gas, 
Bireet railwavh,, etc. IJiipiness depressions do not interrupt the sieady increase in 
earnings. The iucome is high in relation to the safety of the princii/al. 

\Vc are in a ))osition to obtain accurate information concerning the 
corporations whose bonds we oflcr. 



BOOK NOTES 

HISTORICAL, LITEKAKY AND CRITICAL. 

COXDUCtED BV 

SIDNEY s: RIDER, 

7j ALMY STREET, . - - - - . .PROVIDENCE, R. I. 

Entered as Second class Matter, at the Providence, R. I. Post Office. 



^'"nPn^g^r^opysSs/^^"''^'- I Saturday, April 12, 1913. 



Vol 30. 

No. S. 



Tnu Okicix AM) ExD oi- the Juiuci.m, 
Salarv Laws. 

A legal friend of mine wrote to me 
the following le:ter: 

"Aly Dear Mr. Rider: Will you look 
at Cap. I',t2, Sec. G, p. 505, of the Pub- 
i;,- t;t^t,,f,.^ of VI, ,.,1^ Tilar.d_ isS:;"?" 

Tiiis, without saying so, insinuates a 
blunder; so it ,-et me at work again, on 
tliese perpetual Judicial salarie-^ ; this 
time to go to the fountain head. In my 
first article I stated: "The firbt appear- 
ance of this C'lUrt salary law will be 
found in the Digest of Rhode Island 
Laws of IS06." (Book Notes, v. 30,. p. 
41.) This is an error. On the 2'Jth of 
.^.^^rch, IST.'i, the General Assembly enac- 
ted the following law (chap. 290) : 
"Whenever any person shall have held 
the office of a justice of the Supreme 
Court contiiuiously for a period of twen- 
ty-five years, he may resign said ofiice 
and shall be entitled to draw and receive 
his then salary during his life." (.Acts 
and Resolves, January, 1873, p. 14G.) 
'i"hc salaries (Digest, 1S72, p. 50]) were 
$3500 and $3000. At the May session in 
1S81, the General Assembly enacted this 
amendment : "Whenever any person 
sh.i.ll have held the offic of a justice of 
the Supreme Court continuously for 
a period of twenty-five years, or when- 
ever any ju-tice of said court, having 
held such oftice continuously for a period 
of ten years, shall have reached the age 
of seventy years, he may resign said of- 
fice and '■hall be entitled to draw and 
receive his then salary during his life." 
(Acts and Resolves, May. lSt?l, p. 2.) 
'I'his amendment appears in the Digest 



'U' 1SS:J, Cliap. 19:}, Sec. 0. This last 
h\\\\ here printed, was in the last issue 
of Book Xoics, p. 49. where it is printed 
rcrbatija. I have now given its origin 
rnd history correctly. The act of 1SS2 
is exactly the same as the act of 1890. 
'i'he Court, as constituted in 188:^. con- 
^i>ted of Thomas Durfee, Elisha R. 
Fotter, John H. Stiness, Charles Matte- 
son and Pardon E. Tillinghast. The act 
of the General Assembly of 1SS2 was 
enacted the 3rd of June. Judge Potter 
died April 10, 1SS2, nearly two months 
before the perpetual salary law .was en- 
acted. The court of 189C, which existed 
at tlie time of the enactment of the Di- 
gest of 1890 consisted of Charles Mat- 
tcson, Pardon E. Tillinghast and John 
H. Stiness, all of whom were judges of 
the Supreme Court when the act of 1RS2 
was eni'cted; and also at the ti:ne when 
the act of 1S9G wes re-enacted. The four 
other judges on the bench of 1896, at that 
time were (icorge A. Wilbur, Horatio 
Rogers, William W. Douglas and B. M. 
Boswortli. In the year 1905, the General 
-\ssembiy. out of the Supretne Court, 
created a Superior Court and the courts 
of Common Pleas was exterminated. The 
state's payments to court judges in 1882 
was $30,500. In 1912 the sum had risen 
to $81,500 annually. Five (5) men did 
tile state judicial work in 1904; now it 
t;'.kes thirteen (13) to perform the work, 
;:nd three to get $17,000, who do not 
ivn-k; and thi:jre is no end to the 
^vork of lawyer? to get themselves 
elected judges. Such is the work of 
'lie Perpetual Salary Law, and its re- 
.•j.lts. 



.ss 



I must touch one more subject I>oforc 
closing this bit of delightful hi.nory. to 
wit, the connection of several of these 
judges, in the Tri-Ccntenary of James- 
town, Virginia, in the year 1007, ar.d the 
getting of near $50,000 out of the State 
Treasury, mainly by the work of Judge 
Blodgett, with which to do it. The 
names of the Supreme Court Judges. 
who played the frolic, were given in 
Judge John Taggard Blodgell's Report 
as President of the Commission (p. 14.) 
to wit, Chief Justice William \Y. Doug- 
las, Mr. Justice Eduard C. Dubois, Mr. 
Justice Clark 11. Johnson; and Mr. 
Christopher I'rancis Farkhurst. Judge 
Blodgett did not put his name among 
the judges, but it heads the members of 
the Itxpori'Li.jH Commission. How many 
families of these judges occupied the 
Building for months, erected with 
money taxed from the people, I 
do not know. But that the Judges 
of ihe Supreme Court were mem- 
bers of the "Ofticial State Party." read 
Blodgett's Report, pp. l.^-H. I would 
not "knowingly, nor wilfully do a wrong 
to any man — these men consider cases. 



I have the same right. The court has 
been largely made by tiie e!eciic>n ot 
Assemblymen to seats upon ihe b'.'ucii. 
Hence the influence of Judge % on .V.-- 
semblymen is great. 

Mr. Chief Justice Dubois, after a 
brief service of ten, or a dozen years, 
has entered upon his high salary, for 
no service, of St5.iOO.00. Mr. John Mar- 
shall, nor any other U. S. Supreme Court 
Judge, could do such a thing. 



Ai.DuicH Declixes Co.MMK-N'T. 

Paris, April S. — Ex-United States Sen- 
ator Aldrich of Rhode Island, who has 
been at the Hotel Bristol for somee time 
prior to starting on a long tour of Egypt, 
refused last night to talk on the pro- 
posed tariff changes in the United States. 
He added : 

"I am out of politics entirely and am 
hardly even an onlooker, as I have been 
absent from the United States for many 
months. I am willing to wait and see 
the Democrats show what they can do. 
President Wilson has some admirable 
qualities, but I do not believe that he 
quite knows what awaits him in the poli- 
tical organization." 



UNION TRUST 



PANY, 



6-2 DORRAKCE ST., CCBHER OF V/ESTr^^lNSTER ST 



CAPITAL $1,000,000. SURPLUS $500,000 

A COMMERCIAL BANK AND TRUST COMPANY. 



OFFICERS. 

MARSDEN J. PERRY, Chairman of the Board. 

ARAM J. POTHTER. President. 

ARCHIBALD G. LOO^^S. Vice-President. 

HAROLD J. GROSS, Vice-President. 

FRANK E. CH.\FEE. Treasurer. 

CHARLES H. SHELDON. Secretary. 

CLINTON F. STEVENS, Ass't Treasurer and Ass't Secretary. 



Samuel M. Nicholson, 
Aram J. Pothier, 
Archibald G. Loomis, 
Harold J. Gross, 
Benjamin A. Jackson. 
Joseph Samuels, 



DIRECTORS. 
Arthur H. Watson, 
Clarence L. Watson, 
Marsden J. Perry, 
William W. Douglas, 
Harry Cutler, 
Charles Alexander, 
Michael J. Houlihan, 



Everett L. Spencer, 
Albert A. Remington, 
Philip Allen, 
George Vv''. Thurston, 
William B. Greenough 
Walter W. Griffith. 



5*^ 



The Xationalitv of Josias Lvxdon", 
Go\-fKNi.iR OF Rhode Island, 
May, ITGS To May, ITOO. 
A friend asked me that aucstion. 
whidi had not before occurred to me, 
and which I could not then answer; now 
I will try. The Ward and Hopkins 
tremendous political fight of IT.JS-ITGS 
had come to a standstill. The time for 
a nomination of a candidate for (Tovern- 
or had come, and neither Ward nor 
Hopkins held the ground; a c:'ivipr(.>- 
inise was proposed by the nomination of 
Josias Lyndon. He was. at tb.c time. 
clerk of the court of common pleas. He 
accepted, was nominated and elected and 
he'd the office one year, and then de- 
clined a renomination ; and returned to 
the position oT ikrk l>i U!t.- v.i.iliil uf 
common pleas ; for the evidence consult 
R. I. Col. Rec. V. G, p. 548; also Book 
X'otes, V. 27, p. 145-1.^2. 

1 come now to his pedigree ; here I 
will follow John Austin's Geological Dic- 
tionar}'. p. 341. He was a son of Sam- 
uel Lyndon, of Newport, where he was 
born, March 10, 1704. He was admitted 
a Freeman of the Colony by the town of 
Newport, February. 1727-1 728 (Col. Rec, 
V. 4, p. 398). A freeman was a holder 



! of land, of certain value, $134.00 prac- 
tically. Samuel Lyndon, his father, was 
the son of Josias Lyndall. both of New- 
port. He was a freeman in 1710 

Josias Lyndall. the father of Samuel, 
and grandfather of Josias Lyndon, the 
Governor, was made a freeman, accord- 
ing to Mr. Austin. ]\Iay 1. 1G77, and was 
born at Newport, R. L, in 1G47 ; this 
last statement is open to question ; there 
was no Lyndon family at Newport, R. L, 
having children born there in 1G47. The 
statement by Mr. Austin, that his Josias. 
the grandfather, was taken from R. L 
Colonial Records, v. 2, p. 1G77; there 
the man's name is printed "Josias Lyn- 
dall." Neither the name Lyndall, nor 
Lyndon, appears in the index to the 
uaii.^iL (.uiiiuii ui IV. 1. CL'iuuial Keeurds, 
Mr. Ernest L. Sprague, Deputy Secre- 
tary of State, has helped me to this fact: 
"Regarding the name Josiah Lyndall, 
for which you were searching this morn- 
ing. I find in the original manuscript 
\-olume of Colonial Records, IGU-IGSG, 
the original of the page you showed me 
this morning in Bartlett's Colonial Rec- 
ords (copy) and I find in that original 
Record that the name is, as in Bartlett. 
'Josiah Lvndall." 



PPOVIDllNCI: BANKING CO.. 

141 \Vl!5TMINSTl:.P ST., I^ROVIDIlX'Cf:, Q. I. 



LOCAL STOCKS, BONDS 



-AND- 



HighGracieliwestnAent Securities 

Orders executed on the New York and Boston Stock 
Exchange. Foreign Exchange bought and sold. Letters of 
Credit furnished for travelers. 



6o 



Just here is an illustration of the pecu- 
liar political historj- of that age, on the 
making of freemen. I,yndall, and twelve 
olhcr men who "bcingu freemen of the 
tozx'iic are admitted Freemen of the Col- 
loiiv. All over the colony at that time 



men were made freemen of the town, hut | 
not of the colony. 

There was living in Boston, Mass.. in 
1677, an Englishman named Simun 
Lynde. He was, himself, the attorney 
of the Atherton proprietors in the Xar- 
ragan.sctt and Niantic countries; and 
himself became a proprietor in tlie Ath- 
erton purchase; and was himself a pri- 
vate owner of a great tract on Weeka- 
paug Xeck, near what is now Westerly, 
R. I. For his work in these speculations, 
see "Foncs" Records of the Proprietors 
of the Xarragansett," pp. 30-38, also 
64-73, also 144-14.">. There is appareully 
no connection between the names Lynde 
and Lyndon. Xever'dieless there is a 
possibility that Lyndon, and Lynden, or 
Lyndall all grew from Lynde. Be- 
fore the year 1549, there was liv- 
ing in England, at Dorsetshire, an 
English Baronet, Sir Humphry Lynde. 



The name may have come from Ger- 
many, and the English pronunciation of 
it would be Lynd-a, from whieli grew 
the- names Lyudall. Lynden. Lyndon. The. 
r>ar(inet. Sir Humphry Lynde, I find in 
]{ngland, a man of learning, in l.')49; in 
1626, the English family named Lynden 
published in London a Family History, 
but this I have never seen — it might 
clear the line of descent. Here in Rhode 
Island, it became Lyndon or Lyndall in 
1677. Li 1S.50. many years later, it was 
developed into Lj'ndon in England. They 
were men of talent. The Josias who 
i^eeame Governor of the colony of Rhode 
L-land, became Secretary of the Com- 
mission whieli framed the famous Rh'>de 
Island Digest of Colonial Laws of 1730. 
He was the ch-'ef writer of thrwe laws 
Before the War of the Revolution broke 
out, the ex-Governor left Newport to 
dwell at Warren, where he died and was 
buried. He left a will, in which he 
described himself as being "of New- 
port. " I think it now sufficiently clear 
that Josias London, once Governor of 
Rhode Island, v/as an Englishman, or of 
English descent, notwithstanding his 
birth in Xewport, Rhode Island. 



THE NATIONAL EXCMANliE BANK, 

63 WESTMINSTER STREET. 

Capital. $500,000. Surplus & Profits, $1,024,203.92 

ORGANIZED ISOl 



OFFICERS 

MIICHAEL F. DOOLEY, President. 

Vice-Presidents, FREDERICK S. PECK, JOSEPH E. FLETCHER, 

AUGUSTUS R. PEIRCE. 

C. H. W. iMAXDEVILLE, Cashier. 

GEORGE G. WOOD, Asst. Cashier. 



Newton D. Arnold, 
Walter Call end or, 
Earlc ]'. Charleton, 
Edruuud D. Chesboro, 
Frank I'. Comstock, 
Arthur W. Dennis, 
Michael F. Dooley, 



DIRECTORS 

Samuel M. Einstein, 
Charles Fletclier. 
Joseidi E. Fletcher, 
Theodore \V. Foster, 
Gerald T. ITanloy, 
Arthur Ilenius, 
Sidney D. Humphrey, 



Charles n. W. Mandeville, 
John McMauus, 
Frederick S. Peck, 
Frank N. Phillips, 
B. Thomas Potter, 
Jo&cph L. Sweet, 
Clarence L. Walton, 



One of the Oldest and Strongest Banks in Rhode Island 



6i 



At the Baltimore Convention, wliich 
nominated Woodiow Wilson for the 
Presidency, William Jennings Bryan ad- 
dressed the cl.air, reading what follows: 

■■Resolved. That i;i this crisis in our 
party's career, and iu our country's his- 
tory, this convention sends greetings to 
the people of the United States and as- 
sures them tliat the party of Jefferson 
ard Jackson is still the champion of pop- 
ular government and equality before the 

■'As proof of our fidelity to the people, 
we herein- declare ourselves opposed to 
the nomination of any candidate for 
President who is the representative of, or 
under ary oliligation to J. Pierpont Mor- 
gan, Thomas F. Ryan, August Belmont 
or any other m.emhe'- o*" the privilcge- 
himting :i;id fa\-iir-?eoking class." 

Xow consider what has followed Mr. 
Bryan's reading of those words, only 
eight or nine months ago. 



Somebody in this coimtry having morv: 
money than Common Sense, offered a 
million ($1,000,000) of dollars for a vac- 
cination, of some drug, which would pre- 
vent the development of Consumption, 
renamed Tuberculosis. That is what the 
childish doctor, Friedman, from Ger- 



man\% has. Since the destruction of the 
Jenner Small Pox, human matter thrust 
into our tlesh, the Germans are using 
everything for every re-named disease. 
The People must continue to be fooled. 



The following interesting clipping was 
from a New Jersey newspapeer, the 
Xezciirk Sun. a month ago, entitled, ".l 
Doctor's Connnercial View." 

"Some satirist has remarked that the 
doctors live by the diseases of the peo- 
ple, the lawyers largely by" crime and the 
clergy by sins. Xo time short of the 
millennium is likely to see all three of 
these professions put out of business, or 
any of th.em. Sanitary science and path- 
ological research, however, are fast di- 
minishing the toll of the ills that flesh is 
heir to, and it may be no wild dream to 
picture an era, not so many centuries 
hence, when nobody will die except by 
old age or violence, and the physician's 
occupation will be practically gone. And 
yet doctors the world over are working 
with all their might t.) bring about the 
ultimate extinction of their science. Ir 
is very rare to find one who, like a 
speaker at a recent medical gathering in 
Xew York, warns his brethren that the 
doctor's income is being cut down by 



INDUSTi^IAL TRUST COMPANY, 

49 WESTMINSTER ST., PROVIDENCE, R. 1. 

Capital, §3,000,000. Surplus $3,000,000. 



BANKING DEPARTMENT — Intere.st paid on deposits. Issues 
Certificates of Deposit at attractive rates. Loans and Discounts. 
Collections made on all points on favorable terms. 

FOREIGN EXCHANGE DEPARTMENT — Foreign Drafts and 
Letters of Credit available in all parts of the World. Cable 
Transfers: 

TRUST DEPARTMl'NT—Authorized to accept Trusts. Is a legal 
depositary for trust funds. Acts as Trustee, F;xecutor, Adminis- 
trator, Guardian and as Registrar and Transfer Agent of Coipora- 
tions. 



6i 



scientific progress nnd organized charity 
and that doctors will have to "do ^(.'r.ie- 
thing about it." It need hardly be added 
that this brutally commercial view was 
coldly received. The physiciar. who 
would utter such a sentiment nuist be put 
down as a moral freak. The great mass 
of the disciples of Galen will go on lalior- 
ing unselfishly, as friends of humanity, 
to render their profession superfluous." 



Those people who think that human 
society is on the verge of destruction will 
find good reason to revise their opinion 
if they read a little volume on "The 
Family in its Sociological Aspects," by 
Professor Dealey of Brown University, 
which has'just been published by Hough- 
ton Mifflin Company. The book pre- 
.cents in a very interesting way an ac- 
count of the rise and development of the 
family and indicates the apparent trend 
of future changes in th's. our most im- 
portant social institution. In spite of 
much that is discouraging, the authoi is 
convinced of the social integrity and per- 
manence of the American family. 



Will Dr. Gardner T. Swarts kindly ex- 
plain the difference criminally of "Gam- 
bling with Babies' Lives," and gambling 
with lives of women and men by vac- 
cination ? 



The publisher of Book Notes wishes to 
purch;i.se a copy of "The Book of Blun- 
ders," liy C. C. Bombaugh, published by 
S. T. Souder and Co., Philadelphia, 1S70. 



IT IS WHOLESOME 








NMOa BQlSdn 
nOA NHn± HiiABN "iniM ±1 

THE SHEPARD CO^IPAf^Y, 

251-273 ViTesJmlnsSer Street. 

73 Aimy St., Providence. 

TRY THIS TASTE-FULL-TONIC. 

R and G means "Orange." 



(Nineteen (19) Copies, only, remain.) 



T^ 



riie Lands of Rhode Island 

as Ihey were known to 

CAUNOUNICUS AND MIANTUNNOMU 

when RoGKR Williams came in 1636. 



An Indian Map of the Principal Locations 

known to the NAHlGANvSHTS and KLABORATK 
HISTORICAL NOTES by Sidney S. Ridkr. 

The edition consisted of 495 ; 19 remain to be sold. Price, post 
paid, $9.00. Address the Author, Providence, R. I. 



63 



THE FO NES RECORDS. 

These Records were the First ever made of the Transfers of the LANDS 
OK the XARRAGANSETTS, from the South line of the Greenwich Towns to 
Long Island Sound; and the earliest transfers by the English settlers. The 
Name Fovcs was given to them in commontalk, because John Foanes, or Fones 
made them. They were kept in Secrecy from most men for nearly a century 

The Original Manuscript is now in the possession of the State. These 
records go back to the Indians, and cover the lands of every landowner there 
even to this da^'. I offer a few copies. It is an octavo volume of 200 pages, 
bound in cloth. Price $1.50. 

SIDNEY S. RIDER, 

73 ALMY STREET, PROVIDENCE, R. I. 



A Fine Ixst.\xce of the Actiox ok 
Vaccixatiox. 

Dr. Algernon Bristow. a surgeon, who 
suffered blood poisoning on March 14, 
as a result of pricking liis finger while 
operating, died last evening at his home. 
2a4 Clinton street, Brooklyn. 

Dr. Bristow was affected while oper- 
ating on a patient at the Long Island 
College Ho-pital, where he was a visit- 
ing surgeon. The patient, a woman, 
was supposed to be suffering from ap- 
pendicitis. She died after the operation. 
Dr. Bristow was called in to perform 
the operation on March 12. In the course 
of it he punctured one of his fingers 



with a sharp instrument. He felt the 
sting of the knife point, and immediately 
washed the finger with an antiseptic 
solution. He examined his finger close- 
ly, but could not discover the slightest 
trace of the wound. 

Realizing that blood poisoning had set 
in he called Dr. W. B. Brismade, Dr. 
H. B. Delatour and Dr. J. M. Van Cott 
and consulted them. Every means know-n 
to science was used to prevent the spread 
of the disease. Dr. Van Cott's bacterial 
vaccine for blood poisoning, which has 
been used in many instances where sur- 
geons have been infected while perform- 
ing operations, was used by vaccination, 
but had not the slightest action ; the 
man kept on d}'ing. 



/ 



SOUL LIBERTY 

RHODE ISLAND'S GIET TO THE 

NATION. 

An inquiry concerning the validity of the claims made by Roman 
Catholics that Maryland was settled upon that basis (SouL Lihf.rtv) 
before Roger Williams planted the Colony of Rhode Island. 

-BY- 
SIDNEY S. RIDER. 

"I feel soniewbat acquainted with you throuph niv pariial perusal o( voiiv tDaslcrlj 
treatise, eiUitlcd; SOLI, LIIiKKTY." A .J. S. BoutJeau, AJi-in^nary .Sf^ty, Ucslnvglor.D.C' 

Quarto, 95 pages $1-25 

(Twenty-five copies). 



64 



CHARLES C. HARRINGTON, 
President. 



ROWLAND G. HAZARD, 
Vice-President. 



VifcC 
NATIONAL BANK 

Opposite City Hall and Railroad Station. 

. To those desiring to change or make new banking 
connections, we offer the services of this conveni- 
entl}' located and progressively managed institution. 



H. EDWARD THURSTON, 
Cashier. 



EDWARD A. HAVENS, 
Asst. Cashier. 



A Tariff giving 100 per cent, to a mill 
owner who h.is the clutli necessary for 
our clutliing, and our life; or some 
other necessary is Protection, is it? 
Protection from, or to, whom? Why, 
the man who buys and pays the money 
for the goods, to the cost of which has 
been added the Tariff Tax. Absolute 
destruction of such Robbery of the 
People is now directly before us, and 
it will come. 



fiFNTf FMPN'^ QHmi^ 

OF THE FINEST M.\TER!AL 
THE BEST POSSIBLE FITTING 
THE FINEST PRIVATE WORK 

ANI> 

A Durability Approaching Perpetual! ty 
Orders Taken for Buttonholes. 



The Xew York Ti)ncs, the Tribune,. 
and the Sun are a disgrace to Civiliza- 
tion. They are all against the People, 
and for the creating of the Beef Trusts, 
Bread Trusts, Standard Oil Trusts and 
the like. Just as certain of destruction, 
as these false newspapers are to die. 



Your MONEY never 
went so far in SIflEIS 
in the WORLD before. 

ANNIE E. RIDER, 73 ALMY STREET. 



BROWN, LISLE & MARSHALL 

Investment Securities 

236 Industr'al Trust Co. Building, Providence, R. I. 

PUBLIC SERVICE BONDS. 

There are three elements to be considered in makin;r an investment, Safety, 
Permanence and Income. 'Jlie bonds of eiiiciently niana;^ed Public Service Cor- 
porations ofYcr the invo-tor a jKirtieularly well balanced combinatiou of these 
essentials. The business is not aft'ected by tariff ehanfres and is permanent 
because it furnishes jiublic necessities, such as the teiej-bone, electricity, j^as, 
Btrcet railways, ete. IJusiuess depressions do not interrupt the steady increase in 
earuin<'s. The income is hif^h in relation to the safely of the principal. 

\Ve are in a position to obtain accurate inforruation conceruing the 
corporations whose bonds we offer. 



BOOK NOTES 

HISTORICAL, LITERARY AND CRITICAL. 

CONDUCTED BY 

SIDNEY vS. RIDER, 



7j ALMY STREET, - - - - . - - PROVIDENCE, R. 1. 

Entered as Second class Matter, at the Pro\.-idence, R. I. Post OfTice- 



60 Cents per aiiuum. Fortnightly. 
Single Copy 5 Cents. 



Saturday, April 26, 1913. 



Vol 30. 
No. 9. 



The Ancestry oi- Roger \N'n.UAMS, vok 
THE First Time Actually Shown 
When Walter F. Angell Discover- 
ed THE DOCL-MENTS, AND BuOK XoTKS 

Was the First to Print, and Ex- 
plain Them. 



The Rhode Uland llislmioal Society 
Nczi,'s Sheet, lor January 1, I'll 2 con- 
tains an article entitled "Ancestry of 
Roger Wiliams.'' On the first of April 
following, the A'tcC^t Shed contains an- 
other article on the same subject. The 
first was written by Mrs. Louise I'ros- 
ser Bates, of this city; the second was 
a severe criticism upon Mrs. Bates' pa- 
per, written by i\. Andrews Moriarty, 
M. A., from The Carlcton, Boston. It 
was clear that neither of these writers 
reached conclusive results. This led me 
to print two certain copies of legal ducu- 
mennts existing on the Records of an 
Knglish Court, in London, in the year 
1644, which had come to my kiiijwlcdge 
in 19J0. The articles which I wrote 
v.'erc published in Booh Notes v. 29, 
pages 81 and S9. Until these two legal 
documents came to me, they had never 
before come to the knowledge of any 
one in this country'. The headings of 
the two articles of mine were ''The An- 
cestry of Roger Wiliam;, now for the 
first time accurately and conclusively 
shown." In these tv/o articles were 
I)rinted two (2) Legal Documents in 
the C'hancery Case of J 014, brought on 
by Sidrach ^^'illiams, the brother of 
Roger William?, who bour-Jit the land, 
and planted the town of Providence on 



it, absolutely free from all religious 
bias. 

The statement made by Waters, in 
1889, and cited by Mrs. Bates, was print- 
ed in the New England Hist. Gen. Reg- 
ister, v. 42, 43; but Moriarty, while crit- 
icising Mrs. Bates, did not mention it 

in his present stuff. In Book Xotes 
of May 25, 1912, in reviewing both Mrs. 
Bates and Moriarty, I wrote this: "I 
come now to solid historical, and ances- 
tral facts, concerning the Roger Wil- 
liams who planted Providence (Book 
Xotes, V. 29, p. 82). In the year ISSO 
Henry F. Waters found the will of 
Tames Williams, signed in 1G20; and 
lie gave an account of it in the Hist, 
(".en. Reg., as I have shown. This will 
did not become conclusive evidence, in 
the minds of many men, one of whom 
was Reuben A. Guild, here in PVovi- 
dence, and many others, that our Roger 
Williams, who planted Providence, and 
Soul Liberty here, was the son of James 
and A'.ice Wiliams. 

On the ICth of January, 1911. Walter 
F. Angell, a lawyer of Providence, sent 
to me from I^ondon, England, two type- 
written copies of Bills in English Chan- 
ery, A. D. August lo and 28, lfi44, in 
which Mr. Angell discovered the name 
Roger Williams. I soon discovered the 
direct bearing these tv.o Bills had on 
the Ancestry of our Roger William>; 
printed them in Book Notes and shov.ed 
their bearing upon that hitherto never 
answered question, heading my papers, 
'^Thc Ancestry of Roger Williams, now 
for the first time accurately and conclu- 



66 



sively sliown." To tliis Moriarty Jr.. pub- 
lished in the Xew Hiigland Hiit. (',-n. 
Reg. this: "He (Rider) cannot justly 
claim that he has now for the first tim^ 
accurately and conclusively shown the 
ancestry of Roger Williams."' I would 
never, under any conditions, falsify His- 
tory; if 1 have done so in this case I 
demand of Mr. Moriarty, Junior, the 
evidence. He must show the evidence. 
If 1 have done wrong in writing what 
I then believed was Hi-tory 1 desire. 
and must have, the evidence to correct 
me. 

In the X. E. Hist. Gen. Reg. for Janu- 
ary, 1913. Mr. G. Andrews Moriarty. Jr., 
comes again to the subject with special 
reference to my statements, and conclu- 
sions, as printed in Bool: Xotcs. cited 
above. I v.-ill give a couple of quota- 
tions. 1st. "Mr. Rider attempts to 
overthrow both Mrs. Bates statements 
and my own statements on the matter in 
hand; and ends, by arriving at exactly 
the same conclusion as that reached by 
me in an article in the .Vc'tt'j- Sheet for 
April. 1912." 2nd. "Basing his argu- 
ment on a Chancery case of whose ex- 



istence the eminent genealogist, Henry 
F. \\'aters, Esq., was aware in ISb'J.'" 
;ird. "This Cliancery case of 15 Aug. 
lf.4i, Ilpr^n which alone Mr. Rider bases 
his argument, does not by itself prove 
anything in regard to the ancestry of 
Roger Williams." 4th. "Mr. Rider is 
entitled to credit for havirg followed up 
the Chancery suit, as zi'as suggested by 
Mr. Waters, and for having thus added 
anoiher link in the chain of evidence; 
in view of the fact disclosed by Mr. 
Waters in ISSU, some twenty-three years 
ago, he cannot Justly claim that he has 
"now for the first time accurately and 
conclusively shown" the ancestry oi Rog- 
er Williams. AH, hozcevcr. tniist con- 
cede that Roger Williams of Providence, 
was son of Alice Williams and a brother 
of Sidrach." 

I v/ill consider these paragraphs in 
numerical order. 1st. There is not a 
word of truth in number one. How 
could Moriarty reach a conclusion on 
a matter of which he had never heard.' 
He reached, at that time, no conclusion 
v.-hatever, in his article in Xezvs Sheet 
for April. 1'JI2. 2nd. There is not a 



UNION TRUST COMPANY. 

62 DOHRAKCE ST., GORNEH OF WESTMINSTER ST 

CAPITAL $1,000,000. SURPLUS $500,000 

A COMMERCIAL BANK AND TRUST COMPANY. 



OFFICERS. 

MARSDEN J. PERRY, Chairman of the Board. 

ARAAT J. POTHIER, President. 

ARCHIBALD C. LOOMIS, Vice-President. 

HAROLD J. GROSS. Vice-President. 

FRANK E. CHAFEE. Treasurer. 

CHARLES H. SHELDON. Secretary. 

CLINTON F. STEVENS. Ass't Treasurer and Ass't Secretary 



Samuel M. Nicholson, 
Amni J. Polhier, 
Archibald v"!. Loomis, 
Hirc'd J. Gross, 
B^iijamiii A. Jackson, 
Jc»5eph Samuels, 



DIRECTORS. 

Arthur H. V/atson, 
Clarence L. Watson, 
Marsdcn I. Perry, 
William \V. Douglas, 
Harry Cutler, 
Charles Alexander, 
Michael J. Houlihan. 



Everett L. Spencer, 
Albert A. Renn'ngton, 
Philip Allen, 
George W. Thurston, 
William B. Grcenough, 
Walter W. Griffith. 



word of tiiith in such a statcincnt. If 
Watt-is was aware of tlie existence of 
these legal documents, why did he not 
say so; and ask for help in making fur- 
ther rcsearclies? Again, if Waters knew 
of these facts in ISSi), why did twenty- 
one years elapse before Moriany, or 
anybody else ever heard of them? Such 
work is the silliest of th.e rot in rea- 
soning, and in fact. 

3rd. W'liat can Moriarty, Jr., mean 
when he says "these legal documents, 
in the Chancery case of 1044, do not 
itSi-lf prove anything in regard to the 
arcestry of R(\c:cr Williams, who planted 
Rhode Island, and Providence Planta- 
tions in If'iar)? li nothing zcas proz't-d 
by these legal documents, how did they 
i''.ia aiionicy sinnuj liiil,- lo evidence so 
aljly forged by Waters, who, in fact, 
had never heard of tliem. 4th. Mr. 
Waters ne\ er suggested any such work. 
He saw that the will of James Williams 
of 1(120 opened the door for further 
search. Had he known of these legal 
documents would he have done such a 
thing? 5lh. Moriarty closes with this: 
"All must concede that Roger Williams 
of Providence was son of James and 
Alice Williams, and brother of Sidrach.'' 
That is just w'hat the documents prove, 



and nothing else ever did prove. How- 
anybody could write such stutT; and 
worse siill. that an}- Historical periodi- 
cal would print it is the real enigma to 



the 



Here is tlie opening paragraph of 
late J. Pierpont Morgan's last will : 

Xcw York. April 19. — "I commit my 
soul into the hands of my Saviour, in 
full confidence that, having redeemed 
it and washed it in His most precious 
blood, He will present it faultlessly be- 
fore the throne of my Heavenl}- Father; 
and I entreat my cliildren to maintain 
and defend, at all hazard, and at any 
cojt of personal sacrifice, the blessed 
doctrine of the complete atonement for 
sin through the blood of Jesus Christ, 
once offered, and through that alone." 

It is positively a-tounding to see a 
man of years, and cunmon sense write 
such stuft — more especially after a life 
spent entirely in grasping money. We 
must be fools to believe in a GOD who 
will give Eternal Life to a money grasp- 
er. "The love of money is the root 
of all evil." Saint Paul wrote that to 
Timothy. It is now in the New Testa- 
ment and bears on J. Pierpont Morgan 
just as it docs upon me. 



PROVIDENCl: BANKING CO., 

141 WCSTrilNSTCI? ST., PROVIDCNCC, U. I. 



LOCAL STOCLxS, BONDS 



HigliGraclelRvesliTientSecLirities 

Orders executed on the New York and Boston Stock 
Exchange. Foreign Exchange bought and sold. Letters of 
Credit furnished for travelers. 



6§ 



The Highways of thk People usko 

BY COKPORATIO.XS TO SqUEI.CH THE 

Money from the People. 

Highways were made for the special 
use of the people, both as individuals 
and as a body, and never ])y individu- 
als, or by corporations, for tlieir sole 
u^c in the extortion of money from the 
I'eople. Such work is not alone prepos- 
terous, but it is damnable. The prac- 
tice began more than a century ago, 
when the General Assembly gave power 
to individuals to plant "Toll-gates" on 
the highways and collect money from 
every traveller. This public outrage was 
jfracticed here for sixty years. Then it 
was destroyed. But something far worse 
has been done. The Providence C-zs 
Ci'iiipany. conii-^->.ied of the mo.-t wealthy 
men in Providence, was the first to get 
next grab upon the highways of the Peo- 
ple — for the people could alone use it; 
and it must be sent to their homes only 
along the highways which had been es- 
tablished for the sole use of the people. 
Ought any corporation to fill the gas 
pipes in every home with the most dead- 
ly fatal of all poisons? 



Then. came the stockholders of the iirst 
street railway, which, without the peo- 
ple, could not exist a single moment and 
which by one of their stockholders, then 
a United States Senator. Xelson \V. Aid- 
rich by name, "induced" the General 
Assembly to grant the stockholders -i 
perpetual franchise to last until the 
'\Tack of Doom." Following this in- 
fernal scheme, two of the men who 
he'ped Aldrich in getting what he want- 
ed — a pcrf'cltial franchise — were made 
Judges of tl-.e Supreme Court — for life. 
Then Aldrich with his fellow conspira- 
tors leased for a century all the Street 
Railroads then existing, or were possible 
of being constructed to the X. Y., X. H. 
Railroad Corporation. The robbery r>i 
tiie people, of both their rights and their 
money, and dividend upon dividend has 
been swiped from the people. 

Then came the "X'arragansett Elec- 
tric Lighting Company/" a corporation 
to "induce"' the city or the state govern- 
ment to give the stockholders an exclu- 
sive franchise to use the streets in trans- 
mitting electrical light and power, where 
the people might use it; and preventing 



TME NATIONAL EXCHANGE BANK, 

63 V/ESTM«NSTER STREET. 

Capital. $500,000. Surplus & Profits, $1,024,203.92 



ORGANIZED 1801 



OFFICERS 

MHCHAEL F. DOOLEY. President. ' 

Vice-Presidents, FREDERICK S. PECK, JOSEPH E. FLETCHER, 

AUGUSTUS R. PKIRCE. 

C. H. W. MAXDEVILLE, Cashier. 

GEORGE C;. WOOD, Asst. Cashier. 



Nexs-ton D. Arnold, 
WaltT Callander, 
Karle P. Charleton, 
f]dniund D. Chebboro, 
Frank l\ Comstock, 
Arthur W. Dennis, 
Michael F. Dooley, 



DIRECTORS 

Samuel M. Einstein, 
Charles Fletcher. 
.Josei)li K. Fletcher, 
Theodore \V. Foster, 
Gerald 'J'. IJanley, 
Arthur llenius, 
Sidney D. llumplirey, 



Charles II. "\V. Mandevillt 
.John ^Fc-Manus, 
Frederick S. I'eck. 
Frank X. Phillips 
h. Thomas Potter, 
Jo&eph L. Sweet, 
Clarence L. Watson, 



One of the Oldest and Strongest Banks in Rhode island 



69' 



tlie people for years from getting any 
relief from competing corporations. The 
latest trick by these few inclividnals was 
unique. Two postal cards were dropped 
til rough the letter hole in the front door 
of m\- house. The card was addressed to 
the Xarragansett Electric Lighting Com- 
pany, and had on it the government pos- 
tage stamj). On th.e opposite side was 
j)rinted this : "The following petition has 
])een signed by u[iwards of 2.")()0 citizens 
and firms. .\s it is ditTicult to see each 
in(h'vidual in person, will you please ^ign 
this post card and mail it to us?"' Then 
follo\»ed a petition, which I will copy; 
To His Honor the Mayor, the Honor- 
able Board of Aldermen, The 
Honorable Common Council and 
The Joim ojieeiui Commr.iec on 
Lighting Franchises: 
The undersi.gned, citizens, residents 
and manufacturers of the City of Provi- 
dence, respect fully petition your honor- 
able bodies to accept the proposition of 
the Xarragansett Electric Lighting Com- 
pany to grant immediately prices as low 
as those named by the Connecticut River 
Power Company through the Rhode Ls- 
land Power Transmission Company for 
five or more years hence, providing the 
city will remit two per cent, of the fran- 



chise tax r.ow paid and extend the fran- 
chise live years, believing that in so do- 
ing the best interests of the City of 
Providence will be protected. 

He fore sending it, the corporation in- 
formed me (,on its postal card) that it 
had "upwards of 2500 signatures to the 
petition." 

The result of the sending of these 
pos'al cards, wa- stated in the Provi- 
dence E\ening Tribune of lilst January, 
I'.n;;, to be "o-Sfio signatures, represent- 
irg Jf),). 00(1, 000 worth of property, and 
over one-si.xth of the assessed valuation 
of th.e city of Providence." The sig- 
natures, "three entire pages, holding 
twenty-one columns, were covered in 
the Tribune. Si:ch an abominable work 
-iioub weii v.hai: men wiii do ti3 swipe 
mor.cy from tb.c people, by getting e.x- 
cUi-ive and endless power to do it. The 
])opulat!.)n of Pro\i(lence must nuw 
be more than 240.000 individuals: this 
corporaiion work obtained GOGo individu- 
als. Is that winning? 



The possession of souls by men and 
women is the fundamental cause of the 
great differences between men and wo- 
men, and beasts and animals, whether 
wild or tame. Men and women have 



INDUSTRIAL TRUST COMPANY, 

43 WESTMINSTER ST., PROVIDENCE, R. 1. 

Capital, $3,000,000. Surplus S3, 000,000. 



BANKING DP:PARTMKNT — Interest paid on deposits. Lssue.s 
Certificates of Deposit at attractive rates. Loans and Discounts. 
Collections made on all points on favorable terms. 

FOREIGN KXCHANGK DEPARTMENT — Foreion Diafts and 
IvCtters of Credit a\ailable in all parts of the World. Cable 
Transfers. 

TRUST DEPARTMF:NT— Authorized to accept Trusts. Is a legal 
depositary for trust funds. Acts as Tru.stee, Executor, Adminis- 
trator, Guardian and as Registrar and Transfer Agent of Coijiora- 
lions. 



conscience?, animals have none. Men 
and women believe in property rights; 
but ai'ima!'^, whether wild or tame, have 
no property rights. One doe will seize 
the food gi\en to another dog, seeing 
no wrong. Men and women arc undct 
tlie Divine Law, but animals are under 
the Natural Lav,-. 



The tremendous results which fol- 
lowed the printing, and .':catteriiig of 
hook>, in and after the 14th and loth 
centuries is beyond all human calcula- 
tion, so far as the enlargement and ele- 
vation of men'al power in men and wo- 
men are concerned. These results, when 
carefully studied and considered, for the 
past century and a half — 1750-1913 — will 
ojien y.'.i: eyes to the life everlasting 
which is before all of us. Socrates saw- 
it centuries before the time called the 
Christian Era came. 



A lot of Kngli--hmen who ran mills in 
England in making cotton and woolen 
cloth, and thread, and silks, came into 
this count"}-, and built mills in which 
to manufacture such things under the 
existing tariff. Right here in Provi- 
dence it has been done, and floods of 
money made by the owners carried out 
of the country. It is interesting to note 



tint the re-construction of the "protec- 
tive" tariff has forced them to leave the 
country, and go back to England — this 
time forever. 

IT IS WHOLESOME 




N'MOa HOlSdn 

noA Nanx aaA3N ttim ±i 

THE SHEPABO C0f^1PA^n^ 

251-2V3 Westminster Street, 

THE R. km 0. COMPANY, 

73 Almy St., Providenca. 

TRY THIS TASTE-FULL-TONIC. 

R and G means "Orange." 



(Nineteen (19) Copies, only, remain.) 

The Lands of Rhode Island 

' as the)' were known to 

CAUNOUNICUS AND MIANTUNNOMU 

when RoGKR Wii^liams came in 1636. 



An Indian Map of the Principal Locations 

known to the NAHIGANvSETS and ELABORATE 
HISTOKICAE NOTEvS by Sidney S. Ridkr. 

The edition consisted of 495 ; 19 remain to be sold. Price, post 
paid, $9.00. Address the Author, Providence, R. I. 



71 



IMic U. S. C.overnmcnt has laid before 
ihc Siipromc Court Judges evidence in 
support of the eharges tluit tlie U. S. 
Pteel Corporation has suppressed com- 
petition by means of interlocking direc- 
torates among the great railroad indus- 
trial corporations and financial institu- 
tions of the country. 

S. D. Simmons, a statistician in the 
Department of Justice, presented tables 
showing the number of other director- 
ships held by those who have been di- 
rcciors of the corporation of its constitu- 
ent companies between the years 1S9S 
and 1911. 

Among them George F. Uaker, accord- 
ing to the tables,, was, during the period, 
a director in 87 corporations; J. P. Mor- 
gan in 78; J. P. Morgan, Jr., in 11; 
Cliarles Steele, 52; E. C. Converse, C3; 
Xorman B. Ream, 42; C. M. Schwab, 75; 
Daniel G. Reid, 30; E. H. Gary, 73; P. A. 
B. Widener, 32; Robert Winsor, 34, and 
the late H. H. Rogers, 34. 

The Government in its complaint says, 
in reference to interlocking directorates, 
that "the power and control that have 
been exerted by the corporation, largely 
through the grasp of its tentacles thus 
thrown out upon the consumer, competi 
'ors and capital, is incompatible with the 
liealthy commercial life of the nation." 

J. P. Morgan was a director in 7S cor- 
porations, all interlcagued to rob the 
people of their earnings. 



Highway robbery, or burglary, are 
positive virtues, today, when compared 
to tiie respectable swindling of the busi- 
less man of today. 



Pardoning state prisoners by the half 
dozen has now come near being the 
fashion with the present state govern- 
ment. 



The tariti thieves arc planning to buy 
enough Democratic U. S. Senators to 
destro\ the reformation of the tariti; 
I)ut the people of the United States will 
make short work with the existence of 
U. S. Senators who depart, or show a 
purpose of departing from the tariff re- 
form law. Ji'ho was "(protected' by 
tariffs? 



Tlie newspapers are largely after 
money; hence they hence and then trim, 
and lie, and glorify all rich (in money) 
men, or multiple millionaires. The tre- 
mendous lies published about the late 
J. P. ]\Iorgan are, thank God, without 
a parallel. 



Of what value to the People is an 
Attorney General wlio does nothing 
about the Providence coal dealers' com- 
binations to rob the consumers of mon- 
ey; or who allows a gas company to use 
all streets to send into every home in 
Providence the most subtle and deadly 
poison that has ever been known. 



SOUL LIBERTY 

RHODK IvSLAND'S GIFT TO THE 

NATION. 

All in<|uiry concerning the validity of the claims made b}- Roman 
Cathoh'cs that ^faryland wa.s settled upon that ba.'^is (Soul Iviin-iKTv) 
before Roger \Villiam.s planted the Colony of Rhode Island. 

-BY- 

SIDNEY S. RIDER. 

"I feel somewhat acqnaiiUecl with vou Ihrotij-]! my panial perusal of vonr uiastci 7\ 
treatise, entitled : SOVI. LIBKRTY." A .j. S. /unn litau , A/miot-ajr Sfr'j), li'n.<~lnr,f./,n. JkC 



Quarto, 95 pages, 

(Twenty-five copies). 



>r.25 



CHARIvES C. HARRINGTON. 



ROWLAND G. HAZARD, 
Vice-President. 



ECHANIC 

lONA 

Opposite City Hcli and Railroad Station. 

To those desiring to change or make new banking 
connections, we offer the services of this conveni- 
ently located and progressively managed institution. 



H. EDWARD THURSTON, 
Cashier. 



tDWARD A. 
Asst. Ca 



HAVENS, 
shier. 



Look at the highways of the city of 

Providence and sec how the people are 

lobbci.i ui riiciiicy, aiul life. 

The Providence Gas Company, with its 
deadly poison, and its price, an abom- 
ination. 

The Union Street Railways, now under 
a "perpetual" lease, and paying divi- 
dends on a 5 cent fare. 

The Xarrayansett Klectric Lighting 
Company, with the exclusive right to 
use the city streets. 

The Providence Telcplione Company, 
with its exclusive privilege, and its 
prodigious price, and profit. 
How much longer are you goirig to 

submit to such infernal work? 



GENTLEMEN'S SHIRTS 

OF THE FINEST MATEHT41 
THE BEST POSSIBLE FITTING 
THE FINEST PRIVATE WOKK 

AND 

A Durability Approaching Perpefualitj 
Orders Taken for Buttonholes. 

Your MONEY never 
went so far io SHIRTS 
in the WORLD before. 

ANNIE E. RIDER, 73 ALMY STREET. 



BROV^/^!,USLE& MARSHALL 

Investment Securities 



236 indtistr'a! Trust Co. Building 



roviaence, 



R. i. 



PUBLfC SERVICE BONDS. 

There are three elements to be eou'-idcred in making an investment, Safety, 
Permanence and Income. Tlio bonds of eiliciently nianaged Public .Service CoV- 
poration? olfer the investor a particularly well balanced combination of these 
essentials. The business is not affected by tarili chan(:^eK and is permanent 
because it furnishes public necessities, such as the telephone, electricity, gas, 
street railwavs, etc. business depression*^ do not interru])i: the steady ijicrease in 
earninprs. The income is high in relation to the safety of the princiji'al. 

We arc in a position to obtain accurate inforrnation concerning tlie 
corporations whose bonds wo offer. 



BOOK NOTES 

HISTORICAL, LITERARY AND CRITICAL. 
CONDUCTED BY 

SIDNEY S. RIDER, 



7? ALMY STREET, 

Entered as Second class Matter, 



PROVIDENCE. R. 1. 
the Pro\-;dcnce, R. I. Post OfTicc. 



50 Cents per annum. Fortnightly. 
Single Copy 5 Cents. 



Saturday, May 10, 19] 3. ""So:^. 



TuK Pkof'I.k 01- PuuviuKNcii PIavi; for 

YKAKS P.Mi) I'OK FuOIi.S DOUKLE THE 

PkicKs Paiii in Othkk CiTJi-s Ai.i. ovi:k 
THK Umtki) Stailis. IIeri: I'm.r.nwi; 
THE U. S. C.ovKKXMK.NT Faidknce oi- 

THAT TllKKir.I.K WuKK NOW 1 -V PKOG- 



The foHfiwing tuMe shows how the 
people of Providence have heeii con- 
stantly swindled out of tlicir earnings, 
for article-s of food; the actual neces- 
sities of life. The government al Wash- 
ington has f')r seMUe years been furnish- 
ing bulletins, giving the retail prices of 
food, the very necessity of life, forced 
by dealers upon consumers. On the ISth 
March this year, I'Jlo, the retail prices 
of the principal food articles in cities 
all over this country in the years 1911 
and 1!M2 were given. It is a terrible 
exhibition, and 1 am the only person in 
Rhode I>!and who has called the atten- 
tion of men to it, in print. A new era 
lias rlawncd, and I will give one more ex- 
hibition. 1 am neither tin; Fc^ol nor the 
Tool of anybody, nor %vill I c\er be 

All foods sold to people here in Provi- 
dence arc sold, in many cases, at double 
the prices charged in other cities. For 
Iieef for which iteojjlc here paid -to cents 
a poiu'id. si.K other cities paid only 2i) 
cents a i)ound. Will men iicTcr take 
hold of such a robbery, for it is nothing 
less. I do not meiUion the frauds in 
butter; nor the steady uh; of hen manure 
at 45 cents per pound. 



10 ,TJ 

o 





t?i (^ .4 


^' 


h '.a K p 


ProvKlencc 


..y,,r,,7 


.«! 


9o'6S 23142 


Philadelphia 


. .!25,1S 16 


14' 


SO'44 20145 






iq' 


?f'3-;20'43 


Ncu- Haven. Conn. 


. .L'oon'!,- 


I s' 


:'\y''2s,'^7 


tialtimore, Md 








Boston, Mass 


. .>,^'^''= ir 


'f 1 


■■■ - W-l.i 


Charleston, S. C. . . 




>i] 


., , ,:-, ■11 .f) 


.\tlanta, Georgia .. 


. .'25v'0'17 


>=; 


9.V4(i .:iV-i() 


P.U>l.ur-i, 


..l2.V2,):i6 


20 


7>'-lo 2.T40 


Washint'ton, n. C. 


. .!20'!K!m 


15 


9ii'42i20;4i) 


San Francisco 


..|20;20il7 


\S, 


i.ii),4o;2ii;.so 


New Orleans 


..iisiisiis 


1,=; 


100'o6'20'40 


Newark. X. J 


..i22!20ll8 


IS 


!)0 6iV22'4! 


Minneai'ijlis 


..120^20 IS 


14 


70 2S'18!35 


Meinphus, Tenn. ... 


..!20:i2ll5 


20 


ino'.^5|lSl40 


Chicairo 


. ..!20l22d3 


12 


70'37!l6l39 


Cleveland, Ohio . . 


..!22|1S116 
1 1 


"\ 


S4J30il6'3S 



Under the terrible light of such an 
exhiliition, it is deligjitfu! to read this 
from the Swede's "Public" Market ads: 

"] f we can get lower cost meats from 
Australia it will benefit all. The re- 
tailers will welcome this change, and re- 
duce selling prices accordingly. Lower 
cost on perishable commodities' will ini- 
Itro\e all lines of business." 



There are men here continuously at 
work lo raise tlie price of milk to the 
consumers here in Providence; and also 
at work to scare people with the idea 
that much of the milk sold here is full 
of the germs of fatal diseases. There 
is not the slightest truth in these lies; 
for tliey are nothing but lies. Much of 
the milk now sold here is adulterated 
with water, and then sold at nine or ten 
cents per quart, or is it a "blend," and 
it swindles. Life is here delightful; v/e 
have 



The r,a.> Swindle. 

The Milk Swindle, 

The Ice Swindle. 

The Market Swindle, 

The Hen Swindle. 

The Hjig Swiiidle. 

The Rulier Swindle. 
All wor^e for the People than highway 
robbery, or arson, liecaubc they are far 
more secretly used. 



Buckland and Mellen, both under oath, 
affirm that Mellen gave money to tlie 
Republican jioliticans in Rhode Island 
in September. 1".)04. That explains 
the action of the members of the 
City Cour.cil. There must be a Bon- 
Kire. prilitical. very s<^'on. Such money 
graspers never before existed here. 

M> puijiose in rt-printiiiy the follow- 
ing letter in Book Xotcs is for its pres- 
er\ation. T.> me it is like the dawn of 
the Rising Sun, and I am thankful that 
1 have lived to see it. The writer of 
the letter. Dr. lUumer. is the Superin- 
tendent of Butler Hospital, and chief of 
the medical staff there. It is the pliysi- 
cal and mental powers of men that he 
studies and handles. 



A FRItnM.-VN.N" Ol-' AXTIQUITV.' 

To the Editor.of the I'rovidence Journal: 
As long ago as during the reigns of the 
Antonines and of Comiuodus there lived 
a (".reek rhetorician and Platonic philos- 
opher, by name Maximus Tyrius, who 
told the stor\' of a shrewd North 
African tliat got himself voted into 
heaven. Psaphon or Apsephas — for this 
enterprising advertiser was known to his 
talking birds by both names — "l)eing a 
seeker after fortune, and a fortune 
neitlier lowly nor obscure,'" and wishing 
to pass for a god, caught a multitude of 
parrots and taught them to say, "Psaph- 
on i.v a great god." Thereupon the 
Libyans, thinking the voices from heav- 
en, began to worship Psaphon ; and so 
he !;ecame to them a god voted in by 
the birds. 

There have been changes in religion 
and medicine during the past twenty 
centuries, but human nature and hutnan 
credulousness have not changed, and the 
methods of Psaphon will never be ob- 
solete with men who seek a royal road 
to fame and fortune. 

G. ALDER BLUMHR. 

Providence, April 2.5. 



'N TRUST %.um 



BZ DORKANCE ST., CORFr^R OF WESTF/llNSTEn ST 



CAPITAL $1,000sOO0. 



SURPLUS $500,000 



A COMA\ERCiAL BANK AND TRUST COMPANY. 



OFFICERS. 

MARSDEN J. PERRY, Chairman of the Board. 

AT^M J. POTHTER. President. 

ARCHIBALD G. LOOM IS. Vice-President. 

HAROLD J. GROSS. Vice-President. 

FRANK E. CHAFEE. Treasurer. 

CHARLES H. SHELDON, Secretary. 

CLINTON F. STE^^ENS, Ass't Treasurer and Ass't Secretary. 



Samuel ]\L Nicholson, 
Aram J. Pothier, 
Archibald G. Loomis, 
Harold J. Tiross, 
Benjamin A. Jackson, 
Joseph Sanriuels, 



DIRECTORS. 
Arthur IL Watson, 
Clarence L. Watson, 
Marsden T. Perry, 
William W. Douglas, 
Harry Cutler, 
Charles Alexander. 
Michael T.Mloulihan. 



Everett L. Spencer. 
Albert A. Remington, 
Philip Allen. 
George W. Thurston, 
William B. Greenough, 
Walter W. Gri/lith. 



75 



The Genealogical Researches liin! 
Cleanings of ll. F. Waters were I'Uh- 
lishcd originally in tlie Xeu hjigland 
Historic, ('.encalogical Regi.->ter; later tin, 
they were gathered out of this periodical 
and printed in two volumes, 8 vo., in 1901. 
Both publications were the work ot 
that society. I give two, or three ex- 
tracts. Waters was asked by R. A. 
C.uild about the wealth c>f the RogL-r 
Williams who planted Rhode Iskind. 
Waters answeretl : "I ha\e concluded 
it best to azvdit the result of the Chan- 
cery investigation." How could a suit 
in Char.cery show the wcallh of a party? 
Such a thing is impossible. Again, 
Waters continues, "or the discovery 
and publication of an inventory of his 
estate." (Waters' rdcaniiigs. v. 1, p. 
oo7., or see X. E. Mist. Gen. Reg., v. 41], 
p. 301). This evidence is conclusive tliat 
Waters knew nothii-g whatever ci m- 
cerning the Chancery suit. Again, Wa- 
ters writes, "1 learn from this paper 
(one written by R. A. (niildj that our 
Roger Williams referred to Chancery 
suits, in which lu- lost large sums." This 
is conclusive evidence that Waters got 
his knowledge of a Cliancery suit from 
R. A. Guild. But Waters docs not in- 
form us where Roger Williams referred 
to Chancery suits. 



Waters continues: "The examination 
of Chancery proceedings may enable ** 
to lind oui h.nv nuich he lost there," 
(Waters Genealogical Gleanings, v. 1, 
p. '.VM'k ) This is conclu^i\ e evidence 
that Waters had never seen, nor found 
any Chancery [)roceedings whatever; nur 
had any othoi' man found them. Then 
follows the lulit^)r oi the New England 
Historic Genealogical ^fagazinc with 
this: "The reference to Chancery pro- 
ceedings may throw light on the 
parentage of our Roger Willaims." 
Waters" Genealogical Cdeanings, v. 
1. P- ■>•!'■'■) This is conclusive 

evidence that the Editor of the maga- 
zine knew nothing whatever concerning 
any CluiULLrv suli, nor tnat anyl)ody 
else knew anything about the Chancery 
Court documents which Walter F. An- 
gel! iliscovered and wliich I printed. 
Under such a light, this Boston 
magazine permits Moriarty to print thi:^ 
language about me, in its last January 
(I'.n;;) is-.ue: ".Mr. Rider cannot justly 
c'aim that he has for the tlrsl time ac- 
curately and conclusively shiwii the An- 
cestry of Roger Will.ams." T'.e New 
England Hist. Gen. Magazine l< itself 
conciusi\e evidence aga'-ns*^ such a state- 
ment made by Moriarty. 



PROVIDENCE BANKING CO., 

141 wcsiTiirisri:!^ ST., PPOVIDCNCC, Q. I. 



LOCAL STOCKS, BONDS 



AND 



-I ig h Grade I iwesl men \ Secuiities 



Orders executed on the New York and Boston Stock- 
Foreign Exchange bought and sold. Letters of 
Credit furnished for travelers. 



Exchange 



76 



AN EPITOME OF THE FALL OF 
-AL\X. 

MoKK Av.uin- rAUAl.lSl- IN SiK FiTTi-?. 

This \v:is written h\ a cl'iL;yman who 
lived ill rrovitlonce, hut wlio has now- 
crossed the Styx, and given to me, Sid- 
ney S. Rider, fifty years ago. 

1. Of what religion was Adam.-' 

He- didn't kn>>w hut thought Eve-an- 
gelu-al. 

2. When did fruit first swear .- 
When the apple damned tlie pear. 

3. How were Adam and Eve got out 
of Paradise? 

Snaked out. 

4. What did Eve say:- 
T don't care, Adam. 

5. What were the gates sliut for? 
To kerp i.uT tlie (kim;i air. 

6. Wliat did Adam and Eve do after- 
wards? 

Raised Cain. 



Vice-President Marshall, in his ad- 
dress at the George Washington Uni- 
versity Law School, laid down the rules 
for the moral and professional guidance 
of young, and an occasional old lawyer. 



LEGAL TEX COM>L\NDMEXTS. 
Mere they are in condensed para- 
phrase : 

1. Don't put a fee before a just 
cause. 

2. Don't worship money to the ex- 
lent of heing willing to write a dis- 
honest contract in order to get a large 
fee. 

;k Be a peacemaker; that is the law- 
\er's husiness. 

4. Don't chase ambulances. 

5. Honor your profession as your 
own sacred honor; therefore, do not 
seek or confound litigation. 

C. Don't accept contingent fees. 

7. L-se your influence against the sys- 
tem of allowing attorneys' fees in ad- 
vance of divorce cases. Therein lies the 
evil of the divorce laws; when that ha:^ 
been abolished half the divorce cases 
will be stopped. 

S. Use your influence to compel a 
person charged with crime to testify in 
the cause; the innocent man canm.t be 
harmed thereby. 

0. Take the part of the known crim- 
inal ,but only to sec that justice is tcm- 



63 VyESTiVlINSTER STREET. 

Capital, $500,000. Surplus & Profits, $1,024,203.92 

ORGANIZED I80I 



OFFICERS 

MHCHAEL F. DOOLEY. President. 

Vice-Presidents. FREDERICK S. PECK, JOSEPH, E. FLETCHER 

AUGUSTUS R. PKIRCE. 

C. H. W. ^L\XDEVH.LE, Cashier. 

GEORGE G. WOOD, Asst. Cashier. 



DIRECTORS 

Sanmol M. PMns^tein, 
Cliarlee Fletclier. 
Joseph K. Fletohcr. 
Theodore W. Kotter, 
Gerald T. Ilanb-y, 
Arthur Hcnius, 
Sidney D. Humpluey, 



Newton D. Arnold, 
Walter Cai lender. 
Earle P. Charlctoii, 
Edmund ]). Chesboro, 
?'rank P. ('omstock, 
Arthur W. Dcnnie, 
Michael P. Dooley, 

One of the Oldest and Strongest Banks in Rhode Island 



Charles H. W. Maiulev 
.John Me.Manuf.. 
P'rederick .S. Peek. 
Frank N. Phillips, 
15. Thomas Potter, 
Jojipjih L. Sweet, 
Clarence L. Watson, 



lie. 



77 



\)crcd with mercy. 

1<». Don't inquire as to your client's 
(.i-ckell/uok be lore tlxinj; your fee. 



Eviden.-e is rapi<lly accujuulatinc; 
•ihowin.n that I'ricdniann's Sorum vac- 
ciitation is a sham fraud and a terrilde 
scratch after money and fur no other 



The Talilct unveiled at the old State 
House on May 5, 19i:!, provided by the 
Independence Chapter, D. .\. R., in com- 
memoratioM of Rhode Island Independ- 
ence Day. reads thus: 

MAY 4, ITTH. 
The House of Deputies in this room 
j-.:,s>:rd"-the hlouse ol .WLi.uistraies Uic 
sa;ne date concurring — the Act consti- 
tutin;.,' Rhi'de Island the First Free and 
Independent Republic in America, aiul 
asserted her absolute Independence of 
Knj^land two months before the Declara 
tion of Independence in Philadelphia. 



To comniemoratc the event, this Table! 
is placed by tiie Rhode Island Independ- 
ence Chapter, Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revokition, May 4, 191 :;. 



Rhode Island never made any Decla- 
ration of Independence. It merely re- 
pealed one of its own laws. Tlie fust 
person ever to use the name Declaration 
of Independence concerning this act was 
William R. Staples, in 1S42. He said: 
■"it i'^ ziriuallx a Declaration of Inde- 
pendercc.'" (Amials of Providence. 2y2) . 
The same writer (Staples) says con- 
cerning tile action of a town meeting in 
Providence, on the 7th August, ITG.'). 
nearly a year before: "These resolution^ 
fall "lillU- slioi-r of." "It is virtiiaUy 
a Declaration of Independence (Annals 
of Providence, 210-214). Arnold, writing 
ten years later, followed Staples. "It was 
;'/; effect a Declaration of Independence."' 
(".Arnold's Hist. R. I. 2, .372). Prof. 
W. Cammell, writing twent\ years later, 
followed both Arnold and Staples thus: 
"Tiiese resolutions of the town of Provi- 
dence, of August 7th, 1705, taken as a 
whole, are nearly equivalent to a Declara- 
tion of Independence." (Lippitt's Dec. 
of Independence, p. 19.). Here is onother 
following both Staples and .Arnold : 
"If we mistake not it was the first legis- 
lative act looking to independence." (Co- 
well's Spirit of '7G, in R. 1. IS.-.O). A 
tiling which was "virtually ;" or a "lit- 
tle short:'' or "in effect;" or "nearly 



INDUSTRIAL TRUST COMPANY, 

49 WESTMINSTER ST., PROVIDENCE, R. I. 

Capital, $3,000,000. Surplus $3,000,000. 



HANKING DEPARTMENT — Interest paid on depo.sit.s. Issues 
Certificates of Deposit at attractive rates. Loans and Discounts. 
Collections made on all points on favorable terms. 

FORKlCxN EXCHANGE DEPARTMENT — Forei-n Drafts and 
Letters of Credit available in all parts of the World. Cable 
Transfers. 

TRUST DEPARTMENT— Authorized to accept Trusts. Is a legal 
depositary for irust funds. Acts as Trustee, Executor, Adminis- 
trator, Guardian and as Registrar and Transfer Agent of Coipora- 
tions. 



(qiiiz'iiloit :" or "lookiiuj to" is not an 
actual Declaration. The (k-ncral Assem- 
bly merely repealed a law enaotd liy it- 
self, in ir:.r,. and which left the allegi- 
ance i)ari \^iiere it had I)ecn l;>r a cen- 
tury and a half. Rhode Island -till de- 
clared itself "An English Colony,'' and 
every soldier was made to ser\e under 
an oath <^f alleiriance to the Kir.g of 
Englar.d. What kind of a Declaration 
of Independence was that' 

Anybndx- c;,n read the Re.'ord of the 
action oi the (eneral Assemlil_\ \)y re- 
ferring ti> the printed C'.loni.al Record of 
Rhode Islavd. v, 7. p. '>-22. It hegiu>, "An 
Act repealing an act, entitled an Act for 
the more effectually securing to His 
Majesty the Allegiance of his subjects in 
tVii'c .-,-,!,.,■.>• Tli^ !;...■ repealed was that 
of IT.jG; but it applied only to certain 
subjects, not to all, and" left the allegi- 
ance of ihe People of the Colony just 
where it had been since 1(")4.!. The re- 
mainder of this Rhode Island law was 
copied from the Massachusetts statute 
enacted several months before the R. 1. 
Statute. The language on the tablet is 
utterly false. 



The greatest medical swir.dle in tb.e 
world is vaccination, and Germans call- 
ing themselves "Doctors" are loading this 



coinitry with Scyic,}:. It is not pos- 
sible for any m.m in the world to manu- 
facture Si-nun. Will men never awake 
and stop such rot ? 



IT IS WHOLESOME 







N'MOa BQISdn 

noA Nan± jjuabn tiim jli 

THE SHEPARD COfUPAf^Y, 

251-273 Westminster Street, 

THE R. AND G. COMPANY, 

73 Almy St., Providence, 

TRY THIS TASTE-FULL-TONIC. 

R and G means "Orange." 



(Nineteen (19) Copies, only, remain.) 

The Lands of Rhode Island 

as the}- we're known to 

CAUNOUNICUS AND MIANTUNNOMU 

when RoGKR Williams came in i6-;6. 



An Indian Map of tt,e Principal Locations 

known to the NAHIG ANSKTvS and KLABORATE 
HISTORICAL NOTES by Sidnky S. Ridkr. 

The edition consisted of 495 ; 19 remain to be sold. Price, j)ost 
paid, $9.00. Address the Author, Providence, R. I. 



THE FbNES RECORDS 



These Records were the First ever made of tlic Transfers of the LANDS 
OF the NARRAC-AXSETTvS, from the South h"ne of the C.vcemvkh Towns to 
Long Island Sound; and the earliest transfers by the English settlers. The 
Xame Foiics was given to them in commontalk, because John Foanes, or Fones 
made thcni. They were kept in Secrecy from most men for nearly a centurv 

The Original Manuscript is now in the possession of the State. These 
records go back to the Indians, and cover the lands of every landowner there 
even to this day. I offer a few coi'ies. It is an octavo volume of 200 pages, 
bound in cloth. Price $1.50. 



SIDNEY S, 

73 ALMY STREET, 



RIDER, 



PROVIDENCE, R. I, 



There is not a better maker of shirts 
for men, in Providtnci.-. th-ui my daugh- 
ter, Miss A!mic K. Rider She his }\'.>7 
ianiplcs i)f lliL- cloth wliicli >!ic will u^c. 
She will visit you at any nidmcnt, in 
any day. l<i sluiw you those samjijcs and 
take your height, Itfeadlh. and thickness. 
.\o machine-made l)Uttun holes in the 
shirts she makes. Econonn', durabilit\', 
and a perfect lit is the bed rock of all 
lier work. 



grown city of approximately 13,000 in- 
habitants." The population of Provi- 
dence in jS:;0 Was iCS:,.); in i,^4ij, u was 
2:',,]-i2: in Ks:.(), it was 41„j1.3. The map 
loo, is a curiosity. Westminster did not 
e.vt.-nd be\oi!d llyrdauliaii street. This 



It was a delightful story for mo to 
read in the Journal, '"E.xchange Place, 
Seventy-Five Years -Vgo." It began: 
"This was what George W. Prentice ob- 
served in 1S.J7. Providence five years 
before this had outgrown its tcnvn suit 
of clothes, and was sporting as a full 



name came irom 
located there. 



ire engmo wl 



n w; 



Turk's lload wi 
tern of taxatiiiu: 



refjuire a new sys- 
id the tax will be 



le\ied upon each story, rising as tlu 
building rises; and tlie unearned incre- 
ment is coming into operation. 



The newspapers commend the new 
Superintendent of the Prosidence Pub- 
lic Schools, Mr. Isaac O. Winslow. for 
being a "conservative reformer." To 
be conservative is to be preservative, 



SOUL LIBERTY 

RHODE ISLAND'S GIFT TO THE 



NATION 



An inquiry concerning the validity of the claims made by 
Catholics tliat Maryland was .settled upon that basis (vSoi'i, Lu 
before Roger Williams planted the Colony of Rhode Island. 

— BY — 

SIDNEY S. RIDER. 



Roman 

UiKTv) 



"I feci soniewbat 
treatise, eiilitltd : SOU! 



)n.',inl«-(l will, >oii tin 

ih]:k'i V." .t.y. .v. /,•<» 



ugli my jj.irii;<l jjct u.'-.tI of yr, 



Quarto, 95 pages, .... 

(Twenty-five copies). 



?i.2.S 



8o 



CHARLES C. HARRIKGTON, 
President. 



ROWLAND G. HAZARD, 
Vice-President. 




ECHANICS 



Opposite City Hall and Railroad Station. 

To those desiring to change or make new banking 
connections, we offer the services of this conveni- 
ently located and progressively managed institution. 



H. EDWARD THURSTON, 
Cashier. 



F.DWARD A. HAVENS, 
Asst. Cashier. 



and 
Win 



not ri.'fi>rni.-iti\ e 
,- such woik. 



men will 



acU 



The Swede's "Public Market 
tizts. "Coffee lower; the wholesale jirice | 
of Santos coffee is 25 per cent, lower j 
than year ago; we have reduced our | 
prices on medium grades accordingly.' I 
I have examined (hut witlK.mt a micro 
scope) so I failed to see the reduction 
which apparently has ni)t reached Pro\ i 
dence. 



Is it decent to make a man Commis- 
siiiner of Public Buildings in the City 
of Provideii-ce, whose business it is to 
carry on the building business for the 
moncv to he made out of it? 



OF TKE FINEST MATERI.4L 
TIIF mi FOSSIllLF FrniNTi 
Til!: FlNFSr FRIVATF WORK 

AND 

A Durahility Approaching Ferpetuality 
Orilers Taken for Biitionholes. 

Your MONEY^never 
went so far in SHIRTS 
in theJVORLD before. 

ANfilE E. RIDER, n ALMY STREET. 



BROvVN,LlSLE8.MARSHALL 

Inves tment Securities 

236 Industr al Trust Co. Building, Providence, R, I. 

PUBL/C SERVICE BONDS. 

Tlierc are tlirce elements to be considered in making an investment, Safety. 
I'crniaiicnec and Income. The bonds of eflicienily managed Public Scrviee CoV- 
poralionK oti'eT tlic investor a particularly •well l/alanced combination of tiiese 
essentials. Tbe business is not affected by taritT clianges and is permanent 
becauto it furnishes jjublic ne.;essities. sucii as tbe telejdione, elci.tricily, gap. 
Ktrect raUwavB, etc. liutincbs deprchsious do not interrupt tlie steady Increase in 
earnings. The income is \\\gh in relation to tbe safety of the piin(;i)jal. 

Wc aro in a position to obtain accurate information concerning the 
corporations whose bonds wc offer. 



BOOK NOTES 

HISTORICAL, LITFRAUY AND CRITICAL. 

CONDUCTED BY 

SIDNEY S. RIDER, 

7? ALMY STREET, .... - - PROVIDE.WCE, R. J . 

Entered as Second class Matter, at the Providence, R. I. Post. Office. 



'"'''^"''"^.n^w^^vyf.lT^i^'"''''''- I Saturday, May 24, 1913. 



Thk Pkople Of Pkovide.vck Have for 
Years Paid i'ok I'oous Dour.i.E the 
Pkices Paid i.n Other Cities ai.i, over 
THE United States. Here Foelows 
the U. S. Govi:r.\'.\(Ent Kvidkxce or 
THAT Terkiule Work now ix Prog- 



The fact is tliat pcoiiU- here in Provi- 
dence are payiny for food — meats, cygs, 
hird, butter, etc. — more than any other 
people in any city in the United States 
are nuuie to pay. The foHowing brief 
tal'le I reprint from the Ia.>t issue of 
Book Xotcs: 





Ui C:i -' h4 


t, K K K 


Providence 


..45 33117 20 


9o!65!23!42 


I'hiladelpliia 


..!25US'16 14 


SO'44 2'! 45 


New York City 


. .I24'22'i.=i ]S 


%\'i:\i<s'Ai 


New Haven, Cutii. 


. .'2r,!30'!.'i'lS 


75;f/T2.r37 


Baltimore, Md 


.. 221201 !r,'2o 


75'3^-2f 42 


Boston, Mass 


. . 38;25;i7'2(! 


91H5S '5 40 


Charleston. S. C. .. 


. .20:2(1! 15120 


90'35;20 39 


.\tlant:s Georgia . . 


.. 125:20' 17!25 


•35140 20 -10 


Pittsburdi 


. .|23'20ll6'20 


75'4*>2:-:i40 


Wasl.in^'ton, D. C. 


. .I20;!.<<I14'IS 


9'i 42'20 40 


San Francisco . . . . 


..I20:20'17,15 


150'40''>0's0 


Xew Orleans 


..I1S!15!15'15 


100'36'2040 


Newark. N. J 


..!22:20']SI18 


90 60.22'41 


Minneapolis 

Memi>his, Tenn. ... 


. .!20'20 15114 


70 2^i:lS'35 


..120J12'15I20 


I00:35|1S40 


Cliicat;o 


..!20'22il3;i2 


70!37ll6i39 


Cleveland, Ohio . . 


..l22liS!l6ll5 


84I36116;3S 



According to t!ie abnvt- talilc, which 
[ copied from the Unifeil Slale"^ "Retail 
Prices," lists there is an error, not made 
liy me, but by tlie ("lovcrnmcnt. Sir- 
loin Steak at the Swede's Puljh'c Market 
hen; in Providence, was, is r,ow, and 
has fur years been sold at 50 cents a 



pound — not at 45 cents. Moreover, don't 
allow yourself to be fooled by the use 
of the word Tenderloin instead of Sir- 
loin. The real name is Sirloin, 
and the U. S. (Government so uses 
it. This publication by Book Notes has 
made it necessary for the Providence 
newspapers to wake up, and help the 
people to rid themselves of such out- 
ragious swindles. I will give two spec- 
imens of the advertisements of tliC 
Swede's "I'liblie" Market — mouse-trap 
it should have lieen named. 
1. 

M i<: A T S 

Statistics mean very little unless qual- 
ity or grade is considered. Boston re- 
ceives the highest grade beef shipped 
out of Chicago; Providence ne.xt. then 
Xew York, Worcester, Springfield, 
Hartford, .\lbany, Philadelphia, New- 
ark, \Va-hington, Baltimore and the 
South. 

21c f'^r a sirloin steak out of a grass 
fed Texas cow would not be considered 
a bargain in Providence. 
2. 
\V II A T X E X T 

Xot long ago one of our newspapers, 
in an eti'ort to show the value of a Mu- 
nicipal Market as a "cost of living re- 
ducer,'' ])rinted several colunms, and also 
a i»ieiure of Paneuil H.til Market, Bos- 
ton. 

Thi,-, paper is now trying to prove that 
;-'lc. sirloin ^^eak in Dallas, Texas, is 
the same grade as 45c. steak in Boston. 

Both were pulilishcd in the Evening 
Tribune. 1st. "Boston receives the high- 
est grade beef shipped out of Chicago, 
and Providence next. The Government 



82 



Kei>orts fixed tlic price paid in Boston 
at oS ; and for Proviclciioe at 4j cents a 
pouTi'l. Xow consi<ler: 

According to these Swedes, I'rovi- 
dence received the sccinid f/iiidc of href. 
and charged 45 cents, while D.iston re- 
ceived the highest (jrudc and sold it for 
3S cents. Th.C' entire statements are de- 
liherate falsehoods. Again,— these 

Swedes pid>lished in the Tribune this 
clause, "^!lc. for a sirh'in steak out ot a 
grass fed Texas cinv woidd not he con- 
sidered a bargain in Pro\ idenee." Ccm- 
sider the rot, "a grass fed cow, or ox, 
fed on Texas grass, is poorer in quality 
than the same animals would have been 
had they fed on Xew York grass. There 
is n'-it the slightest truth in sucli state- 
ments. .Agj.:.!. "Th;- p';"- ('-.-f.-'in- o;. 
the i'n.niJcuce Joniiui!) is nou trying 
to pr(-pve that 21e. sirloin steak in Dallas, 
Texas, is the same grade as 4.ic. steak 
in Boston.'' Boston never had a 4.")C. 
sirloin steak, it was the Swede's "Bub- 
lic" Market here in Providence who 
sold it at 4.5 and .jO cents a pound. Ap- 
parently these Swedes have discontinued 
their advertisements in the Providence 
Jounui!.. .At all events, "No. 2. 'What 



Xext,'" I have not been able to find in 
the J.virihil. 

The I-'ii'r,iiuf Tribune prints this 
charming "truth." 

■"Tile statistican- have discovered that 
it costs a fraction more to live in Provi- 
dence than to live in Dallas, Texas. B 
is worth infmitely more.'' 

Is it a fact that human lite, here in 
I'rovidence, is worth iuliniiely more 
tlian it is in Dallas, Texas. Again, ihe 
value of liuman life does not re-t on tlie 
food prices, where men and women live. 

Having ten. ditTereiit prices lor Bainh 
i-n the same day is ohtainint/ juoncy by 
false pretenee. The puri)Ose was, and 
is, to |>lay with the popular fancy, that 
tile better the article, the higher the 

The increasing 7>r!ce for meats ha- 
been steadily attrilnited in the Swede's 
■'I'ublic" Market to scarcity of the sup- 
ply. It scarity of beef in this country 
raised the prices in Providence to 45. 
and oO cents p^r pound, why did it not 
operate the same in Xew Orleans v.-hen 
1.5 cents was the price; or in Chicago, 
and Memphis, and Minneapolis, and San 
Francisco, and Washington, D. C, and 



UNION TRUST COMPANY. 

62 DOBfiANCE ST., CORNER OF V/ESTf-^INSTER ST 



CAPITAL $1,0C0,000. 



SURPLUS $500,000 



A COMMERCIAL BANK AND TRUST COMPANY 



OFinCERS. 

MARSDEN J. PERRY, Chairman of the Board. 

ARAM T. POT} HER, President. 

ARCHIBALD G. LOOMIS. Vice-President. 

HAROLD T. GROSS, Vice-President. 

FRANK E. CHAFKE, Treasurer. 

CHARLES H. SHELDON, Secretary. 

CLINTON F. STEVENS. Ass't Treasurer and Ass't Secretary. 



Samuel M. Nicholson, 
Aram J. Pothier, 
Archibald G. Loomis. 
Harold J. Gross, 
Benjamin A. Jackson, 
Jc^eph Samuels, 



DIRECTORS. 
Arthur II. Watson, 
Clarence L. Watson, 
Marsden J. Perrv, 
William W. DoiiRlas 
Harry Cutler, 
Charles Alexander, 
Michael J. Houlihan. 



Everett L. S 



pencer, 



Albert A. Remington, 
Philip Alien, 
George W. Thurston. 
William B. Grcenough, 
Walter W. Griffith. 



S3 



Charleston, S. C, in all of which cities 
the price was 20 cents, etc., etc. Tlie 
whole businos has l)een nothing; inmc 
n.ir loss tiian a tcrrilic. inlcrnai, iiliyiti- 
niate swindle — and the Pr<.ividcnco 
Ivzciiiug Triluaic suivpurts it. 

Bouxier describes False l^rctLiucs. as 
criminal law; false npresentatiuns and 
statenierts made with a fraudulent de- 
sis;n to ohtaiu nidUey. The cheat must 
be effected by means of simie t.-ken or 
c>>i]tri\ar.ce adapted to impose on or- 
dinary minds. There must be an at- 
lem])l to defraud some person; this ma\ 
be n. ferred fr(mi any fal>e rei)reseni;i- 
tion. The law here in Rhode Island 
runs thus: "Every person who shall 
obtain from another, designed^', liy any 
privy or false token, with intent tu de- 
fraud, niDKcy. shall be deemed guilty oi 
larceny and shall be imprisoned not ex- 
ceeding five years, or be fined for each 
offence not exceeding one thousand dcA- 
lars." (C.encral Laws of R. I., p. ILT.O.) 
Every thing f(.)r sale has a card, on 
each lot; thus iiinttoii, on each leg a 
card wi;h prices numirg from 10 to 21) 
cents a pound. Reef had nearly twenty 
varieties of price, running from 10 to 50 
cents a pe^mid. PouUry had Ki different 
prices, runiung from 1.5 to 30 cents; 



every bird packed solid with intestines, 
Tilled with mamire. and this done to 
f^rcscrvr and purify the flesh of the 
fowl. Sail Pork was 12, KI, 14, Ij, If, 
cents a pound. Rac^^n (IHitch) J(i. ]?. 
IS. P.), 2."> cents a pound. Coffee, l.'), IS, 
22, 2."), 27, 2.S. 2U, ;'.!, Il.i, :j,s cents a pound. 
Tea, 20. 25. ;!5. liS, 45. .50, GO. 75. SO; and 
ever\thing else in the same way. People 
have been told, and made to believe that 
the higher the price, the better tlie (|ual- 
ity. 'J'hese Swedish gentlement played on 
this hone>l and inni-,cent belief, and thus 
swijied millions of dollars out of the 
hands and j)ockets of the men who carn- 
e<l it. 



Oliver Wendell Holmes is an Asso- 
ciate Ju-tice ot Uie U. S. Supreme 
Court. At a recent dinner somewhere, 
he said these things in an oratiou, in 
April. P.li;5: 

"Science has taught tlie world scepti- 
ci.sm," the Justice said. Ijy way of pref- 
ace, "and made it legitimate to put 
everything to the test of proof. 

"Of course, we are not excepted," he 
said, referring to the Supreme Court. 
"Xot only are we told that when .^^ar- 
shall pronounced an act of Congress 
unconstitutional he usurped a i)Ower that 



PROVIDIlNCE BANKING CO., 

141 wtrsTriiNsrci? sr., pi^on'idizncii, p. i. 



.OCAL STOCKS, BONDS 



AND- 



MigKGraclehivestmenI- Securities 

Orders executed on the New York and Boston Stock 
Exchange. Foreign Exchange bought and sold. Letters of 
Credit furnished for travelers. 



^4 



the Constitution did not give, but we are 
told that wc are the representatives of 
a class— <j /('('/ "/ the tuoucy /'.ru.r. 1 
get letters not always anonyiiiuus. in- 
timating that wc are c<irrupt. 

"But wo inusl take sueh things phil*.*- 
sophically and try to see what we can 
learn from hatred and distnist and 
whether behind thcni tliere may not be 
some germ of inarticulate trulli," he 
added r 

"The attacks on the eouri are merely 
an expression of the unrest that seems 
to wonder vaguely whether law and 
order pay." 

While President Taft held his Presi- 
dential office, he said, practically, that 
a poor man had nn show for jusliee in 

the courts ,'■> tlu^y noiv ^vi^t AJr Jmc. 

tice liomlcs, sun of the great Ductor- 
Poet of Bostiin, uses this fine thought. 
"Science has taught the world scepti- 
cism." It is strange that any Judge 
should ever speak such mt. Science 
has exposed the utter rot of the works 
of corrupt men in all things necessary 
to support human life, and these dis- 
coveries, by scientific work, have shown 
us the necessity of investigation 



In case you have any curiosity con- 
cerning tlie way in which taxation of 
real estate has been levied here in Prov- 
idence, study the real estate tax levied 
upon W K. Reynolds then an Alder- 
man from say 1001 to li'll ; then com- 
pare his tax with that levied Ufion Sid- 
ney S. Rider for the same year; then 
compare the two estates. Sueh work 
was, as 1 now see it, simi)ly damnable. 
l'eside>. Reynolds was a p.-)litical trick- 
ster who talked one way. and acted an- 
other wav. 



The IlvctiUuj Tribune gives us a big 
heading. "Tt) RF.DUCH POWER Ol" 
MII.K IXSPHCTOIV' hy making the 
insnector suliordinate to the "Siiperln- 
tendcnr' of Health. 

Is not hen mainire detrimental to 
human health? Then why does the 
Sul-erinteiulent of Health permit the 
Swede's Public Market to sell every fowl 
loaded with it? The Milk Inspector 
would go also "Scot free." According 
to evidence so far given, he is a niPncy 
grafter, engaged in twisting human jus- 
tice. 



THE NATieNAL EXCHANGE BAN! 



I 

h 

63 WESTMINSTER STREET. 

Capital. $500,000. Surplus & Profits, $1,024,203.92 
ORGANIZED ISOl 



OFFICERS 

MHCHAEL F. DvOOLEY. President. 

Vice-Presidents, FREDERICK S. PECK. JOSEPH E. FLETCHER, 

AUGUSTUS R. PKIRCE. 

C. H. W. MANDEVILLE, Cashier. 

GEORHE O. WOOD, Asst. Cashier. 



Newton D. Arnold, 
Walter Callend'-r. 
Earle ]\ Charlelon, 
Kdinuud D. Cheshoro, 
Frank P. Comstock, 
Arthur W. Dennis, 
Michael F. Dooley, 



DIRECTORS 

Samuel M. Kinstein, 
Charles Fletcher, 
.losci-h E. Fleieher, 
Theodore W. Foster, 
Gerald T. Han ley, 
Arthur Henius, 
Sidney I). Huni]jhrey, 



Charles 11. W. Mandcville, 
•John McManuK. 
Frederick S. Peek, 
Frank N. I'hillips, 
B. Thomas Potter, 
Joseph Jj. Swefit, 
Clareiice L. >Vat&on, 



One of the Oldest and Strongest Banks in Rhode Island 



It was in August, 1912, that tlie Provi- 
dence Journal began oxpooing the ras- 
calities in proyress h\' the men wIid 
"maiiageil" ilie iiUeiinr ol the Rlimle 
Island State PriMiii, from McCn>ker. 
the warden. d«^\vn to the lowest .unard. 
An invcstigati>)n. I'eehle in strength, hul 
long-lived, followed. 'I'he cxi)'.sure 
grew scandalcius, hui the rro\ider:ce 
Evening Tribune ^\ci<i^\\d^^\ it, all the 
while dannn'ng the Jonrihi,'. On the .'ith 
of CX-toher, r.orenz, a murderer of the 
vilest kind, tlien in pri^(ln for life, es- 
caped. It was in tiie earl}- morning, 
from the State Prison H:d;t ry where he 
worked thai he tied; and leaping over 
the pris'.in wall while the gu.ird's face 
was wlierc his hack should have been, 
leaving I.orenz a free and secret jump, 
lie mu.-t have sunk out o| -iglrt iTitc^ihe 
earth, for he has ne\er yet turned up. A 
whisper squirmed through m\' front 
door; it sounded thus, ">omohiid\' sent 
money irom f.erniany, somehody here 
got it, it freed Lorenz, who got that 
money? l^id it oil the neck of a guard. 



that his face was turned?'' 



The iMction of today, pulilished in 
books, is the rottenest c:cr, rrvr, pub- 
lished on the globe, and of far va-ter 



volume. It wipes the word virtue out 
of the English vocabulary. The im- 
(Hirtance. and iulluence, and wcirth of 
books, was c!ear]_\ understood by Soc- 
lates two thousaml years before the 
things which wo ni">w know as bo^jks 
came into existence. I venture to re- 
publish what Socrates said and believed. 
Socrates had an interview with 
IMiatdrus touching the views luld by 
Lysias on the wortli of a "lover," or a 
"niTn-Iover."' Lysias held that a "'non- 
lover'" sliuuld be accepted, r.ither than 
the "lover." Then came Socrate- with 
this: "Oh that i.-. noble of him; and I 
wish thai he would say a poor man than 
a rich, and an old man rather th;in a 
}oung one, then his word wi 
charming ami of pul)lic utility." 
sure tiiat i'uaedrus Ueard the w 



ild be 

1 am 

rds of 



L\-ias not only once, but again and 
again he made him say them, and Ly- 
sias was very willing to gratify him. 
-At last when nothing else would s.'itisfy 
him, he got hold of the biu)k and saw 
what he wanted." Plato's Works, v. 3. p. 



The chief business of the "Circulat- 
ig'' Libraries today, is the dissemina- 
rm of this corrupt, and dangerous stut^' 
died "Novels," or "Fiction." The 



NDUSTRIAL TRUST COMPANY, 

49 WESTMINSTER ST., PROVIDENCE, R. I. 

C&pltal, $3,000,000. Surplus $3,000,000, 



HANKING DHPARTMKNT — Interest paid on dcposiPs. Is.sue.s 
Certificates of Deposit at attractive rates. Loans and Discounts. 
Collections made on all points on favorable terms. 

KORIUGN EXCHANGE DEPARTMENT — Foreign Drafts and 
Letters of Credit available in all parts of the World. Cable 
Transfers. 

TRUST DEPARTMENT— Authorized to accept Tru.sts. Is a legal 
depositary for trust funds. Acts as Trustee, Executor, Adminis- 
trator, Guardian and as Registrar and Transfer Agent of Coipora- 
tions. 



§6 



publication of a Novel based on imagi- 
nary facts, clean and pure, and written 
by a man. or uiiinan, [irovidcd with 
human reason, after a careful siu(l\. by 
a trained mind, is good, and v.iluabie to 
readers. Practicrdly nothing of the 
kind today exists. (.".<) and read Sir 
Walter Sci.>;t's .■lutiijiiary : i>r his 7'(7/;.v- 
iiuiii; or his (Juciiliii }')iir:ciir(i : or in 
trutli any of his W'avcrly Xovcls. ilicy 
will ne\Lr do ymi mental n<)r moral in- 
jury. So also is i( with Mrs. W'ister's 
rendering int.' ICnglish a lot of (".erman 
Xovcls. "The Old Mam'selle's Secre'." 
<>r '"(".old l-'l-ie,"' or any. and all. of her 
publications. Our minds grow by oleva- 
tirm, not by descent — the stronger the 
mind, the haiipier th.c man or w^inan whii 
has, it; an'jther great blcssinir is ours: we 
c::n clci'.n, pinil}, pri'lect and strcng'.Iicr. 
our mind — but never by the rotten stufl 
now being so largely printed, and sca'- 
tered over this country. The J-'ulibc Lib- 
rary here is largely a circidating library, 
I have never seen a record of its circu- 
lation of the departments of literature, 
for instance Law, Medicine, Ririgrajihy, 
P'oetry, History, Fiction, but I believe 
that this immacula'ic b'iction excels them 
all, to the positive destruction of the 
mental, or moral forces, which nature 
first planted in us. 



In Xew York City there is an Amer- 
ican llooksellers' Association. It had 
its arnu.tl meeting ^Liv !.">. Five lunul- 



IT IS WHOLESOME 




NMoa 3aisdn 

no A NiJnj. tli.A3N miA\ jli 

THE SHEPARO COMPhm, 

251-273 Westminster Street, 

THE R. kUD G. COSViPArJY, 

73 Alniy St., Providence. 

TRY THIS TASTE-FULL-TONIC. 
R and G means "Orange." 



(Nineteen (19) Copies, only, remain.) 

The Lands of Rhode Island 

as Ihc}' were known to 

CAUNOUNICUS AND MIANTUNNOMU 

when RoGJCR Wiij.iams came in 16^6. 



An Indian Map ofti,e Principal Locations 

known to the NAHIGANSETS and ELABORATK 
HISTORICAL NOTES by Sidney S. Rider. 

The edition consisted of 495 ; 19 remain to be sold. Price, po.st 
paid, $9.00. Address the Author, Providence, R. I. 



S7 



THE FONES RECORDS, 

These RcLOids were the First ever made of the Transfers of the LANDS 
OF the XARRAGAKSETTS, from the South line of the Ckeenwidi Towns to 
Long Ishiud Sound; and the eaniiest transfers by tlie English settlers. The 
Xanie Foncs was given to them in comniontalk, because John Foanes, or Fones 
made tliem. They were kept in Secrecy from most men for nearly a century 

The Original .Manuscript is now in the possession of the State. These 
records go back to the Indians, and cover the Lands of every landowner there 
even to this day. I offer a few copies. It is an octavo voUmie of 200 pages, 
bound in cloth. Price $1.50. 

SIDNEY S. RIDER, 

73 AI.MV vSTRKKT, PROVIDHNCE, R. I. 



red booksellers were present. 
McKa\e, described as being a pc 
livered tliis speech, "Hailing tl 
scmbled l..ukr,dicrs af the real 1 
of literature, because they have 
tlieir power i<j guide the taste < 
pul)!ic.'' If that is true, then a 
moral nastine-s rests upon then 
it is not true. Booksellers buy 
the peo]>le wish [o buy. 



Percy 


ct, de- 


le as- 


ivikers 


it m 


r.f the 


11 this 


1; but 


what 



It seems new to me, the naming of 
public buildings after the trees; the livcn- 
iiiij Tribune applies tlie wc>rd plums to 
a city Councilman's work, hence City 
Hall is a plum tree. Ye<, the City Mall 
is a plum tree, and the State House is 
a Tartarian I loney Suckle, or a .Money 
Sucker. 



Tlierc is not a better maker of shirts 
for men, in Providence, than my daugh- 
ter, ^iI^s Annie L. Rid^r. She iias .ri;«i 
samples of tlie cloth which she will use. 
She will visit you at any moment, in 
any day, to show you these samples and 
take your height, breadth, and thickness. 
Xo machine-made button holes in the 
shirts she makes. Economy, durability, 
and a perfect lit is the bed rock of all 
her work. 



Read this clipping, and consider it, 
arid act under it. and your lives will be 
hjnger, and pleasanter, and hapijier. Sir 
William Temple wrote it — the greatest 



SOUL LIBERTY 

RHODK LSLAND'S GIl-T TO THK 

NATIOiX'. 

At! inquiry concerning the validity of the claini.s made by Roman 
Catholics that Maryland \va.s settled njxjn that basis (Soi'L l^nniKTv) 
before Roger Williams planted the Color.y of Rhode Island. 

-BY- 
SIDNEY S . k i D l£ R . 



" I feci Koiiiewliat f 
tieali.se, tiititlfd: SOU I, 



iiilcd with \oii tlirou;.'J) juy i.arLia! j-ei \i.sa! (>( \ oiu m aslii I\ 
;i<TV." .l.J. S. }:vu,dtov. Mi,u,„a>y S,■r^, U a',/nvy.l„v . !.(' 



Quarto, 95i>'iSt^' .... 
(Twenty-five copies) 



.1.25 



CHARI.KS C. HARRINGTON, ROWLAND G. HAZARD, 

President. Vice-President. 



M 



gf.t-'s.^ 



.is::-s. 






NATIONAL BA 

Opposite City Kail and Railroad Stetion. 

To those desiring to cliaiige or make new banking 
connections, we offer the services of this couveni- 
entl}- located and progressively managed institution. 

H. EOWAUU THURSTON', EDWARD A. HAVENS, 

Cashier. ' Asst. Cashier. 



l-jiglish scliular, and urilcr uf his 



r-,-;;;;:l:;:r:;1.^:;.::: \ GENTLEMEN'S SHIRTS 



OF THE FINEST MATFRIAl 
THE BEST rOSSIIiEE FITTING 



plivi-i^'ian wlio tuhi hk', in tlii,- I'aiiaii 

times, he found most of his patienls s 

disturhed hv trouliles nf conscieni: 

that he uas' forced to phiy the Divine , THE FINEST FRIVATE WOKK 

with them, hct\>re ho could begin the i and 

I'hysician; whose greatest skill often lies \ A Durabllil}' Approachlllg Ferpctualitj 

in the infusing of ho[)es ; ami inducing ' 

composure and tranquility of mind, be- ; OfuerS TakeO fOf ButtOllholeS. 

for<; tliey enter upon tile other I 'perations ' 

of their art; and thi. ought to be the ! YOUr MONEY JieVer 

first endeavor of ,e\ery p;aient, too 

without which all medicines may lost 

their virtue."' If you v.ill do as S'w 

William tells you to do, ><iu will ne\ei 

need ])ois'in matter froi7i a cow's tai 

thrust into your flesh. 



went SO far in SHIRTS 
in thojmUd before. 

ANNIE E. RIDER, 7-^ ALMY STREET. 



BROWN, USLE&MARSHALL 

Investment Securities 

236 Industral Trust Co. Building, Providence, R. I. 

PUBL/C SERVICE BONDS. 

Tliere are three eleinontH to be considered in malting an investment, Safety, 
Pennanenee and Ineoine. The bonds of ettieiently mana^zed i'ultjic .Scrv!c(' CoV- 
l>orationfi olter the investor a particularly well balau.jcd combination of these 
essentials. The business i^ not atfeeted* by tariff oiianges and is i.crmanent 
because it furnishes public necessities, sueli as ilie telojdione, eleetrieity, i^as, 
street railways, etc. business depressions do not interrupt the steady increase iil 
earnings. The income is high in relation to the safety of the principal. 

\Vc are in a position to obtain accurate information coucernin<r ihe 
corporations wliose bonds we offer. " 



BOOK NOTES 

HISTORICAL, LITEKAKY AND CRITICAL. 

CONOUCTKD BY 

SIDNEY vS. RIDER, 

7j ALAfV STREET, .... . . PROyiVE.XCE, K. I. 

Entered as Second class Matter, ?! the Providence, R. 1. Post Office. 



''^^"^srtfJircZT-.'.cJ'n^tr'^'^- I Saturday, June 7, 1913. 



Vol. sn 
No. ]1. 



How Errand Boy.s C.rew to rk (1ki£\t 

My great cniiknipMr.iry, tlic Prmidt'iuc 
jdunial. is pulili-liiiig articles aluiut 
•'Oftice n..ys who made youd Providence 
men, imw at tlie liead of Itusiness liiiuse.-~, 



the la(hier. and tell iinw. huw they used 
luimbie oppiirtunitie.s on the ruad lo suc- 
cess." Airain. "I'Vom the Bottom Runt; — 
Providence P)U--iness Leaders who have 
Cliinhed tlie Ladder." As 1 mnv look 
hack tc> the careers of these men, as they 
are descrihed. hy the men thenise!\cs, 
my curio?ity is arcmsed to con^icK-r li.jw 
these men climhed the ladder.s of the 
bu'^ine.ss where they were ot'tice hoy- 
How, and when, did James T. h'ield huild 
ui> the hardware husiTUss of ISarker- 
Cliad.-ey and company? It was ortrau- 
ized. an<l l)-jilt up, hy Joseph A. P.arkcr, 
in 18:!."., and continued hy him nntil 
ho had e>tahlished the hu-iness, 
and accpu'red a fortune. Ww P.ar- 
ker took in no jjaitner. I'ifieen year.-. 
k-iter, ahout is.-.o, .Mr Marker t..ok into 
parlncrslnp Willl.-im Whitakcr; a.nd lie 
also acquind a fortune. .Mr. I'ieM wa^ 
not tlierc to lielp them. Ho did mA enter 
the shop until -[^iV.^. He created no hu.si- 
ness, he simply j^rahhcd r.n to what had 
licen rstahiished hefore lie was horn. 
Charles J. D.avo] I,,ul not the sliKhlot 
liand in the building'- up of the l)U.-.ines> | 
of the iJavol Kuhher company. Jo-,-ph 
l)a\o! Ix.uylit tlie "phm;." with the as- 
sistance >A a marria.Lfc. out of whicli 
came Charles J. Davol. Charlie lived on 
tile tiame street that \ myself li\ed on, 



and rais,ed the very devil. Charles Bu-di 
workcfl in Earl P. Mason's whoK-sale 
driit; luisine^s. but Lush never originated 
it or climbed the Mason ladder; the 
others, comi'ared to mc are mere chiM- 
ren. One more of these men at the 
"[lead of JUisiness,'" developing; out of 

riciu'; Paine I,;iwton. Since this Lawton 
article touches me personally. I mu-t i e- 
produce a part of it. Put, tirst. a word 
about the^e nn'ddle names. "Fabricius — 
Paine." John h'aljricius was a learned 
J"renchman, !>orn near the hegiimin.t; of 
tile ei.udileenth century. He was !earne<I 
both as a P.ib!irigra[)her and a Free 
Thinker concernini; relii;ion. In ls()<'.. 
a ij.iok written by Fabricius. ihree iiuar- 
ters of a century, more or le^>. before, 
was i)ublishcd in France. It.- name was 
"'J'heologic dc I'cau ;'' and Thomas Paine, 
everybody knows, was the authi>r of 
"The .Xge of Reason," hitherto consider- 
ed the most damnable book of infidelity 
ever printed. I knew the father of th- 
son. J. ]•". I'. ?,., and harl many talk., 
with him. Here I come to the para- 
.^raphs to which I have alluded. 

".\fter I left Mv. Wri-ht's employ." 
said .Mr. Lav/ton, "I became bookkee(a r 
f'lr Ceorge H. Whitney, the leading 
I'ook-scller of Providence. There I was 
associated with Sidney S. Rider, .^am- 
I'.el \y. Drown, later and for many 
>e,irs city clerk, whose place at the bo,,ks 
1 e\cntually took, and James Cran<lon. 

My experience here helped mc a great 
deal in after h'fe, for the Whitney .,lorc 
was thc.rcndezv.,ns of the mo-l learned 
men of Providence, one oi whom v,as 



90 



the then Prof. Aiigcll. later editor of 
tlic Providi'iicc Journal, and n(nv Prcsi- 
dtnt-cnieritiis o{ the University of Micli- 
lyati. 

"I was getting $in a week with Mr. 
Whitney, which was eoiisidered higli pay 
for h(>okkeei)ing at that period. Many 
are the Immorius features 1 n<>w recall 
in eoiui<x~tion witli pi^sliny-up. There 
was one liitle viilunic whicli was ex- 
tremely jiopular. 1 remember how 1 
almost fell ott my high stool one day 
when .Mr. Kidcr ealle<l nut: "Cliarge 
Mayor Doyle with three little pigs.' The 
Mayor was not buying pork, neither 
was Mr. Wliitncy dealing in it. 'Three 
Little Pigs' was the title of a hock." 

Mr. Lawlon came to Mr. Whitney'^ 

• - •'••'^ '"■ ■- ' ^^- ;<> a hookkee[.rr, in 

ISJT. 1 had served in that hook store 
ten years before .Mr. Lawtoti called in. 
lie left Whitney's to work us a book- 
keeper at 12 Steeple street, the hrm 
name was John (".orham and Cf>.. silver- 
smiths; this firm began business in, or 
about IStr. Cori>'>rations iiad not then 
been invented to apply to sh..>[)b or mills, 
and only the Devil knows wliat. Before 



ISIO less tlian 40 corporations had been 
created. I'Vom 1S40 to 1874, four hund- 
red and ninety- four had lieen created 
bv the General Assembly. There were 
two Gorhani conserns, John Gorham and 
Co., on Steeple street ; and "Gorham 
Company and Brown." on Westminster 
street in the Franklin Lyceum l>uilding. 
This last firm included Lewis Dexter, 
Jr., and Henry T. r>rown, who was a 
clerk in a dry goods shop. I will con- 
sider for a brief few nn'nutts the clever 
little anecdote printed by Mr. Lawton. 
above. Mere it is: 'T remember how 
1 almost fell ot¥ my high stool one day 
when Mr. Rider called out: 'Charge 
Mayor Doyle with 'three little i>igs," " etc. 
-Mr. Lawton came to work as a book- 
kcepi r for G.-orge H. Wiiitney, ai)f)Ut 
IN.JC. I hdd worked for .Mr. Hurnetl; 
and after him for Mr. Whitney ten 
years, when .Mr. Lawton came there 
to work as a bookkeeper. lie was 
at work there in ISoT, 18.")S. is.30, and 
possibly in ISflo. But in 1Sf>l he was at 
wc)rk for John Gorham and Co., siher- 
smiths, at I'J Steeple street. .-Vt that 
time I had a book store of my own 



UNION TRUST COMPANY. 

62 DORHANCE ST., COHNER OV V^ESTMINSTER ST 

CAPITAL $1,000,000. 



SURPLUS $500,000 



A COMMERCIAL BANK AND TRUST COMPANY. 



OFFICERS. 

MARSDKN J. PERRY. Chairman of the Board. 

ARAM J. POTHIER, President. 

ARCHIBALD 0. LOOM IS. Vice-President. 

HAROLD L GROSS, Vice-President. 

FRANK E. CHAFEE. Treasurer. 

CHARLES H. SHELDON', Secretary. 

CLINTON F. STEVENS, Ass't Treasurer and A'ss't Secretary. 



Samuel M. Nicholson, 
Aram J. Pothicr, 
Archibald G. Loomis. 
Harold J. Gross, 
Benjamin A. Jackson, 
Joseph Samuels, 



DIRECTORS. 
Arthur H. Watson, 
Clarence L. Watson, 
Marsdcn J. Perry. 
William W. Douglas, 
Harry Cutler, 
Charles Alexander, 
Michael J. Houlihan. 



Everett L. Spencer, 
Albert A. Remington, 
Philip Allen, 
George W. Tiiurston, 
William B. Greenough, 
Walter W. Griffith. 



9^ 



at 17 Westminster street; and Thomas | 
A. Doyle was elected for the first time i 
mayor of Providence in Jnne. isr.4. j 
1 could never have called "Mayor j 
Doyle"' until lSu4, and l.awton did i 
not then occupy a "high btool" j 
in my shop. Xevertheless. I be- I 
lieve hi;, story save in the u>e of the I 
titU- "Mayi.r." Thv " Ihree Lit:le Pigs" i 
was an linglish colored toy hook, which | 
1 well rememher. 1 am led to consider ! 
by the~e things how far behind the^e } 
men I waddled. 1 am .going to tell the ' 
business begiiming of my own life. 1 

My father died at Pom fret, Connec- ' 
ticut. January 2nd. ]S4;>, on a farm | 
which he had taken in exchange for a | 
mill for making warp-, which he then j 
owned, aT S-'uib Adam:. Ma;;;. My I 
father was barely cold in ihe ground 
before my two grandfathers began 
squeezing the money and property from 
my mother, wh.ich my father had failed 
to carry with him, and so left it in 
my mother's hands for a brief period. 
In April, 1S47, we removed from the 
I'omfret estate which mother was forced 
by her relatives to si-11, and we went 
to Providence to live. My grandfather 
Turner took me on the 2t)th of .-\pril. 
1S47, to a book store kept by Charles 



Burnett. Jr., at number 3 Westminster 
street. 1 was to open the shop at seven 
o'clock in the morning, take down heavy 
"shutters." e>>vering the front windows, 
sweep the tloors. dust all thr counters, 
and carry out all parcehs and a huge 
package of magazines to the homes of 
the peoplf taking them. My work ended 
at nine o'clock at night. The wages 
v.hich were paid for my w-.rk wa> $1.00 
per week. ] .still p.sse-s the accounts 
given to nu-. showing m_\- iiult-bti'Jnrss 
to Charles liurnett, Jr., written by Daniel 
L. Rawson. Mr. Burnett's bor.k'Keeper. 
April 2t; to Decendier, my mother was 
paid :?:;(•,.()(). j was thirteen and a half 
years old when 1 was set at u.i.'-k. 
On tin.- hrst day of Janiiar\-, is4.s, my 
■vag-:;-. v.\,r^ i,i>..vci.-id lo $i..")U pt-r week, 
i still ha\e Daniel L. Kawson's account 
of my iiuiel'U'Jiu-ss to .Mr. Burnett, but 
1 never owed him a cent. ( )n tlir 27th 
of September. 1S4.S. Charles Bm-nefl. Jr.. 
died. On the 8th of DecemlK-r of the 
same year ("«eorge 11. Whitney, a man 
from Boston, Mass.. bought and took 
posscssi(jn of the Burnett Bo..k Shop. 
^^r. Whitney was a man who literally 
knew nothing of ho,)ks, nor of what 
was in them. Mr. Whitney contiiuied 
me in his service. James ]\. Cian.ston 



PPOVIDtlNCE BANKING CO.. 

141 WltSTrilMSTCP ST., PPOVIDENCC, Q, I. 



LOCAL STOCKS, BONDS 

AND 

HigKGraclelPivestmentSecurilies 

Orders executed on tlie New York and Boston Stock 
Exchange. Foreign Exchange bought and sold. Letters of 
Credit furnished for travelers. 



92 



and Saimiel W. Brown were clerks for 
Burnett; Brown became bookkceiier 
after Daniel L. K;iw5wn left. One of 
my duties was to make a i'lre in a fur- 
nace in cold weather. 1 Iia<i never be- 
fore seen, or beard of, a furnace. WIku- 
ever llie tide wa-; high, the salt water 
was a foot deep in this cellar. Brown 
and C'ran-ton were in constant quarrels; 
and Whitney dismissid Brown, who 
went to New York city, clerk in a pic- 
ture shop. 

Following; Samuel W. Brown'-; de- 
parture came J. 1". 1". I.awton, to whom 
i have referred abo\e in this paper. 
During the winters of ]m:-1S4^ I had 
to build, and take care of the fires in the 
furnace. Jnst then came in extrai^irdinary 
i'-cidents in my future career. Some hu'-^e 
shelving had been built, fonniiif; large 
compartments; these compartments were 
packet! solid vOth pamphlets; my curieis- 
ity was awakened to look at them while 
the furnace tire was developing. One 
day I found one written b^- I'Vancis 
Wayl.'md ; I had seen him in the store, 
and watched him with awe, as the Presi- 
dent of Brown Universitv, for 1 had 



been around the building every day for 
MMiiths. Another pamphlet I found, 
written by Kev. Kdward P,. Hall; and 
another by Rev. James X. (".ranger, both 
ot whom 1 had seen many times. I car- 
ried Littell's l.kiiig Age to Owen Ma- 
son. 1 socm aroused his curiosity, and 
he helped me to think. He began teach- 
ing me to read the French langua.ge. and 
led me to a copy of Bossuet's Discours 
sill riiistoirc uiii:\'rscllc JL-piiis Ic coiii- 
iswiiicniciit (ill iiioiiifc jus(iu'ti rcnipirc 
dc CInvIoiuujv.c. Child that I was. I 
have never forgotten the grandure of 
his l.inguage, not the glorious story 
which he wrote, .\nother man whose 
name 1 had not then heard, I di-covered 
while making furnace llres, was Roger 
W'iiiiam.-. I roumi a iioie (.coii(ill'i«. I 

published in Providence by a firm. Bur- 
nett and Blodgett, in \M?,. Mr. Burnett 
was the man for \\ hom 1 was then work- 
ing. The name of the pamphlet was 
"Origin of the Bai>tists'' from the reign 
of the y{mperor Charles V, by William 
Ivoberlson. It had 20 i)ages. On the 
title page were also these words, ".\n 
F.nigma for the People." On pa.ge 14 I 



THE NATINAL EXCHANGE BANK, 

63 WESTMINSTER STREET. 

Capital. $500,000. Surplus & Profits, $1,024,203.92 
. ORGANIZED ISOl 



OFFICERS 

MIICITAEL F. DOOI.EY. President. 

Vice-Presidents, FREDERICK S. PECK, JOSEPH E. FLETCHER, 

AUGUSTUS R. PEIRCE. 

C. H. W. MANDEVILLE, Cashier. 

GEORGE G. WOOD, Asst. Cashier. 



DIRECTORS 

.Samuel M. Kin&tein, 
Charles Fletcher. 
Joseph E. Fletcher, 
'J'heodore W. Foster, 
Gerald T. llanley, 
Arthur Heniut;, 
.Sidney D. IIumj>hrey, 

One of the Oldest and Strongest Banks in Rhode Island 



Newton D. Arnold, 
Walter Callender, 
Karle 1*. (Jbarkton, 
Fdninnd D. Chesboro, 
Frank 1'. Conistoek, 
Arthur \W . Dennis, 
Michael F. Doolcy, 



Charles 11. W. ^fandevillfc, 
John McMannp. 
Frederick S. Peck, 
Frank X. Pliiliii.s, 
15. Thomas Potter, 
JoReith L. Sweet, 
Clarence L. Watson, 



93 



found it, and found there things ct which 


Washington, I"). C., a new walking step 


I had ne\cr ])efort' ioen, nor licaid. 


was develo[ied; the females, they can- 


"The wile of r.ne Scott liein.t,^ ipf>cted 


r.it he called hidics. named it the "Wil- 


witli anabaptistiy, and going tlie la~t 


son Waggle." Just so it was naming a 


years to live in Providence, Mr. W'il- 


new thuu-e '"The Turkey Tn^t." Such 


hanis was enib'ihlened h\' her to niak ■ 


work is rot i^nl> new, but it is nasty. 


open profession thicreof. and according- 


Ves. it's, a great age. 


ly was n-I.aptised hy one Holcmaii. a 


In a precious little book which I liave 


iiiean fellow." Again. '"Being set- 


had for many years. I came across this 


tled in this place which fr..m the kind- 


cu^i(^ns. but interesting paper: ".VocAi /re- 


ness of (;,(,d tiiey called Pro\ idence." 


called beauty a short-lived tyranny; 


p. ir>. It was this work that lirvt led me 


•'Into, a ]irivilege of nature: Tliro/'linis- 


into the collection, and the study, aTul 


fiis, a silent cheat; Tlirocritiis. a delight- 


the preservation i>f Rhode Uland His- 


fid prejudice: Ctiriu\nlrs, a sr>litarv 


tor\', and resulted in the collection, pres- 


kingdom; /\>iiiitiiiii said that nothing 


ervation, and annotation of the great 


was more grateful; .Ins'ntic airnined 


Iihrar_\' mjw in the liljrary of Brown 


that beauty was better than all the let- 


Uni\ersity under the name: 


ters of reci immendation in the world; 


•'The Rider ColhctiMn of Rhode Is- 


/ /filler, that 'twas a glorious gift of 


hir.l lii.slory. formed hy Si'iney Smith 


n;iinre: (':/(/, alUuIing to Uoiiiri, calls 


Rider of Providence, duruig a period oi 


it a fa\or bestowed by the gods." If 


more than tlfty >ears. and [iresented to 


that drie-n't set >ou thinking, nothing 


Brown I'nixeri^ity in 19().") hy Mar-^dcn 


ever will. 


J. Perrv." 






- 


While her<' in Prinidence vaccinating 


This is a great age. in its descent of 


on the 2^th and 2".tth of May. this lan- 


thonght anel decency of action ; intel- 


guage took place between Dr. Fried- 


lectiialK' spe.akin.g. there has not been 


mann and . 


a greater drop, since the day when the 


"Me was asked if he had any commen.t 


books of Herodotus were thrown int') 


to makf .)n the fact that some oi the 


the wa^te ixijier mill, or the gutter. In 


r-atients whom he had treated had died. 



INDUSTRIAL TRUST COMPANY. 

49 WESTMINSTER ST., PROVIDENCE. R. I. 

Capital, §3,000,000. Surplus $3,000,000. 



BANKING DHPARTMKNT — Interest paid on deposits. 
Certificates of Deposit at attractive rates. Loans and Dis 
Collections made on all points on favorable terms. 

FOREICxN EXCHANGE DEPARTMI-NT — Foreign Dra 
Letters of Credit available in all parts of the World. 
Transfers. 

TRUST DICPARTMENT— Authorized to accept Trusts. Is 
depositary for trust funds. Acts as Trustee, J;xecutor, A 
trator, Guardian and as Registrar and Transfer Agent of C 
tions. 



Issues 
■counts. 

fts and 
Cable 

a legal 
('minis- 
oijiora- 



94 



'Ah, I have already said,' rcplictl bo. 
"that 1 have no remedy agaiiibt death.'' 
If his turtle germs were a pirfect anti- 
d"tc to death l.y Tiiliereulosis what v.a.- 
it but a rem-dy against death? 



Did any man in Germany send money 
here to I*ro\ idrnce to get Lorenz out i^\ 
prison, where he was sentenced for mur- 
der; and the foulest of crimes. To whom 
was tiie money sent and wlio prepared 
the way foi' Lorenz to jump o\er the 
prison walls? 



.\o man can live except by walking 
upon the earib ; and bj' sleeping upon 
the earth; and getting, and eating food 
fn)m the earth. Wliat right have other 
men, t hem-el \es knowing these condi- 
tions, to seize possession of the earth, in 
order to force money out of the posses- 
sion of poor humanity? 



The best that you can do with a good 
tliDUgin, is to put it into black printers' 
ink and keep it in existence. 



Wilhntit pure milk the human race 
will cease to exist Iiere on earth — and 
>ou >it still ami do nothing with men 
who are at wmk destroying the first and 
greatest necessity of actual life. 



Sunda\- morning 1 picked up in th 
Ureet arountl my hnuse, :!.S stones, a' 
brown by children at each other. 



IT IS WHOLESOME 




NMOa BQISdO 

noA Nanx a^iAHN miM j.i 

THE SHEPARD COMPANY, 

251-273 WestmlnsSer Street, 

THE R. Af^D G. COMPANY, 

73 Almy St., Providence. 

TRY THIS TASTE-FULL-TONIC. 
R and G means " O range." 



(Nineteen (19) Copies, only, remain.) 

The Lands of Rhode Island 

as they were known to 

CAUNOUNICUS AND MIANTUNNOMU 

when RoGiCR Williams came in 1636. 



An Indian Map of the Principal Locations 

known to the NA HlCi ANvSHTS and KLARORATH 
HISTORICAL NOTKS by Sidnkv vS. Ridkr. 

The edition consisted of 495 ; 19 remain to be sold. Price, jjost 
paid, $9.00. Address the Author, Providence, R. I, 



95 



THE FONESJ<ECORDS 

These Records were the First ever made of the Transfers of the LANDS 
OF the XARRAC.AXSETTS, from the South line of the Greenwich Towns to 
Long Island Sound; and the earliest transfers by the English settlers. The 
Xaine Fones was given to them in comniontaik, because John Foanes, or Fones 
made them. They were kept in Secrecy from most men for nearly a crntury 

The Original Manuscript is now in the possession of the Slate. These 
records go back to the Indians, and cover the ilands of every landowner there 
even to this day. 1 oder a few copies. It is an octavo volume of 200 pages, 
bound in cloth. Price $1.50. 

SirJNEY S. RIDER, 

73 ALMV STREET, PROVIDENCE, R. I. 



Will tiic tiling wliich we call the city my mind tlic work of this Barncv, anil 
government never stop h..ys from play- | ,,f j w .\K-Crillis and of nn ItaMan. 

i;ui i':i!!, wi'r. --'iiili-, (■\vr\ i!a\, Sinidav 



icludcd, all over the street? Si.x will- 
ows have been smashed in noarb> 

ouses. 



The strangest thing existing in the 
human nn'nd is the fear men have of 
speaking the truth, but they have no fear 
of being just as Satan lies. Lieing will 
in tile end, end him who lie.-. 

The wiirk of C. Edward Harney and 
his power of attorney, recalls vividly to 



line l'aolini>. on the Disbrow Muuse. ami 
Personal I'miierty. E\ery one of these 
men deserves punishment for the work 
Vviiich they did. 



The report of the City Council Com- 
mittee on the conclusion to which it 
came, oti the work of the Providence 
Ice Company, covers more tiian three 
columns in the Jonrmil. It is too long, 
for it t.ikes too much time U) reach 
this admirable sentence: "The Commit- 
tee believes that the Providence Ice 



SOUL LIBERTY 

RHODK ISLAND'S GIFT TO TIIK 

NATION. 

An inquiry coucerniiii,^ tlie validity of the claims made by Roman 
Catholics thai Maryland was settled nj.on tliat l)asis (Soul Liukrty) 
before Roger Williams jjlanted the Colony of Rhode Island. 

— BY- 
SIDNEY S. RIDER. 

"1 feel honlc^vht^t actjii.niiiltd with voti throiipli m v pai uril jxi lisal of voiir nia-tei h 
treatise, eutilled; SUII, LUnCKTV." A .J. S. Huiirciiau . Aln.Montn y S.ry, licl/imgtov . U.c' 



Quarto, 95 pages, .... 

(T\vent)'-rive copies), 



iM-25 



96 



CHARLES C. HARRINGTON, ROWLAND G. HAZARD, 

I'resident. Vice-President. 

MECHANICS 
NATIONAL BANK 

Opposite City Kail and FJailroad Station. 

To those desiring to change or make new banking 
connections, we offer the services of this conveni- 
ently located and progressively managed institution. 

H. EDWARD THURSTON, EDWARD A. HAVENS, 

Cashier. Asst. Cashier. 



fiPNTI PMFW'Q QIIfDTq 



AND 



Company, which is directly re>pi)nsil)lc 
f'lr tlic.^e cniniitiMH:-,. (li.'srrvc.-- tiu- most 
severe puMic criticisn, an,l censure." Its ; QF TUB TINEST MATFRlAl 

conclnsions are conclnsive. ! THH HliST POSSlBLli FITTINCf 

The Providence Ice Company ought ; TtiF FINEST FRIVATF WOKK 

to l)c indicted and tlestroyed. X<. man, 
nor corporation, has a riglit to defraud 
the people of tluir earnings hy deceit, | y^..^^.^ j^^^^ ^^^ ButtOnhoICS. 

Xor make wind "capital"' and pay di\i- ; 

dends on the '■wind.." This Providence , YOlir MONEY IieVef 

Ice Company had ^l.CiDO.nnn.on stock cer 

tilicates issued, and the price, of ice ; 

V'as being Iniill ii[) to eet money onl of 

the people to pay them. It ought to j 

he instantly destroyed. | 



A Durability Approaching Perpetuality 



went so far in SHIRTS 
in the WORLD before. 

ANNIE E. RIDER, 73 ALMY STREET. 



BROV\/N,LISLE&MARSHALL 

Investment Securities 

236 Incliistral Trust Co. Building, Providence, R. I. 

PUBL/C SERVICE BONDS. 

Tlicre arc thit.e elements to be considered in niakin^^ an investment, Safety. 
Pennancncc and Ineome. The bonds of ehiciently managed Public Servlie CoV- 
porationt; offer the invc-tor a particularly well balanced eornbinaiion of these 
essentials. 'I'ln' bnsincsK \y not affected by tariff chan;;e8 and is permanent 
because it fuvnislos public neecHsities, such as the lelejdione, electricity, j^as, 
street ratlwavs, etc linsiness depre.-sious do not interrupt the steady increase in 
caruin<^s. The ineome is hi^'.h in iclation to the safety of the ])rincipal. 

XVe arc in a position to obtain accurate information concernin'; the 
corporations whot-.e bonds we oiler. 



BOOK NOTES 

HISTORICAL, LITERARY AND CRITICAL. 

CONDUCTED BV 

SIDNEY S. RIDER, 

A LMY STREET, - - - - - - PROVIDENCE. R. J. 

Entered as Second class Matter, at the Providence, R. I. Post OfSce. 



^^^^n?^l'^5S^^'"^- I Saturday, Junk 21, 19]3. ^i:?^ 



Mr. Sidney S. Rider, 

Dear Sir — 
1 was very sorry to see you publish 
"An Kpitome of the P'all of Man'' in 
Book Notes. May 10th, lUi;;. 

The Biljle. (^od's Word, shouhl he 
U5cd v.itii rL\Ci-v:iK\. anu .\>'u ii^.uiiii^ 
the judgment har of Ahni;-,dUy I ".oil 
should "Get right with Cod"' before it 
is too late. 

Faithfully yours, 

A Friend. 

Shall I be sure to -Get right zvitli 
God" by swearing that lies are tnithsl 
If the Bible is God's word, why did not 
God put hi.> word into this wurld, 
in such fc^rm that every huninn being 
could read, ant! understaiul it, instead 
of giving it to one single nati'in, the 
Hebrews, w iun not one in a thousand 
C'luld read, or understand it; and to- 
day not one per-dii in a hundrrfl thor.s- 
and could read and under.-'.and it. The 
Bible is not (",od's work; it i.-, wholly 
the work of men. It is a compilation, 
selected Iiy a \ery few men, from the 
manuscript stuff, left by designing men 
written between the year- .-V. D. ."iOO 
and A. D. loOO. There were then made 
two versions. What (xiwcr. or right had 
tltese two b'-)dies. self-seleclcd, to fix my 
s[;iritiuil rights here on earth or in 
hi.avi-n? Xot llic slightest right. Gen- 
esis, c. 1, v. 2C,, reads, "Anrl (hk! said, 
iet us make man in our iiiiage."' To 
v.hom was Gofl talking at the time? 
T(j-day, who believes such slulT? .\m I, 
or are you the iiiiaiic of G,,,!?' lla- G,,.l 



Kg-, arms and tingers like mine or 
\ours? Again, ('lod created man in his 
own image; in the image of God created 
He him; male and female created He 
tiiem. (G.ene.-is c. 1, v. 27.) .\gain, "Giod 
caused a deeii sleep t<i fall upon Adam 

and he (God) took one of Adam's ribs 
(V. •2\) and the rib which the Lord t'.od 
had taken from man made He woman." 
(v. 22.) Here are two radically ditter- 
ent forms of creation vi human being.-. 
Both cannt't be true. The Roman Cath- 
olic J5ible reads thus: "And t'.od created 
man to his own image; to the image of 
God He created liim; male and femaie- 
He created them." ( Douay Version «;>f 
the Bill]'-. r,cnesis, c.l. v. 21) Again. 
■'Then the Lord God cast a deep :>leep 
rpon Adam; and when he was fast 
asleef). he look one of his rib-, and tilled 
up lle.-h for it." "And the Lord God 
built the rib which He to^.k from Adam 
into a woman.'' (Douay \'ersion of the 
r.ible. Genesis c. 2. v. 23, 22.) Under 
the light of the absolute nonsen-e of 
^uch stulY. what wrong did I do in 
I)rinting the- "Epitonic of the Fall of 
-Man." Adam and Fve, in I'.ook Xote>. 
of May JOth. Yes. I am nearing the 
"judgment bar of .Mmi-jhly (":od," in 
ca-e there is such a liar <,{ such a 
b.ing; <o too is the writer of this an- 
oiivuMu- letter, who is afraid to put 
b , iK.nest name ujion it. I have no 
!<.ar .,f the death wiiieh I am nearing, 
leM- d'. I desire to h'xe, nn.ier -uch con- 
ditions as 1 have lived for nv^re than 
;";ity years, f jiave practiced law in th- 
judgment court of C.o.i all mv hie. 



In tlic Douay Bible, the Roman Catli- 
olic Version, (here is '"The Epistle of 
v^t. Paul to Philemon." Philemon was 
a man living- at a place called Calossae, 
in A;-i:i Minor. The Epistle is a letter 
written hy a man named St. Paul, then 
at Rome, about Onesimus, a servant em- 
ployed by Pliilcmon, who had rubbed 
his empli>yer, and fled to Rome. Tn the 
['rotestaut Dible, (rod did not incluile it. 
It is rotten to the core in reason. 1 ask 
my anonymous "friend" how that is 
binding me. in the Life Eternal. " [bibles'* 
difTer. If God had anything to du with 
the Bible, why do they dilTer so much? 



The time has arrived to quit fooling 
people with matters supposed to be re- 



ligi''U-, miicly 



lee/e mone\- fri')m 



them. The Jottnml r.f April 1 1th hu-t 
has this big type heading: '-CATHOLIC 
EDUCATOR ADDRESSES WOMEN." 
and then follows with this, "Rev. Dr. 
William J. Kerby, instructor of Sociol- 
ogy at the Ciitluylic University at Wash- 
ington, told the members of the Cath- 
olic Women's Club at the Eloi.--e last 
night that,— 



"The trend oi the times, it was shown, 
had led people to take on wrong valua- 
tions, to exalt power and wealth, and to 
undervalue and underestimate the funda- 
mental truth taught by Christ, the tirsi 
great teacher of the universal brother- 
hood of man. Instead of humanity 
divided into classes and castes by virtue 
of wealth, race unity should be empha- 
sized and social relations based upon the 
essential charaeteristies rather than upon 
those we know to be unimportant and 
^u[)erticial." 

Kerby is not a ''Catholic," he is not 
a CiilhoUc Editcntor; the women's Club 
is not Catholic. lie is a Roman Catholic; 
and the "Women's Club" is also Rojhiii: 
Catholic — a direct opposition to any- 
tliing Ciil'ii-i!ic\ 'ITi^ piosci.t P..pe of 
tiie Roman Catholic Church declared 
himself to "President Taft as the Rcp- 
risrjilalivc' of Cod nii this Earlh: and 
he lias a padlock on the gate of Meaven; 
and a cork screw to the Hole of Hell. 

Did the money sent from C.ermany 
lift Lortnz. the nuirderer, over the walL 
of the Rhode Island State Prison, and 
who got that money? 



UNION TRUST COMPANY, 

62 DOBBAKCE ST., CORNER OF V-fESTFs'.IMSTER ST 



CAPITAL $1,000,000. 



SURPLUS $500,000 



A COMMnRClAL BANK AND TRUST COMPANY 



OFFICERS. 

MARSDEN J. PERRY, Chairman of the Board. 

ARAM J. POTHIER. President. 

ARCHIBALD G. LOO^^S, Vice-President. 

HAROLD J. GROSS. Vice-President. 

FRANK E. CHAFEE. Treasurer. 

CHARLES H. SHELDON, Secretary. 

CLINTON F. STEVENS, Ass't Treasurer and Ass't Secretary. 



Samuel ^L Nicholson, 
Aram J. Pothier, 
Archibald G. Loomis. 
Harold J. Cross, 
Benjamin A. Jackson, 
Joseph Saiiuels, 



DIRECTORS. 

Arthur II. Watson, 
Clarence L. Wat.son, 
Marsden J. Perry. 
William W. Douglas. 
Harry Cutler, 
Charles Alexander, 
Michael J. Houlihan. 



Everett L. Spencer, 
Albert A. Remington. 
Philip Allen, 
George W. Thurston. 
William P>. Greenougli 
Walter W. Griffith. 



99 




DAWIELSON 










/^ 



r 



The X. v., N. H. & TI. Railroad cor- 
p(*ration lias control of the Providence 
and Daniclson Kailwa}', and of ever}' 
street railway in Rhode Island; and D. 
F. Sherman is now Vice-President of 
the Rhode Island company, a dividend 
cc'iporation, resting upon the Union 
Street Railway company. All is now in 
the hands of the "Mellen" corporation. 
The stock of this '"Mellen" corps (it 



soon will be) sold in 1902. for $225.00 
per share; in 1906, for $201.00; In 19()S. 
for $172.00; in 1910, for $157.00; to-day 
(June i;5) it rested at 99 1-4. The men 
of Rhode Isand ought to sweep ^uch 
h-ir,diway robbery out of e.xistence. With- 
in ten years, ''accident" after "accident" 
has taken place; forty persims were 
killed instantly and nearly three hundred 
wounded, many for life. 



PROVIDllNO: BANKING CO.. 

141 WHSTNIMSTIZP 5 P., PPOVIDCNCC, R. I. 



LOCAL STOCKS, BONDS 



-AND 



HighGracleli-westment Securities 

Orders executed on the New York and Boston Stock 
Exchange, Foreign Exchange bought and sold. Letters of 
Credit furnished for travelers. 



. 'I'ho r.ovornmcnt of the United States 
lias puMisIied ten dilTironi works sliow- 
ir.g tiio "Kclail Prices of I-ood" all over 
the United States in the cities; and the 
government has shown that the hij^hest 
prices paid hy the people, the con>uiner, 
Is here in Providence, where Swedes run 
what they call the rrcviJcncc Fublic 
Marki't, a name which they have no 
n.ore right to nse than I have. This con- 
cern has killed out more food shop< all 
over this city than anything ever heforc 
in existence here; they run iivc different 
siiops here now. I will yi\e a few illus- 
trations. A "side of beef," otherwise a 
half of an ox, was advertised in Xew 
York City, on June 6, at 8 1-2 cents. 
On }v,'.\f ".). a "side of lieef," here in 
Providence, was for sale at 12 cent'^. 
A "side" was cut up, and price cards 
laid ui)on each piece at the Swede's 
Puhlic Market. Mere arc the prices; 

5, r., 7, 0, 10, 11, r.',, 11, i,->, in, is, 20 
22. 2.-., 2S, ,30, :\2, 24. :;.j, :;s, 10, 4.-> and 50 
cents a i)ound. In Xew York city, land) 
and mutton have sold at wholc.-.ale at 
4, 5, 7'/', S/^> cents a pound; the iniest 



lambs were IG cents. Here al the 
Swede's Public Market the prices were 
I.'', 10, IS and 22 cents a pound. In bny- 
ini; beef at the prices given alxive large 
auKixmts of bone are included, and we 
art made to pay for bone as much as 
wc pay for the Hesh attached to the 
biines. 

"Dressed" poultry, on the l.lth of 
June, was sold at wholesale in Xew ^'ork 
city at IG, 17. 19 cents a pound. Here in 
lVo\idence poultry was sold at 17, IS, 
2;), 22, 2."), 2S and 30 cents a pound. 
None were "dressed" here, all were load 
td witli manure. When you pay 30 cents 
a P' lund, ynu are paying from .")0 to 00 
cents ior hen manure. In New York 
city, cheese se!!., at 12 and 1-1 rent* 
Here you pay for it, 13, 15, li",, IS, 20, 
21, 2,') cents a pound. Wc are paying 
:. profit of more than a hundred per 
c.:nt. It is entirely within the power 
of men to destroy and correct these 
e\erlasting schemes to rob us. The use 
of the word iirarby, applied to eggs, is 
merely to cheat the people. ".Xearby 
eggs.'' in Xew York city, all come from 
Tennessee or Pennsylvania. 



THE NATIONAL EXCHANGE BANK, 

63 WESTMINSTER STREET- 

Capilal, $500,000. Surplus & Profits, $1,024,203.92 
ORGANIZED I801 



OFFICERS 

MIICHAEL F. DOOLEY, President. 

Vice-Presidents, FREDERICK 8. PECK, lOSEPH E. FLETCHER, 

AUGUSTUS R. PEIRCE. 

C. H. W. MAXDEVILLF:, Cashier. 

GEORGE C. WOOD, Asst. Cashier. 



Newton D. Arnold, 
Walter Callendor, 
Earlc P. Charlcton, 
Edmund I). Cliesboi 
Frank P. Comstock, 
Arthur W. Deunip, 
Michael F. Dooley, 



DIRECTORS 

Samuel M. Kin stein, 
CharlcK Fletcher. 
.Joseph K. Fletcher, 
'I'heodore W. Foster, 
(JcraldT. Ilanley, 
Arthur Henius. 
yidiiey D. Hnmjdirey, 



Charles H. W. Mandeville, 
•John Mc.^ralJue, 
Frederick S. Peck, 
Frank N, Phillii.s, 
1'.. Thomas Poller, 
.Joseph ]j. Sweet, 
Clarence L. WatKon, 



Oneof the Oldest and Strongest Banks in Rhode Island 



Tlic life imprisotimcnt of Dcslovcrs . 
will ooinc ju<t as certain as ho lives; in , 
truth, it has now h^yun. Rut he will i 
ha\e the cliance to play the game whicli I 
Loronz. a similar scoundrel, played at j 
the Rhode Island state prison. Men can i 
evtn note see the tzcist which is nuw i 
taking phice ; look a monunt at tb.e | 
immaculate monc}- parish. Wall street, i 
in Xcu V(;>rk City. I'l'litics, and money 
wind, will no longer t'ltrm a Tru^t. 



The sweet glucose sugar gentlemen ar^ 
tilling the newspapers with the crimina- 
tion oi the u.-c of the word '■in>idious- 
ncss,'' by Pre-idenl Wil-oii, in mention- 
ing the •'lobhying" ot" tiie U. S". Senate j 
in coiinection with the tariff as now i 

"craitN'. wilty, aitiul. sly, designing, 
guileful, circumventive. treacherous .de- 
ceitful. decepti\e,'" etc. The sugar gen- 
tlemen adnn't that they ha\e a "consti- 
tuted lobby." If such work is ne>t 
insidious, what is it ? 



This scandaliius work by deictors with 
vaccination toe">k place at W'ashii'gton, 
D. C, on Sunday, June S. 

Washington. June S. — Ten i)ulicemen 
to-night guarded the congregation of 



a negro Baptist church at Fifth and 
W streets, while members of the city 
Health service vaccinated all hands as 
;i lias'.y precantiem, fulkiwing the dis- 
covery of a ca^e of sniallp'ix in t'lc 
clnirch. A d'>zeu or more frightened 
r.egr(.>es eluded the doctors and p. iliee by 
.-cram!)Iing out of windows, but almost 
100 were vaccinated. Health otlicers 
are searching fur those who escaped. 

A telephone message from a police- 
man veho had been told of the small- 
l»ox case, brought as many deictors as 
Deputy Health Ol+icer Fowler cuuld 
gather in automobiles, also a p;itr(i! 
wagon full i)f policenun. While the 
policemen surrounded the chinch the 
doctors liroke up the meeting. The an- 
nouncement of tlieir purpose seiit ti>e 
corgregation swarming to the door. 
When the congregation got over it-> 
ponic ;he vaccination took place. 

As a medical action favoralile tri this 
poiple, it was more than worthless; 
and as an acti')n. it was criminal under 
the common law; the police had not 
the slightest legal riglit to do what they 
did; they ought to have been indicted; 
and the doctors scooped the money from 
the citv treasury. Such is the work of 



INDUSTRIAL TRUST COMPANY, 

49 W1::.STMINSTER ST., PROVIDEN'CE, R. I. 

Capital, $3,000,000. Surplus $3,000,000. 



BANKING DICPARTMKNT — Interest paid on depo.siLs. I.sstie.s 
Certificate.s of Deposit at attractive rates. Loans and Discounts. 
Collections made on all points on favorable terms. 

FORKIGN KXCHANGH DJ':pARTMKNT — Foreign Drafts and 
Letters of Credit avaiJalile in all parts of tlie World. Cable 
Transfers. 

TRUvST Di:PARTMIi;NT--Authori7.ed to accept Trusts. Is a legal 
depositary for trust funds. Acts as 'J'ruslee, Kxccutor, xA.dniinis- 
trator, Guardian and as Registrar and Transfer Agent of Corjiora- 
tious. 



t!ie law: the medical profession; aiul 
with religion. I'or any man to ho [km- 
initted to i>ractice medicine, who takes 
matter from a sore, on a man, and 
thrusts it into the flesh of another is 
a terrible crime by doctors on the peo- 
ple. 



The men of Rhode Island ougiit to 
sweep the Providence Ice Company ont 
of existence; which is stronger, thi> 
picayune, windy corporation of twenty 
men, more or less ; or tlie 23.'.. 000 peo- 
ple whi-) iiihabit this land of Soul Lib- 
erty? .-\rc we to be bed ridden and 
wiped out e)f existence liy depredation. 
peculation, spoilation and ice-cxtermina- 
ticn, by this feeble linancial (only $1,- 
G00,0(!0.00) infant. 



Senator Tillman testifies before the 
"Lobby Investigation Committee," at 
Washington; this is his closing sentence: 

"I am only anxious that we pass the 
tariff bill and relieve the chilly sensa- 
tion now predominating in Xew York 
among certain gentlemen who ha\e 
grown wealthy on legalized piracy,"' he 
said. "They seem to have the shivers, 
and, owing to the fact that our currency 
laws are not the best, the sooner the 
corgestcd feeling is over tlic better." 



Senator Tillman said he thought large 
sums had been used to buy "the a'l- 
iiir.iis of iic-a'spat^rrs to influt-iict' Con- 
gress lUiJ the l^eoplc oil the tdrifi 
<iiiesti(>ii, but beyond that, while h>1 
suspected the existence of a lobby here, 
he had no actual knowledge of it. 

IT IS WHOLESOME 




NMoa aaisdn 
noA Nan± h>ja3n -niA\ xi 

THE SHEPAflD COMPANY, 

251-273 Westminster Street. 

MISS mim L RIDER, 

73 A!my St., Providence. 

TRY THIS TASTE-FULL-TONIC. 

R and G means "Orange." 



(Twelve (12) Copies, only, remain.) 

The Lands .of Rhode Island 

as tbey were known to 

CAUNOUNICUS AND MIANTUNNOMU 

when RoGKK \ViLLiA>rs came in 1636. 



An Indian Map of the Principal Locations 

known to the NAIIIGANSKTvS ami KLABORATE 
HIvSTORICAI. NOTES by vSidnjcv S. Ridkr. 

The edition consisted of 495 ; ig remain to be sold. Trice, post 
paia, pj.oo. Address the Author, Providence, R. 1. 



Before tiie discovery of b-tcani power, j 
ami its use in running mills in the iriunu- ; 
facture of cloth, water power was the j 
only power. Rhode Island men pulled | 
a tariff through Conp:rcss in 1S20 to 
raise the price of cloth to the people. 
Tlie General AsseniMy then granted 
three charters to corporations to control 
the water power of three streams in 
Rhode Island— the Wf.onasquetuckct, 
the Moshassuck and the Fawtuxet riv- 
ers. Prominent memhers of the ('.eneral 
Assembly had themselves been tnade pro- 
prietors, first in 1824, second in is:',.'!, 
third in ISoO. Such work was simply 
dainmiblc, for it prevented other nieu j 
from building da ins. 



Such a Ci)nstruction of tiic "Turk's 
Head' building never should be tolerated 
ii, this. n«ir in any other city. More- 
over, it is a terrible illustration of the 
working of the unearned increment. 
This imcanicd increment will be wiped 
out of existence just as "protective ter- 
iffs" will be wiped out of exi-tence. 
The real power in any government rc<ts 
in the hands of men. Money merely rep- 
resents something; in itself, it is noth- 
ing. The making of money is merely 
the making of wind. This I'.nilding has 
destroyed one end of \Ve^tmin^ter 
street f ir tra\el ; and riuned the water 
pipes; and the gas pipes; and the sew- 
ers. When will men ri>e to the oc- 



The New ^'ork 7'//;;ts gave us a 
week agii this charnhng i>;iragraph about 
subjecting; doctors to periodical ti'sts 
of tlieir knowledge and practice of med- 
icine. 

"Aroused anew by one or two cases 
lie had lately seen in wln'cli the lives of 
patients have been sacrificed or gravely 
endangered by the gross incompetence 
of physicians duly licensed by the w^t.itc 
to practice medicine, I)r. Henry ]{. Hale 
discussed yesterday with a Xcw '^I'or'K 
Tiincs reporter the nec<->sily of devising 
some plan to safeguard the public." 



" '1 feel more and more,' he -aid last 
night, 'the im[)ortance of some method 
•of testing from time to time the quali- 
ruations of practicing physicians. My 
idea is that in order that a doctor 
sliLiuId retain his license he should be 
re(piired to take a test every five years 
to [irove that he has the knowledge he 
once had, that he has kept abreast of 
the advance of science and that he has 
the skill to apply his theory to prac- 
tical conditions.' " 

The Berlin (Germany) Medical Soci- 
ety has come out squarely, and sternly, 
again-t the Friedmann scheme of vac- 
cination against tuberculosis (always 
hitherto named consumption), using 
something out of the flesh of a turtle. 

Germany, and in Xew York city. But 
here in I'rovideTfce it is going firmly 
ahead. On the luh of June, a Doctor 
W . G. Uwinell rammed the stuff into 
the llesh of forty men and women. Men 
calling themselves "Doctors" ought not 
to be permitted to play with the lives 
of men and women to scoop money 
av.-av from them. 



The invention of the word "Xcarby." 
and the application of it, to eggs in the 
shops for sale, is not the invention of 
Providence dealers. It was formed to 
deceive bu\ers, and defraud them of 
money. Car loads of "nearby" eggs are 
carried every day from Pennsylvania to 
New York city, and there sold to the 
people, as "nearby"' eggs. The people, 
>uppfj>ing that the hens had "operated" 
"nearby" the city of Xev,- ^'ork, up goes 
the price. Jnst so tlicy do all over the 
conntrv. 



History of Bridgewater. 

Mltchcirs Hi.slory of Bridgewater. Mass 
.Svo. bds. uncut. Boston, 18-10. %]■^J,(^ 

For the stiifly of the earliest Plymouth 
family prens'alogies. no book la superior 
to this. It cove: 3 324 Families. Concern- 
ing some of the.T5 families very extensive 
accounts will be found. 



I04 

CHAKf.KS C. HARKINGTOX, ROWLAND G. HAZARD. 

I'resideiU. Vice-President. 

" riECKAMICS 
MATIONAL E 



Opposite City Hall and Railroad Station. 

To those desiring to change or make new banking 
connections, we offer the services of this conveni- 
ently located and progressively managed institution. 

H. EDWARD THURSTON, EDWARD A. HAVENS, 

Cashier. Asst. Cashier. 



GENTLEMEN'S SIliRTS 



AND 



The conviction of Deslovers for the 
niurder <•! -Vi'ije'-' D-n-tn-nO-i- .v-'- .-;.m~ 

chisivc. and admirable. The trial, and ! OF TilH riNEST l\l4TERIAL 

the evidence by the cnminal were ac- j TME BEST TOSSIBLE FEfTING 

tualiy damnable. Judge Rathbun >hould ; THE ITNEST I'RIVATE Y^'OKK 

have explained to tlic jury tliat circum- 
stantial evidence is sometimes stronger 
tlian direct evidence. It \va^ so in tliis 
case. If the woman had secretly gone 

back to her home place in Europe, why ; YOUF MONEY nCVef 
did not De.slovers send somebody to 
Europe to bring her back to Woon-ocket. 
for a couple of days, and thus show his \ lu tllQ WORLD befOfe. 



A Durabililj Approaching Perpetualit}' 
Oruers Taken for Buttonholes. 



innocence of the crime. J-fe was guilty 
of murder, and of other crimes, as l)ad. 



went so far in SfilRTS 
in the J^ORLD befor 

ANNIE E. RIDER, 73 ALMY STREET. 



BROVv'N,USLE&MARSHALL 

Investment Securities 

236 Indiistr al Triist Co. Btiilding, Providence, R. I. 

PUBL/C SERVICE BONDS 

There aie thiee elements to be eoni^klcred in juakin^j an investment, Safety, 
Permaneucc and Ineoine. The bondi? of eftieiently man;ij:ed Public Serviee CoV- 
poralionfi offer the invc-tcir a [.anicuJarly well Iialaneed eonibi nation of these 
csseniialt?. The business is not affeeted by tariff chanfieB and is iiern>aneiit 
because it funiisbes public necef;>.ities. such as tlie telejd)one, electricity, ;ias, 
street railways, etc. Business depie>-sions do not interrupt the steady increase iri 
caruinfrs. Tiie income is \\\^^\\ in r-dation to the safety of the priucij/al. 

We are in a position to obtain accurate information concernintr the 
corporations whose bonds we offer. 



BOOK NOTES 

HISTORICAL. LITERARY AND CRITICAL. 
con-duct]:d by 

SIDNEY S. RIDER, 



7? ALMY STREET, .... . . PROVIDENCE, R. J. 

Entered as Second class Matter, at the Pro\-idcnce, R. I. Post Office. 



'"^■^^^sPtag^rcop^'sS".'"'"^- I Saturday, July 5, 1913. 



Vol. 30 
No. U 



Uow THE Republicans Have Left 
THE U. S. Senate Aktek Tiiikty 
Yeaks Using It. 



It is an interesting circumstance that 
no President of the United States ever 
existed who called the people's attention 
to the work of the "Protective" Tariff 
manufactures in the U. S. Senate, men 
enriching themselves and robbing the 
people — until Woodrow Wilson, under 
the Divine influence, spoke; then the peo- 
ple began a political fumigation. The 
strangest thing of all is that a revolution- 
did not assume form earlier, for these 
Senatorial Tariff thieves began their in- 
trigues fifty years ago. Henry B. -Vn- 
thony was in it up to his hips ; and loads 
of money were sent to him by men en- 
gaged in making cotton cloth and other 
things, here in Providence, to be used in 
bribing other Senators to twist and re- 
twist the "Protection" of mill owners 
and rob, and re-rob the laboring section 
of the people. Anthony scooped a mil- 
lion. Book Xotes was the first i)ublica- 
tion in the country to call attention to 
the unconstitutionality of all tariff laws, 
to enrich individuals at the cost of the 
working man. The Hour has struck; 
the Day has dawned. Now I know why 
I was born: it was to see this day. The 
U. S. S<nate will be reconstructed, and 
men and women have some chance in 
life. 



Things are moving in the right direc- 
tion for Book Xotes. Two new names 
are on the list, Miss Soul and Miss 
Corp; now Book Notes has a body and 
a soul, and it will live and do right . 



Under the name Liggett, somebody is 
buying out shops in cities all over the 
country to squeeze money from the peo- 
ple. The word, in England, meant "a rag, 
or fragment," centuries ago; a Ligger 
was a line for catching pike; to Ligle. 
vas "to pull along." I am informed 
that a Rocky Feilow is playing with 
Liggett, or Ligger, in obedience to the 
Divine Law. Liggett stock in the Wall 
Street Chapel sold yesterday at $2 JO.OO ; 
a rise of $15.00 a share, while every 
other virtuous stock dwindled, and Lig- 
led. 



My ancient and venerable friend Fos- 
ter, the Librarian of the Providence Pub- 
lic Library, has a fine article in the 
Sunday Journal on the growth of thi> 
library. I have hunted in vain for the 
cause of this growth; the librarian gives 
me no help, and I see only the use of 
the rotten fiction of this age; if this 
is a fact, then the greater the growth, 
the worse for the development of mental 
powers in men and women. 



The newspapers of to-day are contin- 
ually using the word "stunts," and it is 
used entirely erroneously. Here i.s a 
speciniLU from that "pink" of perfection, 
the F,i'ch-i}tg Tribune: 

SERH<:S OF AERL^L STUNTS. 
.Lack MrOce and Many Feaurcs at 

Crescent Park To-rnorrow 

"Manager Charles . Looff of LoolY's 

New Crescent Park has engaged Jack 

^IcGee, Rhode Island's popular aviator, 

and the only birdman in the East who 



io6 



is perfectly reliable, to do a scries of 
aerial stunts at the park SuiKl:;y after 
noon. Mr. McGce has risen to a point 
where lie is recogni/'.ev! as an <-Xi ert tli^r 
and his services are very mu^n in de- 
mand." 

Bailey's Etymological English Diction- 
ary, 1730, gives "To stunt," meaning to 
hinder in growth, as of a tree. Again, 
he further defines the word as, ' to 
bound, to confine, to rc.-train. to limit. " 

Skcat, a recent Kng'ish elyn-.ologic 
scholar, gives "stunted'"— "hind', red in 
growth," like "stunted hide bound trees."' 
He further says: "The proper form of 
the verb is 'stint,' meinnig "to shorten 
or entail." Stint is a verb; Sttiitt is an 
adjective. 

'yVt.:ic MiGce'-s aerial >tunts "hindered, 
shortened, or curtailed?" Such use of 
words is utter rot. 



No more sense is there in putting a 
sign on a building, -CHVRCH HOVSE 
here." The words cannot be pronounced 
as here spelled, by any human being. It 
is time to eliminate such stupidity. 



The New York Times recently printed 
this concerning the unearned increment 
on lands. Men nm>t look into it. 

"Neither Henry (.Teorgc, nor Lloyd- 
George, nor the Mayor's Commi-^sion on 
New Sources of Revenue invented the 
proposed tax on unearned increment of 
real estate. These are the words of 
Adam Smith : 

Nothing can be more reasonable 
than that a fund which owes its exist- 
ence to the good government of the 
State should be taxed peculiarly, or 
should contribute something more 
tlian the greater part of other funds 
toward the support of that govern- 
ment. 

Yet if this be conceded of good gov- 
ernment, it ir^ not true of other sorts of 
government. The government which 
is costly or inefficient, and which o!i- 
structs rather than fosters the unearned 
increment, surely has no superior claim 
to unearned increment. The government 
of New York to-day is such that the 
city is excessively costly to live in or to 
work in, and population and business 
are leaving for other localities where 



UNION TRUST COMPANY. 

62 nORRANGE ST., COHHER OF WESTMINSTER ST 

CAPITAL $1,000^00. SURPLU S $500,000 

A COMAIERCIAL BANK AND TRUST COMPANY. 



OFFICERS, 

MARSDEN J. PERRY, Chairman of the Board. 

ARAM J, POTHIER, President. 

ARCHIBALD G. LOOMIS, Vice-President. 

HAROLD J. GROSS. Vice-President. 

FRANK E. CHAFEE. Treasurer. 

CHARLES H. SHELDON, Secretan'- 

CLINTON F. STEVENS. Ass't Treasurer and Ass't Secretary. 



Samuel M. Nicholson, 
Aram J. Pothicr. 
Archibald G, Loomis. 
Harold J. Gross, 
Benjamin A, Jackson, 
Joseph Saiiuels, 



DIRECTORS. 

Arthur H. Watson, 
Clarence L. Watson, 
Marsden J. Perry, 
William W. Douglas, 
Harry Cutler, 
Charles Alexander, 
Michael J. Iloulilinn. 



Everett L. Spencer, 
Albert A. Remington, 
Philip Allen, 
George W. Tliurston, 
William B. Greenough 
Walter W. Griffith. 



I07 



living is cheaper, because iho share oi 
earnings taken by taxes is less. Tlu 
wcallh of Xcw York is such that its 
taxation ought not to be felt, and yet it 
is felt and resented by most taxpayers. 
If the government of Xew Y(^rk were 
such as it might be there would i)e no 
need of this tax. but, on the contrary, 
taxation might he so reduced that the city 
wnuld he both cheap and commodious 
tii live in." 



The Small Pox affair here in Rhmle 
Island in 1913 was a scandalous fraud. 
It was first announced in the liz'cihii'j 
7 rib It nc of Xovembcr ID. 1911, an- 
nounced with a big heading, "Small Pox 
Outbreak in Pawtuxct Valley, ai (Juid- 
neck, Jericho, Crompton and Bakerville." 
Xovembcr 1], the same newspaper an- 
nounced with a huge scare heading, 
"Xcarly One Hundred Cases of Small 
Pox in Pawtuxet Valley. Worst Out- 
break of the Disease ever known in the 
History of Rhode Island.'" "'Tirowing 
C»raver" (Xov. 14). "Sixteen Xew 
Cases" (Xov. 14). "Still Spreading,"— 
"Long Roll of Small Pox Patients 
Crows." (Xov. in.) "Xineteen Xcw 



Small Pox Cases are Found." (Xov. 
10). "Small Pox Cases Xow Xnmber 
114," (Xov. IG.) "Small Pox Total 
Jumps up t,) 121." (Xov. 17.) "Doctorv 
Point C)ut Small Pox Menace." (Xov. 
1'.!.) "Steady Subsidence of Small Pox 
Outlireak." (Xov. ^o.) "Return to Xor- 
mal Conditions." (Xov. 22.) "Over :;(),- 
Ono J'ersons Vaccinated in Thirlten 
Days." (Xov. 2:j.) "Small Pox now 
Total 150." (Xov. 24.) "Six Xew Case-, 
of Small Pox." (Xov. 2r,.) •■pive Xcw 
Small Pox Cases." (Xov. 27.) "Small 
Pox Cases Reach I'lS." (Prov. J.nirn.il. 
X'ov. 2.").) The scare was coiuinued un- 
til Hecember. It was a huge fraud to 
scare people into vaccination. Xof utic 
death occuncd in ih,- Stair ii: ihut yc'ir. 
Put the doctors scoojied in loads of 
rnonev. 



The street cars ought to stop for pas- 
sengers when the men and women 
are waiting. Three times within two 
days this outrage has been done to me. 



The wearing of robes by men. who 
play the part of Jmlges to the re-t of us. 
poor devils that we are, ought to \y 
stopped. It is a nonsensical garment. 



PPOVIDIlNCl: BANKING CO.. 

141 WCSTniriSTCP sj., ppovidcncc, r. i. 



LOCAL STOCKS, BOND 



S 



-AND- 



HigKGraclelRvestmenrSecuriries 

Orders executed on the New York and Boston Stock 
Kxcliange. Foreign Exchange bought and sold. Letters of 
Credit furnished for travelers. 



io8 



It is positively delightful to see a 
man with faithful friends. In the Even- 
ing Tribune of June 27th last, is an 
editorial nearly four feet long on Char'cs 
S. Mellcn. "A Great and Good Fricr>d 
to New England,'" here the editor sliouUl 
have added the words Rhode Island, but 
he didn't. It is charming to see the love 
of the Tribune for McCusker, the re- 
cent warden of the State Prison here. 
1 preserved all the "scraps," and study 
them with delight, days, nights, and Sun- 
days. It is delightful to survey, in the 
dim light of the newspaper work of the 
day, the love of money, found in pure 
milk, by Scott, the virtuous inspector. 
As for Lorcnz, he rests in oblivion; and 
the monev is on interest. 



In the interest of the people the Hon- 
orable Irving Champlin should be . 

It is time that the "practice" of the 
law, as it is now practiced, should be 
wiped out of existence; and it soon will 
be; scarcely a case exists in which one 
side is not rotten with fraud and deceit 
There are in existence (I have been 
told) to-day on the Docket of the Su- 



perior Court more than 5000 cases; it 
is not long since SOOO cases were thrown 
into the vault. 



d^.OOKS OX THE ROMAN LAW 
for sale by Sidney S. Rider. 



Gluek's Commentary on the Pandects of 
Justinian, or .'hisfuhrliche erlanteruii,/ 
del- Pandekteu nueh hcUfeld ein cinn- 
nicntav, with the successive writers 
Mublenbruck, Fein, Arndts, Arndts, V. 
Arnesburg, and Buchard, 1790-lsni, 
bringing the Commentary down to 
include the 40th book of the Pandects. 
This set includes the Vnllstandigcs. 
Sack and Gcstz-Rcgistcr, (indexes) in 
fuui \oL., the wiioic luiming a Coni- 
mentairc le plus complete qui ait en- 
core paru sur Ics Pandects, in GO vols. 
$35.00 

Pandectae Justiniancae in novum ordi- 
nem Digestae; cum legibus codccis et 
novcllis, quae Jus Pandectarum con- 
fnniant, explicant aut abrogant Lug- 
duni, (London) 1782, 3 vols., folio, 
half calf. Best edition, known as 
Robert J. Pothier's. $25.00 



THE NATIUNAL ECHANSE BANI, 

63 WESTMINSTER STREET. 

Capita!, $500,000. Surplus & Profits, $1,024,203.92 

ORGANIZED 1801 



OFFICERS 

MIICHAEL F. DOOLEY, President. 

Vice-Presidents, FREDERICK S. PECK, JOSEPH E. FLETCHER, 

AUGUSTUS R. PEIRCE. 

C. H. W. MANDEVILLE, Cashier. 

GEORGE G. WOOD, Asst. Cashier. 



DIRECTORS 

Samuel M. Einstein, 
Charlet. Fletclier. 
Joseph E. Fletcher, 
Theodore W. Foster, 
Gerald T. Uanley, 
Arthur Henius, 
Sidney D. Humphrey, 



Newton D. Arnold, 
Walter Ca) lender, 
Earle P. Charlctou, 
Kdniund D. Chesboro, 
Frank P. Comstock, 
Arthur W. Denni8, 
Michael F. Dooley, 

One of the Oldest and Strongest Banks in Rinode Island 



Charles H. W. Mandeville, 
John McManuB, 
Fredeiick S. Peck, 
Frank N. I'hillips, 
B. Thomas Potter, 
Jobe})li L. Sweet, 
Clarence L. WatKon, 



t09 



A "side of iicof,'" otiievwi^-j a iialf oi 
.'in t)X, was adv'jitiscd in X'ew ^■Grk c;ty. 
uii June G. at is 1-2 cciU>. On June '■>. 
a "side of beef," lieie in Proviiicncc, was 
for sale at twelve cent?. It weighed -100 
pounds, the price per pound being 12 
cents, the cost of the side was $48.00. 
At the Swede's Public Market "sides" 
are cut up, laid on plates, and price 
cards placed upon each plate. I counted 
these plates. There were 237 or there- 
abouts. Here are the prices : 5, (>, 7, 0, 
10, 11, 13, 14, 15, If), IS, 20, 22, 25. 28, ;:(), 
o2, 34, 35, 3S, 40, 45 and 50 cents a pound. 

There were 23 difl'erent prices per 
pound; the average price would be 22 
...>.in-_ oii.c-_ ^r"r jyonn.i The average cost 
price here in Providence wa.s 12 cen'.s. 
In one day, about June 25, "more than 
10,000,000 egg? reached the city of New- 
York — they were sold at wdiolesaie 
for 20 ccn'-s." (Nov/ Yurk Suu.> 
Here in Providence the price for "dirty"' 
eggs, 23 cents, and for "nearby." 32 cents. 
In Xew York, June 20, Iambs sold for 
$4.50, $0.50, $8.00, $0.00, weight not given. 
(X. Y. Sun.) Here in Providence the 
price to consumers was 15 to 25 cents 
a pound. 



Tiu: Desckkd.ants of the French 

IIUGCENOTS IN RnODi; ISI.AXD. 

I printed a fine Historical Tract bear- 
mg the following title — -"Memoir Con- 
cerning tlic French Huguenot Settle- 
ments and Settlers in the Colony of 
Rhode Island," by Elisha R. Potter. 

Mr. Potter gathered much information 
in (".eneological matters concerning the 
intermarriages of these Frencli settlers 
with Rhode Island Families. The names 
are given, pages 59-02. Here they are. 
with the names of the Rhode Island fam- 
ilies with whom they became connected 

I.e Moine — Mawncy, Money, Bowen, 
Ives, Whipple, Vinton, Slater, etc. 

Ayrault— Mason, Wanton, Tillinghast. 
Robinson, etc. 

Bernon — Crawford, Harris, Allen, 
Tourtcllot, Coddington, Helme, Carpen- 
ter. 

Ganeau.x— Gano, Benedict. 

Marchant — Nightingale, Aborn, Ar- 
nold, Crocker, Rowse, etc. 

Targe — Tourgee. 

Lucas — Hillhouse, Brenton. 

Few copies now remain of this His- 
torically interesting and most valuable 
essay. I will send one bj' Post any- 
where on receipt of $1.00. 



INDUSTRIAL TRUST COMPANY, 

49 WESTMINSTER ST., PROVIDENCE. R. I. 

Capital, 53,000,000. Surplus $3,000,000. 



BANKING DKPARTMHNT — Interest paid on depo.sils. Issues 
Certificates of Deposit at attractive rates. Loans and Discounts. 
Collections made on all points on favorable terms. 

FOREIGN EXCHANGE DEPART.M EN T — Foreign Drafts and 
Letters of Credit available in all parts of the World. Cable 
Transfers. 

TRUST DEPARTMENT—Authorized to accept Trusts. Is a legal 
depositary for trust funds. Acts as Trustee, Executor, Adminis- 
trator, Guardian and as Registrar and Transfer Agent of Cojpora- 
tions. 



Somner of Gavelkind, both Name and 
Thing, 1660. 

A Treatise of Gavelkind, l.olli nanu- nud 
thing, siiov.ing tlic true Etyinuluyio and 
Derivation of tlie orie; the nature, anti- 
quity, and original of tl;e otlier. With 
sundry emergent ol>servations, hoth jileas- 
ant and rirofitable to be known to Kent- 
ish-men and others, especially such as aie 
studious either of the ancient custonie, oi 
rhe Coiimion La\v of this Kinsdonie, Ijy a 
«ell-\vilier to both, Wiiliain .Somner. 4 to, 
pp. 216, beside the "Index of the iirincii'ai 
contents." London loCO. The bindin,:; is 
tlie original, old black calfskin. At the 
word linis is this: "1 have perused tliis 
learned treati.se of (J.i velkxTd and judye it 
ver.v rit to be pid.ili:^hed. April 7, ii.ir,'. 
Jos. Arniachanue." JUit it was not pul'- 
lished until ICrtO. Tb.i.s copy has the autu- 
graph of the JOarl of Aylesford, and tlio 
book p'ate (ex liLnis) of Chris Oaklev of 
i;hisli;hurst. ..10.00 

William .^omner was born at Canter- 
bury in ICent, I-^nglaiid, in b5;'S. He was 
cleik to his father, who was Registi'ar of 
the court !n Oanterburv Cathedi'il. .Su!.- 
seueuliy i.e was given preferred office in 
t!>e 1-cclesiaslical Cinirts bj- Archbishuj. 
Laud. He was much gi\en to philological 
studies, as this l.iook will show; ar.d he 
was a beneficiary of the ecclesiastic pow- 
ers. He him.self relates in Ids preface to 
tliis book that it was written in tl.e in- 
terest of those "who had good affection 
unto monarchy, in the State: and unto 
Prelacy, in tb.e Church." Again, he de- 
clares himself to be one of those "depend- 
ing uiion tlie Hieiarch>- to Iceep them, and 
tlieirs." He describes himself as an "ex- 
auctorated Register, one among the jnany 
objects of your (Bishop Warner of Iloch- 
esterf beneficence and charity." (Dedi- 
cation to Somner's Tre.ui.se on Gtivelkind). 
The word exauctorateii meant nt tliat time 
dei«rived or dismissed from service for 
some cause. This cause was doulitless his 
standing for the King and the State 
Church. The time was the death of 
Charles the First. 



The Trees and .Shrubs Growing Natur- 
ally in the Foiests of Massachusetts 
Originally published under an order of 
Legislature of tlie State, by George B 
Emerson, 2 v 8 vo. Third edition, Boston. 
!S7S. Now out of print and very scarce. 
.\ vei\- fine copy in cloth, $17.50. It Is 
beamifuUx- illustrated by 140 engravings, 
many of them beautifully colored. 

IT IS WHOLESOME 




P^^Dl 




NMoa 3ai3dn 
noA Nun± aiiA3N tiim ±\ 

THE SIfEPARO COMPANY, 

251-273 VVesimlnster Street, 

MISS AUmE E. R!OER, 

73 Almy St., Provitionce. 
TRY THIS TASTE-FULL-TONIC. 



R and G met 



O ranf^c .' 



(Twelve (12) Copies, only, remain.) 

The Lands of Rhode Island 

as the}' were known to 

CAUNOUNICUS AND MIAKTUNNOMU 

when RoGKK Williams came in i6-;6. 



An Indian Map onhe Principal Locations 

known to the NAHIOANSKTS and HLABORATK 
HlSTORICATv NOTI-S by Sidnhy S. Ridkr. 



The edition consisted of 495 ; 19 remain to he sold. Price 
paid $9.00. Address tlie Author, Providence, R. I. 



post 



THE FONES RECORDS 



These Records were the First ever made of the Transfers of the LANDS 
OF the XARRAc;AXSETTS, from the South h'ne of the Greenwich Towns to 
Long Island Sound; and the earliest transfers by the English settlers. The 
Name Fones was given to them in commontalk, because John Foanes, or Fones 
made them. They were kept in Secrecy from most men for nearly a century 

The Original Manuscript is now in tlie possession of the State. These 
records go back to the Indians, and cover the lands of every landowner there 
even to this day. I offer a few copies. It is an octavo volume of 200 pages, 
bound in cloth. Price $1.50. 

SIDNEY S. RIDER, 

73 ALMY STREET, PROVIDJCXCE; R. I. 



I am ordered to print the follow'iig 
(kicumcnt : 


1 inform the Prnvidcuce Dairy ccmi- 




pany that this is the Pro-vidciicc of God ; 




STATl'MEXT OF THE OWNER 
SHIP, MANAGE-MEXT, CIRCULA- 


v.-ilh ilk- a,-si^tance of Roger Williams. 


TION, ETC.. 


(lod planted Soul Liberty here in Pro\ i- 


of Book Xoics, published f(jrtnightiy. at 


dtnco. .\t once Connecticut men went at 


Providence, RIumIc I.-laml. required by 
the .\ct of .Augu.n 24, V.)\2. 


v,ork to seir.e, control and destrov the 


Editor. Managing Editor, Business 


work nf Williams and his God. To-day 


Manager and Pulilisher, Sidney S. Rider, 
Providence. R. I. 


Connecticut men are at work to control 


Owners, none ; no bondheildors, no 


a nece-.-ity of lite here; without milk we 


mortgagees, no security holders. 


die. Men are rising t > m.^-l the ism-. 


Sidney S. Rider. 
Sworn to and subscribed bcfurc me 


and will swipe fr.-.m e.vintcnc- caher meit 


thi^ ;Mth day of June. I'Ji:!. 


who seek to control a necessity of life. 


Myron M Xcwtoi'. 

Notary Public. 


or a right to the freedom of the soul. 



SOUL LIBERTY 

RHOI)]': ISLAND'S GIFT TO THK 

NATION. 

All inquiry concerning Hit- validity of the claims made by Roman 
Catholics that Maryland was settled upon that basis (vSoii. LIIn•;kT^■) 
before Roger Williams planted the Colony of Rhode Island. 

— BY — 

SIDNHY S. Rl DER. 

"1 feci somewhat ficqiuiinled witli \oii through mv j>ariial J't t ii.'-al of yoiii master I\ 
ticKtisf. entitled: SOri, LI I:!-'. KT V." J.y. .S. JionxUau, A/auuvai y S.c'y, ICuJi ni}_ tuti . l/.C 

Quarto, 95 pages $1.25 

(Twenty-five copies). 



CHARI.KS C. HARRIN'GTOX, 
Presidont. 



ROWLAND G. HAZARD 
Vice-President. 




^^1 P-^ 



opposite City Hali and Railroad Station. 

To those desiring to change or make new banking 
connections, we offer the services of this conveni- 
ently located and progressively managed institution. 



H. EDWARD THURSTON, 
Cashier. 



EDWARD A. HAVENS. 
Asst. Cashier. 



The Perambulation of Kent. Containing 
the description, historj-, and customs of 
fhrit r">ir.ty CK»ig^innu) written by Wil- 
liam l^Mnl.ard of I^incoln's Inn. corrected 
and enlarKed. To which is added the 
Charters, Laws, and Privileges, of the 
Cinque Ports, never before printed. I.,on- 
don. 1656, half calf, upwards of 700 pages. 

$9.50 

Mr. Fulbeck tells us "that Mr. Lara- 
bard's pains, learning, and law. appear by 
his booVvS. which are constructed by so 
curious a method, and beautified by such 
flowers of learning that he may well be 
sorted amongst those to whom the law is 
most beholden" — "his stN'le runneth like a 
temperate stream; his e.xcellent knowledge 
and use of antiquities argueth no small 
reading, and a singular conceit." (Ful- 
beck's Preparation, 1620, p. 74). Lam- 
bard's j.icture of tlie men of Kent, who 
went forth with Green Boughs, to meet in 
peace, or to fight. William the Conqueror, 
touches the grand in literature, and to me 
It has a subtle influfince for I am a des- 
cendant from one of these men of Kent. 



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SVc are in a position to obtain accurate information concernin" the 
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BOOK NOTES 

HISTORICAL, LITERARY AND CRITICAL. 

CONDUCTl-D BY 

SIDNEY vS. RIDBR, 



7J A LMY STREET , 

Kntered as Second 



FKOVJDE.\CE, fC. I. 
Matter, at the Providence. R. I. Post Office. 



sO Cents ])er aiimim, 
Single Copy 



FortniRlitly. 
i Ceuts. 



Saturday, July 19, 1913. 



Vol. 30. 
No. ].-.. 



The Daxckr of Books to iwt 11i;.at.tu 

OF THF 11 I.MAN MlXl» AND TMi: \\'aY 

RiioME Island Has Br.icx Treati-u in 
"HISTORY.- 



' "Reading is to tlic mind, what exer- 
cise ii to tlu^ L '^y . "f-.\ ..liu. '..Lrtiiu i.- 
t-rescrved, sirenytheiud and invigorated; 
by the other, virtue, which is the health 
of tile niird, is keiit ;di\e, cherislied 
and confirmed, 'i'here are persons who 
sclduin take a I'ook in tlu'ir liands but 
t<j di--co\er tlie faidts. it ma}', (u iliclr 
op'niion, contain." Tlicse itleas came to 
me many years ayu in a Uttle book en- 
titled "The Hive,'' a collection of 
tljouyhts on ci\il, moral, sentimental, 
and religious subjects in ver>e and prose. 
It was published in Hartford in 1S03. 

Ijy putting a thought or an utterance 
i.ty the tongue inr(j printers' ink a lie, 
as well as a truth, can be gi\en almost 
eternal life. Then, is it not well to ex- 
amine this black ink. and discover its 
\irtue, or its rascality; and thus help it, 
for its virtue, or de>tr<;/y it for its 
fiaud? There are vast numbers of ui 
who are now being deceived, and cheat- 
ed, by the frauds hidden in black ink, 
put there on purpose to rob, and ruin 
us 

I will give you an ancient specimen. 
There came into my j,MSse.--ion many 
years ago, a book with this title: "The 
History of Xnrlli anrl .S" ,■>;(//; America 
from its Discovery to the Death of Gen- 
era! W'ashirgton," by Richard Snowden, 
ICsq. The i>ook was in two volumes, both 
bound in one volume. In size, a 12 mo., 
and les3 than ' o;ic inel; in tliickness. 



The first "volume" has lOG pages ; the 
second "volume" has IGG. Such book 
construction is now a thing of past ages. 
The lime covered is 1492, the year when 
Columbus discovered the lands of Amer- 
ica, to the death of George Washington, 
w iiicii louk place on tiie 14Lii of Decem- 
ber, 179'.). Mr. Snowden began his pref- 
ace with this: "To furnish the public 
with a cheap hist':iry of .-Vmn-ica. from 
•'Is discovery to its present state e'f civil- 
i;ation and importance is an undertaking 
of such general utility that the attempt, 
if it e\en fall short of complete execu- 
tion, has a claim to a considerable share 
of indulgence. This is more especially 
the case when the writer has to follow 
an historian of such great a:id just 
celebrity as Dr. Robertson, in at least 
one-half of the work." Mr. S;unvden 
made merely the worst possible use of 
Robertson's History of .America. Worse 
still, he uses the actual language of 
Robertson as his o\\ii, without quotation 
marks. Robertson's work has 3SG pages, 
with about 695 words on a page, while 
Snowdcn's book has but 190 pages, with 
about 400 words on a page. Of Mr. 
Robertson's second part, containing the 
history of Virginia to the year 1G8S and 
thf. history of New England to the year 
1C>32, Mr. Snowden makes no use; nor 
has he written anything compatible with 
it. 

Here is a specimen of his work con- 
crning Rhode Island: "Maltter,> had 
now proceeded so far that the Ameri- 
cans, without further ceremony, seized 
on the military stores belonging to gov- 
ernment. This first commenced at .\ew- 



114 



port, in Rhode Island, wlicre the inhahi- 
taiUs cairicd off foriy pioco?; oi cannin, 
aiipointed for the protection of tlie place; 
un being asked the reason of tl.i- pro- 
ceeding they replied that the peci'le had 
seized tlieni lest they sliould he made 
u-c of against thenisehes. After this 
ill'- Assembly met and resolved tliat anr- 
mnnitiiiu and \varlikc storo .-liould l.)e 
purcIla^ed with the pnliiie meniey." 
Snowden's Hist. Amer.. v. „', p. ^2. 

There is not another word ab^nt 
Kiiode Island in Snowden's bv))k-, not- 
withstanding his siatenient that he had 
carried his "history" to the deatli of 
General Washington. But Robertson 
gives a great many early facts in early 
Rhode Island history, especialh" about 
Roger W'i'liains, and his planting lic^c. 
Xot a glimpse of one of them exists in 
the celebrated Snowden's "■History." 
Worse .-till, there is not one word of 
truth in tlie paragraph about Rhode Is- 
land that he did give. The forty cannon 
stor_v which he told has ni-)t a \vord of 
truth, neither by implication nor by fact. 

The inhabitants renioxed no cannon, 
nor ammunition from Newport. Both 



were removed by order of tlie (.".eneral 
.Vssembly to l'ro\idence. Here is the 
h'W enacted on the hrsi Monday in 
Doccmlier, 1774: "It is V(jted and re- 
solved that all the cannon, now in I'ort 
(TCorge (at Newport, excepting two 
eighteen pouimUm\-> luy^l onu six pouiuKt) 
and all powder, -iiot and .-tore. ihercl<. 
belonging (excepting so nmch piiwder 
and l>a]i as are sulhcient for the cannon 
to be left in tile F>)rt) l)e immediately 
r--nio\ed to the Town of Providence; 
that Col. Jo-eph Xightingale I).-, and 
he is hereby appointed to see tiie same 
done."' R. I. Col. Rec, v. 7. p. 202 

Worse still, t!io (kmeral A,-.-embly in 
I'.'.j.i built Fort ('.eorge, appoir.t'.d a com- 
mittee to procure 4000 pounds, sterling, 
\\i>nh of canr.on, carnages and other 
necessaries for ]-"ort C.eorge and draw 
the money from the General Treasury. 
The whole thing was the proiierty of 
the colony. ( R. 1. Col Rec, v. 4. p. 4S7.) 

There is another serious blunder in 
Siiowden's Rhode Island paragraph. 
Here it i-: ".Matters had now pnjceeded 
so far that the Americans, v>it!iout fur- 
ther ceremony, seized on the military 



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ARAM J. POTHIER, President. 

ARCHIBALD G. LOOMIS. Vice-President. 

HAROLD I. GROSS, Vice-President. 

FRANK E. CHAFEE, Treasurer. 

CHARLES H. SHELDON. Secretary. 

CLINTON F. STEVENS. Ass't Treasurer and Ass't Secretary. 



Samuel Td. Nicholson, 
Aratn J. Pothicr. 
Archibald ^~".. Loomis, 
Harold J. Gross, 
Benjamin A. Jackson, 
Joseph Samuels, 



DIRECTORS. 

Arthur H. Watson. 
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Marsden J. Perry. 
William W. Douglas, 
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Charles Alexander, 
:Michael T. llouliiian. 



Everett L. Si)encer, 
Albert A. Renn'ngton, 
Philip Allen, 
George W. Thurston. 



Willi 



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Walter W. Griffith. 



115 



stores belonging to tl'.e gmcrnnRnt."' 
The word government nuar.s here tiie 
iLiiglish Coii-ninu-iit. fir I lia\e sh^wn 
herein tliat military stores, cmn<in. ete.. 
lure in Fort (=eorge. were the property 
of the Rliode Island government, (p. :.:2. 
V. -'. Sn.j\v(.len'< lli.-tj 

When we *!osire to read hi>teiry ouglit 
\ve to be fooled and filled with lictiMn? 
When we want truth. (ii'.>iht we to si:b- 
iTiit to lies? Rut the man who '-•aidic- 
for the truth and then writes tlie erir- 
ieism is damred to eterriiy. Any ra^-- 
eal, when you expose his ra^enii'.y, will 
hate vou. 



It was at Seattle, Wa^hingt^.n. that 
the Xatir.nal Conffres> of Charities a;id 
CiiiieciiiM! was in ses^ior; on tlu- sth of 
July last. A report was made, in which 
I found this ])hrase: "'The most -irikire 
factor in the business world to-day i^ 
tiie increasing of the public (people) in 
business. Private bti^iness is regarded 
as a proper field for public inquiry. 
lUisiness is no longer private." Thi- 
country was planted tor the purpose of 
founding a govermuent by the peeipic. 
of the people, for the people, and it did 



found it; but individuals soon began to 
t; 't Kgislitures to make laws for their 
indivi hud bencft; ar,d by these laws 'o 
re)i) the community. It began in 1S:.'0, by 
the manufacturers ni CMiton cluh here 
in Rhcule Island. Congress made the 
tarit! (^'n eoUon cloth. Then thi- matui- 
faciurers led the (".eneral .\ssemlily of 
]<l-.w,!e Lsl.and to enact a law giving the 
nranufactnrer.-, and certain men in tlie 
'".ener.al Assembly individual control of 
e\ery water pnwcr in Rhr.de Island. 
More rascality has grown out of tariffs 
to rub the ceimmimity than froui all 
other -iiurces put together. At la>t men 
are wakirg up: the men of this cour.try 
hn\e more power than.' Congress and all 
j the legislatures; and men are £:rowing 
more and mr>rc determined every day: 
there will be no stoiiping them. The 
infernal tariff will be exterminated for- 
ever; and river-, highways, r.ailroad-. 
coal mines, oil wells anil everything 
bch.w the surface of the earth will be 
swiped from indi\ idual. or coporate 
owner-^hi]). and the m..ney paid will be 
ju-1 as effective as were the titles to 
n.gro sknes on the m.. ruing of January 
first. ISfi:?. 



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ii6 



"The love of moi^.ey is the root of all 
evil, which, while some coveted after, 
they have erred from the faith and 
pierced •.liem>elves thrijuuh with iiKuiy 
sorrows." (iMrsr Tin;.y.li>. c •-, v !(.>.) 
Cod seems to havj made a very dilTerent 
kind of a llihie for Roman Cath.dics. 
Ti. their scriptures il reads: "}''or covet- 
ousness is the fool of all evils, which 
some desiring, have erred fr^m the 
faith, and have entangled in many sor- 
rows." (Douay Rf^man Catholic \cr,^ion 
of the Bible. 1st Timothy, p. 6, v. 10.) 
Again, in the English Bible, v. ".), lit 
Timothy. 6th chapter, reads: '"But they 
that will be rich fall into temptations 
and a snare, and .into many foolish and 
hurtful lusts, which drown men in de- 
;-:i ii^;i'_/:i rfiid pciuiiion." The r).iuay 
\crsion reads thu^ : "For they wdio 
v.ould become rich, fall into temptati(:ins 
and into the snares of the Devil, and 
into improfitable and hurtful desires 
whicli drown men in destruction and 
perdition." Here is hov/ nnich attention 
i^ paid by priests to the Douay version. 
''Rome, July 12. — Fr. Crescini, custij- 
dian of the church of Santa Maria in 



Trastevere, the titular church of Cardi- 
r.al Gibbons, has been arrested. char>-;ed 
with the theft of the picture. "Madonna 
and Child." a masterpiece of Ciovanni 
Ikdlini. ]n Xuvembcr. 1911, a lire . .c- 
cr.rred in tiiis church, ami :ii'p;^''ent!y 
the Bellini masteriiiece w.is (K-troyed. 
Recently it wa> found in l-'lorence, and. 
according to the police, Vr. Cre>cini was 
responsible foi the fire, which he h:id 
set for the purpose of conecaling the 
theft of the picture. The masterpiece 
was sold for $>00." 

The iluly See is now engaged in 
forcing the pr)pulatif.n otT the lands of 
an Italian t')wu in order to get posses- 
sion of their lands into the bands of 
the Pope. 

A gang, thie\'es. murdererous, all crim- 
inals of the worst type, were seized near 
\iterbo. in Italy, two years ago; have 
been recentl\' tried, ci^nvicled and sen- 
tenced to prison. There were fifty of 
them. Among them w;is a Roman Cath- 
chc prie^-t, Don Ciro \'ittoi;zi. He was 
the chaplain of the Camorra. Seventy 
years of age. The court sentenced him 
to seven years in prison, and two years' 
surveillance. 



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MIICHAEL F. DOOLEY. President. 

Vice-Presidents, FREDERICK S. PECK, lOSEPH E. FLETCHER, 

AUGUSTUS R. PEIRCE. 

C. H. W. MAXDEVn.LE, Cashier. 

GEORGE G. WOOD, Asst. Cashier. 



Newton I). Arnold, 
Wulttr Call end '.-r, 
Karlf P. (Jhaileton. 
Kdrnuml J). Chesboro, 
Frank P. ConiHtock, 
Arthur \V. Duniiis, 
Michael F. Dooley, 



DIRECTORS 

Sninuo! M. Einstein, 
Cliarlos Fletcher. 
.Josepli K. FJeteh'.T. 
Theodore W. Fostei, 
Gerald T. Uanley, 
Arthur LUiiius, 
Sidney D. Humphrey, 



Charles JI. W. Afandeville, 
.Tolin Mc-Manus. 
Frederick S. ]v,ck. 
Frank X. Pbillip..s, 
li. TbouiOs Fottor. 
JobPph L. Sweet, 
Clarence L. V.'atton, 



Oneof the Oldest and Strongest Banks in Rhode Island 



I? 



The issue of Book Notes for July ")tli 
last had this note on the use of tlie 
stunt or stunts. 

TIic newspapers of to-day are contin- 
ually using the word "stunts."' ami it is j 
used entirely erroneously. Here is a 
>pecimen from that "pink" of perfectinn, 
I lie Evcnivg Tribune: 

SERIES OF AERL\L STUXTS. 

Jack McGee and Many Fcr.tu'-es at 
Crescent Park To-morrow 

"Manager Charles Looff of Looff's 
Xew Crescent Park has engaged Jack 
McGee, Rhode Island's popular aviator, 
and the only birdman in the East who 
is perfectly reliable, to do a series of 
aerial stunts at the psrk Suiiday after 
noon. Mr. McC.ee has risen to a point 
where he is re.^o£(n""' a^ nn cv^ prt fli. r 
and his services are very inuv/a in de- 
mand." 

Bailey's Etymological English Diction- 
ary, 1730, gives "To stunt," meaning to 
In'nder in growth, as of a tree. Aga:;i, 
he further defines the word as, ' to 
bound, to confine, to re.-,Lrain, to limit." 

Skeat, a recent Hng'ish etyn-.ologic 
scholar, gives "stunted" — "hindered in i 
growth," like "stunted hide bound trees." I 
He further says: "The proper form nf ' 



the verb is 'stint,' me.urng "to shoilcn 
or entail." Stint is a verb; Stunt is an 
adjective. 

Were McGee's aerial stunts "hindered, 
shortened, or curtailed?" Such use of 
words is utter rot. 

This postal card came to me: 

"I beg to inform Mr. Rider that the 
word "stunt' is modern slang, the word 
not being as yet in the dictionaries. It 
means 'a difficult feat' and has no verb. 
It is of the same quality and elegance 
as 'spunk,' 'brainy,' 'sure.' and 'nutty.'" 

E. C. EDWARDS. 
Riverside, July 6, 1913. 

I fail to recall the personality of E. 
C. Edwards, nevertheless, I am always 
glad to have an erroneous statement, 
when made bv me, corrected. But there 
i.> no use for any fool to attempt to 
'stunt" me from exposing his lies or 
blurders when he sends me such stuff 
as this card is. First, he says the word 
"stunt is modern slang.'' The latest 
slang dicticnaries are 1st, the Slang Dic- 
tionary, published in London, England, 
in 1910 by Chatto and Windus; 2nd. 
Tliomton"s American Glossary (the word 
slang is not used in the title, but the 
book is filled with it) published by Lip- 



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irS 



pincott in riiiladejphia in li'l:^ Tho 
word s'iiiii! is in neither, nor is it in 
I'arnicr and Henlev's Dictionary ot 



Slang. London, I'M)'. 



Mi 



Edwards' 



statement is iKtic^ii. Next, he says, '"the 
v.ord is not in the dictionaries."' Jt is 
in every ]£nglish dictionary pulili-lied .^f 
any size, published for t\v> lunidrcd 
years. Two of these I ga\e. 1 will gi\e 
titliers. Richardson gives the word 
.-tunt as a verb and a noun, and sa}s ; 
"A stunt is an animal, or other tiling, 
stinted, or stunted in its growth.'' Skeat's 
K'.ymologic Dictionary defnics slang as 
"low, vulgar language not in early use:'' 
■'to cheat, to abuse in foul language," 
and a great deal more. Webster dntlnes j 
-rlang as abusive language, an insultirg ' 
word. It is a new word that has no i 
just reason in-: e.xisten.cc ; low, vulgMV, ', 
i.;nauthorizcd; the jargon of some p.'ir- 
licular class; low popular cant and tnnch 
n'nre. Webster says "stunt" is also a 
verb. Worcester's Dictionary defines 
slang as "vile, low. or ribald language; 
the cant of sharpers; or the vulgar; gib- 
berish." There is i;o possible power to 
overthrow^ these conclusicns. SiUiii. is 
neither modern slang, nor anci?m slang; 
i: is not slang at a'! But the t!se of it 
as the Tribune used ii is utter ;ionsense, 
]t means absolutely nothing. 



Th.e 'i"ieos and Shrul.s Growing: Natur- 
ally in the Forests of Massachusett.s. 
Originally pulMisheci under un order cf 
f.egishiliire of tlie Stale, by George \\. 
(Cinerson. 2 v S vo. Third edition, Boston. 
1ST8. Now out of print :uul very scarce 
.\ \ ery tine copy in clotli, $17.50. It !s 
lieauiirully illustrated by J 4:^ engravings, 
ni.iny of tlieni beautifully colored. 



IT IS WHOLESOME 








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nOA N^nj. J31;A3W -llIM J.I 

THE SHEPARO COfV^PANV, 

251-273 Westminster Street. 

MISS ANNIE E. RIDER, 

73 Almy St., Previcience. 

TRY THIS TASTE-FULL-TONIC. 

R and G meam "Ornnge." 



(Twelve (12) Copies, only, remain.) 

The Lands of Rhode Island 

a.s they were known to 

CAUNOUNICUS .^ND MIANTUNNOMU - 

when RoGKK \\'illiams came in 16-^6. 



An Indian Map of the Principal Locations 

known to the NAUIGANSETS and ]-:LAB0RATK 
HISTORICAL NOTKS by Sidxky vS. Rjder. 

The edition consisted of 495 ; 19 remain to be sold. Price, post 
paid $9.00. Address the Author, Providence, R. I. 



^>9 

The Descendaxts of the French Cluck's Coinmentary on tlie Pandects of 

Huguenots in Rhode Island. i Justinian, or .Insfuhrlichc cnantcruvg 

I printed a hr-c Historical Tract Lear- ! </'''■ I'^'-dck'^n mich hcUfdd cin ,om- 



the followins; title — "Meiiitur Con- 



uiO'.tar, \\\\\\ tlu- successive writers 



ccndiig the French Huguenot Settle- ' Mulilenbruck, I'ein. Arndts. Arndts, \' 



iiuvils and Settlers in the Colony of 
Rlicde Island.- by lilisha R. Fotter. 

Mr. Potter gathered much inrorniation 
HI ( leneological matters concernini; the 
mtermarriagcs ot these Prencii settlers 
uith RIkkIc Mand hamilies. The names 
arc given, pages 59-02. Here they are, 
with tlie names of the Rhode Island fam- 
ilies with whom they hecame connected. 

Le Moine-Mawnev. Monev, Bowen, ' f'a"^l<-'ct^ie Justiniancae m .lovum ordi- 
[vcs, Whipple, Vinton, Slater, etc. 1 "^'" D-gestae; cum leg.bus codecis et 

Avrault-Mason. Wanton. TiUinghast, ' "ovelhs, quae Jus Pandeclarum con- 



.Vrnv;l)ur.u. and lUichard, IT'.Kl-lS'.U. 
hringing tlu- Cummcnlary down to 
include tlie ttuh hu. .k o t" the I'and.et^. 
This set includes the I\'lislandiijcs. 
Saeh and iiest.c-kegisler, (indexes) in 
four vols., the wIkjIc f(jrming a Cum- 
nuiUaire le plus complete qui ait en 
core- paru sur les Pandects, in DO vols. 
$3r>.00 



Robinson, etc. j "■■"'^'". cxpiu.nn ...ui auio.Liam i.uu- 

Itcrnon-^Crawfoid. Harris. Allen, ^"^^'' (^'-^'"'l^'") l'^^. n vols., toho. 

Jourtellot, Coddington, Helme, Carpcn- ; '"'^'^ ^^^''*- ^'"^'^ ^■'''^"•"' '-^""^^'^ ^'^ 

j^^ i Robert J. I'othier's. $^.r>.()0 

(janeaux — t-ano, Benedict. | ~ ~ 

Marchant — Xightingale, .'Vborn, Ar- i The Providence Ice company and the 

nold, Crocker, Rowse, etc. ^ Proxidence .Milk company ought to be 

Targe— Tourgee. .; destroyed— botii (jf them. Tiie roads of 

Lucas — Hillhouse, Brenton. i Providence were not niaile f.)r such 

Few copies now remain of this His- ', uses. 



torically interesting and most valuable ! 

ts>ay. I will send one by Post any- j ^he I'ricdmann vaccination was about 

uhere on receipt of $1.00. j ^qual to the Jenner vaccination for 

I small pox. F,\erv doctor who does such 

BOOKS- OX Till-: RO.M-VX LAW | tbings-playing with the lives of men to 

for sale by Sidney S. Rider. i get money — ought to be hanged at once. 



/ 



SOUL LIBERTY 

RHODE ISLAND'S GIFT TO TllK 

NATIOxN. 

Alt inquiry concernii!^ the validity of tlie claims made b\- Roman 
Catholics that Maryland was settled U]ooii that basis (Soui, Ljjn-:KTY) 
before Roger Williams planted the Colony of Rhode Island. 

— BY- 
SIDNEY S . R 1 D H K . 

"1 feel .soniewliat acqu.-i iiitt-d u-itli \on tliiou).h iiiv jiavOal perusal oT j on i 211 :i.sleil\ 
treali.se. fiititlcfi : SOt:!, Lll! !•; kT -S." .A .J. S. Iwi^' deau , M 1 ^,ioJiai r .Si\\y. ll'a^hnij^li v . /).( ' 

Quarto, 95 pages $1.25 7 

(Twenty-five copies). 



CHARLES C. HARRINGTON, 

President. 



ROWLAND G. HAZARD 
Vice-President. 



MECHANICS 
NATIONAL 

Opposite City Hsii and Ri<iilroad Station. 

To those desiring to change or make new banking 
connections, we offer the services of this conveni- 
ently located and progressively managed institution. 



H. EDWARD THURSTON, 
Cashier. 



RDWARD A. haven; 
Asst. Cashier. 



The Perambulation of Kent. Containing 
Ihe ufcsciipU-jii. iiistory, and customs of 
tnal county (England) written by Wil- 
liam Lambard of Lincoln's Inn. corrected 
and enlarged. To which is added the 
Charters, Laws, and Privileges, of the 
Cinque Ports, ne%'er before printed. Lon- 
don, 1656, half calf, upwards of 700 pages. 

S9.50 

Mr. Fulbeck tells us "that Mr. Lam- 
bard's pains, learning, and law, appear by 
his bool:s, which are constiucted by so 
curious a method, and beautified by such 
flowers of learning that he may well be 
sorted amongst those to whom the law is 
most beholden" — "his style runneth like a 
temperate stream: his excellent knowledge 
and use of antiquities argueth no small 
reading, and a singular conceit." (F'ul- 
beck's Preparation, 1620, p. 74). Lam- 
bard's picture of the men of Ivent who 
went forth with Gr.-t-ii Boughs to meet in 
peace, or to fight, William the Conqueror, 
touches the grand in literature, and to rne 
It has a subtle influence for I am a des- 
cendant from one of these men of Kent. 



GENTLEMEN'S SHIIITS 

OF THE FINEST MATER1.41 
THE BEST FOSSIHLE FITTING 
THE FINEST FKIVATE WORK 

AND 

A Dnrabilit}' Approaching Perpetuallty 
Orders Taken for Buttonholes. 

Your MONEY never 
went so far in SHIRTS 
in th e WOR LD before. 

ANNIE E. RIDER, 7-^ ALMY STREET. 



BROWN, LiSLE&MARSHALL 

Investment Securities 



?36 Industr a! Trust Co. Building, Providence, R, I, 

PUBLIC SERVICE BONDS. 

Tlierc are tlirce elements to be considered in inakinj^ an investment. Sa 
I'ertnanencc and Income. The bonds of efiiciently manau'cd Public Service 
pov:ition8 offer the investor a paiticularly well balanced combination of l 
eseentialfi. The businij^s is not affected by tarifl chancet; and is pcimu 
because it furnif^bes public necessiticfi, such as the telephone, electricity, 
street railways, etc. HuRiness depressions do not interrupt the steady increa 
caTninjzs. The income is high in relation to the safety of thelpvincipal. 

\Vc are in a position to obtain accurate information concerning 
corporations whose bonds we offer. 



fetv, 
Cor- 

hese 
nent 
<;'as, 
se in 



^ 't }U u 



BOOK NOTES 



HISTORICAL, LITERARY AND CRITICAL. 

COXDrCTED BY 

SIDNEY S. RIDER, 



7j A LMY STREET, 

Entered as Second 



PROVIDENCE, R. }. 

the Providence, R. 1. Post Office. 



50 Cents per annum. Fortnightly. 
Single Copy 5 Cents. 



Saturday, August 2, 1933. ^^,;^:. 



THK FLOATIXG IS[,AXD IX 
SCOTT'S POXD. 



Tile Providence Journal on the 22nd 
of July gave us this paragraph amnng 
its new? items. 

"A gai o of men in the employ of the 
Lonsdale comp.any, under the direction 
of the hoss farmer, C. L. ^h^goon, was 
engaged yesterday witli horses and oxen 
in moving the floating island in Scott's 
pond. The island has interrupted the 
course of the water flowing from the 
pond to the blcachery of the company, 
and will be fastened to a place at the 
side of the pond .=o that there will be a 
clear current." 

On the day fiiHiiuing, the F.ditor gave 
lis a third of a '".galley,'' otherwise an 
eight inch article on the filiating island, 
from which I clip this: 

"The Lonsdale company sim[)ly moved, 
i.sing horses and oxen and chains, to 
hind it to another position. The float- 
ing island, therefore, still exists — a for- 
tr.nate circumstance." 

Sixty years ago, somebody told me 
abr>ut the floating island in Scott's pond. 
1 was young at the time and fled to see 
it. I did not know at the time that 
earth would float on uat.r; wherever 
I had seen it, it was ju-t the reverse, 
water floating on the e.-irth. I was 
faken by a. native directly to the scene. 
Yesterday (July 2f\) I fled for the scene, 
and it was a wonderful day that I had 
I circumfcrenced Scott's jtond : I found 
the location of what was anciently 
known as the floating island. Alas, it 
had floated completely out of sight, and 



existence. Then I went to see the Lon^^- 
dalc company's work assisting (".od to 
A iolate the Xatural Divine Law. for cer- 
tainly no General Assembly can make a 
law floating the earth! I soon found 
the Goddard floating island. It was a 
sluiceway, nothinir more, nothing' less 
The (^.oddard floating island doesn't- 
float. 

There dwelt a young woman in Snn'th- 
tield, R. L, in 3S20, named Frances H. 
Whipple. She was born there in ISO.'.. 
She was a woman of great iiUeliectual 
strength; and far beyond the si'iiit of 
the age in which she was living. She 
was interested in temperunce reform: 
she ste.od for the freedcmi of the slaves; 
in the political troubles of Rluide I-land 
in 1S42 she stood for those p<Mitical!y 
oppre.-sed; she fought steadily for the 
tights of womankind. In May. IS:?:', 
she conceived the idea of publishing a 
periodical, and issued in May her first 
number, the name of it was The Grig-n- 
../. In it is a hi.-,tory of the floating \>- 
!'nd in Scott's pond, with which she was 
t'; miliar, having been born in Smithfield. 
I will reprint the "History" in full, for 
it is time that men' and women should 
know .something about it. 

She was born near the floating island. 
Put first I must give a few pr.-h'minai'v 
fiotcs. J wrote, and publi-hed a bio- 
graphical account of .Miss Whipple, and 
her literary- work in Rhode Island His- 
torfical Tracts, first series, number 11. 

The name, "Scott's pond," came from 
Richard ScoU, who was the .'^rst indi- 
vidual English owner of the po:Td, and 
of llie lands around it. It was not an 



arlificial pond created by a dam. It was 
a natural pond, created by the work oi 
the Divine Law. Richard Scott wa> 
iht llr?t"seci>nd comer" to .-ign the ihieu- 
ment written bj' Roger Williams, and 
which established Soul Liberty to man. 
the tirst government on earth to estal>- 
lish it. Tor this document, see Sluple's 
Annals of Providence, p. 39. 

Richard Scott's wife was a .^ister ^'i 
Ann Hutchinson; tliey were both strug- 
gling for Soul Liberty; l>oth were im- 
prisoned.; both fled to Rhode Island; 
••nd both are now the most famous wo- 
men in early Xew England history. I 
c^ me now to Miss Whipple's most inter- 
esting publication, now one of the rarest 
of Rhode Island publications. The only 
knov\-n copy today, is ir, th^ Sidr.cy F 
Rider CuHection of Rlvxle Island his- 
tory, now in the library of Brown 
University. 

SCOTT'S POXD. 

Is situated in Smith field, about tne 
miles from Providence, and two from 
Fawtucket, and lies securely bedded in 
the angle formed by the separation of 
the Worcester and Cumberland roads. 



^Vhether considered with respect to its 
natural situation, or as the grave vi 
many unfortunate individuals, it is a 
place of much interest. Twx-> lunidnd 
\ears ago Scott'> pvnd was i:; the mid-t 
of woods, broken tmly by its dark wa- 
ter^. There large tril>es of noble, but 
erring men. held their councils of war 
and peace, launched their light canoes 
on the smooth b^MSom of the pond, or 
m>>ored it safely in tlie little cove on the 
eastern .>ide. Often have the dark wa- 
ters retlected the lurid glow of the 
midnight council fire, while the woods 
were made \ooal, with the spirit of 
their energetic but terrible eloquence; 
and the dark shores echo it. in all tlie 
sullen grandeur of primeval nature. 

the minds of tho-e who tirst set foot 
in the wilderne-s scenes of America, 
tu see the proud oak in the mutilated 
grandeur of decay, burning beneath the 
torch of all-conquering Time — oaks that 
had stood the test ..if centuries — whose 
strong arms, after having resisted the 
tempests of a thousand winters and 
braved the lightnings of a thousand 



UNION TRUST COMPANY. 

62 DOPJRANCE ST., CORNER OF WESTMINSTER ST 



CAPITAL $1,000,000. SURPLUS $500,000 

A COMMERCIAL BANK AND TRUST COMPANY. 



OFFICERS. 

MARSDEN T. PERRY. Chairman of the Board. 

APvAM T. POTHIER. President. 

ARCHIBALD G. LOOMIS, Vice-President. 

HAROLD I. GROSS. Vice-President. 

FRAXK E. CHAFEE. Treasurer. 

CHARLES H. SHELDON. Secre'arv. 

CLINTON F. STEVENS. Ass't Treasurer and Ass't Secretary. 



Samuel M. Nicholson, 
Aram J. Pothier, 
Archib;ild G, Loomis. 
Harold J. Gross, 
Benjamin A. Jackson, 
Joseph Samuels, 



DIRECTORS. 

Arthur H. Watson, 
Claren.e L. Watson, 
Marsden J. Perr>', 
William W. Douglas, 
Harry Cutler, 
Charles Alexander. 
Michael J. Jloulihan. 



P'vcrett L. Spencer, 
Albert A. Remingto:;. 
Philip Alien, 
George W. Thurston. 
William B. Greenough. 
Walter W. Griffith. 



123 



suninitTs were strolclicd out bare to 
Heaven, in grand, hut utter desolateiie-s. 
Terliap'^ th.i>c very trees were in the 
\ itir»r of tlieir youth, from the prime\al 
flood. I'ut this i-i all eonjecture. Suh- 
hine it is, truly. \et stiU, mere conjec- 
ture Let us return to the plain and 
simple ways of truth. 

Scott's pond totik its name from 
Richard i-^cotl, the tnst proprietor of 
tile l.'ind around. His grandson. Abra- 
ham Scott, was settled at the pond, and 
built the dam which v.as standing no 
more than tliirty years ago. It stood a 
few feet south of the place where the 
present ta\ern now stands. The bnild- 
irg was quite a curiosity — a ;m///'(iri(7 
among houses. In the southeast c<jrner 
was t'le front door, which opened mli.i 
a little entry, and this led to the .great 
)*ar-room, which has sometimes l)een 
called the centre of gravity, becau-e all 
the parts of the building, as well as 
most of the men in the neighborhood, 
seemed to balance themselves about this 
one point — but we would give it any 
name, rather than the entire of gravity. 
hVom this room four or five steps as- 
cended to the quarter deck, so called 
from its elevation; and as manv more 



descented to a cell.ar kitclien wliieh was 
directly under the quarter deck. In the 
i;r>rtheast corner was tlie state room. 
'! he roof sloped down to the northwest 
c;irner over tlu- quarter deck, and but 
f'lr the cellar kirchen. the iiouse w.-uld 
have b-.en only one story high nt that 
corner. In the bar-room was a lire 
place m.ide in the very spirit of oUlen 
hos])ita!ity ; and its wide corners were 
Idled with happy faces during the long 
\'ir:t-r evenings. Here an .assembly of 
(.■.'i'(/ fclloi^'s frotu the famous village 
of Pawtucket ■>ften met to enjoy them- 
selve-. or as the cant phrase is, have a 
(jii»d tunc. It was the lialiit among 
them to place one of the most clever in 
the middle of the ring to entertain the 
c. .inpany by telling long stories, relatmg 
anecdotes, and cutting whatever capers 
his wayward fancy might suggest. As 
a rc:compense for his services the com- 
pany paid for his supper 

We doubt not much wit was eheitcd 
at these festivals, but for particulars 
we refer the curious to those members 
of the club who are still !ivii-g, and 
v.-ould, without doubt, be hapi)y to re- 
view their juvenile sports. Pcrliaps 
some of our tonish will think their en- 



PPOVIDilNCl: BANKING CO.. 

14! W'llS'rniMSITzP ST., Pl^OVIDlzNCt:, 1^. I. 



.OCAL STOCKS, BONDS 



-AND- 



I lighGracleliwestment Securities 

Orders executed on the New York and Boston Stock 
Exchange. Foreign Exchange bought and sold. Letters of 
Credit furnished for travelers. 



124 



tcrtainnients were very rude and heath- 
enish; but the good fathers of the 17th 
century Iku! not learned the modern re- 
finements of driiilciiiy. sic-rariiitj and 
ijitmblitig. This Httle inn was, of course, 
a favorite place of resort; and tradi- 
tion tells much of the good cheere that 
often crowned the board of the quarter 
deck. One supper in particular is much 
spoken of — one will not even venture a 
guess of that bill of fare; but one of the 
party, a shrewd Yankee, being question- 
ed on the subject, said they supped on 
fried Rnitting sheaths, stuffed with ce- 
dar strips. But the revelers are gone 
now, the sound of their mirth is still, 
and the good old hous'e that echoed it j 
has been levelled to the ground. Some | 
.if the boards, however, were reserved | 
''•ir the menial office of covering a barn- | 
side, where in their transmigratvd state i 
tiiey may be seen by the lovers of an- 
tiquity. On the south side of the p<")nd 
there is a place which has been filled up 
with sand that was washed from the 
bank at some time unknown, and fell 
off so steep as to make a sudden and 
dangerous descent. The bottom at this 
place is composed of sliding earth and 



the footing is insecure. I have stood in 
the carelessness of childish security up- 
on the very verge of this liule gulf. 
and looked till I could almost see stars 
in the black depth below; and tlie least 
]iossible impulse might have precipitated 
me, but 1 forbe;ir tinding myself yet on 
terra firma. 

.\biiui tifty years since, one Lopez, 
Jew of Xewi>iirt, R. I., wiien, returning 
from a visit to Worcester, with his fam- 
ily and ser\ants, was drowned at this 
place, lie was in a sulkey and, driving 
his horse down to drink, the animal lost 
his footing and the poor man was drown- 
ed before any of his attendents dare4 
go to his assistance His family made a 
fence around the south side of the pond, 
and some of the posts were standing 
last summer. About twenty years after 
this, A-^a Arnold, a lad of fourteen oV 
lit teen, was drowned in attempting to 
swim across the cove at the eastern 
side. In the year 1818 a Mrs. Jenckes of 
Cu)nl)erland, in a horse and wagon, with 
four children, the eldest a girl of twelve, 
and the youngest an infant, drove into 
the water at the dangerous place above 
described, and, with her whole family, 



THE NATIONAL 



63 WESTMINSTER STREET. 

Capital. $500,000. Surplus & Profits, $1,024,203.92 

ORGANIZED 1801 



OFFICERS 

MIICHAEL F. DOOLEY. President. 

Vice-Presidents, FREDERICK vS. PECK, JOSEPH E. FLETCHER, 

AUGUSTUS R. PEIRCE. 

C. H. W. MAXDE\aLLE, Cashier. 

GEORGE G. WOOD, Asst. Cashier. 



Newton T). Arnold, 
Walter Callender, 
Earle. V. Charlcton, 
Kdruund 1). Chcsboro, 
Frank P. Comstock, 
Arthur W. DeuniB, 
Michael F. Dooley, 



DIRECTORS 

Samuel M. Einstein, 
Charles Fletcher. 
Joseph K. Fletcher, 
Theodore W. Foster, 
Gerald T. Hanley, 
Arthur Henius, 
Sidney D. Humphrey, 



Charles 7I.AV. Mandeville, 
John ^NfcManus, 
Frederick S. Peck, 
Frank N. Pliillips, 
B. Thomas Potter, 
Joseph ],. Sweet, 
Clarence L. AVatbon, 



One of the Oldest and Strongest Banks in Rhode Island 



125 



was drowned. This dreadful affair 
caused much excitement and it was a 
5;eMcraI iniyrcision that the poor woman 
was la!)')nng under mental dvrantxe- 
ment. They were all bniied in one 
grave, and it was judged that between 
three and four thousand persons at- 
ttndcd tlie funeral. .\ few years since, 
there, wvrt three htm-es to bo seen in 
tlie imniciliate neighborhood of the little 
Inn and two of them were left dis- 
solate, and are now raze<l to the ver}' 
fiiundation. A little orchard of apple 
trees e.xtcnd n(_)rth from the house, and 
its mossy i)ank leans to the warm 
south, and slopes to the water's edge 
pretty and gracefully enough to charm 
even the poetic taste of our co-temprir- 
,-iry Willie. Tlie puid was two miles round 
before being raised, a half mile long, 
and about a fourth of a mile wide. On 
the northern and western sides it is 
sheldered by woody hills, and on the 
we-tern sliore is entirely smooth and free 
from any indenture. 

A few rods north of Scott's Pond, is a 
smaller collection of water called Cran- 
berry I'ond, which all the good housewives 
venerate, who know the luxury of cran- 
berry tarts and jellies. Since tlie drain- 



irg of the water, this has become inter- 
esting to the lovers of oi wonderful 
things. The south western part ot the 
pond, was a marsh covered with cran- 
iierry \ine>. W'licn the water varied 
this marsh separated itself from thj 
others and rose to tlie surface, m.iking 
a floating island, about an acre in ex- 
Irnt, which still bears cranberries 'J'hcre 
are twi,> trees on the island, one a Tnai)le 
wliove trunk is seven inches in diameter, 
t!ie other a pif.e. These trees have not 
suffered b\- their extinction, but con- 
tinue to tlonrish as before. Xear the 
shore the marsh was covered with alder 
and other large bushes, where i"il>r. >us 
roots clingii-g to the earth, prevented it 
from rising so that now it is sixteen, or 
seventeen feet under water, and makes 
a chaimel several feet wide between the 
shore and the tloating islanrl. The his- 
tory (ff this little island may (lerhaiis be 
handed down to postirity as one of 
our Rhode Island wonders, and when the 
mist and indistinctness of age are 
gathered around and the magnifying 
touch of uncertainty is upon it, nurses 
may rock their children to sleep, l)y tel- 
Ing them how cranberry island rose 
from some lake unknown at the tc.uch of 



INDUSTRIAL TRUST COMPANY, 

49 WESTMINSTER ST., PROVIDENCE. R. 1. 

Capital, §3,000,000. Surplus $3,000,000. 



BANKING DEPARTMENT — Interest paid on deposits. Issues 
Certificates of Deposit at attractive rates. Loans and Discounts. 
Collections made on all points on favorable terms. 

FOREIGN EXCHANGE DEPARTMENT — Eoreion Drafts and 
Letters of Credit a\'ailable in all parts of the World. Calile 
Transfers. 

TRUST DEPARTMENT—Authorized to accept Trusts. Is a le^^al 
depositary for trust funds. Acts as Trustee, Executor, Adminis- 
trator, Guardian and as Registrar and Transfer Agent of Coijjora- 
tious. 



126 



the giant Blackstonc — while every violet 
cup Ix'Ocmes a fairy castle, and every 
cranberry vine a stronf,^ town whicii conic 
from i.sie sl.iitinp; point — the Inn. ]""ri)ni 
the eastern side of tlie hou>e may he 
seen the tlnrishint; villai^e of \'allc\ 
l"all?. and if the traveler will just pa-^s 
tlic Cumherland road he v>ill ht ricldy 
paid hy a view of the rdackstnnc river, 
and the luxuriant valley that takes its 
name. The descent from the rciad is 
■aI;out sixty feit, almnst perpendictular. 
'riiis ^tecp surface has been lieaten into 
hard paths from the toji ti) the hotton. 
iiy the fretiucnt pa-=irtj and rei)a>sint; 
the c-itile. so that it has every appcar- 
arce <>f ha\ini;' been made by art into 
ramlilinL'^ L-rat/cs an;! many a truant hoy. 
n /w man. has ncca-sion to re'.ncmber it. 
Toward> tlic smitheast cnrner of the 
valley is I'eaver Tond, formerly the 
headquarters of the Smithfield beavers, 
but this active and enterprising little 
ccimmurit}- was destroyed: and their 
furs haNe gone to decorate some heads 
tliat ought to blush to look upon tlieir 
coverin.g. In the year 1S28 the pond was 
varied to seventeen feet to accomodate 
the Rlackstone cam! which enters it on 
the northeast corner, and leaves it on the 
south side. In excavating the canal a 
little south of the prmd they dn,q out the 



The Trees and Shrubs GrowiriK Natur- 
ally In the Forests of Massachusetts 
Originnlly publislied under an order of 
Legislature of the State, by George B 
Kinerson, 2 v S vo. Third edition, Boston. 
1S78. Now out of print and very scarce. 
A very fine eovy in clotli, $17.50. It is 
benulifully illustrated by 14:) engravings, 
many of them beautifully colored. 



IT IS WHOLESOME 




MMOa HQISdn 

noA Nunx a:-jA3M tiim j.i 

THt SHEPABO S0SV1PANY, 

251-273 Westrt'dnster Street. 

fvlISS ANNIE E. PAUm, 

73 AliTiy St., Providenca. 

TRY THIS TASTE-FULL-TONIC. 

R and G means "Orange." 



(Tweh-e (12) Copies, only, remain.) 

The Lands of Rhode Island 

as they were known to 

CAUNOUNICUS AND MIANTUNNOMU 

when RoGKR Williams came in 1636. 



An Indian Map of the Principal Locations 



known to tlie NAHIGANSKTS and !■ LABORATlv 
HlvSTOinCAL NOTKvS by Sidnkv S. Rider. 

The edition consisted of 495 ; 19 remain to );e sold. Price, 
paid $y.oo. Addrc-srj the Author, I'rovidence, R. I. 



post 



iiearth stone oi an Indian u igwani.a^hci 
were on the hearth, and an arrnw. and 
some other instruments were found, A 
few feet di.-laiit tiiey al^i di.-eovered 
Inunan ))ones prohalil.N tliose of tlie 
prnprieior of the hut. He might liave 
hecii a great warrier— old men perhaps 
U)nked npr'n him and were gbd : ar.d the 
heart of tlie young warriors beat high 
I'.nd stroTig, within the dark brown wl:en 
the name of the mighty, wa? spoken — 
tliat name nn"ght have l)ei.n an Amulet ; 
tlie .-.pell-word of Kreedonv-hut tiblivion 
they shrouded it in the bonds of her 
dark mantle. His nations have vanished 
like mist, stumpers have trodden down 
the graves of liis father. This hearth 
stone was removed from its place and 
with his hi •res were not allowed to rest 
m this narrow home Weep! Weep I Ye 
thoughlessi f<)r such is the end of all 
subulunary things. Thus we find the 
spirit of change, which has gone through 
the land, did not leave understood the 
footprint of these untouched meror- 
ier — -Scott's Pond. 

Such is the story liy ?»Iiss Whijiple. 
She was a child then, wlien the I'loatiiuj 
if lard was found onh in the minds eye. 
I saw what she descrilied is a "lloating 



i-!aiid" si.xty years ago. It was in size. 
circular in form, and apparently twetity- 
li\e feet in diameter. There was one 
tree Upon it. perhap.- a maiile: but 
tliere was tlien no pine. The inecipice 
down winch so many teams and people 
were thrown into Scott's Pond, and 
drowned scvrmed like a dream. TIk 'preci- 
pice itself has .gone from sight, but I 
remember it well. In JS:!0 Catharine K. 
William.- published a little book uiuKr 
the title "Talcs Xational and Rci^'liinou- 
ary." at the close of the volume is a 
paper entitled '"The Story of Scott".> 
Pond." It is an elaborate paper, but in 
it there is no reference to the Floating 
Island. Had there been such a thing in 
e.xistancc. Mrs. Williams would certainlv 



i have descriljcd 



H'. 



.•as i;ub 



li-lud only a year after Miss Whipple".- 
"Tlie Original." foi ."..'ay lS2y, wa- pub- 
lislud. It must not be overlooked, that 
Miss Whipple has shown not the sliglit- 
e.-t evidence that there was ever a 
Floating Island, in Scott's Ford, n.ir 
anywhere else The editor of tin- .hrarnal 
did no wr(;ng. He fo'^iinved the little bit 
of rew> which was sent to him from 
Lincoln. Me had never access to the 
things \\\vx\\ are etirtuin:d herein. 



SOUL LIBERTY 

RHODIC ISLAND'S GIFT TO THK 

NATION. 



All inquiry concerning the validity of tlie claims made li 
Catholics that Maryland \vas. settled upon that ba.sis (vSoui. I 
before Roger Williams planted tlie Colony of Rhode Island. 

-BY — 

SIDNEY S . R 1 D E F^ 



y Roman 
.n:KKTV ) 



"1 f(-el soiiicwiiat ;icin;n iiUcd witli roii tl: rouf li li)\- jiariial jki u.sal ot \ o 
treatise, eiUilled: SOlI. I.IRKKTY." A .J. S. Ji'^x' d<.uu . A/, M.t.aiy Sn'r, H c'.h 

Quarto, 95 pages, $^.25 

(Twenty-five copies). 



12S 



CHARLKS C. HARRIN'GTON. 
President. 



ROWLAND G. HAZARD 
Vice-President. 




iECHANICS 
BA 

Opposite City Hal! and Rsilroad Station. 

To those desiring to change or make new banking 
connections, we offer the services of this conveni- 
ently located and progressively managed institution. 



K 



H. EDWARD THURSTON, 
Cashier. 



EDWARD A. HAVENS. 
Asst. Cashier. 



The Perambulation of Kent. Containing 
liie description, history, and customs of 
thnt county {.i--ns:.ind) \vr;tte: 
Uatn Lainburd of Lincoin'.s Inn. corrected 
-md enlarged. To which is added the 
Charters. Laws, and Privileges, of the 
Cinque Ports, never before printed. Lon- 
don, 1656, half calf, upwards of 700 pages. 

$9.50 

Mr. FulbecVr tells us "that Mr. Lam- 
bard's pains, learning, and law, appear by 
his books, v.-hich are constructed by so 
curious a method, and beautified by such 
flowers of learning that he may well be 
sorted srnorigst those to whotn the law is 
most beholden" — "his style runneth like a 
temperate .'stream: his e.xcelient knowledge 
and use of antiquities argueth no small 
reading, and a singular conceit." (Ful- 
beck's Preparation. 1C20. p. 74). Lam- 
bard's picture of the men of Kent, who 
went forth with Green Boughs, to meet in 
peace, or to fi.-Tht, William the Conqueror, 
touches the grand in literature, and to me 
it has a subtle influence for I am a des- 
cendant from one of these men of Kent. 



t^ QENTLEMEiN'S SHIRTS 

OF THE FINEST ftl.ATERI.4L 
THE BEST POSSIBLE FITTING 
THE FINEST PRIVATE WORK 

AND 

A Durability Approaching Perpetualitj 
Orders Taken for Buttonholes. 

Your MONEY ne\'er 
went so far in SHIRTS 
in liie WORLD before. 

ANKIE E. RIDER, U ALMY STREET. 



BROWN, LISLE&MARSHALL 

Investment Securities 



236 liidustr-a! Trust Co. Building, Providence, R. I. 

PUBLIC SERVICE BONDS. 

Tlifiij are tliree elemenl>- to be considered in makino an investment. Sa 
Permanence and Income. The bonds of eJiiciently managed Public .Service 
poratione offer the inve-tor a particulai ly well balanced combination of t 
eseentials. Tbe businePK is not affected' by tariff changes and Ik perma 
because it fuiniKbes public necessitief^. sucb as the telephone, electricity, 
street railv.avs, etc HnpinesK depressions do not interrupt the .steady iucreai 
earninj^s. The income ib hip;h in relation to the safety of theTpiincipal. 

We are in a position to obtain accurate information |concernin" 
corporations whose bonds we oiler. " 



fetv. 
Cor- 
hese 
nent 

<j .'I s . 

se in 
the 



BOOK NOTES 

HISTORICAL, LITER AKi^ AND CRITICAL. 

CONDUCTKD BV 

SIDNEY S. RIDIXR. 



7? ALMY STREET, .... . . PROVIDE^■CE, R. I . 

Entered as Second class Matter, at the Providence, R. I. Post Office. 



50 Cents per annum. Fortnightly. 
Single Copy 5 Cents. 



Saturday, August 16, 19]3. \^i.^?. 



.\ KklKI- .VCCOINT OV THK RI^K AND SKT- 

T!.KMi;-N'V ol' RllnDlC ISL.VND GoVi:rX- 

MKNT. 

Great event- oftentimes spring from 
iittle causes, and llic soNereign wisdom 
of divine jiruvidence frequently educes 
tile greate-t good tu mankind, from what 
si,tms T,i lie il;e smu'ce of mfinite, mis- 
chief and nnhappiness. The tyranny, su- j 
[ierstiti<:)n.> and persecutions. ;ind the tu- 
nudts and e<.infusiijns in consequence 
thereof, which j)revailed in F.ngland in 
ihe last century, were the immediate 
cause uf much uniiappiaess. in the times 
ihey liappenvd, to the Iv.iglish nati<:)n, 
sh(H,k llic i'.ngii-Ii constitu'ii.n to the 
centt'r, .ir,d mu the ;;()lh of January, IGJl, 
took off tile lieafl of the unliappy despot- 
ic King Charles the first. Yet these dis- 
[uites and confusions were afterwards 
ihe cause of very great advantages to 
the J".ngli>ii nation, in nullifying the au- 
ticnt luiglish tenures in procuring the 
l/alu-as Corpus act, and introducing the 
pre-ent gl.iri'.ais piditical ci insliUUion ; 
l>ut ahM\e all. in gising hirlli, arid a rap- 
id inrna>e, to the extensive British do- 
miiUMiis in America. 

It is universally agreed that the first 
settlements of Xew l'",ngl;tnd were in 
consequence of the dispute? which raged 
in Kngland, hotli in church and state, in 
the reign.s r.f Queen ICli/ahetli, James, 
and riiarle< the first. The unrelenting 
I (.verity with which the I'urii.ans, as tiiey 
were jeeringly called, were persecuted, 
drove nirmy of them, witii their families, 
into Ifolland, in the years )f.08 and IGOO. 
in hopes of enjoying, in a foreign land, 
tlie liberty of worshipping God accord- 



ing to their consciences, which they were 
tieiiied at home. They settled at Leyden, 
under the pa^toral care of Mr. John 
Rohin-on, who was afterwards the fath- 
er of IMynidUth colony, .\fter remain- 
ing there 31 or 12 years, they, for main- 
reasons, resolved to seek an assylum 
somewhere in America, where they 
might peaceably enjoy a good Ci)nscicnce 
and obtain the blessings of liberty .\c- 
cnrdingly, after encountering the great 
difficulties and discouragement-, from 
the nature and circuinstances of the voy- 
age, and fruin the treachery of some 
with whom they were concerned, ^^r. 
JmIiu Carver, Mr. William Bradf.ird and 
.Mr. h.dward Winslow ( whu were after- 
ward- succes-ivcly C.overaors ) with 
about ;;0 others in the married state, 
who. with their families, made exactly 
101 persons, arrived at Cape Cod, the 9lh 
• if Xoveml-.er, 1620, where they landed, 
and without house or shelter to defend 
them from the injuries of the weather, 
or physicians to take care of the many 
wliu were made sick by ;i long and te- 
dious voyage, endured incredible hard- 
ships, and passed through unparallelled 
sufferings. Xear half their number died 
that win'cr, for want of the necessaries 
of life. Yet amidst all these toils and 
hard.-hi|)s. supported by a noble forti- 
tude of mind, and the consciousness of 
well-doing, they, to their everlasting hon- 
or, efreclod the first settlement of X. 
I'lymonth, the first of the X. Kngland 
Colonies. 

-Mr. John Winthrop, afterwards Gov- 
ernor, Deputy-Governor Dudley, Sir 
J;Jichard Saltonstall, Sir William Pyn- 



chon. Messieurs Ludlow, Xowell, Brad- 
street, and iiKiiiy other geiulenien of dis- 
tinction, witli about loOO others, ilrivcn 
fmm tiieir native country by reliynais 
oppressiiiii, catne Liver in the year 1 (■,:;(). 
and settled at Dorchester. Waleri.nvn, 
C'larlestown. etc., and etYectually began 
ihe scttlenu-nt of ^^assachuset'.s Bay. the 
second of the Xew Kngland colonies. 

With thi;, second coliiny came owr 
Mr. ROr.l-R WILLIAMS, the father of 
Rlii'dc Island go\ernnient. of \\Iii.>se life, 
before coining to .\nicrica, we can kn<nv 
little more than that he had a collegiate 
education, and it is said he was some 
time pupil to the famous English lawyer, 
Sir Edward Coke. Soon after he came 
into the country he settled at Salem, be- 
ing chosen by tlie people as an a-sistant 
in the ministry to Mr. Samuel Skelton, 
the first minister of that town. Some 
difference of opinion arising between 
him and Mr. Skelton, he removed to 
Plymouth, where he preached for three 
years with ^^Ir. Ralph Smith, to very 
good acceptation. But meeting with 
some disgust here, he again removed to 
Salem, and in the year 18.34 was chosen 



by the people to succeed Mr. Skelton in 
the ministry Many of his church had a 
great affection for him; but some of his 
tenets were deemed heterodox and dan- 
gerous, by the lesser, thougli ruling part 
uf his chnrcli. He was charged with 
holding it "uiiliiwfu! for an unrcgcncr- 
a'c iiuiii to fray, or for a regenerate man 
tj pray zi'itli him; that it zcas not laicfu! 
for a goodly man to haz-e eontiniinioii 
eitlwr ill fiiiuily frayer or in an oatli zvith 
sneh as they judged unregenerate : and 
therefore he himself refused Ihe oath of 
fidelity, and taught otiiers to do so also: 
That he spoke dangerous zoords against 
the patent Zi'Iiieh zcas the foundation of 
the government of the Massaehusetts 
eidony," (meaning. I suppose, that the 

the lands in America from the Indian-, 
and give them to his own subjects;) 
"That the Magistrates had nothing to do 
ill matters of the first table, but only in 
the seeond ; and that there should be a 
general and unlimited toleration of all 
religior.s, and for any man to be punish- 
ed for any matters of his eonseieiiee, zoas 
perseeution:" 



UNION TRUST COMPANY. 

62 DOP.RAHCE ST., CORNER OF WESTf?i!NSTER ST 



CAPITAL $1,000,000. 



SURPLUS $500,000 



A COMMERCIAL BANK AND TRUST COMPANY. 



OFFICERS. 

MARSDEN J. PERRY, Chairman of the Board. 

ARAM J. POTHIER. President. 

ARCHIBALD C. LOOMIS. Vice-President. 

HAROLD J. GROSS. Vice-President. 

FRANK E. CHAFEE. Treasurer. 

CHARLES H. SHELDO.W Secretary. 

CLIN'i'OX F. STEVENS, Ass'i Treasurer and Ass't Secretary. 



Samuel ^T. Nicholson, 
Aram J. Pothicr, 
Archibald v"',. Loomis, 
Harold J. Gross, 
Benjamin A. Jackson, 
Joseph Samuels, 



DIRECTORS. 

Artliur H. W^atson, 
Clarence L. Watson, 
Marsden J. Perry, 
William W. Douglas, 
Harry Cutler, 
Charles Alexander. 
■Michael J. Iloulilian. 



Everett L. Spencer. 
Albert A. Remington. 
Philip .Allen, 
George W^ Thurston. 
William B. Greenough, 
Walter W. Griffith. 



For these opinions lie was called to 
rin>\vcr ])el'o:L' tiie ci\il Mai^isirate, and 
l)crsi--tiri; in them, he was hanisjicd the 
eolniiN. Mr. Williams iherct'oie. in tlie 
sprin.^ of the year 1»'.:;4. witli twelve ot' 
his church, came to v^eCdiike. imw called 
kchiihnth. and designed to >etl!e there; 
hut an ollicer was dispatched frMui J'iy- 
niDUtii to inftuin him tliat idace was 
within their jurisdiction, and that he 
must reniMve from thence. Thus forlorn 
imd unhappy, entirely cut off from all 
communication with every part of man- 
kind except the sava^ics, .Mr. Williams 
once more, with his i>o(ir sutTering com- 
panions, reiuuver furtlier westward, and 
came to a place hy the Indians called 
Moshasuck. Tliey were now in the do- 
iri;n;on= or ini- Xarraqansi-t Kirg. whose 
name was Conanicus. To this prince Mr. 
Williams stated his uidiappy case, and* 
bey;.;ed his protection, which the .uener- 
our hearted Sachem kindly granted to 
him and his associates, and moreo\er 
maile them a present of all tliat neck of 
land lyinc;- hetween the nKuiths of the 
Pawtuckct and .Mo-hasuck rivers, that 
they might settle in peace, and enjoy it 
forever. Mere, destitute of all the con- 
veniences and necessaries of life, amidst 



ii iiunKrable dangers, hardships and per- 
i'.-. Mr. Roger Williams and Iiis twelve 
associates, viz., jolm ' Throckmorion, 
Wiliiam \rn..!d, Wil'iam Harris, .^tuke- 
i> \\ e^icot. John t'.reene, ThouKis Dlney, 
Uichird Watermun. Thomas Jam..-., Rob- 
ert (."ole, WiWiam Carpenter, h'rancis 
Weston, ar;tl i'.zekiel Moliim.an. iKgan 
tile .-eltlemeiU of the tlnrd .\\u l-'.ng'and 
Colony, wlii.h has thniri-hed ar.d increas- 
ed in a surprising m.anntT. 

"This small company." sav s the wortliy 
tiiulior of tlie lii.storica! account of the 
tldittiiuj and (jiuz^-Ui <■/ I'r.nidciicc . .Mr. 
WiTiams formed into a church, ar.d on 
that occasion piously ol.iservetl to his 
bre'hren, that the [^rovidciicc of Cod 
liad found out a place for tiiem among 
savages, where tiuy might pvaceabiy 
worship (.-od according to their consci- 
ences; a privilege which had been denied 
them in all Christian counlrie,^ that tluy 
had e\er been in: — In thankfulness f<ir 
this greatest of b'e^smgs. he named the 
place where they were settled I'kovj- 
DENCt;. Tlie first church formed at Provi- 
dence by .Mr. WilliauK- ar.d others seems 
t'. have been the model of the OTigrega- 
tional churches in the other Xew l{ng- 
Ir.nd colonic-; but it did not continue 



PROVIDIlMCl: BANKING CO., 

141 WCSTnifLSTIil^ ST., PI»VIDr:N'Ct:, 1^. I. 



.OCAL STOCIIS, BONDS 



HiglA Grcicle Investment Securities 

Orders executed on the New York and Boston Stock- 
Exchange. Foreign Exchange bought and .sold. Letters of 
Credit furnished for travelers. 



132 



long in this form; for most of its mem- 
bers very soon embraced the principles 
.nnd practices of the Baptists, and some 
time earlier than 10:;'.) tluy leathered and 
formed a church at Providence of that 
society, the principal niemlicrs of which 
were William W'ickenden, the lirst elder; 
Chad P.rown, Thotnas OIucn, (".regr)ry 
Dexter, John Tlirockmorlon, K.zikiel 
llolliman, Stukely Westcot. etc. 

•'Six)n after the first plantiiii-, cf Provi- 
dence, and with.iii the same \e.n-. 1C.:54, 
Mr. Williams pnreliased of C'onanicus, 
the Indian King, a large tract of land, 
lying between the Pawtucket and Paw- 
tuxet rivers, and to extend up the 
stream of each river twenty miles from 
sea. This pnrchasc inclndes all the lands 
which novv- make the towns of Provi- 
dence, vSmithlield, Scitnate, ("dmicester, 
Cranston and Johnston.'' 

On the ~'4ih of March. I(;:i7-S, Rhode 
Island, whicli by the Indians was called 
Aqnetneck, was purchased of the great 
Xarragansct Sachem, Myantonomo, by 
Mr. William Coddington (who was the 
first Governor, and had been Assistant in 
the Council in the Massachusetts Bay), 



Mr. John Clark and a number of others. 
It is probable the S.iclicm wou'd have 
nevir signed the deed, had it not been 
out of the great lo\e and regard whicIi 
the In.li.-ms b.>re to Mr. Wi]liam>, uli- 
had learnt their language, and was \er\ 
in-trunuiil;il in procuring grants. 

We li.ne not room to enlarge at pre- 
ent ; but in our next Almanack ^hall be 
published ;i further accr.unl of llie ;t- 
i!o:cnrd Mr. Williani^^, the pr..gressi\e 
settlement of this colony, and the several 
cliarlers under which it has been govern 
ed. We shall likewi^^• endeavor to pro- 
cure a correct list of all the C.overnors 
and Heputy Ciovcrnors which have been 
chosen in the colonv. 



i'he preceding paper was written liy 
I'.enjamiu West and [irinted in tb.e Xew 
P.ngland Almanack or Lady's and (".en- 
t'eman's Diary for the year of our Lord, 
Christ, 1:74. Harvard gave him the de- 
gree L. L. D. lie was a profe.-sor of math- 
ematics and astron(,)my. lie made thirty 
Rhode Island Almanacs, 17G::-1T'.13. He 
v.as postmaster of Providence, 1S02-1S1:!. 
Durir.g the war of the Re\olution he 



THE NATIUML EXCHANGE BANK, 

63 WESTMINSTER STREET. 

Capital, $500,000. Surplus & Profits, $1,024,203.92 
ORGANIZED I801 



OFFICERS 

MIICHAEL F. DOOLEY. President. 

Vice-Presidents, FREDERICK S. PECK, TOSEPH E. FLETCHER, 

AUGUSTUS R. PKIRCE. 

C. H. W. MAXDEVILLE, Cashier. 

GEORGE G. WOOD, Asst. Ca.shier. 



Newton D. Arnold, 
Waltt-r Callerider, 
Earle P. Charleton, 
Edmund D. Chesboro, 
Frank P. Conistocl:, 
Arthur W. Dennie, 
Michael F. Dooley, 



DIRECTORS 

Samuel M. Einetein, 
Cliarlet Fletcher. 
Joseph E. PMetcher. 
Theodore \V. Fosti j-, 
Gerald T. llanley. 
Artliur llcjiins, 
Sidney D. Humphrey, 



Charles II. W. Mandeville, 
John .Mc-Manus. 
Frederiek S. I'eck. 
Frank N. ]'hiili],s, 
T5. Thomas Potter, 
Joseph ]j. Sweel, 
Clarence L. \VatKon, 



One of the Oldest and Strongest Banks in Rhode Island 



made cloihing for the 5olditr>. In Prov- j favour hiiii with their custom sliall re- 

idciico, he was a bookseller and a mer- ' cci\e his grateful ihar.ks. He acijuails 

eh.irU. In tlii- paper tliere is an extract i tlic pnlilic that lie teaches the niatlu- 

in-.L;innini;- thus: "This small company," i inatics. lo wit, arithmetic anil .iluielua. 

a^ain, "v'^non after tl.c first planting of • with, the lafe<i improN enuiits the ni-lli..d 

j'rovidrnoe," etc. Tiiese i'ara,s;rai)hs were , >if i-.\tractni,L; the r<v .ts nf the ■kM p .wrr--, 

taken frum a [lapei written by Stephen j h_\ a lu-w aid correct melho<I, lu \ er \et 

lli.pkirs. were prinled in the lirst nnm- ! pultli.-lied to the world, etc. The nuthod 

her of the I'roxidence (".azette, dated ' i> universal and gi\es hut little more 

12th of _[annar\. l(i("..'). The Hopkins j trouMe to tlie learners than the hare e.x- 

paper h.is been repulilishcd l)y the traction of the S(iu;ire root." 

Historical Society of Rhode Island ; 

in iss."). lUit this \\'e^"t paper has ne\ci 

!)ven rcpnlilish.ed, so far as 1 know. Both ' Will the men of hjigland never aoaisc 

papers have many serions crrois Mr. i themselves to action? \cvcr on this 



West \\as coming again in the next 
\■ear"^ "Almanack" with ".a further ac- 
count of the rciuKciu-d Mr. Williams." 
f.ur the WAV d liu- Ri.voiuti '-i iiegan in 
full force, and Mr. West was to begin 



glolie has there ever been such utter vi.;>- 
lati'n of human rights as has been done 
]>y men calling themselves peers. Xow, 
the da> iias d.iwned when they will dis- 
;i-iiecr. I'or hve hundred years '.liey 



in the next is-ue his papers on the ; have i>aid no attention to the Divine Law 

Re\iduti.in. In his issne for 17T.'5 j which is that human life is aiisohnely 

-Mr. West gi\es us this notice of his .. dipender.t upon the earth for existence, 

heginnirg of bookselling: "To be sold, j -Mrs. Pankhurst and her daughter have 

by the author of. this Diary (Almanac) ; started the ball in motion and no pow- 

at the lov.est advance for cash, at his i er on earth can -toi) it. Life, r.or de.ith, 

store, the head of the long wharf in ; is ni^v of no c^jn-equence to her, for she 

•Proxidence. a valuable assortment of | lias done what the Divine Ma-^ler created 

books in every branch of polite litera- j iier for doing These are indeed great 

ture. Anv that will be so kind as to ', davs. 



INDUSTRIAL TRUST COMPANY, 

49 WESTMINSTER ST,. PROVIDENCE. R. I. 



Capital, 53,000,000. 



Surplus $3,000,000. 



BANKING DKPARTMKNT — Interest paid on deposits. Lssiies 
Certificates of Deposit at attractive rates. Loans and Discounts. 
Collections made on all points on fa\'orable terms. 

FORKIGN KXCHANGK DIU'ART.MHNT — Foreign Drafts and 
Letters of Credit availalile in all jiarls of the World. Cable 
Transfers. 

TRUST DliPARTMKNT— Aulhori/cd to accept Trusts. Is a legal 
depositary for trust funds. Acts as Trustee, Hxecutor, Adniini.^- 
trator, Guardian and as Registrar and Transfer Agent of Coij;ora- 
tions. 



134 



It is positively comical to liear men 
talk al>out tlio Divine Law. and the Xat- 
nral f.nw. Tliev wnulil have us ti)'>ls 
iolioxe that ih<- Natural Law was of hu- 
man ci>nstiurlii>n. l>i) (k-nrra! Assoin- 



I have called attention several times L, 
t.ie escai)e of the infamous murdoiM, 
[.'■rei-z. lie climbed over the \vail.^ 
in direct sight of armed iiuards march- 
in.L; 1.11 ihe tuj. of tlii.se wall-^. Tlu- 

Mies enact thunder st..rms. and >et clec- \ 'Irihinu- raises llie .|i 

irieal curren-s on lire? X... the "Xatur- j "i'>^i"'H-r I,. ^uiM-Iant Rh-nle ],.l;ui(K 

al" work cf (".ei 

it- another end; It is a polictial thunder j 

and li,i;hti.in'n;^ storm which the (".cneral | 

AsseniMiis iiruduce: ard which will de- j 

slrov their own existence. 



tile (|uesti.>ii are the C'. 
-uiMilant Rhnk: Inland 
A-semlilies resu't< i ''^ ''"^ state prison by men from Maine. 
IT IS WHOLESOME 



'I 111- express companies hit by the 
greatest decision ever made liy the Inter- 
state C.immerce Commission were the 
.\dams. the American, Southern. United 
Stales and tiie Wells I'"argo. The aver- 
;^..m.- cnt f'V tl^e entire country is aljoul 
ir. per cent. ar.d this means that the cut 
in rate> ordered will cost the companies 
fullv $-.;•;. 00(1. 000 a vear. 



-7^. anoL <^- 



fIBMAXADF 



Who directed the sentinals. armed 
with rifles, who patrol the tops of the 
high walls which guard the state prison, j 
to close their eyes while Lorenz climbed ' 
o\er and fled from siiiht. There is no'. 1 
a f'>ot ("f this "beat" which is not under | 
the eye of every sentinal. every moment 
of e\'ery hour, of every night and day 
in the vear. Yes. mriiiev is a lifter. 




NMoa Haisdn 
noA Nana. ij-^ASN -niA\ xi 

THE SMEPARP COMPANY, 

251-272 Westminster Street 

m\S$ ^m\Z E. RIDER, 

73 Almy St., Frovidcnce. 

TRY THIS TASTE-FULL-TONIC. 

R and C meanx "Ornnge." 



(Twelve (12) Copie.s, only, reinaiii.) 

The Lands of Rhode Island 

as the}' were known to 

CAUNOUNICUS km MIANTUNNGMU 

when RoGKK Williams came in 1636. 

An Indian Map of ii.e Principal Locations 

known to the NAHIGAXSHTvS and J-LAUORATK 
HISTORICAL XOTKS by Sidxkv S. Ridek. 

The edition consisted of 495 ; 19 remain to be sold. Price, ])ost 
paid $9.00. Addresy the Author, Providence, R. I, 



135 



Z^Iilk is the first actual necessity of 
life. But tor milk, the hunKin race \vi>uld 
!>e exterminated. 

There is no pussililc (Kl'eiice wliich 
will siicixvil willi tlie ah. nninable \\\irk 
.'f Chace and Scutt. I'.inh huvycrs ap- 
plied for .Mandanni>cs. hut didn't get 
tliem. Thev l^oi Men-damn-us-es enougli. 



Tlie '"Commission Covcrnment" must 
he exterminated liere in Rhode Ishind. 
ll lia< no legal rigiii ut existence what- 
ever. It is tile right of people to draw 
the lines of the government. Tlie war 
has begun in .\ew Jersey. Here is the 
dispatch. 

TEST COM.MISSIOX RULK. 

Trenton, X. ]., July 21. — In the name 
of Attorney C.encral Wilson, qun war- 
;-;'ino p'oc.edii'.gs have hct ii in-litr.ted 
in the Supreme C<jurt to test the legality 
of tlie ado;)tion of the connnission gov- 
t-nmen! in Jersey City. It is contended 
the Commissioners arc unlawfully hold- 
ing office. 

It is cliarged that the provisions of 
tile act are inoperative in Xew Jersey, 
as the votes cast in its favor did not 
C((ual .10 per cvnt. of those ca-t f. ir llu 
n^-mhers o\ th.e Cienerai .Assembly at 
!li- last general election. 



Gov. Fielder to-day said that lie would 
U'lt call a sp:."cial session of the Legis- 
lature to straighten out the ca>e until 
he had comiileted a thorough in\e.-tiga- 



I'ive bribe takers in the \^'e^t X'irginia 
Legislature were tried, foiird guilty, and 
sente'.iced at \\"eb-ters' Springs. 

Sentences were imposed to-day up.>ii 
the live members of the \\'e-t X'irginia 
Legislature convicted of bribery in con- 
nection with the election of a L'nited 
States Senator early in the year. '1 he 
sentences follow : 

Delegates S. U. C. Rhodes, Rath DutT 
and LL F. .\sbury. six years each in th.e 
penitentiary; State Senator IL A. Smith. 
tive vears and six nionth.s ami DeUgate 
"Da'.ie" Hill, fn e years. In addiliv n. 
the live are disfjualilied for life from 
hi'lding any i)ublic office or ohice of 
tru-^t. 



One of the Italian colonies here in 
rrii\-idence has noniinated Fx-Ma>or 
Fletcher for ('(jvernor of Rhr.de Island 
for the comii-g election. The other 
Italian ciloiiy here has noutirated 
l''etcher for .Ma}'.r of Providence The 
tret d of the Fletcher p..>litics is evidently 



SOUL LIBERTY 



/ 



RIIODI-: ISLAND'S GIFT TO THIC 

NATION. 

An inquiry coticcrning the validity of tlie claiin.^ made L 
Catholics that Maryland was settled upon that basis (Soui. I 
before Roger Williams planted the Colony of Rhode Island. 

-BY — 

SIDNEY S . RIDER. 



>• Roman 

.Iin-KTV) 



"I feel s<,mew»'.-it acipiroDtcd with \ou 1 1. rci;^.- li inv j. 
Iteatisc. L-nlillcd: SOfl, lAUKHTY." A .J. S. fUiu, dean . M li 



lat iKiiisa! of vol 



Quarto, 95 pages, ?i.25 

(Twenty-five copies). 



136 



CHARLKS C. HARRINGTON-, ROWLAND G. HAZARD 

President. Vice-President. 

MECHAIMiCS 
NATIONAL BANK 

Opposite City Hail and Raiiroad Station. 

To those desiring to change or make new banking 
connections, we offer the serxices of this conveni- 
ently located and progressively managed institution. 

H. EDWARD THURSTON, f.DWARD A. HAVENS 

Cashier. Asst. Cashier. 



not American; mon-ovcr, it is quite ap- 
parent in v\iM.-c faw.M div IwiUUi J,. -v 
eninu-nt of this ycntloniaii worked 
Such work must and will he stopped 
These foreign people nuist lie American 



GPNTLEMEN'S SHIRTS 



OF THE FINEST .MATFRIAL 
THE IIEST I'OSSIBLE FITTING 

ized. Brigandage, Cammorism and Black THE FINEST I'KIVATE WOKK 

Hand division of pruperty must ceasp. and 

How many hours did it take to exter- A Durability Appfoachlng Ferpetuaiitj 

minate the Molly Maguires. cir the Ku 

Kiux uangs? Ofucrs Taken for Butlonlioles. 



, 7\/" ' , \ , , Your MONEY never 

J he people m -Newport have knocked ^ ^ 

the abomhiable Ice Company practically Weilt SO far lU SKIRTS 

out of existence. Ice there has dropped • ., iTrnnii y < f 

to the consumer fifty per cent Why IH fhejYORLl) bcfOre. 

don't men take hold of the robbery here 

in Providence. . ANNIE E. RIDER, 7-3 ALMY STREET. 



BROWN,LISLE&MARSHALL 

Investmen t Securities 

TURK'S HEAD BUILDING, PROVIDENCE. R. I. 



PUBLIC SERVICE BONDS. 

Then; are three elements to be considered in making an investment. Safetv. 
I'erinaiH'nce and Ineomo. 'I'he bonds of eitieiently managed I'ublic .Sen viec Cor- 
porations oltcf the investor a particularly well balanced eonibinatJon of these 
esseniialb. 'I'he bu^inesh is not aflected by tariff eliangct and is permanent 
because it furnishes public neces-^ities. such as the telephone, eleetiieity, gas. 
street railways, etc. IJnsiness depressions do not interrupt the sieady increase ii. 
earnings. The income is high in relation to the safety of thejprlncip'al. i, 

\Ve are in a position to obtain accurate information ^concerning the 
corporations whose bonds we offer. 



BOOK NOTES 

HISTORICAL, LITERARY AND CRITICAL. 

CONPUCTrfD BY 

SIDNEY S. RIDER, 

7? ALMV STREET, .... . . PROVIDENCE, R. I . 

Entered as Second class Matter, at the Pro\-idence, R. I. Post Office, 



50 Cents per annum 
Single Copy 



..^Fortnightly, j SATURDAY, AuGUST 30, 1913. 



Vol. 30. 
No. 18. 



.\ learned lawyer infunns me that 
Human Rights have no bearing upon tlie 
rights of mankind to use the lands of 
the earth, without paying some other 
ir.dividual man, for the use, and occupa- 
tion of those lands. 

I was I)orn without my knowledge it 
Consent, under the Natural Law; or un- 
der the Divine Law ; hy whatever name 
you give to it. It was a law not made 
by a Rhode Island C.eneral Assembly, 
nor under, nor by the people of any 
State or Country. Under this law it 
was a tixed principle that I have the 
earth to walk upon; to sleep upon; in 
every form to dwell upon; and 1 must 
have the products of the earth upon 
which to live; without any and all of 
those natural or divine right-;, I cannot 
live. 

.X'either in Kngland, nor any where 
else on this earth, did any living man 
own, in fee simple, nor in possession, 
one stiuare foot of land, until A. D. 
1300. 

fkit r.eneral .\ssend)lies iiad fixed it. 
before I came, that the entire earth, 
from .\adir (in Hell) to the Zenith (in 
Heaven), all had been made the property 
of some other individuals, born just as 
I had myself been born, and who now, 
or did then, hold all the lands of the 
earth by tiie laws which those individuals 
had themselves enacted ; and. that L and 
all others now being brought into life, 
must pay these men for everything that 
the Natural or Divine Law made absolu- 
tely necessary for my existence. Can 
the Ceneral .Assemlily annul the l)i\ine 
or the Natural Law and force me to pay 



the Browns, or the Ives's or the dod- 
dards? 

1 was born in an American state. Did 
the legislature of that state enact a law 
that 1 should lie upon the earth ; walk 
upon the earth; and get food out of the 

Law tiiat lixeil these great necessities; 
and can any (".cneral Assembly of any 
state rejieal or change a Divine Law? 
.\e\er. I am a human being; so I stip- 
you are also; are not tlien those 
iyhts, the existence of which cannot 
be denied, nor destroyed, our human 
riL;hts. Neither a Rocky-feller, nur a 
Carneggy nor a Mor-gun can destroy 
us. nor prevent us from attaining at 
last our rights, which the Divine Natur- 
al Law fixed in us. 



post 



Apply tlie law of Kminent Domain at 
once to all street railways in Rhode 
Nland. Take them immediately out of 
the hands of a lot of money sharl:,, out- 
side of the state. The moment that you 
apply tile law of enn'nent domain "^tock 
wind" will disappear, and never re-ap- 
[iLar. Cas C(mipanies, railways and elec- 
trical power — all depend upon using the 
roads, anrl streets. These roads and 
streets belong to the people, and not to 
individu.-ils We have reached a change 
of system in the interest of mankiiul. and 
not for the swindling enrichment of 
men. 



Th<^ "morally" rottcnest s{)ot in tliesr 
United States, is Wall street, in .Vew 
^'o^k city. Consider a moment its work 
with the two per C(.nt. govenuneiit bonds 



i-.s 



here, within a niontli, ami liow quickly 
the Itreath. was kiu.cked I'Ut ot the I>.>dies 
uf these so'undrels hy a man in W'ash- 
iuyton. named W'ondrow Wilson, tlie 
•greatest mind thai yet lia- rented in 
the President's chair. 



Highway robl)er\ is a positive virtue 
compared with the "business" of tei-day. 
There was nu lying in the business oi 
liighway rubliery, while in tlie business 
of to-dav all is lies, and fraud. 



Was it the gentlemen who are p.>liti- 
cally pushing "Fletchur" into the Slate 
House, to play Governor, who laid the 
homb^. and dvnamite beneath the win- 
dow of tlie ofucc of the pre.-enl mayiT; 
or was it brigands and Camorrist< who 
did the lovely act? 



The men who run the city government 
here in Providence are mere '"bum'^." 
otherwise "bummers." These men do 
actually nothing for the protection of 
the people in their rights of life. Read 



this clipping from the Providence Jour- 
nal just a week ago. 

"Charles Derby, 24, is critically ill at 
the Riiode Island ho>pit;d from gas 
puiscjning as a result of what is believed 
to be accidental asphyxiation at his home 
]17 Friendship street, enrly Sunday 
morning. 

lie was found lying on the tloor of his 
room at 8 :45 o'clock in a semi-conscious 
Condition, a gas jet on the wall broken, 
the cock wide open and the gas flowing 
into the room. Mr. Derby had a cut 
just above the left eye and his glasses 
were lying on the floor bc.-ide the arm 
liroken from the gas fixture. 

The discovery of his condition was 
made liy Annie Wriglu, housekeeper for 
l-'red Dawson. She smelled gas coming 
from Mr. Derby's room and rapped sev- 
eral times on the door. Receiving no 
response, she opened the door and found 
the man on the floor." 

The stockholders of the Providence 
Cias company are saturating their coal 
gas. with water gas. the nmst subtle and 
deadly inhalative poison now in existence. 



UNION TRUST COMPANY. 

62 DORRANCE tJ., CORNER OF WESTMINSTER ST 

CAPITAL $1,000,000. SURPLUS $500,000 

A COMMERCIAL BANK AND TRUST COMPANY. 



OFFICERS. 

MARSDEN J. PERRY, Chairman of the Board. 

ARAIM J. POTHIHR, President. 

ARCHIBALD C. LOOMIS, Vice-President. 

HAROLD J. GROSS. Vice-President. 

FRANK E. CHAFEE. Treasurer. 

CHARLES H. SHELDOX. Secretary. 

CLINTON F. STEVENS, Ass't Treasurer and Ass't Secretary. 



Samuel M. Nicholsor, 
Arijm J. Pothier, 
Archibald O. Loomis. 
Harold J. Groj"^., 
BcnjamlTi A. Jackson, 
Joseph SaTiuels, 



DIRECTORS. 

Arthur H. Watson, 
Clarence L. Watson, 
Marsden J. Perry, 
William W. Douglas, 
Harry Cutler, 
Charles Alexander, 
■Michael J. Iloulilian. 



Everett L. Spencer. 
Albert A. Remington. 
Philip Allen, 
George W. Thurston, 
William B. Greenough, 
Walter W. Griffith. 



139 



These stockholders imperil the li\es oi 
every man. \v(>man and child in this city, 
in order to make greater stock divi- 
dends. This company ought to l^e de- 
stroyed at once, and the worlds seized 
and managed hy men who will thrust no 
deadh- poison in the air wc Ineathe. 
Tliere ought to be a City Solicitor, or an 
Attorney Genera! who could, ar.d would. 
begin the work. These stockholder- have 
no more right to do what tliey are do- 
ing than they have to throw a poison in- 
to the Sockanosset Reservoir. Tluir 
work, as men, is simply damnable, and 
there is a remedy. Just think of nun 
who will keep in constant peril 2:;f).or)0 
citizens, in order to get a picayune divi- 
dend on the stock. The Emniinent Do- 
main must he applied. The titr.^ h.ti; 
come to stop these aiiominations. 



'I'hc Gubernatorial Exhibition in New 
York has had one good etTeot which I 
never anticipated. The Xcw York 

TtDics oi the 22nd of August has a fine 
editorial, half a co'nmn in length, en- 
titled, "When Rhode Island had two 
Governors." The reference is to what 
is called the Dorr War, an affair that 



tr.ok place in 1S43, when Thomas Wil- 
son Dorr and Samuel Ward King were 
both elected governors. Tiic article is 
highly commendatory of Mr. Dorr, 
which is good. (.)f cour.-c iliere were 
many pjuits not seen, nor described. 
Dorr is nu-niioned "as the leader in tlie 
attenip; to ignore and override "consti- 
tuted aiuhority." There was at tlie 
time no constituted autiiority and that 
is why .Mr. Dorr \\as at work. He was 
st,ntencL(l to State Prison for life and 
was imprisoiied. not four years, a- the 
TiiiiiS states, but exactly one year. Mr. 
Dorr was sent to prison for life on the 
27th of June. 1S44. An act of amnesty 
was enacted for all Dorr War prison- 
ers, to be released under a certain <->ath. 
M-. D-rr rcfi:-d tc rwear the c:ith. 
Thereupon, on the 2Cnh of Jv.m. ilie 
("eneral Assembly er.acted a law, "Any 
person who has lieen convicted of the 
crime of trea-on against this state and 
is now in prison shtdl be forthwith dis- 
charged from such imprisonment." 
(Acts and Resolves. June, 1S4(). p. 12 ) 
On the morning of June 27, ]S4.') the 
prison doors were thrown open and Mr. 
Dorr walked out. He was the only 
prisoner held on that charge. 



PROViDllNCI: BANKING CO., 

141 WTzSTi^liNSTtZl^ Sr., PIX)VIDCK'CI:, Q, I. 



LOCAL STOCKS, BONDS 



-AND- 



HigKGrciclelRve.stmentSecu!iries 

Orders executed on the New York and Bo.ston Stock 
Exchange. Foreign Exchange bought and sold. Letters of 
Credit furnished for travelers. 



140 



SunJay, the JOtli of August, was a day 
long to Jjc remembered. The heat was 
more than (ijipressive. it was destruc- 
tive. Our tliermometer rose to ninety- 
lour at the close of the day. Both my- 
self (aged) and my daughter were ac- 
tually sick in exactly the same way. the 
entire day. But another mo>t curious 
thing took place, and the Journal has 
described it : "Lightning coming out of 
a clear sky shortly before 5 o'clock in 
the afternoon struck the tower of St. 
Mary's Catholic (the Journal \\cw omit- 
ted the kind of a Catholic — Roman was 
the word) Church, on Wood street, liris- 
tol, splitting the top-stone and throw- 
ing a shower of mortar to the earth 
wiiilc "service^ wvie sv'iu.y^ on insuic. I nc 
strangest thing about the whole matter 
is this: why did the Pope of Rome, wiio 
himself says he represents Cod on this 
earth, permit such work being done, and 
strike a Protestant church instead? 
Such hypocrisy is po-itively damnaljlc. 
when done by any man — and the Pope 
of the Vatican is merely a man, and 
nothing mora 



THE PROPERTY QUAUEIC.\TION 
IX VOTIXG. 

The following is an extract from a 
I'ourth of July oration delivered b_\ 
Horace .Mann. It was delivered befoic 
1S4.1, probably at Worcester. Mass. He 
was an honest, earnest, fearless scholar 
and this extract makes good reading 
for to-day. It was published in the 
Rhode Island Almanac for 184.5. 

"In the first place there is the prop- 
erty of llu- aftluent, which lies outspread 
ditt'used. scattered over land and sea — 
open alike to the stealthiness of the 
thief, the violence of the robber, and 
the torch of the incendiary. If any think 
they hold their estates by a surer tenure, 
— liy charters, franchises, or other mun- 
iments ol property; let them know that 
a"; these, while the ballot-box which con- 
trols legislation, and the jury box and 
the witness stand, which control the tri- 
bunals of justice, are open ; — all these 
are but as iron mail to protect them 
against lightning. Where is their se- 
curity against breaches of trust, and 
fraudulent bankruptcies, — against stop- 
laws and suspension acts, or the bolder 



THE NATIONAL EXCHANGE BANK, 

63 WESTMINSTER STREET. 

Capital, $500,000. Surplus & Profits, $1,024,203.92 

ORGAKMZED I801 



OFFICERS 

MIICHAEL F. DOOLEY. President. 

Vice-Presidents, FREDERICK S. PECK, JOSEPH E. FLETCHER. 

AUGUSTUS R. PHIRCE. 

C. H. W. MAXDEVILLE, Cashier. 

GEORGE G. WOOD, Asst. Cashier. 



Nev.'ton D. Arnold, 
Walter Callendor, 
Earle I'. Cbarlelon, 
Kdrnund D. Cbesboro, 
Frank P. Conistock, 
Arthur W. Dennis, 
Michael F. Dooley, 



DIRECTORS 

Samuel M. Einstein, 
Charles Fletcher. 
Joseph K. Fletcher, 
Theodore \V. Foster, 
Gerald T. llanley, 
Arthur Hejiius, 
Sidney D. Hunjphroy, 



Charles H. W. Mandevilh 
John McManug, 
Frederick S. Peck, 
Frank N. Phillips, 
B. Thomas I^otter, 
Jobepli L. Sweet, 
Clarence L. AVat6on, 



One of the Oldest and Strongest Banks in Rhode Island 



141 



measures of letrislative repudiation? if 
their ultimate hope is in the protection 
of the laws, what shall save them when 
fraud and perjury turn every legal 
remedy into a new instrument of ag- 
gression? And behind all this there is 
an omnipotent corps dc icsiiz'r of 
physicial force, which mocks at the slow- 
ness of legislation and judicature— 
whose decrees are irreversible deeds — 
whose terifiic decisions flash forth in 
t'lre, or burst out in demolition. 

Rut houses, lands, granaries, ilocks, 
factories, warehouses, ships, banks are 
only exterior possessions — the outworks 
of individual ownership. Wlien these 
are carried, the assaiilt will be made up- 
on personal security, character and life; 
and, lastly, u.pon all the endearments 
and sanctities that cluster around the 
domestic altar — and when these are lost, 
humain'ty has nothing niure to lose." 



What 
need is 



the people of Rhode Island 
this heading for all "tickets" 
used at all elections : 

RHODE ISL.WD AMERICAX 

TICKET FOR r.OVERXOR. 

It is time that men v. ere stopped from 

coming to Rhode Island from other 

states to buy themselves into oftice. 



Here is a possibly curious "floating" 
island in Ithaca, Xew York. 

A huge elm tree near the Lehigh Val- 
ley station at West Danby, six miles 
south of the city, is slowly sinking into 
the ground. For several weeks the tree 
has been gradually disappearing until at 
the present time its lower branches are 
in tlie ground. 

The disappearance (jf the tree is at- 
tracting a great deal of attention. It is 
the iK'lief of people living in the vicinity 
that the elm is located over a bed of 
cjuicksanii. It has stood there for over 
a century and it is only recently that it 
has started to sink. 

Xot only is the elm tree disappearing, 
but an aijple tree vvbirVi ctooH o cl,r%rt 
distance from it is missing, .-^t the rate 
at which the tree is settling it will only 
be a short time before it has entirely 
disappeared. 

Some alarm is felt by the residents lest 
the station and other buildings near by 
also sink. 



The newspaper work of to-day \.i 
simply damnal)le. There are exceptions, 
but as a whole they are used by design- 
ing men to deceive and rob the peo- 



INDUSTRIAL TRUST COMPANY, 

49 WESTMINSTER ST., PROVIDENCE. R. I. 

Cepltal, ^3,000,000. Surplus $3,000,000. 



BANKING DEPARTMENT — Interest paid on deposits. Issues 
Certificates of Deposit at attractive rates. Loans and Discounts, 
Collections made on all points on favorable terms. 

FOREIGN EXCHANGE DEPARTMENT — Foreign Drafts and 
Letters of Credit available in all parts of the World. Cable 
Transfers. 

TRUST DEPARTMIiNT—Authori/.ed to accept Trusts. Is a legal 
depositary for trust funds. Acts as Trustee, Executor, Adminis- 
trator, Guardian and as Registrar and Transfer Agent of Coij)ora- 
tious. 



142 



pie. Here is a jpccinioii of newspaper 
news here in Providence in the Evcnuin 
'Jribunc. 

A 1\)C)T OK SXOW IX MAIXI-:. 

Portland. Me.. July 2.;. — The snow 
not entirely melted t.i-d;iy '.lear Cuinber- 
l;in(l Centre and at noon there were piles 
a foot deep in many i>laces. This con- 
dition resulted from the teritVic hail 
storm Monday afternoon. The loss to 
growing crops will he large and in some 
ca-^LS total. 

There was not a foot of ■ snow in 
Cnml-erland tli.it day. 

•The Hnijlishmcn caller '•Pecrs" first 
got indivitlual possession of lands in 
luglaiid ahout the lieginnini of the 
14th renturv It was t!i(s.> ;'peers" who 
"ei a. ted" the infernal lai'.d laws which 
are now hringing on .-uch a torrilic rcvo- 
lutinn. lUre is a clever clipping which 
must cheer a peer. 

."London. .Aug. 2.— David IJoyd- 
(U'orge. Chancelhir of the Exchequer, 
addressing an audience of 10.000 i^er- 
sons at Carnarvon -Thursday, delivered 
a remarkable speech, wherein he ap- 
pealed to democracy against the House 
. of I.ords." Here is a thing or two ho 
"tired." 

"The peers are prepared to resort to 
violence t(.> prevent the Cfirnmons from 



discussing measures which they dislike." 
Xo self-respecting country, he adde(l, 
cculd tolerate any longer the arrogant 
claim i>f these pecrs that they had here- 
ditary right without authority from tlic 
ration to fashion to their own ta<ie> 
the ideas and the law under which 4.").- 
ofO.ooo people were governed. 

IT IS WHOLESOtVIE 






"^mmm 




MMoa naisdn 

nOA NHnx HliAHN miM J.I 

THE SHEPABD COMPANY, 

251-273 Woslir.lnster Street. 

MISS kmm E. RIDER, 

73 Almy St., Providence. 
TRY THIS TASTE-FULL-TONIC. 



R and G meal 



Orange ." 



(Twelve (12) Copies, only, remain.) 

The Lands of Rhode Island 

as they were known to 

CAUNOUNICUS AND MIANTUNNOMU 

wlien RoGKR Williams came in 1636, 

An Indian Map ^f the Principal Locations 

: •.. known to the NAHIGANSKTvS and ELABORATE ' 
.: ^ ^ HIvSTORTCAE NOTES by Sidnkv S. Ridek. 

'The edition consisted of 495 ; 19 remain to be sold. Price, post 
paid $9.00. Address the Author, Providence, R. I. 



143 



I a,in a suliscribcr fur the Xcw York 
Daily Tinus. Jl arrives here in I'ruvi- 
dence at ::;i) every nidrning. The num- 
ber for the isxh of .\uyi!>l last (hd wot 
reach me, hy the ])i)st ufFice until .■)4 
hours had passed ; two days and a ([uar- 
ter. \\'hen it came, tin it was written, 
"Advise pulilishers of yotn- change of 
address.." 'I'his was written at the 
Ohu-yville static m. It is so written on 
the newsiiaper. 1 am living in a hunie 
where for tldrty-two years I have li\ed, 
at TX Alniy street. Tliat day's Times 
had twenty columns; nearly 4:;it inclie-;, 
about 30 feet, devoted to the saintly 
Thaw,, who had measure<l the distance 
between Matlenwa", in Xew York, and 
Coatico',;,k. in Canada. If my ccj.'y o'' 
the Times had >erved in some circulat- 
ing library for a week it could have 
been nfi worse than it looked when, at 
last, it came to me, five days late. On the 
2:;rd of August last, the same trick was 
played upon me. How long will such 
postal work lie allowed? My next change 
of address will be the Xorth Burying 
(".round, but the Times will die first. 

Today, Thursday, 1 recei\ed a copy 
of the Times five davs old. 



Tile Poiie of RiMiie is creating "Sir 
Kmglr.s" and "Count.-?" among the Ro- 
liuiu (.'atholio in the I'nited States. .A 
"Count" in Kr.gland, or all over lairupe 
i.> in rank an JCarl. In Europe all 
"Knigiits'' are the leading lighters. The 
King of England has no power to grant 
such to the United States. "Titles of 
exalted rank pertaining to the nobility 
and distinguished from the masse-." 
Thus Roman Catholic American citi- 
zens are receiving titles of rank from 
the X'atican, which no .\merican. noi 
a Roman Catholic, can hold, receive or 
purchase. This is being quietlN done 
for i)o!itical efi"ect. The Pope of Rome 
will never politically, or religiously, gov- 
ern these American lands. 



It is time to bring an action e\ery 
ilay. against mills which vii>kite the 
sewnge law. It was just that, which the 
late Chief Justice Durfec told me in 
I one of our walks together, when I was 
trying to "clean" tlie waters of the Paw- 
tuxet river, so that we could more safely 
drink it; and was threatened with the 



State Pri,-on for mv work 



.ring a 



action every day said the Chief Justice, 
and the nastiness will soon be cleaned 
out." 



SOUL LIBERTY 



/ 



RHODE ISLANDS GIFT TO THE 

NATION. 

An inquiry concerning the validity of the claims made l)y Roman 
Catholics that Maryland was settled upon that basis (Soul LniKXTv) 
before Roger Williams planted the Colony of Rhode Island. 

— BY — 

SIDNEY S. RIDEF^. 

"I ffel somewhat acfjuainted with vou tliio'JK'i in v i.artial ivcTusal of voiir iiin<.1 tr 1> 
treatise, entitled: bOlI, LIHKKTV." A .J. S. Hov^deatt , Afiiiio>ia>y Src'y , U a]/nt.f:lov . J ■.(' 

Quarto, 95 pages, $1.25 

(T\venty-fi\-e copies). ' . 



144 



CHARLES C. HARRINGTON', 
President. 



VIE. 






B?5fp3« 



ROWLAND G. HAZARD 
Vice-President. 



NAL BANK 



Opposite City Hall ant? Railroad Station. 
To those desiring to change or make new banking 
connections, we offer the services of this conveni- 
ently located and progressively managed institution. 



H. EDWARD THURSTON, 
Cashier. 



EDWARD A. HAVENi 
Asst. Cashier. 



The rotten "Fiction"' of to-day, as 
nprcscntcd by the stuff cilled "hook'^ ■' 
ii'.iw anil for llio last quarter of a cen- 
tury being- pulbished, is fatal to the 
mental or moral improvement of the 
human character. Xevertheless, its cir- 
culation is the chief work of the Provi- 
dence Public Library. The be^t thing 
for the people of Providence would be 
to close the doors. The Journal has 
published many column- about the work 
of the Providence Public Library. But 
they all hide the real question ; which is 
always adroitly hidden. How many times 
has Kirk's "Modern City" been taken 
out; and what is the comparison in 
times with the rotten, and corrupt 
fiction of the present day? 



fiFNTf.FMFN'S SHIRTS 

OF THE FINEST MATERIAL 
THE BEST POSSIBLE FITTING 
T«E FINEST I'KIVATE WORK 

AND 

A Durabllify Approaching Perpetnalitj 
Orders Taken for Buttonholes. 

Your MONEY never 
went so far in SHIRTS 
in th^WORlD before. 

ANNIE E. RIDER, 73 ALMY STREET. 



BROWN,LISLE&MARSHALL 

Investmen t Securities 

TURK'S HEAD BUILDING, PROVIDENCE, R. 1. 

PUBL/C SERVICE BONDS. 

There are three elements to be considered in makinrr an investment Safety 
E^cruiancncc and Income. The bonds of etiicientlv manafred Public Service Co'r- 
porations offer tlif invc-tor a i>arl Jcnlarly well balanced" combination of the8e 
essentials. 'J'be buninest is not aftV-eted by tarifT chanfrtf; and i.s pornjanent 
becaut'O it furnishes public necessitiiis. such as the telcj-hone, electricity f/an 
street railwavs, etc. liiisine.'^^ depressions do not interrupt the sready increase in 
earnings. The income is high in relation to the safety of theTprincipai 

We are in a pogition to obtain accurate information concernine the 
corporations whose bonds v/e offer. " ^ 



BOOK NOTES 

HISTORICAL, LITERARY AND CRITICAL. 

CONDUCTED BY 

SIDNEY S. RIDER, 

7? ALMY STREET, .... . . PROVIDENCE, R. I . 

Entered as Second class Matter, at the Provideoce, R. I. Post Office. 



■^''^-Ug.r^op^c^e^tlt^r.'^'"^'- I Saturday, Sept. 13, 19] 3. 



Vol. ; 
No. : 



PH.VRAOH'S SERPL'XTS. 

.\ fri(.n(J. who liad the ahsolutc cour- 
age to write hi? name at tlic bottom of 
the letter, wrote tliis; "l inclose also 
a transcriiii nt a curiously intere--ting 
achertisenK-n; that I discovered some 
months ay^ in a rile of tlie "Providence 
Daiiy Journal" for iSGij." "It has aroused 
my speculative curiosity. I should like 
to make the acquaintance of a Pharaoh's 
Serpent otherwi>e than in print." 
'J'herewith he sent me the following 
copy of one of my advertisements in 
the Journal made nearly forty-eight 
years ago. 
!■ rom the 

"PROVIDEXCK DAILY JOL'RXWL" 
Thursda\ Morning. January 4, ISGO 
PIIARAOirS 
SERPE-XTS. 

A fresh supply of thcbC curi-jus chem- 
ical toys just received, both in ho.xes of 
si.K of various sizes, and also singly of 
large size, in tin foil cases, which pre- 
vent the necc-sity of contact, thereby 
entirely oxercoming the dapgerous prop- 
erties of the contents. 

FOR SALE P.V 
SIDXEV S. RIDER 61- liRO. 

I had quite forgotten all about a 
Pharaoh's Ser[.cnt; and so at last 1 set 
my mind at work to fliscnxer what it 
wa-. It wa> a curious piece of v. hat 
we now call tireworks. P.y touching a I 
bit of Ui-i: to r.nc end of tiiis tin foil I 
tube, what loked like a scrju-nt crawled 
squirming from the other end 13 or 18 
inches in length. It was a Japan- 
ese invention in fireworks, which a mer- 



cantile friend in Xew York had l)rouglit 
frcun Tokio. It was a business enter- 
pri.-,e. Out of it came the firelike ser- 
pent made t(^-day and called a "negro 
cluiser." There was another piece of 
fireworks made in Japan which I bought 
at that time, which I did nut sell ; we 
used it in the hrcplaocs; it ..„.^ b^a.^tiial. 
I'hat also is made now, and called 
"sparklers." I have tried to connect 
the "serp..nt" with one of the Pharaohs 
of the Bible, but thus far I have not 
succeeded. I have found a Pharaoh 
who sipn'rmed when he was executed: 
and another in which reference to 
sipiirming earth-worms is made. What 
[ finii. ( uill print. 



I had some work done by a carpenter; 
a bill was sent charging a certain num- 
lier of hours, and four days' work was 
ciiarged. I stated that the man had not 
worked tlircr days. The "Ross" denied 
what I said; thereupon I told him to 
count the hours; and he at once reduced 
my bill by striking out "one day's work." 
1 had some work done by a plumber; 
a bill was rendered charging me "one 
and one-half hours" time." The man 
reached my house ;it Si.JO in the morn- 
ing, and did all that he said could be 
done; it wa^ to slop three leakages of 
water pipi-.--. which he iiad before tixed, 
and for which I had paid a round sum. 
lb- left my house at 9:2r>. and reached 
hi- work.-hr,[, at 9::',0, of winch I ha\ r 
written evidence. This chargi'it; u-^ for 
work, which could not be done until 
men reached our houses is a quiet, but 
large outrage now in progress. 



146 



The late ex-Chief Justice Stiiicss of 
the Rhode Isbnd Supreme Court is 
dead. I knew lu'm wliile lie was study- 
ing law, in the oince of Thurston and 
kil>!e\. J lis "l>usinf>s" career has been 
one (if niar\i_-!(ms inlerot. Such nun 
should never be made Judyes of the 
Supreme Court. 



The following- clipinng is fr(jm Buok 
Xotcs 01 August .lOth, last. 

The rotten "Fiction'" of to-day, as 
represented by the stutT called "books." 
now and for the last quarter of a cen- 
tury being pidjlished. is fatal to the 
mental or moral improvement of the 
human character. Xevertb.eless. its cir- 
culation is the chief work of the Provi- 
dence Public Library. The best thing 
for the people of Providence would be 
to close the doors. The Journal has 
published many columns about the work 
of the Providence Public Library. But 
they all hide the real question; which is 
always adroitly hidden, How many times 
has Kirk's ".Modern City" been taken 
out; and what is the comparison in 



times w ith the rotten, and corrupt 
liction of the present day? 

I have received from the Librarian 
tiic following answer, which is well 
worth i)rcscrvation. 

Providence Public Library, 
Providence, R. L 

Aug. 31, v.nz. 
My dear Air. Rider: 

1 notice this question is asked in yes- 
terday's issue of "Look Notes:"' 

"How many times has Kirk's '.Mod- 
ern City' been taken out ?" 

The answer is ;]9, so far as any slips 
now in the books show. We own eight 
copies of the book. 

I'.ut in four of these eight instances, 
the slip is one which has replaced an 
earlier slip. flU.-.! ^.-wi, ±_^_<-^2Z, \vh:rl; 
have not pr^.-ervcd ; and the earliest date 
on the slip in each of these four in- 
stances is 1912. The book was published 
in 1909; and six of the copies were 
bought in that year. 

Of these eight copies, one is at the 
Sprague House Branch; and of the sev- 
en copies at the Central Library, one 
was immediately placed in the Reference 



UNION TRUST COMPANY. 

63 BORRANCE^SL, CORNER CF WESTf^mSTER ST 

C^^^"^^^ $1,000^000^ SURPLUS $500,000 

A COMMERCIAL BANK AND TRUST COMPANY. 

OFFICERS. 

MARSDEN ]. PERRY. Chairman of the Board 

ARAM J. POTHIER. President. 

ARCHIBALD G. LOOMIS, Vice-President 

HAROLD J. GROSS, Vice-President 

FRANK E. CHAFEE. Treasurer 

niTx-n^^x- PV!^?^^^ "• SHELDON. Secretary. 

CLINTON F. STEVENS. Ass't Treasurer and .^ss't Secretary. 

DIRECTORS. 
Samuel InL Nicholson, Arthur H. Watson 

Aram J. PoUiier, Clarence L. Watson. 

Archibald G. Loomis, Marsden J. Perry 

Harold J. Gross, William W. Dotiglas 

BcnjamiT; A. Jackson, Harry Cutler, 

Joseph Samuels, Charles Alexander. 

Michael J. Houlihan. 



Everett L. Spencer, 
Albert A. Remington 
Philip Allen, 
George W. Thurston, 
Wilham B. Greenough. 
Walter W. Griffith. 



147 



Department, and has bctti U5cd there 
instead i)f being taken huine. \\'e pre- 
serve no record of these instances oi 
use in the Reference Department. 

Total issue of fiction in the four years, 
I'.M)'.), 1<>J0. 1011, and 1012. .-)i:i. oio. 

I am sorry tliat the data are not more 
fully accosil.le. 

Sincerely yours, 
WILLIAM E FOSTER. 

P. S. I have deducted (not counting 
them in the ahove total of 30) a num- 
ber of instances in wliich the book was 
returned nn tlie same dav it was issued. 



The Enghsh newspaper> were terrible 
in their se\erc criticism of "American 
jusiice" as it i~ now practiced in the 
United States Here is a clipping from 
the London Daily E.xpress. 

■'If American justice should not suc- 
ceed in the recapture of Harry Thaw 
from the asylum which he clearly be- 
lie\es himself to have found in Canada, 
perhaps the heaviest blow \\v\ be struck 
at tlie insecure foundations of a judicial 
system imdernu'ned by corruption arid 
sentimentality. The conunon ci:)urse of 



American justice amazes people in this 
ciiur.try, and the ease with which you 
rich young men escape the meshes of 
.Vmerican law strikes the Englishman 
a; liumilialiiig to the public conscience 
of a great country. .Vnierica is one of 
tlie greatest countries, but there is one 
law for the rich and another for the 
poii;-. The millionaire by weight of 
miney mock^ at law." , 

The action of t!ie Judicial Courts in 
Canada, up to this time (Sept. S) in the 
Thaw case, is neither more, nor less, 
than damnable. Read, above, what the 
London newspaper published. Again, 
the arrest by the work of these courts, 
of Jerome for gamiiling, is nothing less 
than scandalous. There can be but one 
h'.nest legal end to the Thaw rase. T.ie 
'•...! will be .Matte;' >van. 



A "Uneeda Biscuit" is a soda cracker, 
nothing more, nothing less. Soda crack- 
ers are sold all o\er the city for seven 
or eight cents a p.nind. When you buy 
"Uneeda" you pay from 17 to .?() cents 
a pound for crackers, and the stnck- 
holders of the .\ational Biscuit c<mii- 
pany laugh at you. 



PPOVIDilNCl: BANKING CO.. 

141 w'tisTriinsTCP sv., ppoviDriNcr:, f^. i. 



LOCAL STOCKS, BONDS 



-AND- 



HighGrciclelRvestnientSecuriiies 

Orders executed on the New York and Bo.ston Stock 
Exchange. Foreign Exchange bought and .sold. Letters of 
Credit furnished for travelers. 



148 



The fo.Iuwing paragraph I priracd in 
"Book XoTc-s'" Aiigujt ;;oih, last 

The ■"morally'" rottcncst spot in :he>o 
I'nited Slates is Wall Street, in N'ew 
York city. Consider a inoiner.t its work 
with tite two per cent, gmernnient honds 
here, within a month, and li.nv quiokiy 
the hreath was knocked out oi tlie {-.•viies 
oi these scoundrels hy a nian in Wasli- 
ir.gton. named Woodrciw \\'i!s< -i. t]:e 
greatest mind that yet ha- le^teJ in 
the President's chair. 

I sent a copy to somebody in Was'n- 
irgton 1'. C, named William J. I'.ry.-.r.. 
Then came to me tliis. 

"Belfast. Me., Sept. C— High praise 
for President Wilson and his Aclnrin- 
istration was given by Secretary of State 
r.ryan ''.■"'ini' an address to an audience 
of fnlly ] 0.000 people , gatliered in 
School CVsmmon from many sectio"s of 
Waldc) c.Mtnty this afternoon. 

"Woodniw Wilson is. in his opinion, 
the best prepared man who has g:::ie 
into the White House as President, and 
ho also is a friend of the people. "Our 
President stands in the White House as 



an exponent of to-day's principles,"' he 
said, "as Thomas JelTerson did as an 
expi:>nent of Democratic principles years 
ago." Me declared that no man coii'd 
teli President Wilson v. iiat to do, and 
that he h.ad a mind of his (>wn." 



j Cliief Justice E. C. Dubois of the 

I Supreme Court became so sick that he 

j resigned the position, as we sui^po^t'*!- 

1 in order to get ready to die decently. 

I Itis salary was to be perpetual — $r..")00.(io. 

! His licalth, or something else, has elect- 

I ed tliis former Chief Justice to the posi- 

j tion of President of the Apponaug com- 

! pany. a former Connecticut concern. 

! It is some kind of a dyeing concern. 

' iUit the salary of the ex-Chief Justice 

' will continue fore\er; it won't die. 



! I 



The creation of banks in Rhode Island 
; a curious liit of Iiistory in hnance. 
n 1S.">0. .") ; in 18.51. ."> ; in 1S3;J. 2; in 
1S.>:]. f^: in 18,54. 14; in IS.5.5, 4; in 1850. 
S — in these six years 40 were incor- 
porated. 



IE NATIONAL EXCHANGE BANK, 

63 V/ESTMIN'STER STREET. 

Capital. $500,000. Surplus & Profits, $1,024,203.92 
ORGANIZED 1801 



OFFICERS 

MIICHAEL F. DOOLEY. President. 

Vice-Presidents, FREDERICK S. PECK, JOSEPH E.. FLETCHER, 

AUGUSTUS R. PEIRCE. 

C. H. W. >.L\N-DEVILLE. Cashier. 

GEORGE G. V/OOD, Asst. Cashier. 



DIRECTORS 

Samuel V. . Z^Iinptein, 
Charles Fl-rteher. 
.Joseph E. r.'etclier, 
Tlifcodore >V. Foster, 
Gerald T. Hjiiiley. 
Arthur UizJ.-Jh.. 
Sidney D- E jmplirey, 

One of the Oldest and Strongest Banks in Rhode Island 



Newton D. Arnold, 
Walter Callender, 
Earle P. Char'eton, 
Edmund D. Chesboro, 
Frank 1". Combtock, 
Arthur V'. Dennis, 
Michael F. Dooley, 



Charles JI. W. Mandevillc, 
John Mc.Manuh, 
Frederick S. Peck. 
Frank N. Phillips, 
]i. Thomas F'otter, 
Joseph L. Sweet, 
Clarence L. WatBOu, 



149 



Xinety-nve per ceiil. of tin. pretL-ucKd 
sales of stock in Wall Street, Xcw York, 
are mere frauds. Xo sales. But fools 
are fouled with these pretended sales, 
al! over the country. 



Is the ".Xational .\ssociatioii of Manu- 
f.icturers" oi Bostc^n. any nirn-e to be 
believed in telling the truth ah^uit their 
"Loi)l)y" work in Congre.-s with Taritts 
than is Mulhall? 



Fi\ e Italian boys were recently ai- 
rcsted in Xew London, Conn., who were 
residents of Providence. They were 
engaged in a "property search." June- 
vile brigands, or Camorrists; here in 
Pro\ i'lenee. such gangs are an e\iry 
da\' enterprize. .Vre the .-\nierican peo- 
ple <'f to-day going to permit these 
schemes to be made aiid practiced? 
K\ery policeman all over the city ought 
to be made to arrest every gang. It 
must, and will be stopped. 



The Pope of Rome has .-et up a cim- 
mission i>i si.K men to reconstruct the 
Roman Catholic (Douay) Bible. What j 
right have these si.\ men to alter or 
change C.od's work? 1 



It is time that male, and female child- 
ren should cease to be made kings and 
queens of great nations. Men, and es- 
pecially women, are awakening to the 
matter of human rights. 



Rome. Sept. 1. — The Pope lias given 
an intimation that because of the in- 
suHicient knov.ledge of Latin -hown by 
the clergy, especially in America, no j 
priest will be appointed to a bishopric i 
who is not thoroughly familia.r with ' 
Latin. j 

It has been the purpose of the \'atican ' 
to fool the people out of their money by | 
a "Bible" in a dead language, which j 
neither Priests nor People can read, nor | 
understand — and the farce continues. 



Three Roman Catholic Churches have 
been struck by lightning stunts accord- 
ing to the Providence Evening I'ribuuc. 
One in Bristol, one in Providence, and 
(^ne in \'alley Falls. The representa- 
tive of C,oA. here on earth is a Roman 
Catholic, according to the Pope of Rome. 
Ought we not to feel that the Roman 
Catholic representative of C.od here on 
earth would have slanted lightning away 
from Roman Catholic churches? 



INDUSTRIAL TRUST COMPANY, 

49 WESTMINSTER ST., PROVIDENCE. R. 1. 



Capital, 5^3,000,000. 



Surplus $3,000,000. 



BANKING DEPARTMENT — Interest paid on depo.sit.s. Issues 
Certificates of Deposit at attractive rates. Loans and Discounts. 
Collections made on all points on favorable terms. 

FOREIGN EXCHANGE DEPARTMENT — Foreign Drafts and 
Letters of Credit available in all ])arts of the World. Cable 
Transfers. 

TRUvST DliPARTMENT—Authorized to accept Trusts. Is a legal 
depositary for trust funds. Acts as Trustee, Executor, Adminis- 
trator, Guardian and as Registrar and Transfer Agent of Coijiora-' 
tions. 



I50 



BOOKS OX THE ROMAX LAW 
I'or sale by Sidney S. Rider. 

(".luck's Coinmentarj' on the I'andects of 
Jusliniaii, or AusfulirHche crUiitteyuug 
der I'andckien naeh lieVtfeld ein ,o>;!- 
meutar, with the successive writers 
.\hihlcnbruck, Kein, Arndts, Arndis, \'. 
Aniesburg. and Buchard. IT'JU-lSOl. 
hrinLfing- the Commentary down to 
imhidc the 40th l>ook of the Pandects. 
This set inckules tlie VoUstondiges, 
Sack and Gestz-Register, (indexes) in 
four vols., the whole forming- a Com- 
mentaire le plus complete qui ait en- 
core parii sur Ics Pandects, in GO vols. 
$R5.00 

Pandeetae Jusiiuianrae in novimi ordi- 
nem Digestae; cum Icgibus codecis et 
novellis. quae Jus Pandectarum con- 
llrmant, e.xi»licant aut abrogant Lug- 
duni, (London) 1782, 3 vols., folio. 
half caif. liest edition, known as 
Roliert J. Pothier's. .$25.00 



A lot of school teachers are pulling 
the brains of such city councilmen as 
have any brains, to increase the amount 
of m.iney now given to teachers. These 
teachers are paid now far m^'re mtip.e\' 
than tlK\ earn. They de\elope few 
brains in the heads of a single yoinig- 



i\\ 



IT IS WHOLESOME 



Xeither the .Mdermen nor the Coun- 
cilmen have the legal power to fix their 
salarie> by increasing or decreasing 
them. It is the taxpayers' right alone, 
and thcv should attend to business. 




NMoo aaisdn 
noA Nam hiiabni tiim xi 

THE SHEPARD GQivlPAr^Y, 

251-273 Wastmlnster Street 

R^ISS mn\7. E. RIPER, 

73 Aimy St., ProvitiGnce. 

TRY THIS TASTE-FULL-TONIC. 

R and G means "Orange." 



(Twelve (12) Copies, only, reinaiii.) 

The Lands of Rhode Island 



as they were known to 



CAUNOUNICUS AND MIANTUN1NO.MU 

when RuGKK William.s came in 1636. 

An Indian Map of the Principal Locations 

known to the NAHIGANSETS and KLAIJORATK 
HISTORICAL NOTES by Sidxicy S. Rider. 

The edition consisted of 495 ; 19 remain to be sold. Price, post 
paid $9-C>0- Addres;i the Author, I'rovidence, R. I.' 



A dozen Xlw York Wall Mrrot men 
playing- "Bankers" are pullin- every 
wire to get conin;l ct all the nvney 
in tile I'niled States. Mn!u\ is merely 
tlie representative 'it propeity: and the 
reoi)!e <.>t the I'nited States will n.^ 
lunger permit a dozen money grahl>ers H..u^e. ilie Oueen of the Sky." The 
to seize and eontrol it | '^itly's name is printed at the head ui the 
j lirst page, ".Mrs. .Marland." She to'd 

me that she dwelt in North Providence; 

and how, hy disease, she hecame hlind. 



There came to my house a blind lad\-, 
led hy a little b'^v. and handed to mc 
a i)rime(l "•leallet." havirg four pages, 
ciud primed in poetic form; the sul)jecls, 
of which there were three, are, "Provi- 
dence," ".Xeuport," rRhode Uland State 



The Providence 7"n7'H;/.- had an article 
on the hnrning of an old ta\ern in 
Chepachct. on the :-Mth July last. It 
said that Samuel V. Atwell dwelt in the 
old ta\ern and taught law to Samuel i 
Ames. James M. Clarke, Edwin :\Ietcalf, 
Oorge H Br.'wn, Thomas A. Jenckes, 
and Horace Manchester. Samuel Ames 
studied law u ith S. \\'. P.ridgh.im 
in 1S:?4; F.duin Metcalf studied law with 
Ti'linglutst and Pradley. 1 do not know" 
that James M. Clarke was one of his 
law students. 

It was through the key hole of the 
lock on the front door of this Sprague 
Tavern, in June, 1S43, tliat John 'i\ Pit- 
man, then a "C'^lonel" in the law and 
order army against >rr. Dorr, discharged 
liis pistol and breaking an unarmed 
man's knee, laming him forever, .-\twell 
was not dwelling there in June, 1S42. 



When a deed of land is given by one 
man, the owner, to another man, the 
buyer, the e.xact amount of the sale in 
monev should be written in the deed. 



The Standard Oil company was recent- 
ly "lined" by the highest court in Texas. 
S">()(i.Oi)(». for seizing property unlawfully. 
The line was paid, and two cents a gallou 
werr added to the former price of the 
(m1 there. So the consumer was stripped 
of the $.*)()0,0()0 f(jr the rascality of this 
aliominable corporation. 



It is the Divine Law which moves 
and L;overns the mental powers of men; 
happil\ just r,ow women are the great- 
e^t grov.ers; for which we ought to 
be thankful. 



SOUL LIBERTY 

RHODE: ISLAND'S GIFT TO THK 

NATION. 

All inquiry coiiceniiiig the validity of the claims made by Roman 
Catholics that Maryland was settled upon that basis (Soul LiiiKRTY) 
before Roger Williams planted the Colony of Rhode Island. 

-BY- 

SIDNEY S . RIDER. 



"1 feel somewhat acqiiaiiittd witli \t.ii through ni v pai iial i.enisal of voin irjisui h 
treatise, entitled: SOIT, LniKKTY." .-i.j. S. floiixifau, Alu'.iovaJ y Sfi'y, U ailnr,gl,„. I .(' 



Quarto, 95 pages, .... 
(Twenty-five copies) 



$I.2S 



152 



CHARLKS C. HARRIKGTON, 
President. 



ROWLAND G. HAZARD 
Vice-President. 



ECHANiCS 
NATIONAL BA 

Opposite City I4all and Railroad Station. 

To those desiring to change or make new banking 
connections, we offer the services of this conveni- 
ently located and progressively managed institution. 



H. EDWARD THURSTON, 
Cashier. 



EDWARD A. HAVENS, 
Asst. Cashier. 



The result of the fcair and a half ' 
ni-.nth-' \v(»rk by the United States Sen- 
ate on the "Pi-.-itective Taritt" \va< sim- . 
ply prodigious. The vote stood 44 Dem- : 
ocrats against ?,7 Republicans, for the ■ 
lowering of duties on food, and clothes. 
etc., for the people. The political re- , 
suit will he tremendous, in the people's ; 
interest. The editorial silence of the ; 
Xew York new.-papers on the result is 
sulilime. Th.e T'lncs. tlu- Herald, the 
Tribune, the .S';(;;. the World, the Xew 
York American — all were silent. Next 
comes the smashing of the power of \ 
half a dozen men to seize and control ! 
ali the money in the country The end , 
will be here, for both, in a few days. ' 
This Senate vote is downright proof. I 



GENTLEMEN^S SfflRTS 

OP THE FINEST iMATERIAL 
THE BEST POSSIBLE [TTTING 
THE FINEST FKIVATE WORK 

AND 

A Durability Approaching Ferpetualitj 
Orders Taken for Bntlonlioles. 

Your MONEY"never 
went so far \\\ SMIRTS 
in the WOR LD before. 

ANNIE E, RIDER, 71 ALMY STREET. 



BROWN, LISLE&MARSHALL 



nvestment Securities 



TURK'S HEAD BUILDING, PROVIDENCE, R. I. 

PUBLIC SEfiVICE BONDS. 

There are tliree elements to be considered in makiiio- an investment, Safetv 
rerinancnce and Income. The bonds of etticiently managed Public .Service Cor- 
porations olTei- the investor a particularly well balanced combination of these 
essentials. The business is not alfeeted by tariff changes and is permanent 
because it furnishes public neceswities, sm^h as the tclej.dione, electricity oas 
street railwavs, etc Iliisiness depressions do not interrupt the Meady increase iil 
earnings. The income is higli in rclaiion to llie .■-afety of tbe'princip'ai. 

We are in a position to obtain a<curate information 'coucerninf/- the 
corporations whoBC bonds we offer. " *' 



BOOK NOTES 

HISTORICAL, LITERARY AND CRITICAL. 

CONDUCTED BY 

SIDNEY S. RIDER, 

7j ALMY STREET, .-.--- PROVl PENCE, P.. ! . 

Entered as Second ciass Matter, at tSe Providence. R. I. Post OfEce. 



50 Cents per annum. Fortnightly. 
Single Copy 5 Cents. 



Saturday, Si-rT. 27, 1913. 



THE 
OLD PLAXTATIOX 

MELODIES. 
!-OSTEK-KlTTRID';,E. 

It was in 1 856 that Duyckink's Cyclo- 
luicdia (U' Anu-rican Literature was pub- 
lislicd. lint in it the name Stephen C. 
Eoster does not appear. It was near tliat 
\c.;r t!;.!'. \\w nn:-ic of a sinig hnr^t ap- 
parently from the sky, and covered all 
lands in tlK>e L'nited States. It was the 
"Old Eolks at Home," written by Steph- 
en C. Eoster. then a yoiniL^ man. or, at 
any rate, not an old man. and the mujic 
of tlie song was also composed In- him. 
Thousands, yes. hundred-, of tlionsands 
of copies were i)rinted of this unique 
song. It was po<.try, and it was music. 
Poetry is the idealizing of thought. 
Coleridge called it "the blossom, and 
the fragrance of all human knowledge, 
all thoughts or passions or emotions."' 
Music is Hartnonj-, and Harmony is 
Melody, and in Music, all the souls of 
men delight, v'^hakespeare said : 
"The man that hath no music in himself, 
Xor is not moved with concord of 

sweet sounds. 
Is fit frir treasons, strategems and spoils." 

There has been recently published in 
Boston a book for Christmas use now 
so soon to be here with us. The name 
(,f the b ujk is "The Old Plantation Mel- 
odies." written and composed by .Steph- [ 
en Collins Eoster, Walter Kittridge and 
others; illustrated by Charles Copcland | 
and Mary Halleck Eoote." It is a 12 j 
nio. volume of eccentric beauty in its ! 
construction: and excessive excellence in • 
its composition. There are seven poem- \ 



in it. Each verse <x'cupies one page, and 
opposite each, in black letter, is a full 
page, original illustration, illustrating 
the verse. There are 2:30 verses, and 
2:.'U engraved illustration^ ; and i)recedin,g 
each poem is a beautifuliy prii!ted page 
of the mu.-ic. The book is ur.iipie in 
conslruclion. Half a century has pass- 
t(i ^Ince ihc the pnMicaiii'n ^<\ Mr. 
I'"ostvr's three poems, to wit: "My O'd 
Kenluck} Home."' "Suwanee Ribber," 
this has another title equall> well 
known, thus, "Old Eolks at Home;'' 
"Xellie Was a Lady" is the last of the-e 
old songs. Two generati'His ha\e p.ass- 
ed sirce the publication of the.-e poems. 
Tiie-e two generations now base an (»[)- 
portuniiy of listening te' be;tuiiful things 
whicii they never before heard, nor read 
Every verse has opposite, an original 
illustration, explanatory of the verse. 
The^e illustrations open the mind to 
profound considerations, aside from the 
thought expressed in the verse. The ar- 
tist has broadened the strength of the 
p( et. The book is pub'i>hed by the H. 
M. Caldwell Company of Boston. The 
price of it $1.50. 



Si.x men in Rhode Island controlled 
all laws, or legislation; and also all 
judicial cases, or actions i^{ every curl; 
ami still further, the al)Solute contr-.I 
of the elective franchise again-t the 
Iieoi)le. This continueil for one lum- 
dred and eighty years. It was these 
conditions which suggested to Frances 
H. Whipple the title of her book, "Might 
and Right." printed here in Providence 
m 1S44. Tlie tnight of the six men 



154 



agitinst tlie rights of thj people. It. was 
Dorr's purpo-c to remedy tho.-^o great 
politic. il \vrorg<. He waged no war 
His great work cost him a lite sentence 
in prison lUU the "Dorr War" suc- 
ceeded. Here is a lirief paragraph writ- 
ten In -Miss Wliipple illustrating condi- 
tions here in l.S4:2 : "Every force that 
could he brought to hear in fa\or of 
this (Landholders') Constitution had 
heen employed by its advocates : Co- 
ercion, persuasion. bribes, threats, 
falsehood >, treachery. family inllu- 
ences, religious and legal authorities. 
Ministers volunteered sermons to show 
that man ha^ "no natural rights ;" and 
judges of the courts volunteered opir.- 
ions to pruvc that the natural peiiple 
had nil political right^ ; whence it fol- 
lowed from their joint evidence that 
tlie corporate people have all the right-, 
and the great body of the people lKt\e 
no rights." All these questions I have 
probed without fear or favor and the 
story is told in the work of a life-time. 
"The Development of Constitutional 
Ciovernmeut in Rhode Island from the 
settlement in 163(i to the adoption of the 



ctinstilution of 1S42, covering the polit- 
ical affairs comm'jnh' known as the 
Dorr War, with a closing chapter upun 
the constitutional events from lS4:i to 
l".H)l. I-'irst period, lGoC.-lGG4. By Sid- 
r.ey S. Rider." 

Which is done, and ready for the 
l^rinter. My hope is that I may see it 
in type before 1 reach the Bar of Al- 
mighty I'.od, which I am Hearing. 



John T. Blodgett. by his infernal work 
in the (ieneral .\ssembly, got him-elt 
elected a Judge of the Supreme Court 
of Rhode Island. He died early in 
March, 1912. The Journal and Bulletin 
printed articles eulogizing and g'orify- 
ing Blodgett, seven feet long, more or 
less, and of the widtli of a column. The 
Evening Tribune followed suit, with ar- 
ticles eulogizing Blodgett, five feet in 
length, more or less, and of column 
width. Both papers printed portraits 
four by eight inches in size. 

John H. Stiness was born in 1S40. 
He was a son of Philip B. Stiness. 
He was a political friend of T.W'. Dorr. 
but brimfull of treachery and trickery. 



UNION TRUST COMPANY. 

62 DORRAr^CE ST., CORP^ER OF WESTPi^lNSTER ST 

CAPITAL $1,000,000. SURPLUS $500,000 

A COMMERCIAL BANK AND TRUST COMPANY. 

OFFICERS. 
MARSDEN J. PERRY, Chairman of the Board. 
• - ARAM T. POTHIER, President. 

ARCHIBALD G. LOOMIS. Vice-President. 
HAROLD J. GROSS, Vice-President. 

FRANK E. CHAFEE. Treasurer. 

CHARLES H. SHELDON, Secretary. 

CLINTON F. STEVENS, Ass't Treasurer and Ass't Secretary. 



Samuel M. Nicholson, 
.\ram J. Pothicr, 
Archibald vl. Loomis, 
Harold J. Gross, 
Benjamin A. Jackson, 
Joseph Samuels, 



DIRECTORS. 

Arthur H. Watson, 
Clarence L. Watson, 
Marsden J. Perry. 
William W. Douglas. 
Harry Cutler, 
Charles Alexander, 
Michael J. Jloulilian. 



Everett L. Spencer. 
Albert A. Remington. 
Philip Allrn, 
George W^ Thurston. 
William B. Greenough 
Walter W. Griffith. 



t55 



He studied law with Thurston and 
Ripley, in 18t>5. He was adniit- 
tcd to the Car in I860. !'.lc.-t- 
td to the General Assenildy a 
Kepresetnative. in May. 1S74: elect- 
ed Associate Judge of the Supreme 
Court, April i:uh. l^^■). Early in Sep- 
tcniher, V.n:\. lie died; on the eighth of 
Se])teml)er the Journal printed an ohitn- 
ary notice ; "t was less than eight inches 
Ml Icrgth. On the same day the Even- 
ing Trihiiiic printed an ohituary notice 
less than six incites in length. Was the 
judicial mind of Judge LUodgett so much 
greater tlian was the judicial mind of 
judge Stiness. tliat twehe feet of news- 
paper co'umn- was necessary to display 
it. while it to )k only thirteen inches for 
]:nih tlie .'.''/.=••,■(;,■• and the Tyihuiir to i-x- 
hiliit the mental and judicial greatness 
of the Stiness mind? 

Blodgett was of Massachusetts origin; 
he came to Rhode Island and entered 
politics, and was trained in it by Chark> 
R. Brayton. He was appointed United 
Slates Commi^^ioner of the U. S. r)is- 
trict Court here in Provider.ce in the 
year 1898. He was dismissed from the 
office in the year 1S9G l>y the govern- 
ment at Washington, because of his cor- 
rupt work in writing records in such 



lOrm as to scoop money for himself im- 
pr-iperly. He was elected a member of 
t!ie Ceneral Assembly in IS'.is, and was 
p'aced on the Judiciary Committee. In 
that Committee, an act w.is prei^arcd 
calkd "An Act to Pro\ide additional 
Rexenuc for the State." The act was 
inesented in the Hon~e, and the title 
changed to "An Act pro\ idiiig for ;i Tax 
on Street Railwa> s." It wa> all a delib- 
erate swindle, for it was the Perpetual 
hranchise. given to the Union Street 
Railway here in Providence. Tor this 
;vork Plodgett. ar.d Dubois. Ixith then in 
the ("eneral Assembly, were made judges 
of the Supreme Court. Were such men 
proper to be upon the Supreme Court, 
as Judges? Both helped tlie rai'wa\ to 
get the Perpetual I'ranchise. The 
T.'ibuue says, concernir.g Judge Sinieis: 
"As member of the ("eneral Assembly, 
as a Judge in the St;ite"s highest court. 
etc.; in all these important actiz'ifirs. 
-Mr. Stiness showed iinsclfisliiicss of 
purpose; inditstrioiisiirss of habit; coiii- 
prrlu-nsivcsiicss of intellect; and fair- 
Hl'ss of mind." 

Here is a single paragraph from tlie 
Jounud's article; "The same qualities 
that made his judicial deci-ions widely 
quoted, appeared in his essavs on his- 



PPOVIDCNCI: BANKING CO., 

I4i WIlSTNiriSTlZi^ ST., PI^OVIDIlNCC, I?. I. 



LOCAL STOCKS, BONDS 



-AND- 



HighGradelnvestmentSecuriries 

Orders executed on the New York and Ho.ston Stock 
Exchange. Foreign Exchange bought and sold. Letters of 
Credit furnished for travelers. 



156 



torica] subjects." It would be impossi- 
ble to put more falsity into such short 
paragraphs. Xeiiher of tliese men ought 
ever to have been made Judges. Judge i 
Stiness was one of the live judges whcj ! 
made the decisions. InfhviduaUy he | 
made n(_>ne. i 



range at present from 20 to ?>0 cents a 
pound; at your own d^^or you can buy 
at fn->m 18 to 2.3 cents, a saving ...f 
twenty per cent, and ahsohit^'ly health- 
ful. 



You can buy, at your own doors, every ! 
Saturday, all over the city, poultry alive j 
and well, at prices, for the aged, IS j 
cents per pound; and for the youtln'ul, , 
2:J cents per pound. Vnu can't correctly ; 
guess the age of a lun, when her teath- ! 
ers are pulled away from her. When } 
you liny, head, necks, tails and legs, all j 
are intact ; n.vA the intestinal oraans . 
are well jKicktJ and in licakhful Condi- ; 
tion. At the "Swedes' " Public Market, I 
all the poultry is tlead. nobody knows i 
how long, and with the intestines packed \ 
solid with dead and active maiuire. 
Kcrmentation is acti\e, hut unseen, and 
hurtful. When \ou buy a foul at :'.0 
cents, you pay 50 cents, or about that 
' for dead, and dangerous manure. The 
prices at the "Swedes' " Public Market 



.-\dolph Davidson has written a briglit 
little book under this title: "Here's a 
Xew One; a Book of After- Dinner 
Storits." There are 192 of these stories 
and in every one of tliem, an acute, and 
often bright thought is suggested. Here 
is a specimen ; "A Legal Opinion. — A 
cat sits on my back fence and he yowls, 
and y<)\\ls, and yowls. Xow I don't want 
to have any trouble with neighbor Jone?, 
but this thing has gone far enough, and 
I v,c...t ,^.., U, tell nic ^vhat to do. 
The young lawyer looked as solemn 
as an old sick owl, and said n'lt a wonl. 
The victim continued : 1 have a right 
to shoot the cat, haven't 1 ? 1 
could hardly say that, replied young 
Coke r.lackstone. The cat does not be- 
long to you. as I understand it. Xn, 
replied the victim, but the fence docs. 
Then concluded the light of the law, 1 
think it safe to say that you have a per- 



THE NATIONAL EXCHANGE BANK, 

63 WESTMINSTER STREET. 

Capital, $500,000. Surplus & Profits, $1,024,203.92 
ORGANIZED 1801 



OFFICERS 

MIICHAEL F. DOOLHY. President. 

Vice-Presidents, FREDERICK S. PECK, TOSEPII E. FLETCHER, 

AUGUSTUS R. PKIRCE. 

C. H. W. ^L\XDEVILLE, Cashier. 

GEORGE G. \\'OOD, Asst. Cashier. 



Newton D. Arnold, 
Walti-r Callender, 
Earle P. Charloton. 
Kdmund 1). Chcfiboro, 
Frank )'. Comstoek, 
Arthur W. iJennis, 
Michael F. Dooley, 



DIRECTORS 

Samuel ^l. Einttein, 
Chariei? FJetehcr. 
Joseph K. Fletcher, 
Theodore \V. Foster, 
Gerald T. 11 an ley, 
Arthur HciiiuK. 
.Sidney D. Huiupbrev, 



Charles II. W. ^fandeville, 
John McManuti. 
Frefleriek S. Peek. 
Frank X. I'hillipb, 
li. Thomas Potter. 
Joseph L. .Sweet, 
Claionce L. Watson, 



One of the Oldest and Strongest Banks in Rhode Island 



157 



feet right to tear down the fence." This 
Uttlc acute story is so bright that it is 
printed twice in the book, fust on page 
11 and again on page 'JO. This, how- 
ever, is an advantage, for two can read ' 
and p.Mxler it at tlie .-,anie time. Some I 
of these acute little paragraphs will set 
you a-thinking. for the twisting ami 
turning of wl)rd--^ and ideas sets the mind 
at work. Some of them show the oft- 
times double meaning of words. This 
little book is printed in Boston by the 
fl. M. Caldwell Comp;my, Publishers. 



Men employed by the owners of nev.s- 
papers to write for the newspapers, are 
obliged to write not what the writers be- 
lieve to be true. Init vvdiat the owners 
want pulilished ; and tlie owners will al- 
low nothing to be printed that will in 
lli<' remi>test degree interrupt their mon- 
ey making work. I .ha\ e myself twice 
suffered in historical paiicrs in the Provi- 
dence Jourv.al. One of these abomina- 
tions caused me to start these Book 
Xotcs. 



Here is the way that Shakespeare 
Jooked upon an age such as is now being 
lived in' these United States — a govern- 
ment of the people, by the people, for 
the people, as it was founded. 

"O! These naughty times 
Put bars between the owiiers and their 

rights; 
.And So though yours, not yours — Prove 

it s..). 
Pet fortune go to Hell for it — not P" 

Here are Shakespeare's views upon 
religion. 

"In religion 
\Vhat damned error, but some sober 

brow 
Will bless it, and approve it." 

(Merchant of I'ruicc. Act ?,, Scene 2.) 

"It is whispering tongues that poisons 

truth." 

So Coleridge said ; and that was the 

cause that made religion what it is to- 

dav. 



"Tag" Day is a way of getting money 
away from those who earn it, which 
ought to be stopped at once and forever. 



The male and female urinary palace 
on Weybossct street, leccntly erected 
by the City Council, is a positive dis- 
grace to any city government, both in 
location and in expense. Watch a month 
or two and see the Ladies enter the 
cellar. 



INDUSTRIAL TRUST COMPANY, 

49 WESTMINSTER ST., PROVIDENCE, R. I. 

Capital, 53,000,000. Surplus $3,000,000. 



BANKING DEPARTMENT — Interest paid on deposits. Issues 
Certificates of Deposit at attractive rates. Loans and Discounts. 
Collections made on all points on favorable terms. 



EXCHANGE DP:PARTMENT — Foreign Drafts and 
of Credit available in all parts of the World. Cable 
-s. 



FOREIGN 

Eetters of Credi 
Transfers. 

TRUST DICPARTMIiNT—Authorized to accept Tru.sts. Is a legal 
depositary for trust funds. Acts as Trustee, Executor, Adminis- 
trator, Guardian and as Registrar and Transfer Agent of Coipora- 
tions. 



158 



It was an interesting episode in re- 
ligion whicli happened in Xew York 
City. Some portions of tlie body of a 
woman, "in bundle-," have been found 
in the writers of the llud>on river along 
the New Jersey shore. Deleetive.- were 
set at work to get tlie facts. After much 
careful tracir:g of things, the detectives 
visited the Reverend Hans Schmidt, a 
Rector of Saint Joseph's Roman Catholic 
cliuich in Xew York City. The detec- 
tives were not dressed in police uniform-, 
when they called upon the I'ricst. He 
was dressed in full clerical garb when 
tile detectives entered his rooms in the 
Parish House of the Church in ]2.jth 
street." 'I'he priest was at once charged 
with the murder of a young woman. 
.\.nna .\umullar was her name. The 
prie>t was shocked, but he soon con- 
fessed the crime. "I kil'ed her because 
I loved her so much." lie killed her 
while she was asleep, and this is his 
story: "When her heart ceased beating, 
the body was placed in a bath tub. where 
the priest began cutting it to pieces with 
a keen butcher's knife and a saw. .\fter 
the cutting was finished the body was 
placed in five bundle.^." The priest 
stated that he had crossed the Hudson 
five times, each time with pieces of 
.\nna .\umullar in pieces of bed clothes, 



and oTice in a peculiar pillow case, or 
"slip."' It was the iinding of the pillow 
case which led the detectives to the 
priest's house as above shown. So far 
I have followed the Providence Joiinni!. 
!i became known to the detectives that 
the priest. Schnn'dt. came from the I'.er- 
nian city, Aschatfenburg. not a long dis- 

IT IS WHOLESOME 




i^mm 




NMoa 3aisdn 
noA Nynx y-=iA3N tiim j.i 

TME SHtPARD COfi^PANY, 

251-273 Westminster Street. 

MISS mim E. RIDER, 

73 Almy St., Providence. 

TRY THIS TASTE-FULL-TONIC. 

R and G means "Orange." 



(Twelve (12) Copies, only, reniaiu.) 

The Lands of Rhode Island 



as they were known to 



CAUNOUNICUS AND MIANTUNNOMU 

when RoGKR Williams came in 1636, 

An Indian Map of the Principal Locations 

known to the NAHIGANSKTS and KLABORATE 
HISTORICAL NOTKS by Sidnky S. Rider. 

The edition consisted of 495 ; 19 remain to lie sold. Price, post 
paid $9.00. Address the Author, Providence, R. I, 



159 



tancc southeast of Frankfort. The W\v 
York Times sent a special corrtspondcut 
to "tliis little mcdiae\a1 Roman Cathulic 
city." Tlie litt'c cit\ was wild with tx- 
ciunicnt. for the priest Schmidt was 
known to everybody. The correspondent 
soon discovered that Schmidt's parents 
"influenced tiieir son to enter the Priest- 
hood."' This was done because their son's 
moral conduct had become utterly im- 
moral. He "matriculated"' (entered) the 
mayence for Priests, where he studied 
for several years;" while there he led a 
nnt(.>ri'iusly dissolute life, and at last left 
(".ermany to come to Xew York, where 
he was soon placed assistant Rector in 
a Roman Catholic Church, as above 
siiown. He brought his credential? to 
the priesthood with him when he came 
f> %\u Yiuk. flere ai"e a few more de- 
tails. He. Schmidt, said that he had 
meant to forge one of the certilicates 
to register the death of .Anna .\umullar. 
i)Ut that he decided that it would bl- 
safest to do nothing after the finding of 
a part of the girl's t)udy had started an 
iiujm'r} into the murder. 

Schmidt said that he was arretted be- 
fore he had killed any (MK- except Anna 
-Xumu'ler. but fn-pector l-'aurot never- 
tb.eless ordered a search of the records 



of the Board of Health to see whether 
any pai)ers forged by Schmidt had been 
tiled there. 

Schmidt refused to name any of the 
persons lie had chosen as his victims. 
Most of them, however, he admitted, 
were parishioners of St. Josei)h"s church, 
at 405 West V^JXh street , where he wa> a 
curate. 

"I intended U> end their li\es pain- 
le>>l_\-,"" said Schmidt, "and tlMse whom 
I meant to kill were persons wh.i would 
l)e better ofi' in the other world. 1 meant 
to end the sutterirg of cripples, para- 
lytics, persons suffering from incurable 
ailments, and others whu were leading 
miserable lives and would be l)etter off 
out of the world. 

"Any man is foolish who wishes to 
.i\e om his life on eartli. I meant to 
benefit those I killed.'" 

The priest, in admitting that if the 
police had not arrested him he would 
shortly have committed other murders, 
said that he had not decided who the 
victim of his next murder would be. 
but that he was considering several 
whose lives were unhappy. He intend- 
ed, however, to wait until tlio excite- 
ment over finding parts of the body of 
his first victim had died down. 



SOUL LIBERTY 



/ 



RIIODK ISLAND'S GIFT TO THK 

NATION. 

Ati inquiry concerning the validity of the claims made by Roman 
Cath-olics that .J^^aryland was settled ii])on that Ijasis (Soui. I.hu-ktv) 
before Roger Williams planted tlie Colony of Rhode Island. 

-BY- 
SIDNEY S. RIDER. 



"I fefl hoHiewlL.t ftCfiuftiiitc-cl with \ou tlirouj;li iDVpar.ial pt i iisal of your ir s-sUi h 
tieali.sc, tTilitlcd: .'^Ofl, I.I liHKT V." A.J. S. lUntxhau, A!i>iio>iai \ S/-i\\, U al/irrj:/, t, . I .t ' 

Quarto, 95 pages, Si -25 

(Twejity-five copies). 



i6c) 



CHART-KS C. HARRINGTON, 
President. 



ROWLAND G. 
Vice-Pre 



HAZARD 
sident. 






OS 



ATIONAL BANK 

Opposite City Hall and Railroad Station. 

To those desiring to change or make new banking 
connections, we offer the services of this conveni- 
ently located and progressively managed institution. 



H. EDWARD THURSTON, 
Cashier. 



i-DWARD A. 
Asst. Ca 



HAVENS, 
shier. 



Tliis interesting event, which shows 
rlr^irlv tile working of certain Roman 
Catliolic oUicitils, is a great advance lie- ; 
yond tliat practiced A. D. S70, vvhicli is I 
c'escribed by Roger of Wendover, in his i 
"I'kjwers of History." l;o and read j 
W'endover's story of the "Admirable j 
Work of the Holy Abbess Kbba." ! 



The practice of the Law is no more 
like wliat it was when men created it 
than the Devil of to-day is like Socrates 
2500 years ago. 



Is it more criminal for the poor to 
rob the rich than it is for the rich to rob 
the poor? The Natural Law is going 
to hold the switch. 



GENTLEMEN'S SHIRTS 

OF THE FINEST MATERIAL 

' THE BEST POSSIBLE FITTLNTj 

THE FINEST PK1V.4TE WOKK 

A Durability Approaching Perpetiialit}' 
Orders Taken for Butlonholes. 

Your MONEynever 
went so far in SHIRTS 
in fheJ/ORLD before. 

ANNIE E. RIDER, 7-^ ALMV STREET. 



BROWN.LISLE&MARSHALL 

Investment Securities 



TURK'S HEAD BUILDING, PROVIDENCE, R. 



PUBLIC SERVICE BONDS. 

There are three elements to be considered in inaking an investment Safety 
Permanence and Income. Tlie bondfi of eflicientlv managed Public ScrvVce CoV- 
porations otier the invo-tor a pai-ticnlarly well l/nlanced" combinalion of tho'-c 
esseni.als. The business is not aflccted by tarifY changes and is pern.anent 
because it furnishCB public neceswities. such as the telephone, ele.-tricity <'as 
street railways, etc. Business depressions do not interrupt the sieady inprease'in 
earnings. The income is Ingh in relation to the safety of the principal 

We are in a position to obtain accurate information •coucerninfr the 
corporations wboiie bonds we offer. '^ 



BOOK NOTES 

HISTOKICAL, LITEKAKV AND CRITICAL. 

CONDUCTKII BY 

SIDNEY vS. RIDER, 

7j ALMY STREET, .... . . PROVIDENCE, R. 1. 

Entered as Srcond class ^^att(;^, at the Providence, R. I. Post Office. 



'"'^^"'si;^^'^;:5Sr"''^- I Saturday, Oct. 11, 1913. 



Vol. 30. 
No. 21. 



PKi)Viui;xci-: IS Tut, lIiGm;sT I'kickd 
]Makket 1-uk .Mi;.\ts in the Umtkh 
States. 

The U. S. Deparlincnl of Lal.or— 
r.urcau of Labm- Statistics, pulilishcd 
.\l>ril liti:; a l)nllctin of Retail Prices, 
and Cost of I,iviIl^^ series Xo. Ci. It 
ii.is talile- em-erin- (kiriiii; tlie nmmli'- 
of Jan. lo, and Fei). Vk V.n'l\ and Jan. 
15, and Feb. l."i, li)i:{, in cities, one of 
which is Providence, R. i. They are 
fifteen in number — thus: sirloin steak; 
round steak; rib roast; pork chops; ba- 
con, smoked; ham, smoked; lard, pure; 
hens; tlour, wheat; corn meal; eggs, 
strictly f resli ; butter, creamery; pota- 
toes. Irish; sugar, granulated; and 
milk, fre-h. There are no firm name- 
given in any city. H\ery firm has a 
number. Those for T^-ovidence : :520:J, 
:\\im. :;2n, wivi. :i2i:;, :\2\\. :>2i."). There 
is one serious error in the (".'nernment 
Report. It is on the inices of Sirloin 
^teak ; here in Providence. 

These are the {>rice> as given in the 
Report : 

in 12 I'.n:; 

Jan. I'eb. Jan. Feb 
Firm .\'o<. 1.".. lo. 15. 15. 

320:*. 37 a? 4:$ 40 ■ 

3209 34 .'>4 40 40 

3211 30 30 40 40 

3212 3S 3S 42 3S 

3213 ..35 .35 40 40 

3214 30 30 35 35 

3215; 3S 3S 

The namc< of firm.^, not being given. 
wc do not know them ; but we do know 
that the "Swedes'" Public Market .=;old 
at that time, Sirloin steak at three dif- 



ferent price>, to wit: 50, 45, 40 cents 
per pound. 

P>ut the men who made the <'iovern- 
ment Reports were deceived by some- 
body; for it iloes ni^t give 50 cents, a> 
the maximum price for sirloin steak, 
which was ihe ])rice at the "Swede's" 
I'rovulence I'niilic .Market L'ompany's 
shop for month-, and po-sibly for 
years. The name "Sirloin"' has been 
al)arido7ied since the (".ovennnent Re- 
liort was published. 

On the loth of .May. last, Pook Xnfcs 
printed thi-, table of Food Pries from 
the (kuernment Bulletin Xo. 113. The 
years covered were l'.tll-]9]2. 






I'rf.virleiuc . ... 

rhiladtr!i.!-.ia' . . .. 
.\>-w York City . . 
Xevs- Haven, Ciiiii. 
J:;.ltiinore, Md. . . 
lloston, Mass. . . 
Cl'arlcston, S. C. 
-Vtlaiita. Georgia . 

riltsbursh 

Wasliiiiyton, I). C. 
San l-"rancisco . . . 
New Orleans 
-Vowark, X. J. .... 

Minneapolis 

Memphis, Tenii. . 

CIiicaRO 

Cleveland, r)lno . 



.!45'.^.Vl7'2<l; Oil 6.S'2.V42 
.1?^ IS.16'14' .SO 44 2(1 4.S 
.'24!22!l.Vl,sl 84 .V2n'.A3 
.!26'20'15'1S' 7,-r,ri jy'37 
.'22 20 I6'20 75 .5S Jn 42 
.I38^25'17 ^0^ .),, 55 25 in 
.,20:20 15:20' ','1' 55 J" yj 
.i23i20'l7i25' <;5 40 Ju 411 
.'23-20 15:20' 75 40'25'40 
.'20:18'1415' 9i''42'20 40 
.';20'20 17;'5i!;,i -i(/2'i xd 
.!l5:i5;i515 10" :-.fj 2u 40 
. 22:20 IS LSI 9.1 (,■■' 22 41 
.120 20,!5M4 70 2S is ,^> 



, .|20'12:1.5 20:i0" J5 18 40 
.'20122:13:121 70 37'16'39 
. . 22;iS'16:i5' x4 36'l7i38 



The price of Sirloin steak here in 
Providence was 45 cents. In the <.ther 
sixteen cities above mentioned the aver- 
age price for Sirloin steak was 22 '/j, 
just one-half the price here chargefl. 
Xine days after the above tal>!e was 
published in I1(J'J: Motes the "Swede's" 
F'rovidence I'ublic Market Company 
5<ublished in the Providence Ivvcniiig 



l62 



Tribune an advcrtijemcnt, a cloublc 
coiuinii in width and seven inches in 
length, with the words, over tlie top, 
•'STATISTICS.- "These stati.-;tic> {oi 
December. 1U12) are taken from seven 
to ten dilTcrent stores in the larger 
cities, and tiiese prices var\- in tlie same 
city from r,c to 10c per pound, or peck. 
These statistics quote only the Itii/Iicst 
price of each article." As there stated. 
it is not true. It is the fust article 
named in tlie "(■".osernment Tables.'' 
Sirloin steak. Providence cut, per 
pound. Underneath this table, page 111. 
•of this Report, is this note: "The steak 
for which prices are here quoted is 
known as" t>orterhoiisc" steak in most 
of the cities included in this Report. 
hut in this ciiv (^ Pro^■^^,•^':'>^ -'f i-- <-:•']- 
ed Sirloin.-' 

Then the Prnvidciicc Public Market 
Coinpaiiy printed the following table 
in their advertisement in the Eieuiiu/ 
Tribune : 

"Our prices the same day (Dec. 15. 
1912) were as follows: 
Sirloin Steak, trimmed, per lb isc to Wc 
Romid Steak (bone out), per lb.. lOc to 

32c 



Rib Roast, per lb ISc to 2.">c 

Chuck Roast, per lb 12c to loc 

P.irk Chops, per lb I2c to 14c 

l'>acon. sliced, per lb 2()c to 2.ic 

Pure Lard, per lb J.5^- 

Leg of Lainn. per lb 14c to Ibc 

Dressed Fowl, per lb I8c to 20c 

Bread Flour. "B. M. C." per 1-S sack 
74c 

Corn Meal, per lb 2'/i» 

Nearby Eggs, per doz 5:,c 

Storage Fggs. per doz 2:!c to 28c 

Creamery Butter (from tub, per lb. 
'^Gc to 3Sc 

Irish Potatoes, per peck 22c to 2oc 

C.ranulated Sugar, per lb b'^c 

This talile is apt to mislead us 
Tliey sold no Sirloin steak for IS cents 
. n.-,.,.,.! 7-.;.,...,,.,y sirioin is not Sir- 
loin in the sense that men imderstand. 
These tables admit that the price at the 
"Swedes'" Providence Public Market 
Company's shop ran from IS to 45 cents 
a pound. There are 2;! diiTerent prices 
therein possible. Sides of beef are cut 
up. laid on plates, and price cards 
placed upon each plate. I counted 
these plates. There were 227 or there- 
__^ abouts. Here are the prices : 5. 6. 7, 9, 

UNION TRUST COMPAN?; 

02 DORRANO E ST., CORNER OF WE STfe^iKSTER ST 

CAPITAL $1,000,000. SURPLUS $500,000 

A COM.^IERCIAL BANK ANdTrUST COMPANY. 

OFFICERS. 

MARSDEN J. PERRY, Chairman of the Board. 

ARAM J. POTHIER. President. 

ARCHIBALD G. LOOMLS, Vice-President. 

HAROLD J. GROSS. Vice-President 

FRANK E. CHAFEE. Treasurer 

CHARLES H. SHELDON, Secretary 

CLINTON F. STEVENS. Ass't Treasurer and Ass't Secretary. 

DIRECTORS. 
Samuel M, Nicholson, Arthur H. Watson, 

Aram J. Pothicr, Clarence L. Watson, 

Archibald G. Loomis. Marsden J. Perry, 

Harold J. Gross, William W. Douglas, 

Benjamin A. Jackson, Harry Cutler, 

Joseph Samuels, Charles Alexander, 

Michael J. Houlilian. 



Everett L. Spencer. 
Albert A. Remington. 
Philip Allen, 
George W. Thurston. 
William B. Grecnoi:gh, 
Walter W. Griffith. 



i63 



10, n. Li. u, 15, in, IS, :?(), 22, 2.5, 2s. 
:!0, :!2. .!-t, :i.".. ;!8, 40, 4:. and :>(i cents a 
pound 

There wore 2:; dittercnt prices per 
pound; the average price would he 22 
cents, phis, per pound. The averaj^e 
cost price of heef here in Providence 
was 12 cents. 

There was a profit of nearly one 
hundred per cent, on a necessity in 
food for all men. 

.\ "side of heef." otherwise a half oi 
an ox, was advertised in Xew York 
city, on June (i, at S^-l cents. On June 
y, a "side of heef," here in Providence, 
was for sale at 12 cents. It weighed 
400 pounds, the price per pound being 
12 cents, the cost of the side was $4S.0O. 

Since the preceeding portion of this 
paper was written a new niimher ( i:!2) 
of Department of Lalxsr Statistics has 
been published. The dates of the statis- 
tics are May and June, l'.n2, and May 
and June, ItH;;. The first item is "Sir- 
loin steak. Providence cut, per pound, 
39, 40, 40, 40 cents. These figures are 
utterly false, and the Department of 
Laiior should enftirce a truthful state- 
ment. The price is to-day (Oct. :3rd) 
50, 45, 40 cents a pound, and has been 
so for months. But the name Sirloin 
has been changed to Tenderloin. 





a: 


« -; ^• 


U^ u: X X, 


l'."VHitnce 


i^:25':\5.li<] 


10i;i.;7,_'o 3,S 


^;;;^S''^.:;;;;; 


-'(>:J2ll5 16! 

i2 23:\b,20, 


yii.js 
so L' 


24 41' 
22 }-, 
-'3 3-1 




2A 


-":i6'23' 


7^ 'S 


2 ' 3S 




,!=; 


->5!l7 :.!.V 


'JO .1^ 


'S ?7 


1. luirk-stou. S. C 


' ) 


-'0:15 2(r 


<J0 JS 




Ail.iiita 


- -■' -' t • 1 1 7 i 5 1 


95 J 5 


J. 5 40 


Wasl.ingion, I). C. . . 


")? 




So M 


-'7 36 
^0 40 


San I'rancisco 


'(I 


'<|.17 l(j 


1(.-. 'II '0 !j 


-Now Orleans 


>,i 


17 1 =i 1 ,s 


1 00 '(, ' > ;; 


Newark. .\. J 


J,, 


20 loJo 


''0 .!4 .'l,.Ui 


Minneapolis 


' ' 


iOil:>,lK 


7.^ .'0;ls SS 


Men,]>his 


-!5 


2li;l5i-HI| 


90 3iVJo .55 


CiiK-auo 


-'4 


iOil.SliO' 


7.^;.'5 Jl;.vS 


Clt veland. (~)liio .... 


>S 


iOllf.ilSi 


7x2422 i4 


Fall River ■... 


36 


20il5|lS: 


75;jnjJ.',35 



TTx^. 




This table consists of the same cities 
as does the preceding table. The aver- 
age prices for the same articles of food 



PROVIDilNCt: BANKING CO.. 

!4i WtlSlTllNSTril^ ST., PI70VIDIINCC, 1^. I. 



LOCAL STOCKS, BONf3S 



HigKGradelRvestmenl-Securides 

Orders executed on the New York and Boston Stock 
Exchange. P^oreign Exxhange bought and sold. Letters of 
Credit furnished for travelers. 



i64 



is A2 cents por poiiiiLl, while tlie aver- 
age rate in tlie preceiling same list is 
32 cents per pound, a difFcrenee of 25 
per cent. This all shows that in 
this city of Providence, tlie people are 
made to pay more for food than in an\ 
city in tlie United States. In the table 
above the price of Sirloin Steak in 
Providence is given as being 3M cents. 
It is a false statement; the price was 
50 cents. 

In this table there are named sixteen 
(H>) cities besides Providence. F.xam- 
ine the Sirloin column and 30U will 
see that you were paying for Sirloin 
steak double the price paid by anybody 
in the great cities all over the United 
States. 



••KAKTll IIU.\'(U':R." 
An "Inc." P\d)li-^hing Associati'in ex- 
ists in New Ha\en, Conn. It is print- 
ing four times a year the "Vale Re- 
view.'' In this Review for Octuher, 
l'.M3, is a paper written by William 
t^jraham Sumner, once a professor at 
Yale College, and as an "Address" it 
was delivered there twenty years ago; 
and is now for the first time printed. 



I will give a few specimens. "Land- 
grabbing is only a more colloquial ex- 
pression for "Karth Hunger" and Eng- 
land, of all the countries on earth, ha- 
been. an<l no^\• is, the greatest oi all 
"Land-grabbers"; Inning lor the I:ist 
three hundred years lieen engaged in 
the busin<-ss."' The learned gentleman 
said, in ISUT, twenty years ago, "ICartli 
Mimger" appears less ,-ordid than in the 
days of the Colonial .System, and its 
growth " As a m.itter of fad, it is n<> 
less p.i-se-sed now than when Colonies 
were b-irn. .\ow it is individuals who 
are "Land-grabbers." Look at Turk's 
Head, here in Providence, and cun 
sider that in isyo. ninety-one ('.>!) i)er 
cent of the population owned no land, 
while uuv^ ;fi) n.-r — "♦ ■:■( t'v: p-r::!:: 
tion owned every inch of the land. 
"Earth Hunger" is the wilde-t craving 
■ if modern nations; they will shed their 
life blood to apjtease it. 

"The history of thcoloijical doctiinc. 
and of all social and ])olitical principles 
and spinning shows what a facile and 
futile process it is." "History contains 
instances enou.gh to show us the fright- 
ful burden the 'doctrine' is." "It comes 



1 NATIONAL EXCHANGE B#II(, 

63 WESTMINSTER STREET. 

Capital. $500,000. Surplus & Profits, $1,024,203.92 

ORGAN'IZED I80I 



OFFICERS 

MIICHAEL F. DOOLEY. President. 

Vice-Presidents, FREDERICK S. PECK, lOSEPH E. FLETCHER, 

AUGUSTUS R. PEIRCE. 

C. H. W. MAXDEVILLE, Cashier. 

GEORGE G. WOOD, Asst. Cashier. 



Newton D. Arnold, 
Walter Callendor, 
Earle V. Charlcton, 
Edmund 1). Chesboro, 
Frank P. Combtock, 
Artliur \V. Dcunib, 
Michael ¥. Dooley, 



DIRECTORS 

Samuel M. Einstein, 
Charles Fletcher. 
Joseidi E. Fletc.iier. 
Theodore \V. FoBter, 
Gerald T. Ilaiiley, 
Arthur Heiiius, 
Sidney D. Uuniplirey, 



Charles II. W . :Nfandevil]e 
.Tolni Mc.Manus, 
Frederick S. I'eck. 
Frank N. I'hillips?, 
B. Thomas Potter, 
Joseph L. Sweet, 
Clarence L. \VatBon, 



One of the Oldest and Strongest Banks in Rhode Island 



i6.s 



with the prestige of tradition and antiq- 
uity to rake from the h\iny the riglit to 
do their own thinking, and to comi)el 
tliem ti.> sacrilice their lives and happi- 
ness against tlu-ir will and without rea- 
son aiid c.>n>eience.'' "We are living 
under a regime ereated li\ manipidaii' ui 
of ini()ort duties hy whieh prices f<ir all 
the great manufactured products are 
raised here from t\venty-ti\e (-•"') to 
fifty ("(O) per cent ahove the prices in 
dtlier civilized coimtries." This grt at 
paper was delivered as an ".lihiiu-ss" 
at Yale CoUeg-e Iwcuty years ago. It 
covers thirty-two ( :!:i ) octave pages of 
tlie ]'a!i- k'ci'iczi'. X<>w it is pul.lished 
because of the work of Woodrow 
W'il-on and William Jemn'ngs r,ryau. 
with the Tttritj. ami witli the "individu- 
al" coiiTiol -,i a'] ••_M,„irv"; and of all 
coal mines 1>\ the IVnnsylvania Rail- 
road. 

This great suhjt-ct, handled men tally 
by a man so mentall> strong, leads me 
to con>ider what auotlier great mind 
said u[)on auotlier subject as closely 
connected with Human Rights as was 
, the 'i{arth T lunger'' i^aper. 

\\'illiam J. (iaynor, not long since 
mayor of Xcw York City, delivered an 
address to the Yale k'orum, at Yale 



Lniversity. The subject was; "Do Our 
Con Its Stand in the Way of S'>cial and 
l-A-onomic Ju>tice. am! if so, by what 
.\uthority? We have outgrown the 
Divinity of Kings, and of J^egislatures, 
and of ICxecutives, and we have a right 
to outgrow the Divinity of Courts; the 
snbjt-ct i> a broad one. Perhaps the 
phrase "distributive justice" might ex- 
press it more fully. When 1 say ilis- 
/r,7' »//,-■(• justice, 1 do not mean u)erely 
the justice admini-tered in the Conrt<, 
but distribiUive justice in its widest 
sense." "That means justice in its wid- 
est sense, the social and economic 
.-ense, as well as the legal sense." It 
wa- delivered on the 7th of May. iniL'. 
It maintains tiie Rights of Men as 
against "Corporations," and ".\roney 
Kings.'' which is just now coming 
with such strength and irre-ist ib'e 
into existence all o\ er the Ignited 
States. C.o and read and study, these 
great essays, for nothing on earth can 
o\erthrow them. Mr. Gaynor was a 
JudLie of the higher Xew York Courts 
for sixteen vears. 



The I'riedmann Vaccination, with 
■-oinething out of a turtle t<j [)revent or 
st<ip the development of tuberculosis is 



INDUSTRIAL TRUST COMPANY. 

49 WESTMINSTER ST., PROVIDENCE, R. I. 

Capital, 53,000,000. Surplus $3,000,000. 



BANKING DEPARTMENT — Interest paid on depo.sits. Is.sue.s 
CertiCcate.s of Deposit at attractive rates. Loans and Discotints, 
Collections made on all points on favorable terms. 

FOREIGN EXCHANGE DEPARTMENT — Foreign Drafts and 
Letters of Credit available in all ])arts of tlie World. Cable 
Transfers. 

TRUST DEPARTMENT— Antborized to accept Trusts. Is a legal 
depositary for irnst funds. Act.s as 'J'rnstee, Executor, Adminis- 
trator, Guardiati and as Registrar and Transfer Agent of Coipota- 
tions. 



i65 



with tlie prestige of tradition nnd antiq- j University. The subject was: "Do Our 

uity to rake from the H\iny i!ie riglit t<i I Courts Stand in the Way of Sncial and 

do their uwii thinking, and to coiupel ! lu'cnoinic Justice, and if so, liy what 

(luiu to sacrifice their lives and Iiappi- i Authority? We Iiave outgrown tlie 

ness against their wiil and witliont rea- ' Diviniry of Kings, and of I.egislatures, 

son and conscience."' "We are living j and of F.xeculives, and we have a riglu 

under a regime created h_\ m.niipukui< m { to omgrow tlie Divinity of Courts: tlie 

of import duties liy wliich prices for all ! suhjeet i> a Inroad one. _ Perhaps the 

the great manufactured products are ! plna-e "distriluitive justice" might ex- 

rai^ed liere from Iwenty-tive (~^■.) to j press it more fully. When 1 say dis- 

fifty (:,0^ per cent ahove the prices in j Ir.hiitiz-c justice, I do not mean merely 

other civilized countries." This gr< at j the justice admini-tered in the Conrts 

paper wa-^ delivered as an ".lildrrss" hut distributive justice in its widest 

at Vale College twenty years ago. It | sense." "That means justice in its wid- 

covers thirty-two ( :;:.• ) octave pages of | est sense, the social an<i economic 

the ]'(;/.• k'riiric. .\ow it is pulilished j ..ense. as well as the legal sense." It 

because of the work <,\ Woodn.w j wa- delivered on the 7th ^.f May. l-.HL'. 

Wil-^on nnd William Jennings I'.ryau, U maintains the Rights of Men as 

with the TuriiJ, and with the "individu- j against "Corporations," and ".Money 

al" CMin.^l of a'] "\l,,nrv": and oi all \ Kings." which is ju^t now coming 

coal mines by the I'emisylvani a Rail- I with such strength an<l irreMst d.'e 

'''-^^f'- j iuto existence all over the Ignited 

This great subject, handled >iicnlcil!y \ States. Co and rea<l and study, these 

by a man so mentall\ strong, leads me I great essays, for n. .thing on earth can 

to con.sider what auotlier great mind overthrow them. Mr. (^ayiior was a 

.said ui.on another subject as closely Judge of the liigher .\ew York Courts 

connected with Humrm Rights as was j for sixteen years. 

;\ the "l{arth Hunger" jiaper. 

William J. C.aynor. not long sii^e \ The Kriedmann Vaccination, with 

mayor of Xew York City, <lelivered an ! M,mething out of a turtle to prevent or 

address to the Vale Forum, at Vale \ stop the development of tuberculosis is 



INDUSTRIAL TRUST COMPANY, 

49 WESTMINSTER ST., PROVIDENCE, R. I. 

Capital, $3,000,000. Surplus $3,000,000. 



BANKING DEPARTMENT -Interest paid on dcpo.sits. Ls.sue.s 
Certificates of Deposit at attractive rates. Loans and Discounts. 
Collections made on all points on favorable terms. 

FOREIGN EXCHANGE DEPARTMENT — Foreign Drafts and 
Letters of Credit available in all j)arts of tlic World. Cable 
Transfers. 

TRUST DEPARTMENT~-Anthori7ed to accept Trusts. Is a legal 
depositary for trust funds. Acts as Trustee, Executor, Adminis- 
trator, Guardian and as Registrar and Transfer A^ent of Coij.oia- 
tions. 



1 66 



practically dead. The U. S. Ilcallh De- 
partment has decided, or denounced it^ 
worthlessness. The "bumming" of vac- 
cination t<3-day is done by the medical 
men of to-day because of the repeal 
of the English law enforcing the Jen- 
ner vaccination against Small Pox. 
Parliament repealed these laws in 1898. 
The doctors went at work at once, vac- 
cinating for all fliseases. Xot using 
poison matter, taken from sores on an- 
imals e)r on men, i)nt mixing chemicals. 
The result of the destruction of the 
Jenner Turkish vriceinatinn was the 
wor.-t blow upon the practice of medi- 
cine ever struck. To avert its force 
some chemicals were mixed and named 
Si-runi. because serum wag the colorless 
p.-irt or the numan Mood. Thi.-, l-"ried- 
mann rascality is one of these frauds 
to fool people. Just so it is with vac- 
cination for Typhoid Fever. Typhoid 
Fever is the result of "nastincss" in, 
or on human beings. Does vaccination 
with some chemical act on the "nasti- 
ness" of men? Such work by doctors 
ought to be stopped at once and forever. 



The Protective Tariff was the inven- 
tion of the Whig party in 1840; in thir- 
teen years it wiped the Whig party out 
of existence, and the Republican party 



was born. It wiped money property in 
slaves out of existence on the tirst 
day of January, ISf..^, $x;. JOO.OOO ; then it 
went at work with the '■Protective" pro[)- 
erty tariff, which will result, with the 
Republican Party, just as it did with 
the Whig Party — Destruction. 

IT IS WHOLESOME 




NMoa aciisdo 
noA Nan± aaASN miM j_i 

THE SHEPARD COfilPANY, 

251-273 WesJmlnilsr Strett 

m\$S mUlE E. RIDER, 

73 Ai.-ny St., Provitlence. 

TRY THIS TASTE-FULL-TONIC. 

R and G means "Orange." 



(Twelve (12) Copies, only, remain.) 

The Lands of Rhode Island 

as they were known to 

CAUNOUNICUS AND MIANTUNNOMU 

when RoGKR Wiltjams came in 1636. 



An Indian Map of ti.e Principal Locations 

known to the NAHIGAXSETS and KLAIiORATl{ 
HISTORICAL NOTHS by Sidnky S. Ridhr. ^ 

The edition consisted of 495 ; 19 remain to l)e sold. Price, post 
paid 5^9.00. Address the Author, Providence, R. I.' 



'67. 



The newspapers all over the United 
States are printinir siulT to deceive the 
people on the prices for beef. and 
everything else \ve need. Here is a 
specimen nearly fonr months old : 

CniCAC.O. June IC..— Tliere was a 
sharp advance in the price of lieef at 
the stock yards to-day, a jump of suf- 
ficient proportions to cause the packers 
to declare that a famine in beef is im- 
minent. 

It is not a week since a newspaper 
announced that eggs would soon be 7.') 
cents a dozen. Here is another comical 
specimen clipped from the Xrw York 
Times, of Oct. .^d. 

MILWAUKEE. Oct. 2.— "If the 
newspapers publish notices of my mar- 
riajj;e my business will be ruined." said 
a man wlio ai'plied for a marrias^e li- 
cense to-day and begged the County 
Clerk to suppress the news. 

"/ 07vii a butcher shof and am coiu- 
iitg moiwy.'' said he. "There are more 
than .'^00 unmarried young women liv- 
ing in my neighborhood. Because 
everybody knows that I have money 
the matchmaking mothers send their 
girls around to my shop. 

"But if they found out I wa.> mar- 
ried they would get mad and bovcott 



me. When I get married I am going 
to intrtHJuce my wife as a new hired 
girl '• 

County Clerk Widule agreed to sup- 
press the man's name. 



The revision of the Tariff has been 
accomplished; and the end of the in- 
fernal princii)le of the United States. 
"Protective" Tariff, for personal greed. 
lias come. I have, myself, been per- 
sonally, financially ruined by it. I now 
thank the Divine Master for permitting 
me to live, to see the end of an evil, 
against which I have fought for years. 
Rut this is not the end. Much greater 
things are coming, and I shall see them 
also. It seems incredible to me. but it 
i^ true, that men here in Rhode Island 
uho believe, and preach it. that a labor- 
er in this coimtry cannot support life, 
unless every thing he eats, drinks, 
wears, is overi)urdened by "Protective 
Tariff Taxation." 



Butter has licen stricken from use at 
Vassar College It has also been strick- 
en from use at Wallum Lake Hospital. 
It has been found distructive to health 
at both of these great institutions. 



SOUL LIBERTY 

RHODPi ISLAND'S GIFT TO THK 

NATION. 

An ii;quiry concernii)g the validity of the claims made by Roman 
Catholics that Maryland was settled upon that basi.s (Soui, Libj'.ktv) 
before Roger Williams planted the Colony of Rhode Island. 

-BY- 
SIDNEY S. RIDER. 

"I feel somewJiat actniaiiUcH with ven t)iroiiEh inv par.ial Iki u<:al of voiir niaKi, ri. 
treatise, entitled: SOCI, MHKKTY." A.J. .S. }:,.u,dfau, 'Minjova, y S,u'y, U o'ilnt,^", t, J ( 

Quarto, 95 pages, $1.25 

(Twenty-five copies). 



i68 



CHARI.KS C. HARRINGTON, 
President. 



ROWLAND G. HAZARD 

Vice-President. 



MECHANICS 
NATIONAL BANK 

Opposite City Hall and Railroad Station. 

To those desiring to change or make new banking 
connections, we offer the services of this conveni- 
ently located and progressively managed institution. 

EDWARD A. HAVENS, 
Asst. Cashier. 



H. EDWARD THURSTON 
Cashier. 



The Pope of tlic Roman Catholics, 
al Rome, on the -('tli of September, 
went through the farce of praying for 
Mexico. 



The Trees and Shrubs Growing Natur- 
ally in the F'orests of Massachusetts. 
Orieinally published under an order of 
Legislature of the Slate, by George B. 
Emerson. 2 v 8 vo. Third edition. Boston. 
1878. Now <nit of print and very scarce. 
A verv fine copv in cloth, $t7.50. It Is 
beautifully illustVated bv 14y engravings. 
many of them beuutifully colored. 



The Perambulation of Kent. Containing 
the de=cription, history, and customs of 
that oountv (Kngland) written by Wil- 
liam I..Tinbard of Lincoln's Inn. corrected 
and enlarged. To which is added the 
Charters, Laws, and Privileges, of the 
Cinque Ports, never before printed. I-on- 
don, ]656, half calf, upwards of 700 P^ses 



aV\]T\Vl1V\^'>Q CMTDTC 

OF THE riNHST MWlUXl 
TiUi BEST rOSSlBLE FITTING 
THE FINEST PRIVATE WORK 

AND 

A Durability Approaching Perpeluality 
Orders Taken for Buttonholes. 

Your MONEY never 
went so far in SHIRTS 
in the WORLD before. 

ANNIE E. RIDER, 7-^ AtMY STREET. 



BROWN, LISLE&MARSHALL 

Investment Securities 



TURK'S HEAD BUILDING.. PROVIDENCE, R. I, 




BOOK NOTES 

HISTORICAL, LITERARY AND CRITICAL. 

CONDUCTED BY 

sidnp:y s. rider, 

7j ALMY STREET, ... - . . PROyiDE.\CE, R. I . 

Entered as Second class Matter, at the Providence, R. T. Post Office. 



JO Ctuts per anuum. Fortnightly, 
feiiijjle Copy 5 Cents. 



Saturday, Oct. 25, 1913. \°;.;|?; 



SCHOOL JAXITORS, MOTHERS 
AXD HEALTH. 



Dr. Helen C. I'litnam. 
I have reafl what I'lato -aid, or 
wrote, about Socrates; and vs'hat Soc- 
rates said about himself and his soul, 
t;dking !.■ r'ii:.ed.'; ;uk1 J I'.ave an al)- 
solute belief, that I have a Soul and 
that my S' 'ul is immortal; and so also 
is yours. 1 have read hkewi-e what Sir 
Oliver Lody:e, a man with a world- 
wide rejjutation for learning;, said a 
month ago, in London, ab >ut his l)e- 
lief "that Di.-carrate intellii;encc under 
certain condiii>i!is niay interact willi- 
in, on the material side." Somehow 
that \\';.rd "disiunmlc." bothered me; 
for I also believe that a dei-artcd soul 
can comnumicatc with us, who still 
live; hut that word discariuitc. which 
means "Bones stripped of ■ all . Flesh," 
disturbed me for I had never believed 
that our bones could communicate. 
While ir.y nur.tal machine was t^r-nvin^- 
more and nvirt' intense the door bell 
ranjr, and Mr. I'eirce, our letter carrier, 
handed me a neat little ■ package ad- 
dressed, "S. S. Rider, Editor. Fro)n 
Qiiiapcn." I was struck dumb. Quia- 
pen was the last great Queen of the 
Xarragansetts. She was a sister by 
Indian law of Miantinomi. and a sister 
of Xinegret. She was slaughtered by 
Conn<ciicnt men o;; the 2r,d of ju'y, 
lf.7''>. Her last home was the "Queen's 
Fort," n(ar Wick ford. She was slaugh- 
tered r:ear Xatic while cro-sing the 
river. All this flashed upon my mind, 
wlicn I saw her name on the neat little 
package, for I had written her history 



in my "Indian Book," and I was ir- 
stantly in comiection with the soul of 
Qiu"apen; carefully and gently I opened 
the little package and found therein a 
neat little hook written by Helen C. 
I'utman, a medical woman, whom once- 
I knew here in Friix idence. 

Thi. lif.le book is entitled, "School 
Janitors, Mothers, and Health." It was 
written liy Helen C. Putnam, A. P.., 
-M. 1). The your:g iady is thus a Ba:h- 
c/or and a f'ltys'cian. and has been 
tracticinrj medicine and ['iwch.iiuj 
cleanliness here in Providence for 

years. This excellent little I k is di- 

\ided into \\\q ch.ipters.' First, "Pre- 
vention of School l'"atigue." Second. 
".Mothers' Clubs an<l Clean Scb.,.,1 
Homes'". Third. "School Janitor-, and 
llealtlh" Fourth, "Practical Aspects of 
]'.iolog:c Science in .School Administra- 
tion; the Prolilem of Janitor Service." 
Fifth. "The Trainiing of Janitors in 
Sanit.-iry Care of School Premises." 

Pi is a book of original thought, and 
freedom of experierices, and it tou.-hcs 
.''. great many households. It is well 
Idled with concise, terse scnterices, 
which quickly- awaken thought; here arc 
a few specimewj. 
"Clean air, clean wa;er, clean food. 

clean. J.odies and clean lives, we n.eecl. 
"Tji-se nerves are like tel<gra[ih wire- 
carrying news to 'the brain an. I bring 

ing messages back. 
"The love of cleanlines.s only habits of 

■clean!ine-s can create. 
'The result of School life is called 

School Fatigue." 
"School Fatigise is a hinderance in de- 



veloping the best kind of citizens, 
physically, mentally or morally." 
"Health habits educate more than 

Health maxims." 
"Cleanliness has no odor. 
"The very best thing for a School is to 

have a swimming tank," 
"There was found an aspirating chim- 
ney." 
Exactly what is an "aspirating chimney" 
I am unable to explain; if it was ex- 
asperating I could understand. 

There are some curious ideas in the 
book of which I will give a few illustra- 
tions. 

"One of the most serious, as well as 
common causes of School Fatigue and 
various forms of ill health, is carious 
teeth. Probahh- more than ninety out 
of every hundred children have decay- 
ing teeth. The decaying spots are nests 
of decomposing food, and disease pro- 
ducing bacteria. These and bactorial 
toxins swallowed undermined the general 
health: (pp. 32, 33). I never had an 
idea, that ten per cent, of all children, 
never lost their first teeth; I supposed 
that all sets first went away by decay. 
Xor did I suppose that there was a man. 



woman or child, who did not have teeth 
more, or less decayed .-Vnother thing 
which I had supposed true, was that 
"fatigue" was a factor of health." There 
arc in one cubic inch c^f good country 
air 2000 particles of dust; the same 
(one cubic inch) in the city air 
contains 3,000,000 of particles made up 
or dried maimre and sputum, house and 
shop sweepings, tobacco, ashes, soot, 
particles of iron, glass, stone and chalk 
dust" (pp. 07, 6S). Then comes this 
"There are few germs of contagious 
disease in dust" (p 68). Then why such 
a fuss about it. Because," Dust is re- 
cognized as a very common cause of ill 
health." 

"Republicans or Democrats, which 
ever party controls ihe ^cnools will ob- 
ject" (p 22). 

I found another thing of which I had 
never heard, to wit, "an animated cyclo- 
pedia." I have had some slight connec- 
tion with books, in the years that have 
passed, but I never knew of an animated 
cyclopedia. But now I have found out; 
it is the Model Information Desk, of the 
Providence Public Library, under Miss 
Lyman. The successor of Miss Mabel 



UNION TRUST COMPANY. 

62 DOHRAKCE ST., CORKER OF WESTf^lHSTER ST 

CAPITAL ...... $1,000,000. SURPLUS $500,000 

A COMAIERCIAL BANK AND TRUST COMPANY. 



OFFICERS. 

, MARSDEN J. PERRY. Chairman of the Board. 

ARAM J. POTHTER. President. 

ARCHIBALD G. LOOMIS. Vice-President. 

HAROLD J. GROSS, Vice-President. 

FRANK E. CHAFEE, Treasurer. 

CHARLES H. SHELDON. Secretary. 

CLINTON F. STEVENS, Ass't Treasurer and Ass't Secretary. 



Samuel M. Nicholson, 
Aram J. Pothicr, 
Archibald C Loomis. 
Harold J. Gross, 
Benjamin A. Jackson, 
Joseph Samuels, 



DIRECTORS. 

Arthur H. Watson, 
Clarence L. Watson, 
Marsden J. Perry, 
William W. Douglas, 
Harry Cutler, 
Charles Alexander, 
Mi.-hael J. Houlihan. 



Everett L. Spencer, 
Albert A. Remington. 
Philip Alien, 
George W. Thurston, 
William B. Greenough 
Walter W. Griffith. 



71 



Kmerson, now a pace maker (p. ItiS). 
I don't "Miss" her any more for she iuis 
married and skedadled ; but I am still 
siltirg on Cod's footstool here in de\ iiie 
Providence. There are other thini;s in 
this book whieh keep our eyes wide 
open. Is it spelling wortls in the 
authors sclu)o!s. Here's a few of tluin — 
thru, tract, rollickt, parcht, thoruly, tho, 
askt, reacht, abolisht, thruout. wisht, 
overworkt, establisht, pnbiisht, untaxt. 
biokigic, carton, dioxid, and a few 
more existing and you must hunt them 
up 

I am no Doctor, but I am a believer 
in Fatigue as a Health I'actor, it has no 
equal. I work, become fatigued, sleep, 
rest, and 1 have lived without a day of 
sickness, in 1 dare not say how many 
years, while the Janitor comes near 
being a begetter of disease; he is the 
Pylorus, of human life and death. 



Men shoot other men for being too 
familiar with their wives. Why do not 
women shoot other women for being 
too familiar with their husbands. The 
corruption of women is wholly the work 
of men. 



MisToKY oi- THiv Origin and Usii of Tnii 

WoKl) T.\R1KF — ThK Ct^KSE or THF. 

I'Kon.K I'koM A. L). 711 To Tins 1911! 



The origin of the word Tariff, as it 
to-day e.xists, and its meaning, is a most 
useful and interesting study to the pres- 
ent generation. I will cite the greatest 
raithorities concerning its origin, use 
and meaning. GiZ/'c was the ancient 
name of what is known to us as C.ibral- 
ter (Smith's Diet. Greek and Roman 
(:eography, v. 2, 4S3 ; also Schmidt's 
Classical atlas, map 1.3). 

"The modern name is a corruption of 
Jebel-Tarik, i. e., the Hill of Tarik, 
a name derived from the Moorish con- 
queror, who landed there, April 30, A. 
D. 711." (Smith's Classic. Diet., v. 2, p. 
4S.;). .\gain: ".\t the Prelum Herculeum 
stood Calpe, or Gibralter, celebrated for 
one of the pillars of Heixules." * '^ * * 
"vibralter is a corruption of (iibel Ta- 
rik, a Moorish general who first led the 
Moors into Spain. A. D. 1710." (But- 
ler's Geographia Classica, 1831. p. 69). 

"Tariff, or Tarif, means first, a line 
of certain merchandises; then a list of 
duties on imports and exports. This 
word, like many others used in com- 
merce, is derived from the Italian, in 



PROVIDriNCi: BANKING CO.. 

141 WllSlTllNSTt:!^ ST., PPOVIDCNCt:, 1^. I. 



LOCAL STOCKS, BONDS 



■AND- 



HighGradeliwestmentSecuriries 

Orders executed on the New York and Boston Stock 
Exchange. Foreign Exchange bought and sold. Letters of 
Credit furnished for travelers. 



which it is tariff?.; in Persian it is tarit; 
in AraLiaJi the verb <;)/ signifies to 
know, which in the sccund form be- 
ci.nies tarit, signifying to make known." 
(,luH-y. Americana, v. 12, ii. i:i'.) — 1S31). 
Hcyiyn's (^f'etcr) Cosniograiiiiie in fonr 
hooks, containing the Chorographie and 
Historic of the wliole world, gives us 
tirst a map of Europe, dated 16.52, 
drawn by Henrici Seilc. "Ve Straights 
cf Gil)ralter, totlierwisc) Cibeher {Lon- 
don, Kj.tT). Heylyn gives in this His- 
tory tile chiuse:" Tarift'a, sealed at the 
<.ni\ of tlic rromuiitory which looks to- 
ward Africk; so calK-d Tariff, Ijccaii.^e 
the leader of the ^Nloors into Spain, here 
landed." (p. 2(11.) "The strategic im- 
parlance of the rcick (dihralter) appears 
t.. :...,. ;.^.,, Wi.-.: di^c..vt^ed l)y tlic 
."\!<>ors. wli<i, wht-n they crossed ovw 
fium .Africa in the Tih century, selected 
It as a >ite for a fortrt.-ss. from tlu-iv 
leader, Tarik ihn Zeyad, it was called 
C.ehel Tarik, or Tarik's Hill." ( Kncy. 
I'rit., V. HI, p. .'iS")). On the Rand and 
-McXally maps of the world, published in 
l'^'.i2, tlu name Tarift'a is given to ihn 
western point of the Straight of C.ibral- 
tcr. 



"The word tarff is derived from Tar- 
i^ra, a seaport of Spain, al>out twenty 
miles from (ubralter, where the Moors 
during their supremecy in Spain, levied 
contributions upon all ve.-^saU eiUv-ving 
ilic Mediterranean Sea. 

"Menage says the word tariff was 
formed irum d'araf, to know. For ils 
usage see the quotation from Boling- 
broke's Fragments, Xo. 70, thus : 

■"The traffic, for such it wa.>. became 
■^o frequent that even in times less an- 
cient, the Church of Rom.^ found it 
necessary to publish a tariff or book of 
rates, which I h.ive seen in print, where- 
in the price is set over against every 
sin. lest purchasers should be imposed 
upon." (Richardson's English i;>iction 
aiy, London. IS.jO.) This paragraph 
needs explanation. It docs r.ol e.xist in 
I'-olingbroke's I'ragmenls. Xo. 7i>; inir 
iv this f.irm does it exist in any one 
».f the eighty-one (SI) Fragments of 
L.oliny broke. Menage was a FVencli 
lawyer at .\ngers, in France; he quit 
law and became a Roman Catholic 
priest, "obtained certain benefits." and 
dwelt with Cardinal Dc Retz. 



THE NATIONAL EXCHANGE BANK, 

63 WESTMINSTER STREET. 

Capital, $500,000. Surplus & Profits, $1,024,203.92 
ORGANIZED 1801 



OFFICERS 

MIICHAEL F. DOOLEY. President. 
Vice-Presidents^ FREDERICK S. PECK, JOSEPH E. FLETCHER, 
• : ' . AUGUSTUS R. PEIRCE. 

■' ; V C. H. W. ^TAXDEVILLE, Cashier. 

GEORGE G. WOOD, Asst. Cashier. 



X'ewton D. Arnold, 
Waltf-r Cal lender, 
Eaile P. Charleton, 
Edmund D. Chefiboro, 
Frank 1'. Comntock, 
Arthur W. Dennis, 
Michael F. Dooley, 



DIRECTORS 

Samuel M. Lin stein, 
Chark-F Flolehcr. 
Joseph E. Fietciier, 
Theodore W. Foster, 
Ocrald T. Hanley, 
Arthur IJenius, 
Sidney D. Humplircy, 



Charles II. W. Mandeville, 
John Mc.Manup. 
Frederick 8. Peck, 
Frank X. Phillips, 
B. Thomas Potter, 
Jobcpli L. Sweet, 
Clarence L. ^Vatfcon, 



One of the Oldest and Strongest Banks in Rhode Island 



173 



In t!ie TOth •■Fragincnl" by L<ird Bol- 
1! gbrokc, 1 lind these paragraphs, "iUit 
that from which it was delegated, and 
which resided in the seat of the J^mpire 
— t'le Papal power knjw no hnunds." 
"Casuists have taught that tlie J 'ope m:\y 
by tb.c fu'.huss of it (the Powrr ) 
determine rightfully against right." 
"There is no duty of natural, nor 
of revealed religion in the breaoli oi 
which you may not indulge; or he 
easily pard. pi;ed at a market price; 
the market price was tornierly settled 
an<i iiublished in a book of rates, 
that' every g,.nd (Jiiri.stir.n might know 
li(,w .nnicii his favorite vice would cost 
him.'". ( r.olinghroke's Work I'Vagmcnt, 
Xo. 7'.>, vol. .">, p. 5."j4. — London, 1754.) 
This Bo.>!: cf R.-Acs was called a Tar- 
irK-.—~'.' named after (-ehcl Tartk. a 
.Moorish i'ira.te. wh-j fi.ught tlie Span- 
iards at what is mnv (n'bralter, .\. I). 
711. This (.r:gi!iatetj the name tariff— 
a book used to-day just as the churcli 
of Rinne used it; and whicii the Moors 
of Africa used in Piracy, for hundreds 
of years, seizing and robbing every ship 
that entered the Aledittcrancan ; used by 
the Peipc of Rome in granting to rich 
scdundrels permission to commit crimes 



for certain sums of money."' (.Brewer's 
Diet Phra-e and Fable, p. 878.) 

The name C.ibralter is formed from 
the .\ral)ic words C.ibel a Tarif Abe- 
;;.;,;(•<;, the general of tlie Caliph W'alid 
at tile time of the irruption of the the 
Arabs into Spain, A. D. 711 et scq." 
( Ency. .\mcrieana. v. 5, p. 492 — l^l)!.) 



Col. James E. Tate committed sui- 
ciiie in a hotel in Xew '*>'ork city in the 
present month of October. He tied a 
p:ece of twine about his neck ; hitched 
the twine to a hook; and kneeled down 
on the floiir until the end came. Many 
years ago he put about ^200,000 in stock 
of the American E.\ press Company, 
whicii was then a gilt edged investment. 
W'lirn be fore.;,u ibe advent of the par- 
cel povi, he made efforts to unload his 
holdings, but without sir.-cess. Tlien he 
went to W'adiington uben the parcel 
[)Ost plan bill was in Congress, and 
made e\ery effort to kill it. 
' The stock had risen to a fabulous 
height until the parcel post was put in- 
to life, when the stock fell out of sight. 
It upset when n.obody would buy. 
lie h.id received millions of dollars in 
dividends. He must have been a vain- 



INDUSTRIAL TRUST COMPANY. 

49 WESTMINSTER ST.. PROVIDENCE, R. I. 

Capital, §3,000,000. Surplus S3,000,000. 



BANKING r)I<:PARTMKNT — Interest paid on deposits. Issues 
Certificates of Deposit at attractive rates. Loans and Discounts. 
Collections made on all points on favorable terms. 

FORKIGN KXCHANGK DKPARTMKNT — Foreij^^n Drafts and 
Letters of Credit available in all parts of the World. Cable 
Transfers. 

TRUST DEPARTMENT— Authorized to accept Trusts. Is a legal 
depositary for trust funds. Acts as Trustee, Executor, Adn)inis- 
trator, Guardian and as Registrar and Transfer Agent of Corpora- 
tions. 



»74 



iible specimen of human timber. Coal 
mine Slock will get a coining similar 
Mi)\\. Tliis was why the ] 'etnisv Ivania 
Kailn >a<! d .rp irati. >n sold its caiioails oi" 
't.irk oiTtilicatcs in coal mines. It v 
>.>ld while tli>.re were frMil> to buy. 
will su jii>t where the bills for sla\ e-^ 
went on the 15th of Januar\\ 186.5 — out 
of Slight. A new epoL-h has come, and it 
will eii(i before death will cume to every 
man now livirir. 



It takes a life time to Icarn how to 

live. 

Tlte new street electric lighting of 
! llie city i> a dead Hal faiUire, and a 



■und oui 

?re li\e I 

ten. and. everything in darkness. 



is 1 nuisance; around our liouse where, be- 
lt fore, there were li\e lights, we now ha\e 



Our street gutters are diamond mines 
of broken glass; and e>ur front dour 
steps, and sidewalks arc Bank^ of De- 
posit. 



When I desire to speak there is not 
.■ne} enough (ju this gle^lje to pur- 
■.::'■' ■■^'ence. 



Xciii^er poverty, nor position shall 
])re\ent me from doing all that I can 
i]o in defence of the Human Rights of 
every man ..r woman on earth. 



1 am not living a life, giving twenty- 
four hours and sixteen seconds every 
day in searching for a way to rob every 
man and woman on earth of their daily 
earnings for labor. 



IT IS WHOLESOME 



i if 



d^ 







NJMOa BQIScin 

noA Nanj. yaABN tiim jli 

TH^ SHEPAHD CDfilPANY, 

251-273 Westminster Street 

I^IISS mniE E. RIDER, 

73 Almy St., Providsnce. 

TRY THIS TASTE-FULL-TONIC. 

R and G means "Orange." 



(Twelve (12) Copies, only, remain.) 

The Lands of Rhode Island 



as they were known to 



CAUNOUNICUS AND MIANTUNNOMU 

when RoGKR Wili.iams came in 16^6. 



All Indian Map of the Principal Locations 

known to the NAHIGANSKTvS and KLABORATH 
HlvSTORICAL NOTES by Sidnkv S. Rider. 

The edition consisted of 495 ; 19 remain to be sold. Price, j^ost 
paid $9.00. Address the Autiior, I'lovidcnce, R. I. 



How THE United States novERXMENT 
Made the Ansekxan Feuple Pay a 
High Takief Upikn Seal Skins Grown 
UN United States Lands and Seas 
OF Alaska. 

Alaskci was a territory disc.-vcrcd by 
the Russian explorer, Behring...in 1741. 
Russia held it until 1^^6r, in whirh year 
it was sold to the United States. It is 
the extreme northwest point of the 
Xorth Ataerican continent. Its length is 
eleven hundred miles; and in breadth 
ciglit hundred miles. When discovered 
it was "covered" with heavily furred an- 
imals, among which were the seal, sea 
otter, bears of every sifccies, elks, deer 
of every breed, wolves, foxes, ermine, 
martens, sqnirielb. en. Onl <-u tue ter- 
ritory of Alaska could be laid out five 
hundred and forty-two (542) states of 
the size of Rhode L4and. Xo sooner 
did Bchring make known his discovery 
and men got the knowledge, than a 
group of men, English and Russian, 
formed a •'company" and got a charter 
from the Russian Hm)n-ror, Paul the 
E'ghth.to carry on the fur business in 
.Maska. The corporation continued 
the business until ISGo. or near that 



year, wlien it came to an end. All the 
furs were sent to London where 
^eal skinners and d\ ers dwelt, and there 
the business has been continued more 
than a century. Upwards of 25.000 
skms a year have been sent, dressed, 
and sold in London; aid upward of 
2U.IKI0 sea horse teeth. Information has 
come to me that somebody named Wil- 
son, living in the United States, has di- 
rected the United States government to 
have all Alaskan furs brought to St. 
Louis. Missouri, and there prepared for 
the world's markets. Although Alaska 
has been owned by the United States for 
fifty years, this is the llrst time that a 
raw seal skin or indeed any other 
raw skin has ever reached any state 
in tins country. All the Republican 
newspapers speak of this man. Wilson, 
a< not having a ":^la^ter Mind." Xine 
r-esidenls of these United States have 
preceded this "feeble minded" Wilson; 
the United States being the sole owner 
of .-\la-ka while they were presidents; 
tb.e/ have permitted the English to get. 
and prepare all the seal skins aid all the 
skins grown in Alaska to be taken to 
Kngland, prepared, and sent to Xew 
York at a tremendous pro.nt ; a heavy 



SOUL LIBERTY 

RHODE ISLAND'S CxIFT TO THK 

NATION. 

Ah inquiry concerning the validity of the claims made by Roman 
Catholi'-s that Maryland was settled upon that basis (Soil Lij!i:ktv) 
before Roger Williams planted the Colony of Rhode Island. 

— BY — 

SIDNEY S. RIDER. 

tre.ti.e. ent'tH: SOUI. I.l Fl.HT Y." A.J. S. J:o,., deou , Afns,o„a. y Srr'y, H o:,n,.,t. «. I .( 

Quarto, 95 pages, ■ Si-25 

(Twenty-five copies). 



176 



CHARLES C. HAKRINGTON, 
President. 



ROWLAND G. 
Vice-Prei 



HAZARD 

idem. 



IVIECHANICS 



^.NK 



Opposite City Kail and Railrcsd Station. 
To tho.se desiring to change or make new banking 
connections, we offer the services of this conveni- 
entl>- located and progressively managed institution. 



H. KDWAliD THURS rON, 
Cashier. 



LDWARD A. 
Asst.Ca 



H A V K N S , 

shier. 



tariff duty was a'so imposed. Consider 
;i i^os (T^itnein wliicli would allow a tar- 
iff to he k-vied on American huyers for 
.\merican goods inoducod in one por- 
tion of these United vStales. I have 
seen the price for seal skin coats, grown 
in the United States' lands, raised from 
$17.5 dollars to $L-)00; and to ?2000. 

Mrs. Knnna I'ankluirst is a woman of 
the greatest iTientil and moral powers 
ever jet produced in Kn^laiul. She speaks 
in Providence, November 14th next. 



The Perambulation of Kent. Containing 
the description, history, and customs of 
thr\t county (England) written by Wil- 
liam L-Tinbard of Lincoln's Inn. corrected 
and enlarged. To which is added tb.e 
Charters, Laws, and Privileges, of the 
Cinque Ports, never before printed. I^on- 
don, I6.06, half calf, upwards of 700 pages 

$9.r,o 



^ii;iuu;ifii:n b bum 15 

OF Tlil: FINEST MATERI.AL 
THF: HFSl i'OSSlBLI: FITTING 
THE FINEST I'RIVATE WOKK 

AXD 

A Durabiiily Appronching Perpetnality 
Orders Taken for Bultonlioles. 

Your MONEY never 
went so far in SHIRTS 
In the WORLD before. 

ANNIE E. RIDER, 73 ALMY STREET. 



BROWN, LISLE&IVIARSHALL 



nvestment Securities 



TURK'S HEAD BUILDING, PROVIDENCE, R, 



PUBLfC SERVICE BONDS. 

There are three elements to be considered in makin<? an investment. Sa 
I'ermanence and Income. Tlie bonds of oiliciently manaired Public .Service 
porations offer tlie investor a partieubrly well balanced combination of t 
essential. The business is not afTected' by tariiY chati<,rep and i.s poima 
because it furnishes public necessities, suoli as the teleT'hone. electricity, 
street railwavs, etc Business depressioiis cio not interrupt the s'eady increa: 
earnings. The income is liiy:h in icL-ition to the safely of tiie'principal. 

V/e are in a position to obtain accurate information conceruin!' 
corporations whose bonds we oiler. ■ " 



f<-ty, 
Cor- 

hese 
utnt 
f.' a s , 
se in 

tJje 



BOOK Notes 

HISTORICAL, LITEUARY AND CRITICAL. 

CONDUCtED BY 

SIDNEY S. RIDER, 



7} ALMY STREET , .... . . PROVIDENCE, R. t. 

F.ntered as Second class Matter, at the Providence, R. I. Post Office. 



"'''^''''^u;xT^:;%lr.\^]''''''- j Saturday, Nov. 8, 19] 3. ^^_l 



A learned lawyer infortned me that 
Human Rights have no bearing upon 
the rights of mankind to use the lands 
of the earth, without paying some otlier 
individual man. for the use, and occu- 
pation of those lands. Read the follow- 
ing paragraph ; then think five minutes. 
and consider whether men h.ave Human 
Rights. England, Ireland, Scotland and 
Wales, had in 1901 a population of 
42,548,721. There were then existing, 
probably seventy-five (7.5) Peers, and 
this pin money group owned and con- 
trolled nine-tenths of all the lands in 
these four states. Now consider a 
moment — what is to become of these 
scventy-fi\ e ( 75) men, and all their 
land :- 

"J.OXDON. Thursday, Oct. 2:!.— 
Chancellor of the H.xchequer Lloyd 
(■eorge, speaking f(jr an "absolutely 
unanimous Cabinet," made a momen- 
tous declaration yesterday at Swindon, 
when he detailed the ( ^overnmcnt'.^ pro- 
posals, dealing with the land problem. 

"They are based upon the principle of 
the resumption by the state of the con- 
trol of the land monopoly. A Ministry 
of Lands will be set up, which will not 
merely absorb tlie functions of the 
Board of .-\griculture. Imu have new 
and large powers f'>r the control and 
de\elopment of land, both urban and 
rural. 

".•\cting through judicial commission- 
ers, the .Ministry will have authority 
to deal with small holdings, disputes 
between landbirds and tenants, a sim- 
plified system of land transfer, and the 
reclamation of waste and uucnhivaled 



land. .-VfTorestation schemes for waste 
land will be carried out on the sys- 
tematic lines such as are adopted on 
the Continent. 

"The Land .Ministry will have full 
power t<-> acfiuire uncultivated land at a 
reasonable pri'-e rtnd to take all the 
steps necessary for its cultivation up to 
the limit of its possibilities The Com- 
missioners will also have power to fi.x 
the price of land required for public 
purposes. The proposals give the farm- 
er security of tenure. Under the new 
powers it will not be easy to turn a 
farmer off his land so long as he doesn't 
farm badly. 

"The State will establish a living 
wage for farm laborers, regulate their 
hours, and build suitable hou-es with 
moderate rents. The housing provision 
will nf)t ])e confined to agricultural 
laliorers alone. Other workers who wish 
to live in the country will also have a 
claim, the policy of the Cjovernment be- 
ing to induce a stream of emigration to 
flow from the towns to the land. 

The Daily Xews says that the C.ov- 
ernment scheme w'ill be welcomed by 
every one who is conscious of the dis- 
astrous effect of land monopoly and of 
the divorce of the people from the soil. 

The Daily Mail speaks of Mr. Lloyd 
(".ci.irge's "wild promises," which it 
says are now at a heavy discount. The 
public, it adds, has not forgotten that 
the Chancellor's land taxes, which were 
to have provided funds for old age pen- 
sions and dreadnoughl.s, yet actually 
yielded a dead loss to the nation of 
,^'.,S4"),uou in f'-ur years. 



178 



The Times regards the Chancellor's 
land campaign as an effort to distract 
attention from the gra\ity of tlie sit- 
uation in Ireland. It declares that, 
while the problems of rural England 
are of the deepest interest to all, any 
^linister who deliberately concentrates 
attention on such problems while Ire- 
land steadily draws nearer the verge of 
civil war must be mad, adding: 

'".Mr. Lloyd Ceorge yesterday resem- 
bled a man who continues to dig lii.-^ 
garden when his house is on the i^nint 
of bursting- into tlames." 



The Eroiing BuUrtiii. I.'.th of Octo- 
ber, contained this inflated, but fright- 
ful clipping: 

ura.PKK OX A![i,K koi:te has 

ATT.ACK OI- TVPliOll) I-K\T':r 

Sitpcriiifcndcnt of IlcaUh Cluvlcs I'. 
Chapin Issues Stati-inciit Cniu-c>-,:- 
hig Case, and Beliezcs That F'cr- 
sons IVho Took Milk Should be 
I'aceiuated. 

The statement above mentioned is 
contained in this clipping : 



'"On Oct. 5 a young man named Earl 
Livingston was taken sick with what 
has proved to be typhoid fever. He 
lived with S. B. Winsor. a milk dealer, 
at SI (Ireenville avenue, Johnston Al- 
though Livingston felt sick, he con- 
tinued at his work helpir.g to prepare 
the milk for deliver}' until Thursday, 
Oct. 9, when he went to the Rhode Is- 
land Hospital. At first there was some 
doubt as to the nature of his illness, 
but the hos[iital [)hysicians are now of 
the opinion that he is suffering from a 
mild attack of typhoid fever. As he 
was engaged in helping a!)Out the milk 
for at least four days while he was 
feeling sick, there is danger that he may 
have infected the milk." 

i!y medical aiivicc tUe young j'.an 
went to the R. I. Hospital where he 
spent a week, and is now a street wan- 
derer. "Earl" developed typhoid; did 
the threat of vaccination scare the ty- 
phoid from his system? 



More than two hundred (200) men 
of the Rhode Island Militia were on 
board the steamer Rochester, being car- 



UNION TRUST COMPANY. 

82 UORFfANGP ST., CORNER OF WESTf.^lNSTER ST 

CAPITAL $1,000,000. SURPLUS $500,000 

A C0MM13RCIAL BANK AND TRUST COMPANY. 

OFFICERS. 

MARSDEN J. PERRY, Chairman of the Board. 

ARAM J. I'OTHIER. President, 

ARCHIBALD G. LOOMIS, Vice-President. 

HAROLD J. GROSS, Vice-President. 

FRANK E. CHAFEE, Treasurer. 

CHARLES H. SHELDON, Secretary. 

CLINTON F, STEVENS, A^s't Treasurer and Ass't Secretary. 



Samuel M. Nicholson, 
Arani J. Pothicr, 
Archibald v". Loomis. 
Harold J. Gross, 
Benjamin A, Jackson, 
Joseph Saiiuels, 



DIRECTORS. 

Arthur H. Watson, 
Clarence L. Watson, 
Marsden J. Perry, 
William W, Douglas, 
Harry Cutler, 
Charles Alexander, 
INIichael J. Houlihan. 



Everett L. Spencer. 
Albert A. Remington. 
Philip Allen,^ 
George W. Thurston. 
William B. Greenough, 
Walter W. Griffith. 



79 



ried to "Put-in-Bay. About thirty of 
these men have had. or are now liavii g. 
Typlioid Fczcr. while oP-C hundred and 
seventy of tlie men have not bect)me 
siek with il. Practieally. according to 
the medically educated, the thirty {'.'.O) 
cases of attacked men, had ii:>t been 
vaccinated ; while the one hundred and 
seventy (170), of the men who did not 
have the fever must have been vacci- 
nated and thus escaped having the 
fever. As a matter of fact, not one of 
the 170 men had ever been vaccinated; 
nor had one of the cases been 
vaccinated. Hence, there must have 
been a reason why the 170 men es- 
caped. Certainly vaccination was not 
the cause of their escape. It is time 
tnat men calling themselves "Doctors" 
should stop this dangerous fraud. Ty- 
phoid Fever is the result of filth and 
nastiness in the health conditior.s of all 
cases. Can you, by vaccination, over- 
come the filth and nastiness of men, 
or of the weakening of their powers 
of health for improperlj' lived lives? 



The "Merchants' Association of 
Providence" became an accomplished 
fact vesterdav afternoon. Its member- 



ship consists of "retail" merchants; the 
I'l-'ject is to pruniute, and protect the 
niterei^ts ('/ lite biisi)icjs men ut the 
City." ( Providence Journal, Oct. l."., 
I'-M:!). The w.)rd "promote." means to 
iiurcdsc, tt> r.n;//, tu raise, to udrance, 
lofurthcr. &-c. Tliirty-tue Shop Keep- 
ers, consisting of the Swede's Provi- 
dence Public Market Company, all the 
"Departmer.t" Stcjres, and dealers at re- 
tail in Food, Clothing and Househ.old 
Necessities— in fact, everything which 
a Poor Man needs. It is a combination 
of Forty Men against 2;)G,000, the en- 
tire population of the City of Provi- 
dence, and against the 298G other shop 
keepers all over the City. The greater 
the number of combinations in Trade 
the more it costs us to live. 



livery intelligent man in Providence 
ought to read the admirable argument 
of Counselor Cram in the Milk Investi- 
gation ca^^e. It is Cram full of invinci- 
ble logic — and so clear that even Ir- 
ving Cuttlefish Champlin can under- 
stand it. The editorial article in the 
Providence Joitrual of the Gth inst is 
damnable, and admirable. . 



PROVIDENCE BAM KING CO., 

141 WCSTninSTCP ST., PPOVIDllNCC, P. I. 



LOCAL STOCKS, BONDS 



HighCijXKleliweslnieiTLSecui^ilics; 

Orders executed on the New York and Boston, Stock' 
Exchange. Foreign Exchange bought and sold. Letters of 
Credit furnished for travelers. ^ . . ' 



I So 



THE PRICES OF EOOD AND 

LABOR IX THE ROMAN' 

EMPIRE. A. n. .MY.i. 



Years ago I brouglu fr,.in London a 
little hook tntitled "Curio>itics of Plis- 
tory— Things Not (".enerally Known." 
It was 'gathered," not written. l>y John 
Tinihs. out of other men's books. In 
it I found the most curious, and most 
interesting paper which here lolK>ws : 

•'In 1S27, there was found by Mr. 
'AVilliam Bankes at Stratonicea, now 
Eskihissar, in A.=;ia Minor, a part of a 
table of stone, inscribed with an edict 
of Diocletian, published A. D. 30;-^, fix- 
irxr fViP nnVf- of bdK.ur. and food, in 
the Roman Empire. The second part of 
the table was brought from Rome to 
London l>y M. de Vescovali." (Timbs' 
Curiosities of History, p. o5. London, 
18G9.) There is. in Smith's Diet. Greek 
and Roman Mythology, an elaborate ac- 
count of Diocletianus, in which there is 
a reference to this "Table of Stone" 
found at Stratonicea. I will reproduce 
it entire; "The views entertained upon 



subjects connecved with Political Econ- 
omy are well illustrated by the singu- 
lar edict lately discovered at Straton- 
icea. by Colonel Leake fixing the wages 
of laborers and artisans, together with 
the maximum prices throughout the 
I world, and all the necessaries and com- 
'[ inodiiies of life" 

' The stupidity oi this extract led me 
i to hunt up "Colonel Leake," who is 
• mentioned in Smith's Dictionary. This 
1 gentleman was a traveller in Asia Minor 
j between the years ISOO and 1S24, for it 
I was in the latter year that his History 
1 of his Travels was printed. It is a 
I book of vital interest to those interested. 
I Leake's account of his travels in Asia 
I Minor, published by John Murray in 
! L'.ndon in 1^24. 

I It will l>e noticed that two different 

i men are mentioned, 1st. Colonel Leake, 

j in Smith's C,reek and Roman P)iog. and 

I Geog.. v. 3. and 2d. by John Timbs. 

1 mentioning William Bankes. Both are 

1 correct, for both men brought some of 

the information, but neither, nor did 

any one man ever bring the whole. 

Colonel Leake makes two mentions of 



THE NATIONAL EXCHANGE BANK, 

63 WESTMINSTER STREET. 

Capital. $500,000. Surplus & Profits, $1,024,203.92 

ORGANIZED I801 



OFFICERS 

MIICHAEL F. DOOLEY, Pres^eftt. 

Vice-Prcsident.s. FREDERICK S. PECK. JOSEPH E. FLETCHER, 

AUGUSTUS R. PEIRCE. 

C. H. W. MAXDEVILLE. Cashier. 

GEORGE G. WOOD, Asst. Caihier. 



DIRECTORS 

Newton D. Arnold, Samuel M. KinsteiD, 

Walter Callender, Chailef- Fletcher. 

Earle P. Cbarleton, Josei.h E. Fletcher, 

Edmund D. CheBboro, Theodore W. Foster, 

Frank P. ComFtock, Gerald T. Hanley, 

Arthur W. Dennis, Arthur Heniub. 

Michael F. Dooley. Sidney D. Humphrey. 

Oneof the Oldest and Strongest Banks in Rhode Island 



Charles II. W. Mandevillc, 
John McManue, 
Fred '-rick S. I'eck, 
Frank X. Phillips, 
B. Thomas Potter, 
•Jo&eph L. .Sweet, 
Clarence L. Watson, 



i8r 



Stratoniceia and of the famous inscrip- 
tion found there. It was found tliore 
accordiii;-; to Lt-ako in 1700 (sec p. 2-JO^. 
In the appendix <>f hi-, "Travel-^" ho 
conies again to tlic snltject of the 
Prices of Food and Labor in the 
Roman Empire, A. D. ;''0:;. The hit is 
pubhshed con^.plete (pp. 220-:;2S). li 
is in the most ancient Latin — and from 
it John Tindjs obtained tlie items 
had tlu-m transUited into English ard 
the prices stated in English sterling 
money. 

Here is the list by Timbs; 



Wages of I. ah o hi 



P. 



A Day Labourer 

A AfastHi. inside wi.rk 

A Marble Cutter 

A Tailor . 

A Shoemaker, for Patritions.l 

A Shoemaker, for the ^\\\'\- 
tary 

A Shoemaker for Senators.. 

For curry-combing and clean- 
ing a horse 

To an .\dvocate (Lawyer)... 2 

For the hearing of a cause (a 
Judge) 9 



I I- or Wines, the English Pint. 

I Sabine. Surrentine, Falernian 5 4 

■ First Quality, old 4 2.54 

! Si)iced Wine of .\sia 5 4 

; l-.ecr of Egypt 2 

.1/.-((/, /><-/■ Pniind. 

I Beef <.r Mutton 2 

i Lamb. Kid or I'ork 3 

1 L.ird 4 

j Pelly o f Tripe 4 

Westpli.dia 11am 5 

Pig's Li\er. fattened on Figs. 4 
Pork Sausages, two weighing 

one oz 4;-4 

Poiilhy and Ga)ne. 

I'at Peacix'k 2 6 9 

E«l r...l..r. 1 17 9 

Fat ( -oose 2 If. y 

Lean Coose IS 8 

Lien n 4 

Duck 7 4 

A Partridge o 8 

A Hare 1 8 1 

A Rabbit 7 4 

Fish. 

Sea, each 4 6 

River, half price 



INDUSTRIAL TRUST COMPANY, 

49 WESTMINSTER ST., PROVIDENCE. R. I. 

Capital, $3,000,000. Surplus $3,000,000, 



BANKING DEPARTMENT — Interest paid on deposits. Is.snes 
Certificates of Deposit at attractive rates. Loans and Discounts. 
Collections made on all points on favorable terms. 

FOREIGN EXCHANGE DEPARTMENT — Foreign Drafts and 
Letters of Credit available in all parts of tlie World. Cable 
Transfers. 

TRUST DEPARTMENT—Authorized to accept Trusts. Is a legal 
depositary for trust funds. Acts as Trustee, Executor, Adminis- 
trator, Guardian and as Registrar and Transfer Agent of Coijjora- 
tious. 



i8r 



Stratoiiiceia and of the famous inscrip- 
tion foinid there. It was found there 
accordiny to Leake in 1700 (see p. ■2-29). 
In tlie appendix <>f hi-, "Travels" he 
comes again to the sii:)jeot of the 
Prices of Food and Labor in the 
Roman Empire, A- D. :^.0:!. The hst is 
published complete (pp. •22'.^-:i2^) . ll 
is in the most ancient Latin — and from 
it John Tinibs obtained the items 



/■or Wines, the English Pint. 

Sabine, Surrentine, Falernian 

First Quality, old . . 

Spiced Wine of Asia 

licer oi Egypt 



Beef 
L.unl 
L.ird 



Mot, prr 

>r .\huton . . . 
Kid or I'ork. 



Pound. 



had them translated into English ar.d j p.elly of Tripe 



the pn 
money. 

Here is the list I 



stated in English sterlmg 



Timljs : 
Wages of Labour. 



P. S. D. 



A Day Labourer 

A Afason, inside wi-rk , 

A Marble Cutter 

A Tailor . 

A Shoemaker, for Patritions.l 
A Shoemaker, for the Mili- 
tary 

A Shoemaker for Senators.. 
For curry-combing and clean- 
ing a horse 

To an Advocate (Lawyer)... 2 
F*or the hearing of a cause (a 
Judge) 9 



Westphalia 1 lam 

Pig's Li\er. fattened on Figs. 

Pork Sausages, two weighing 

one oz 

Poiilhy and Ga)ne. 
Vi\l Peaccx'k J 



I'at (;oose -' 

Lean Coose 

Hen 

Duck 

A Partridge 

A Hare 1 

A Rabbit 



Fish. 



Sea, each . . . . , 
River, half price 



V/2 



INDUSTRIAL TRUST COMPANY, 

49 WESTMINSTER ST., PROVIDENCE. R. 1. 

Capital, $3,000,000. Surplus $3,000,000. 



BANKING DHPARTMICNT — Interest paid on deposit.s. Is.snes 
Certificates of Deposit at attractive rates. Loan.s and Discounts. 
Collections made on all points on favorable terras. 

FOREIGN EXCHANGE DEPARTMENT ~ Foreign Drafts and 
Letters of Credit available in all parts of the World, Cable 
Transfers. 

TRUST DEPARTMENT— -Atttliorized to accept Trusts. Is a legal 
depositary for trust funds. Acts as Trustee, Executor. Adminis- 
trator, Guardian and as Registrar and Transfer Agent of Coijjora- 
tious. 



I'cgctablcs. 

Cabbages, Cauliflowers (each) 9 

Beet roots 5 9 

Honey, per pound 15 

Vinegar, per pint 2 3 

Dried Cheese, per pound ?, 4 

Mr. Tinil)s then wrote tliis closing- 
rote; "From this Document we gather 
that two-thirds, or even three-fourths 
of the Roman People were reduced to 
live on tish and cheese and drink Pi- 
quette. when the expense of V'itellius 
amounted in a single year to 475.000,- 
000 of Francs." 



ing of buildings. These crimes mainly 
e.xist among the very rich ; and the very 
poor; the middle-men are the truest, 
the purest and the most powerful. 



IT IS WHOLESOME 



It is time that Common Councils, 
Boards of Aldermen, City Councils, 
General Assemblies, and courts of ev- 
ery grade should realize that they were 
created to protect the people; not to 
rob the people; the people are awak- 
ening to a realization of these condi- 
tions; that no power on earth is at all 
comparable to them. The people are 
the fundamental power. 



Never has there been a time in the 
history of the country when so much 
crime existed as now exists. Alurflers, 
robberies, bomb blowing of houses, fir- 




NMoa aaisdn 

nOA NJdnx dV;A3N TTIM i.| 

THi: SHEPARD CQ^IPANY, 

251-273 Westminster Street. 

aiiss kmm e. rider, 

73 Almy Sty Providence. 

TRY THIS TASTE-FULL-TONIC. 

R and G means "Orange." 



(Twelve (12) Copies, only, remain.) 

The Lands of Rhode Island 

a.s they were known to 

CAUNOUNICUS AND MIANTUNNOMU 

wheii RoGKK WiLi.i.^MS came in i6x6. 



An Indian Map of the Principal Locations 

known to tlie NAHIGANvSETvS and KLABORATK 

HISTORICAL KOTKS by Sidnky S. Ridkr. 

The edition consisted of 495 ; 19 remain to be sold. Price post 

paid $9.00. Addres'i the Author, Providence, R. I. 



1 83 



The city government should cstahlish 
a ccmmittee to investigate land titles 
here in Providence, aid certify the 
titles to buyers of land and those who 
loan money on land, ar.d every deed for 
land should have tlie exact price paid 
for the laiid written in the deed. 



DINNER FOR SIDNEY S. RIDER 
GIVEN BY FRIENDS IN OD- 
SERVANCE OF HIS 80th 
BIRTHDAY. 

Yesterday was the SOth birthday of 
Mr. Sidney S. Rider, bookseller and 
historiographer, whose large collec- 
tion of books, pamphlets and manu- 
scripts relating to Rhinle Island his- 
tory, nc)W in a special room in the 
Brown I'uiversiiy library, is an en- 
during monument as well to tlie 
worthiness of his life-work as to the 
industriousness and persistence of his 
nature and whose little publication, 
"Book Notes," has f<:ir man\' years 
had as choice a body of readers as 
any periodical in the world ever ob- 
tained. 

In happy observance of the event 
Mr. Rider was made the guest of 
honor at an informal little dinner at 
the Art Club last night, which as the 
evening went on took the delightful 
form of a round-table affair, with the 
guest doing most of the talking. For 
several hours, to the keen pleasure 
of those with him, he chatted discur- 
sively of curious and interesting hap- 
penings in his long life, of his ex- 
periences abroad and at home in the 
btiying and selling of books, of the 
long procession of the prominent 
men and women of Rhode Island 
whom he has known in peculiar inti- 
macy and of the old days when his 
book store near Market square was 
the literary centre of the town and 
the almost daily resort of its scholars, 
thoughful readers and intellectual 
leaders. 

Mr. Rider had with him some in- 
teresting souvenirs of his life, includ- 



ing the little pamphlet which, when 
he was a 12-year-old boy in Burnett's 
book store, first turned his attention 
to the study of Rhode Island history 
and was the beginning of the now 
great Rider Collection of Rhode 
Island historical material. 

Those at table witli Mr. Rider were 
Walter F. Angell, Prof. McDonald, 
George P. Winship, Howard W. 
Preston, Zechariah Chafce, Zechariah 
(Tiafee, Jr., Clarence Brigham. Prof. 
Wilfrid H. Munro, Dr. R. S. Phillips. 
Howard M. Chapin, Harry L. Koop- 
man, Frederic N. Luther and Presi- 
dent W. H. Faunce. — From the Even- 
ing Tribune of Nov. 6, 1913. 



The v.-urst form of :^;.,;;ali.:;'..i ^,^i ■l^ 
vised by thieves to scrape mo:iey from 
'tiher men. is a downright virtue com- 
I)ared with that form, created by men ';i 
the Republican party and practiced here 
in the United States during the past 
thirty-seven years. Rockefeller, with his 
e'ght hundred millions; Carnegie, with 
his six hundred millions; .Morgan, witli 
his five hundred millions: llarriman 
with h:s three hundred niillioii>. and a 
thousand others with absolutely nniuim- 
hered millions; while the "rank and file" 
working men grow poorer, day by day. 
To-day here in Providence, only nine 
men in a hundred, own a home. 



Just think of it, under such conditions, 
the City Council building a CSOO.OOO) 
three hundred thousand dollar school 
house; aitd a street urinating cellar, v.ith 
electric lights, that cost $2."..(iUi)— and 
where every man or woman descending 
can be seen for half a mile's distance. 
Such a thing in Edinburgh would be 
called a montunent to the peers. 



On Saturday last (ISth ins!.) the 
Providence Journal and the New York 
Times each published an account of 
Secretary of State Bryan's speech at 
Waterloo, Iowa, on the 17th ins'.. If 



1 84 



CHARLES C. HARKINGTOK, 
President. 



ROWLAND G. 
Vice-Pre 



HAZARD 

iident. 



ATfONAL B, 

Opposite City Hall and Railroad Station. 

To those desiring to change or make new banking 
connections, we offer the services of this conveni- 
ent!}' located and progressively managed institution. 



H. EDWARD THURSTON', 

Cashier. 



EDWARD A. 
Asst.Cs 



HAVENS, 
shier. 



the Providence JoKriuii's account is true 
then tht. Xe\v "S'ork J'i!>:cj' account is 
utterly false. If the Xew York Times 
printed the truth, then the Providence 
Journal was dealing- with novelties. 



Roads and highways are not now, nor 
ever will be, the property of tl-.e in- 
dividual. That time has passed. The 
post office cannot be run or controlled 
by individuals. Just so it will be with 
telephor.cs, telegraphs, railroads, "pipe 
lines," coal mines, oil v.ells, and all 
metal lying beneath the surface of the 
earth. Before you know it these things 
will all be accomplished. 



fiFMTIFSlFN'^. SHIRT'S 

OF THE FINEST ,>1.4TER!.a 
THE KEST POSSIBLE FITTING 
THE FINEST I'KIVATE WOKK 

AND 

A Durability Approaching Ferpetualitj 
Oruers Ta ken for D uttonholes. 

Your MONEYnever 
went so far in SHIRTS 
ill the WORLD before. 

ANNIE E. RIDER, 73 ALMY STREET. 



BROWN, LISLE&MARSHALL 

I nvestme nt Securities 

TURK'S HEAD BUILDING, PROVIDENCE, R. I. 



PUBLIC SERVICE BONDS. 

There arc three elements to be conbidored in making an investment, Sa 
Permanence and Income. 'I he bonds of efliciently managed Public .-Service 
poi-utionp otVev the inve-tor a [.an icnlarly well balanced combination of t 
CKsen-ials. IMie IniMnchB is not affected by tariff changes and i^ pc-rma 
because it furnishes public nce^-SMiies. 8Uch as the telephone, elecTricitv, 
utreet railwav .';, etc (JnsineNS deprtssium- do lo: interrupt the sieadv inerca! 
earnings. 'I'lie income iy iiigh in relation to the t-afety of the principal. 

We are in a position (o obtain accurate information concernint' 
corporations whose bonds, we offer. ^ 



fcty, 
Cor- 
hcse 
neni 
gaR, 
se in 

the 



BOOK NOTES 



7j ALMY S7REFI, 

Entered 



HISTORICAL, LITERAKy AND CRITICAL. 

* CONDUCTED BY 

SIDNEY S. RTDIiR, 

PROyiVENCE, R. I. 

Second class Matter, at the Providence, R. 1. Post Office. 



50 Cents per annum. Fortnightly. 
Single Copy 5 Cents. 



Saturday, Nov. 22, 19] 3. 



Vol. SO. 
No. -24. 



TELLIXG THE TRUTH IX RHODE 
ISLAXD IS XO LEt'.AL LIBEL, j 
UXLESS THE TRUTH IS TOLD 
WITH ^[ALICE. 

Permit me to give you a bit of in- 
iDrmation on the bt.-au:y of tlie Con- 
stitution of Rhode Island. "The Liber- 
ty of the Press being essential to the 
SECURITY of tlie STATE any person 
may publish his sentiments on any sub- 
ject, being responsible for the abuse of 
that Liberty; and in all trials for libel, 
both civil and criminal, the TRL'TH. 
unless published from inal'iioiis inotiz'cs | 
shall be a sufficient defence to the per- j 
son charged." (Art. 1, Sec 20, Consti- | 
tution of Rhode Island.) Thomas \Yil- \ 
liam Dorr was the author of this clause. } 
It was adopted by the Peoples' Conven- j 
tion held Octolter 4tii, IS-H. IMr. fJorr's ! 



exact language was as follows : "The 
liberty of the Press being essential to 
the security of l-"recdom in a State, any 
citizen may publish his sentiments on 
any subject, being responsible for the 
abuse' of that liberty; and in all trials 
for libel, b-.th civil and criminal, the 
truth, spoken front good niotizes, and 
for justifiable ends, shall be a sufficient 
defense to the person charged." (Arti- 
cles of a Constiiution adopted by the 
Peoples' Convention, Oct. I, 1841. Sec. 
16, Art. 1.) 



Two children, one ."j. the other years 
old. were vaccin.itvd at Trenton, X. J., 
in September hist; both flied from lock- j 
jaw. The law of Xcw Jersey enforced , 
the vaccination before the children ! 



:ould attend the public school. Will 
Hich work never cease. In England it 
las been wiped out of existence. 



The X'cw York, Xew Haven and 
Hartford Railroad Stock in Au.gust. 
1909, sold at SIT2.0C, it has sold uJiiiin 
a week at $81.00. Two of the Board of 
I')irectors are Providence Financiers — 
F. W. Matleson and R. W. Taft. To- 
day, Xov. l.'), it has dropped to $7.'). 



A vvoinan in Xew York City financed 
the work of Dr. George R. Carson in 
inventng "prophylatic vaccination 
against typhoid." Mrs. E. H. Har- 
riman provided $00,000 for the research 
work of Dr. Carson. — (The Providence 
Eveninn Tribune of Oct. 2:., l<Ji:i.) The 
complet_- success took place in San 
Francisco. California. 



The changes in words in common use 
is constantly in jjrogress. Few people 
of today can read and understand the 
language of Chaucer, nor of Spenser. 
The other day a catalogue of books for 
sale in I,ondon, was sent to me. The 
Dickins P.ibliography. quite a new book, 
was advertised in it and thus described : 
"Printed on fine deekle edge paper." 
During my life "Large Paper"' book> 
were described as "uncut," which mearit 
the edges from top and bottom. I never 
befrire heard the word "deckle" so ap- 
plied. In manufacturing paper a cen- 
tury ago, a form of wire' was used to 
produce wliat used to be called "vvaJei 
mark." To this form was fixed another 



iS6 



form called a Deckle, which formed t!ie 
line ..I tlic edge of the sliect so that 
il. the edge, would n..t Ik- rough or 
"jagged." ^\s, the u<e oi language 
changes. 



The rotten fraud in vaccination hy 
Friedmann is dead Tlie following re- 
sults are sliown and conclusions reached 
hy the greatest and best Medical Journal 
published in the United States. 

EXD OF DR. FRIED^I.\X. 

Mtdiail Journal Colls on States to Dull 
IVilh IiisHtuftS. 

According to The Joi:n-ial of the 
American Medical Associatir.n. the orn- 
Ll.J oiga-.i iJL iuc uugL•^t body of rup- 
resentative medical men on this conti- 
nent, and perhaps in the world, the so- 
called Friedmann cure f"r tubcrcuiosi.- 
is utterly discredited. The editoria' 
opinion of the pubh'cation is that rdl 
reliable reports regarding the treatment 
of patieiUs by Friedmann's method 
seem to show either that it is actually 
injurious or else that it is less efficient 
llian other well-known and less-danger- 



ous means of treatment. Here is a 
pan of tlic editorial : 

"Dr. .Mannheinicr reported on the rc- 
sidts of eighteen cases in New York in 
which the Friedmann treatment' was 
used, and stated that in "not a single 
one of the eighteen cases was there defi- 
nite improvement to date that could be 
attributed to the treatment.' 

'"A committee of some of the fore- 
most physicians of Canada was appoint- 
ed to watch the patients inoculated by 
Dr. Friedmann in the Canadian hospi- 
tals. These physicians made a similar 
unfavoral)le report. 

"Dr. Anderson, acting under the 
authority of the United States Govern- 
ment, watched the progrses of the pa- 
tients treated by Dr. Friedmann in this 
couiitry. He also gave an unfavorable 
opinion as to the effect of the treat- 
ment. 

"The Friedmann 'treatment' has been 
condemned by German physicians gen- 
erally. 

"A report from the Rhode Island 
State Sanitarium on tr.e results in 120 
patients treated by the Friedmann 



UNION TRUST COMPANY. 

62 DORRANCE ST., COJ^NER OF Vj'ESTfVilKSTER ST 

CAPITAL $1,000,000. SURPLUS $500,000 

A COM.WERCIAL BANK AND TRUST COMPANY. 

OFFICERS. 

MARSDEN J. PERRY, Chairman of the Board. 

AR-AM J. POTHIER, President. 

ARCHIBALD G. LOOMIS. Vice-President 

HAROLD J. GROSS. Vice-President. 

FRANK E. CHAFEE. Treasurer. 

CHARLES H. SHELDOX. Secretary. 

CLINTON F. STEVENS, .^.ss't Treasurer and Ass't Secretary. 



Samuel M. Nicholson, 
Aram J. Potliier. 
.Archibald G,. Loomis, 
Harold J. Gross, 
Benjamin A. Jackson, 
Joseph Samuels, 



DIRECTORS. 

Arthur H. Watson, 
Clarence L. Watson, 
Marsden T. Perry, 
William W. r^uglas, 
Harry Cutler, 
Charles .Mexander, 
Michael J. Houlihan. 



Everett L. Spencer, 
Albert A. Remington. 
Philip Allen, 
George W. Thurston, 
Wiliiam B. Greenough, 
Walter W. Griffith. 



187 



method states that the patients have 
shown none of the immediate and won- 
derful results reported by I'riedmann, 
but that, "on the eontrary, about 17 per 
cent, of the cases' are worse than tluy 
might have been expected to be under 
ordinary sanitarium ireatnieiU. 

"This, and more, is true, and yet the 
company which is exploiting :his so- 
called cure is. apparently, alile to hnd 
physicians who are willing to aid in tliis 
inhuman business. After all, this miyht 
be expected ; it has always been possible 
to find men willing to do disreputable 
work, if sufficient financial inducements 
are ofTered. While the medical profes- 
sion harbors but a small proportion of 
men of this, tvpe, it has some within 
its ranks ^\ ho are wiilin:; to sell tlieir 
birthright of professional decency for 
a mess of pottage. 

"As has been previously said, the 
scheme of floating Friedmann institutes 
in different States successfully evades 
any reprisal on the part of the Federal 
Government. It therefore devolves on 
the various States to take such action 
as is necessary to prevent the heartless 
exploitation of the unfortunate con- 
sumptives within their borders." 



The time has come to stop men from 
promulgating the idea that they can 
open or close, at will, the gates of Hell 
to us. Their purpose is to sc->rj 
nmnev. 



Xo man on earth, or has ever been 
1 eartli. can open or close the gates 
F Heaven or Hell to me, or to you. 
nne lias come for men and wo- 
men ti-i develop a new and more truth- 
ful Rcligon. 



The 



J am no "Wandering Jew"; I am 
thankful that I shall die. When I sur- 
vey the field of life as it today exists. 
I am thankful that death alone will re- 



V-c 



der. 



Tlie trouble wiili "Xcivsf'apcrs" is 
tiiat we never kn.nv what to believe. 
The "Xczcsf^ap.-rs" are all after inoney 
— except the Pro\-idence Ez'ening Tri- 
buiu-.'! Its nzcii'ugs will soon become 
X gilts, unless it charges its Prosramme. 



It is positively delightful to learn 
that my ar.cier.t friend, T. W. Bicknell, 
"Honors the memory of Stephen Hop- 



PPOVIDllNCE BANKING CO.. 

TUPIaS Mf::/\D liUlLDIMO, PPOVIDCNCI:, P. I. 



LOCAL STOCKS, BONDS 



-AND 



High Grade I Rvestnienl Securi I ics 

Orders executed on the New York and Ho-ston Stock 



Exchan'Te. Foreign Exchange bought and .sold. 
Credit furnished for travelers. 



Letters of 



i8S 



kins"; but the P. J. of the 14th inst. 
tells me so. I had never supposed that 
Stephen wa? so delicient in honors. 



A curious bit of work in obtair.ing 
subscriptions tor a weekly newspaper 
has recently come to nie. A child, a 
dozen j-ears of age, attending tiie lirove 
Street School in tliis city, brought to 
me a little weekly newspaper for use 
in Public and Private schools. The 
children were in the 7th Grade ; they 
were told to bring ten cents to tlie 
teacher, alter which the "Current 
Events" would be brought to the school 
for six months. Such work is positive- 
ly hurtful to th.e acquisition of know- 
ledge in these elementary schools and 
tiught to be stopped at once. 



always talk what is right against 
wrong. 

The political job of Gov. Foss in 
Massachusetts has come to an end. Xow 
go to Canada my dear bo>-, where the 
'I'haws go — and run your cottijU mill, 
^'ou will have to buy your cotton in 
these United States. 



The newspapers are all after money 
— the Rich men are supposed to have 
il — hence the newspapers supports the 
rich. They will presently learn that 
mone\ in the hands of rich actually 
belongs to the Poor. 



The Journal supports the To Peers, 
who control all the land in England 
against 42. .380,000 men and women — and 
the giving it to eldest sons. 



Butter is a downright swindle, actu- 
ally dangerous to health; for which you 
pay more than the price for pure but- 
ter. 



In Religion, men call that work of the | 

Roman Catholic Church in London, in j 

1655 Religious, and inform me that \ \ 

must not talk against religion. I shall | 



When you buy poultry for 30 cents a 
pound you are made to pay 50 cents 
for the manure that is kept in the dead 
body. 

Lard is a positively dangerous thing, 
now bought at more than a hundred 
per Cent profit. 



HE NATIONAL EXCIANGE 



(, 



63 WESTMINSTER STREET. 

Capital. $500,000. Surplus & Profits, $1,024,203.92 
ORGANIZED I801 



OFFICERS 

MIICHAEL F. DOOLEY. President. 

Vice-Presidents, FREDERICPC S. PECK, JOSEPH E. FLETCHER, 

AUGUSTUS R. PKIRCE. 

C. H. W. MAXDEVnj.E, Cashier. 

GEORGE f r. WOOD, Asst. Cashier. 



Newton D. Arnold, 
Walter Callfcnd'ir, 
Earle I*. (Jharletou, 
Edmund 1). Chesboro, 
Frank I'. Comstock, 
Artliur W. Dennif-, 
Michael F. Dooley, 



DIRECTORS 

Samuel M. Einstein, 
CharlcK Fletcher. 
Jose]di E. Fletcher. 
Tlieodoie W. Fostei-, 
Gerald T. llanJey, 
Arthur Hcnius. 
Sidney I). Humphrey, 



CharleB H. W. Mandeville, 
Jfdui McManuf-. 
Frederick S. Peck. 
Frank X. Phillips, 
B. Tiiouias i^otter, 
.Jofcej)!i L. .Sweet, 
Clarence L. Watson, 



One of the Oldest and Strongest Banks in Rhode Island 



iSo 



Coffee Blciuis are nothing but taking 
a six cent cotTcc, mixed in with a six- 
teen cent coffee— only the mixer of the 
fraud knows the proportions — and then 
cliarging li.'i cents a pound for the Mend. 



In sugar a tremendous swindle is iu<\v 
in full blast, (ilucose takes the sweet- 
ening properties right out of sugar and 
vou are swindled of vour monev. 



body before A. D. GOO. When the 
Roman Catholics got the thing started 
it assumed different forms and this 
form developed many years later. It 
was a design to be used only by Iligli 
Roman Catholic Priests. Here is a de- 
scription of it, written by the Roman" 
Catholic Bishop, Paulimis oi Xo!a: 



"Scallops, as sold for food, arc parts 
of shell fish found largely in Xarragan- 
sett Bay. The price charged here in 
Providence is ."iO, 55 and GO cents a 
pound The price used to be 25 cents. 



cruce sangumea niveo: 



Slat 



Ghristus in agno." In those days the 
cross was red, but the figure on the 
cross wa'^ white. 



Thev are removed from the shells and 
some oi tln-m piii inio a pnil of cold 
water — this swells the flesh to nearly 
thrice its original size, and you pay 10 | 
or 20 per cent increase for something 
worth less, than when you got it in its 
true condition. 



The grindings of beef when the 
"side" is cut for use, becomes steak. In 
cutting up the side of beef for domes- 
tic use a great many clippings are made. 
These clippings, when ground, are call- 
ed "Hamburger Steak," the use of the 
word Stciik is downright fiction 



This iiicr seal, used on the end of 
Uneeda biscuit boxes is there to lead 
Roman Catholics to buy the crackers. 
The cross of Jesus Christ, as we now i 
know it, was never heard of bv anv I 



The invention of names for crackers 
is the latest farce and swindle. Piikitin 
Biscuit, I'lU'da Biscuit, Takoina Biscuit, 
and I know not how many others. By 
this work you are forced to pay thirty 
cents for what, much better in quality, 
you can buy for 6 or S cents. You 
might a; v.-ell say "Snow Street is no 
Street, as to say Uneeda Biscuit and 
pay 16 cents a pound for crackers. 



INDUSTRIAL TRUST COMPANY, 

49 V/ESTMINSTER ST., PROVIDENCE, R. I. 

Capita!, ^3,000,000. Surplus $3,000,000, 



BANKING DEPARTMENT — Interest paid oil deposits. I.s.sues 
Certificates of Deposit at attractive rates. Loans and Discounts. 
Collections made on all points on favorable terms. 

FOREIGN EXCHANGE DEPARTMENT -~ Foreign Drafts and 
Letters of Credit available in all i)arls of the World. Cable 
Transfers. 

TRUST DF:PARTMENT~Aiithori7.ed to accept Trusts. Ls a legal 
depositary for trust funds. Acts as Trustee, Executor, Adminis- 
trator, Guardian and as Registrar and Transfer Agent of Cojj;ora- 
tions. 



tgb 



To call anything used by men calling 
theniSL-lves "Doctors" to vaccinate us as 
a preventative to desease '" Scrunt," 
is n dowiirielu swindle, and fraud ; and 
is used In those "Doctors'" who for 
p. hundred years thrust poison matter 
from a cow. or a bull, or an ox, or some 
diseased human being into some other 
pox — never in this world did it pre- 
vent smallpox in a single case except 
when it killed the victim. On the con- 
trary it killed, actually murdered hun- 
dreds of th.uisands of Munian Beings. 
Serum is a part of the blood of human 
beings; and the Doctors are playing 
that fraud on us. 



tso the Journal said) was fined on 
charge of having Dirty Market. The 
"Swedes" have advanced "Dirty" eggs 
as being desirable. 



IS WHOLESOME 



Here in Providence, within a week 
"Isaac Cohen, a butcher whose shop is 
located in his dwelling house at 61 
Chalkstone avenue, was fined $10 and 
costs by Judge Raymond in Police Court 
yesterday for keeping live poultry in 
his place and fined $.5 and costs on a 
secoud charge of failure to clean up an 
tmsanitarv market." 




But the Swede's Providence Public 
Market Compar.y keep quantities of 
dead hens loaded with manure, which 
will ferment and poison the ilesh. Cohen 



NMoa aaiscin 
noA Nan± yi!A3N tiiaa j.i 

THE SHEPARD COMPANY, 

2J>1-273 Westminster Street. 

(IIISS AfiMIE E\ RIDER, 

73 AlmySt., Providence. 

TRY THIS TASTE-FULL-TONIC. 
R and G means "Orange." 



(Twelve (12) Copies, only, remain.) 

The Lands of Rhode Island 



as they were known to 



CAUNOUNICUS AND MIANTUNNOMU 

when FvOGKR Williams came in 1636. 



An Indian Map of the Principal Locations 

known to the XAIIIGAXSKTS and ELABORATE 
HISTORICAL NOTES by Sidney S. Rider. 

The edition consisted of 495 ; 19 remain to be sold. Price, post 
paid :^9.oo. Address the Author, l^iovidence, R. I. 



191 



The Descendaxts of the French 
Huguenots in Rhode Island. 

I printed a fine Historical Tract bear- 
ing the following th\c— "Memoir Con- 
ccrnuig the French Huguenot Scitle- 
ments and Seiltcrs in the Colony of 
Rhode Island," by Elisha R. Potter. 

Mr. Potter gathered much information 
in Ceneologicp.l matters concerning tht 
intermarriages of these French settlers 
with Rhode Island Families. The names 
are given, pages 59-92. Here they are, 
with the names of the Rhode Ijland fam- 
ilies with whom they became connected 

Le Moine — Mawney, Money, Bowen, 
Ives, Whipple, Vinton, Slater, etc. 

Ayrault — Mason, Wanton, Tillinghasl, 
Robinson, etc. 

Bcrnon — Crawford, Harris, Allen, 
Fourtellot, Coddington, Helme, Carpen- 
ter. 

Ganeaux — -Cano, Benedict. 

Marchant — Nightingale, Aboi n, Ar- 
nold, Crocker, Rowse, etc. 

Targe— Tourgee. 

Lucas — Hillhouse, Brentor.. 

The most famous ancient citie- 
whence came these people were Poitoa 
.'\ngers, Rochelle, Guernsey and Bay- 
onne. in France, and Lanark in Scotland 



Few copies now remain of this His- 
toricall}- interesting and most valuabh 
essay. I will send one by Post any 
ivherc on receipt of $1.0U. 



Men commit crimes — yfcn sit vn the 
Jury which tries them. When wome;i 
commit crimes, do women sit on the 
Turies which trv the case? 



The Swindlers in Our Food are con- 
linualK' having paragraphs inserted in 
Newspapers all over tb.e country an- 
nouncing an advance in Beef, and Eggs, 
and everything else. The newspapers 
are not friends of the People. But the 
end of such work of rottenness in busi- 
ness is now near. 



"Individuals," who have long held, 
and now desire, control of all "monev." 



I have held back the "Currency" Law 
I which the present administration de- 
i sires done in the "People's" interest. 
! But tile Pe^.ple are awakening to ac- 
tion, and i'/;_-v will control. 



! Dibden's Bibliomania. 

I Dibden's niblinrnania. or Book Mad- 
ness, containing: some accounts of the 

! History. Symptoms and Ciirp of tf.i.- 
Fatal Diseasf. by Thomas Fro^nall Dib- 

I <fn Sv-fi. London. 1.<09. Crushed l.pvant 



SOUL LIBERTY 



/ 



RHODE ISLAND'S GIFT TO THK 

NATION. 

An inquiry concerning the validit}- of the claim.s made by Roman 
Catholics that Maryland was settled upon that ba.'^is (Soul Tiin-KTv) 
before Roger Williams planted the Colony of Rhode Island. 

— BY — 

SIDNEY S. RIDER. 



"1 foel soiiiew)'?t acqu.'iinttd with von tliroi;j:5i n; v pn iiial ijerusal of ^ our ir.-i sl« i li 
treatise, entitled : .COUI, I-II'.K K T V." A. J. .S. j:ov^<i<av, 'Miinoruiir .S^c'y, Ko's/inij, f,„ . I .( 

?1.25 



Quarto, 95 pages, .... 

(Twenty-five copies), 



192 



CHARLES C. HARRINGTON, 

President. 



ROWLAND G. HAZARD 

Vice-President. 




NATIONAL BANK 



Opposite City Hall and Rai!ror»(i Station. 

To those desiring to change or make new banking 
connections, we offer the services of tliis conveni- 
entl}' located and progressively managed institution. 



H. EDWARD THURSTON, 
Cashier. 



.DWARD A. HAVENS, 
Asst. Cashier. 



The Trees and Shrubs Growing Natur- 
ally in tlie Forests of Massachusetts. 
Originally published under an order of 
Legislature of the State, by George B. 
Emerson. 2 v 8 vo. Third edition, Boston. 
1S78. Now out of print ar.d very scarce. 
A ^ery fine copy in cloth, STT.oO. It Is 
beautifully illustrated by 149 engravings, 
many of tliem beautifully colored. 



The revival of Book iXott's is a matter 
of congratulation. Tr Ts a little eight 
page leaflet, fortnightly, at fifty cents a 
year, returning in any given number, we 
venture to predict, the whole price of the 
subscription. — The Natioji. 

Book Notes is a small but most valu- 
able literary journal. Mr. Rider always 
puts things tersely and so clearly that no 
one can fail to see the point. — Newport 
(R. I.) Dailv Neivs. 



OF THE FINEST M..\TERI.4L 
THE IIEST POSSIBLE FlTTlNTi 
THE FINEST PRIVATE WOKK 

AND 

A Durability Approaching Perpetuality 
Orders Taken for Dutlonlioles. 

Yoiir MONEYnever 
went so far in SHIRTS 
in the WORLD before. 

ANNIE E, RIDER, 73 AIMY STREET. 



BROWN, LiSLE&MARSHALL 

Investment Securities 



TURK'S HEAD BUILDING, PROVIDENCE. R. 



PUBLIC SERVICE BONDS. 

There are three elements to be considered in inaking ait investment, Sa 
Permanence and Income. The >)ondp of ofiiciontly managed Public .'Service 
porations offer the inve-tor a particularly well balanced combination of t 
essentials. 'L'be basinets is not affected by tariff changes and is pcrma 
because it furnishes public necessities, such as, the telephone, electricity, 
street railwavB, etc Utisiness depressions do not interrupt tlie steady increa 
earnings. The income is high in relation to the safely of the princii/'al. 

We are iu a position to obtain accurate information concernin<r 
corporations whose bonds we offer. 



fetv, 
CoV- 
hese 
nent 



the 



BOOK NOTES 

HISTORICAL, LITERARY AND CRITICAL. 

CONDUCTED BY 

SIDNEY S. RIDIXR, 

7 J AL,\fy STREET, .... - . PROVIDEKCE, R. J. 

Entered as Second class Matter, at the Providence, R. I. Post Office. 



60 C»'.uts per annum. Fortnightly 
Siiia:Ie Copy 5 Cents. 



vSaturday, Dec. 6, 1913. 



Vol. ."0. 
No. '.'.=.. 



THE MENTAL DEVELOPMENT OF 
RHODE LSLAND, AS SHOWN IN 
THE PUBLICATION OF BOOKS. 

Part L 
The fiillowiiig paper is an address de- 
livered by tlie writer, before the Rhode 
Ishmd Library Association on the 21st of 
Noveir.l.Lr ]a?T. at the Calvary Institute 
Library in Providence. It is necessary 
first to show the origin of the thing 
\shich we now call a book. Nothing of 
tlie kind existed before the year 145S, 
or possib'y a few years later. The word 
book came from the word Each (Ger- 
man) or B>ck (Dutch) — meaning the 
bark of the beech or birch tree, on 
which manuscripts were written. Other 
things were used such as papyrus, parch- 
ment, the skins of animals; otherwise 
marble, stone, metal, lead, ivory and 
wood. Paper came at last from the word 
papyrus. Parchment was used to write 
the original Papal Bulls upon. The 
thing we nov.- know as a hook was the 
result of the invi ntion of making nio\e- 
ab!e siigle letters. 'J'hc growth of edi- 
tijiis was at first slow, Init it never slop- 
tied. The earliest manuscript was writ- 
ten A. D 000, and the edition consisted 
of a single copy. Consider for a moment 
huw large would be the growth, or how 
rapidly, in a country having millions of 
people, and the editions of manuscript 
coInpri^i^g a single copy. Consider for 
one moment the development of the hu- 
man mind, B. C. 1 to 4000, and then 
to A. D. 14 JS; a trital of .'J5S, and 
c.mparo it with the lime between the 
years 1458 and .\. D. J013, a period of 
4.").'i years. A comparison of the men- 
tal development of the pcoi'lc uf the 



two epochs is as comparing nothing 
with something. 

Roger Williams was the first Rhode 
Island citizen who wrote books which 
were published. He was the author of 
four books. First. "A Key into the Lan- 
guage of America'' It was bis key 
"to tile language of the Indians."" He 
also describes " the customes, manners, 
and worships of the natives," to which 
he added "spirituall observations." These 
observations are in poetical form, niety- 
four (94) verses in number, in three 
forms, two, four and six lines in a 
verse. I will give a specimen, or two. 
"E\ery little grass doth tell 
The sons of men, there God doth dwell." 

This is his last verse, touching death: 
"True Ciirist, moit glorious, then shall 
make 

New earth, and hea\ens new; 
False Christ.-,, false Christians then shall 
quake, 

O bles.^ed, then the true." 

The Indian Key was written by Mr. 
Williams while crossing the .\tliiuic to 
England to secure a colonial jiatcnt for 
the Providence Plantations. This patent, 
otherwise charter; was secured in 1G}4. 
The Indian Key was printed in London, 
in lG4.'i. <' 

His third book was "The Bloody Tcn- 
ent, yet more bloody by Mr. Cotton's 
cndeavf>r to wash it white in the blood 
of the Iamb," a volume of 547 pages. 
These were books of religions discus- 
sion between John Cotton and Roger 
A\'illiams: it was published in London 
in lfi.'>2. 

His fourth b<->ok was "George Fox 
Digg'd (.ait of his Burrows, or an olTer 



194 



of Di^rutT-r' Ml on fourteen proposals 
made this lif: summer, 1G72 (so called) 
unto G. V:x, then present on Rode Is- 
land, in Xew England." The volume 
has .>0.> Diges. Here are two or three 
illustrative specimens. Fox maintained 
that "The sa.:n:s know all things as God." 
Williams the:i asked. "Why are not the 
Quakers <:ni:iipoteni and almighty?'' 
Here is inntl'ier specimen: '"It is said 
by the Pop-, he can deliver all souls out 
of Purgator}-, without money; surely Ik- 
is ver}- inhuman, impious and cruel, that 
he doth notj' (pp. 12S, 129) Again : 
"The Papists set up the Pope as the 
only infallible Judge and Interpreter in 
all questions about the Scriptures, and 
force the Holy Scriptures of God to 
io.ie;:!! d.ifl -■.'i<i\i iijtun llieir abomir.ation 
as a negro slave and lacquey. (George 
Fox Digg'd, page 13S.) This 
volume vr?.5 first printed at Boston, 
Mass., in IGTG. This book has 
much local historical interest and value. 
Aside from this book,Mr.Williams print- 
ed several smaller treatises; one of wihch 
was reprinted by myself, here in Provi- 
dence, in 1?C2. J. R. Bartlett, in his 
"Bibliography of Rhode Island, states 



that this republication was done at the 
expense of Sainui-l Randall, l-^sq. No 
man. of that name, lived here at the 
time. Strtlit-n Randall agreed to buy 2r,i) 
copies, in case I republished it; but he 
took but twcnty-five copies. Xo part of 
the cost was borne by Mr. Randall. 
THE PATENT OF 1644. 
I come now to the work of Roger 
Williams in securing a charter of gov- 
ernment for the three colonics then ex- 
isting, to wit: the Colony of Provi- 
dence; the colony of Aquidneck; and 
the colony of Warwick. From the first 
moment following their planting, there 
began an incessant struggle by the Mas- 
sachusetts colony, assisted by two Provi- 
dence men, to get possession of the lands 
held by the Providence planters, to v^-it, 
the two Arnolds. In 1G42 the people be- 
came satisfied that a charter of govern- 
men must be secured. After much con- 
sideration, it was suggested that Roger 
\\'illiams be sent, and he agreed to go. 
lie sailed from Xew York in a Dutch 
ship, early in UU:5. It was on this ship 
that the "Indian Key" was written .He did 
this because the Massachusetts colony 
would not permit 2^Ir. Williams to sail 



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FRANK E. CHAFEE. Treasurer. 

CHARLES H. SHELDON, Secretary. 

CLINTON F. STEVENS, Ass't Treasurer and Ass't Secretary. 



Samuel iL !'icholson, 
Aram J. Pothicr, 
Archibald G. Loomis, 
Harold ;. Gross. 
Benjamin A. Jackson, 
Joseph Sa-nuels, 



DIRECTORS. 

Artlnir H. Watson, 
Clarence L. Watson, 
Marsden J. Perry, 
William W. Douglas, 
Harry Cutler, 
Charles Alexander, 
IMichacI J. Houlihan. 



Everett L. Spencer, 
Albert A. Remington. 
Philip Allen, 
George W. Thurston, 
William B. Greenough, 
Walter W. Griffith. 



195 



from that colony. He reached Kngland 
in June, 164:5. There was at that time 
no ofiicial body cxisiinij wihch C"uld 
grant a cliarter Tliat b^uly was created 
Nov. 2, KA'.j. "Seventeen men were 
r.amed to ji>i:: in assislcucc of the Hari 
of Warwick." This made the legal body 
eighteen nien and a majority must be 
ten men. The charter obtained by Wil- 
liams has ten names, and bears date of 
March ISth, 1C44. Mr. Williams reached 
Providence with the charter in Septem- 
ber following. Political troubles pre- 
vented its adoption until the 19th of May 
1647. Xot a single vote against its ad^^'p- 
tion was cast. 

This charter was the first real foimda- 
tion of the colony, and state of Rhode 
Islaii'i. . It was wholly ar.d solely the 
work of Roger Williams; other men 
have been metioned in its connection. 
but there is no evidence. Nothing equal 
to it, in civil and soul liberty had ever 
been written. Every state in these Unit- 
ed States has a constitution resting up- 
on these foundations and so rests also 
the Constitution of the United States. 

There was terrib'e criminality, secret- 
ly perpetrated against it, by two English 
Clergymen, the Rev. Thomas Welde, and 
the Rev. Hugh Peters. They had been 



years resident in the iNIassachusctts 
Colony. They returned to England a 
.-Iiun time before Roger Williams went 
for the Charter. Suspecting nothing, 
Mr. Williams allowed them to see the 
draft of that "Patent" for which he had 
come to England. They drafted, what 
they called the Xarragansett Patent. A 
doubt of its validity was raised in Bos- 
t'jn, in 1S.57 and a discussion followed 
in the Massachusetts Historical Society. 

It was a deliberate fraud perpetrated 
by the two clergymen, Welde and Peters, 
1.) wrcTieh the lands from the Rhode Is- 
land People, and have the r^Iassachu- 
sctts Colony take possession of them. 
On the 6th of August, 1G64, the Govern- 
or of the Massachusetts Colony wrote a 
letter to Roger Williams, then in Lon- 
don, containing these words, "We have 
received a Ciiarter, 10th December, ICi'S' 
o\ all the lands in Providence, Warwick, 
Xarragansett, "We give you notice that 
you forbear to exercise any jurisdiction 
thereon." 

Xothing in any history of Rhode Is- 
land n<nv existing will show the facts 
herein told. I print here the two Boun- 
daries of the land, in parallel columns, 
to show the corrupt rascality of the 
two clergymen. 



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B0UXD.\RIES UXDSR 

Welde's Patent, 10 December, 161?,. 
That tract of land lyeing and being 
within the Continent of America, called 
or known by the name of Xarragansetl 
Bay, or by whatever other name the 
same is called or known, bordering north 
and northeast on the Pattent or IMan- 
tation of Massachusetts; east and south- 
east upon the Pattent or plantation of 
Plj-mouth; south on the ocean; and on 
the west and northwest inliabited by 
Indians called the Mahigganneucks, also 
Xarraganseits, the whole tract extending 
about twenty and live English miles unto 
the Pequid river and country. 

These two parallel copies show clearlv 
the connpl and posi-.ively v.-ickcd work , 
of the two clergymen ; and of the Colony ' 
of Massachusetts. It must not be over- 
looked, that tiie first Planters of Provi- 
dence, and of Rhode Island were educat- 
ed in England, so that Rhode Island 
born minds, were slow in development, 
both schools and books were scarce 
This was owing largely to the rotten ■ 
political work mider the Charter of 
Charles the Second, 1GG3. I 



THE Two Patents. 

Williams's Patent, March 14, 1644. 

That tract of land in the continent of 
America aforesaid called by the name of 
the Xarragansett Bay, bordering north 
and northeast on the Patent of Massa- 
chusetts; east and southeast on the Ply- 
mouth Patent; soutii on the ocean; and 
on the west, and northwest inhabited by 
Indians called Xarroganeucks, or Xarra- 
ganseits; the v.-holc tract extending 
ab^)ut twenty and five English miles unto 
the Pequot river and country. 



On the 19, 20. 21 of May, a General 
Ccnirt of Election was held at Ports- 
mouth on the island of Acquidneck, for 
the Colonic and Province of Providence. 
It was voted and found that the major 
parte of the Colonic was presen'., and 
should act of as full authority as if the 
whole v.ere present; and first all should 
set their hands to an engagement to the 



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Charles Fletcher. 
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Sidney 1;. Ilnujphrey, 



Charles II. W. MandeviDe, 
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B. Thomas Potter, 
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Charter. These subjects were handled 
and laws Enacted. Rebellion, Misbehav- 
ior, Tonching Murder, Manslaughter, 
Misadventure, Casual Death, Witchcraft. 
Burglary, Robbery, Burning of Houses 
Forcible Entry and Detainer, Rescous 
and Escapes, (A rescous was a person 
who helped a person to escape from an 
officer when held under arrest). In 
Bailies Dictionery, imo, a very different 
meaning is given, thus: "When a man 
distraining (seizes another's goods) cat- 
tle for damage done in his ground, 
drives them in the highway towards the 
Pound, and they get into the owner's 
riotise, and he refuses to deliver thcni on 
demand, is said to be rescous in law." 
Riots, Routs, etc, etc, in all, Fifty-Six 
Subjects. It is in Truth a Code of LoTi's. 
It was never printed until 1S47, when 
William R. Stap'es, then a Supreme 
Court Judge, transcribed it, and Charles 
Burnett, Jr., a Bookseller here in Provi- 
dence, of actual merit, published it. It 
may not interest you, but it interests me 
that I, a little boy, twelve and a half 
years of age, was working at Charles 
Burnett's Book Store, and carried those 
precious books (for although pamphlets, 
they were in truth valuable books), to 
the home of Judge Staples. It was pre- 



cisely two centuries after the enactment 
that this splendid Code was first printed. 
Never in these United States, was so 
extraordinary a Code of Laws, enacted 
by any State, nor comparable in excel- 
lence to this, Rhode Island's tirst code 

Judge Staples writes a clever conclud- 
ing note concerning the Code. I will 
quote his opening. "In perusing this 
Code, and the laws passed at the time of 
its adoption every one must be struck 
with the boldness of the freedom of this 
infant colony. They began at the foun- 
dation and adopted a bill of rights which 
secured all that their ancestors had 
wrested from their Kings, and which 
their countrymen had subsequently losv 
and were then endeavoring to rct'^ain. 
Their main object was to digest a code 
of laws which would secure these two 
ends, in politics and religion." ".Xothing 
did, or could divert them." The names 
of the men, who were members of the 
first General Assembly, which enacted 
this code, do not appear in the original 
manuscript; nor do they now appear in 
any printed editions. Apparently the 
original manuscript has been lost. But 
Roger Williams, was an "Assistant (a 
Senator) as we now call them. There 
was one Assistant from each town 



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There were four towns, Providence 
Roger Williams; Portsmouth. John San- 
ford; Newport, William Coddington; 
and Warwick, Randall Holdcn ; and 
John Coggeshal!. of Newport, was made 
rrcsidciii. The live men are all whom 
we now know as the legislators of this 
code of 1047. 

When books began to be printed in 
1458-1500, the mental powers of m^in 
and wometi began to develop, and grow 
broader. Rhode Island had not then 
been born. 

In 1795, there was a man, who sold 
books in Providence by auction, his 
name was Benjamin Hoppin. lie des- 
cribed Books, as being "Food for senti- 
mentalists. ' 1 confess that it suggests 
curious fancies. 

Then came the Coddington infamous 
political rascality, in the destruction of 
the Charter of 1644, and getting himself 
made owner and governor, for life, of 
Aquidneck. Roger Williams was again 
sent to England, and Cromwell saved 
the Providence Plantations Colony 
from destruction 

Then came Benedict .-Vrno'd, a name 
familiar in American History, with his 
Political Tools and Fools. The half cen- 
tury which followed was politically in- 



famous, arid Rhode Island came near 
being destroyed. Xo printing press ex- 
i.>lcd in the Colony. Roger Williams 
wrote, and had printed and published in 
r>ostoii "George Fox digged from hi^ 
burrows"' in 1G7G. The preface is dated 
10th March, 1073, Providence in Xew 
h'.nglar.d. It was charged by a Boston 
man of letters as being a "Book of 
L,yes." Mr. Guild, once Librarian at 
Brown University wrote this, "Mr. Wil- 
liams, in writing this book used a style 
of cor.temptuous bitterness, which 
seemed not to have been natural to him." 
This is the largest book ever written by 
Roger Williams. It is a quarto, of 570 
pages. I have considered its Historical 
Value as suthcient to lead me to make 
an elaborate Index, now in manu- 
script, and this led me to an insight oi 
its historical value. But Rhode Islard 
minds were growing. There were neith- 
er schools nor books, nor printing 
presses, in the colony. The first b()ok 
ever printed in the colony of Rhode 
Island was, 

"A Looking Glass, for Elder Clarke, 
:;rd Elder Wightman, and the Church 
under their care," by William Claggatt. 
It was i)rinted probably in B.oston for 
J. Rhodes, J. Rogers and W. Claggett 
It was published (that is made public) 



(Twelve (12) Copies, only, remain.) 

The Lands of Rhode Island 

as they were known to 

CAUNOUNICUS AND MIANTUiN'NOMU 

when RoGKR \ViLLr.\MS came in 1636. 



An Indian Map of the Principal Locations 

known to the NAHIGANSETS and KLABORATK 
IIISTORICAl. NOTKS by Sidnkv S. Ridf.r. 

The edition consisted of 495 ; 19 remain to be sold. Price, jjost 
paid $9.00. Addrcs.s the Author, Providence, R. I. 



199 



at Newport, wIktc it was sold, at the 
siiop of J. Rhodes. It is a small book, 
4 X 6 inches in size, but it is an octavo 
in form. The date of its pub'ication 
given in Bartlett's Bibliography is given 
as 17;;i, but tlie correct da;e is 17:?1 
William Claggett, was the first Rhode 
Island maker of Long Hall clocks. He 
died near 1747. I will give two or three 
extracts from this "Looking Class." 

"i know- some persons are of the 
opinion that the errors of a Church are 
not to be exposed to the world." Cp. 5.) 

"The puhlick reputaii>,'n of religion 
is scandalized by the injustice of a 
church."' (p. 5.) 

"We are willing with all our souls to 
subscribe to their Printed Declarations 
of their Faith. Their T^rinrinlcs wo 
Uoni.-.ur, tho' we abhor their Practices." 

One of these men, Rhodes or Rogers 
loaned some money £400 of the Paper 
Money of that age to somebody who was 
a member of the same church they both 
belonged. The debtor insisted (on being 
dunned for the money) that he had paid 
the Debt. The Creditor denied payment 
and Rhodes or Rogers brought a case 
before the Court, and got judgment for 
the debt. Pioth Rhodes and Rogers ex- 
pelled from the Church. Hence this 
book. For these men folk felt that they 



had n It been fairly treated. 

James Franklin came from Boston, 
where lie had started a Printing Press, to 
Newport at, or near 1725. In 1727, he 
printed the Rhode Island Almanac for 
the year 172>. Being the first ever 
printed ii' the Colony. .\ fac simile was 
Printed of it here in Providence by the 
T rustees of the John Carter Brown Li- 
!)rary. Some one signing himself Phiio 
Ilistoricus addressed the Judicius Read- 
er in a preliminary essay, which touches 
keenly that Almanac. I venture to clip 
a clipping. "The occasional scraps of 
Philosophy and the Sententious Phrases 
which crowded into vacant spaces of the 
Calendar bespeak a common Parentage 
with the more familiar sayings of Poor 
Kirhar/l; Tt i« nof ^ bn/'Hrdoiis sugges- 
tion that both Robin and Richard ac- 
quired their habits of keen observatio;i 
of men. ard affairs, from a common 
source, a hard-headed Father and a 
shrewd ]\lother, given to speaking her 
mind." It is ah admirable thought well 
expressed. It touches the very theme 
which I have been trying to set forth. 
Philo Historicus is the Librarian of the 
John Carter Brown Library, George Pea- 
body Win ship. 

(The remainder of the address will 
appear in the next Book Notes.) 



SOUL LIBERTY 

RHODK ISLAND'vS GII-T TO TIIK 

NATION. 

An inquiry concerning the validity of the claims made by Roman 
Catholics that Maryland was settled upon that basis (Soi'L Libi-kty) 
before Roger Williams planted the Colony of Khode Island. 

— BY- 

SIDNEY S. RIDER. 



"I feel .soinewbat acqiiaime'-l with ■v on tl'Tf>i:t'b nivi>artial pen '^a^ f f v < vi nssit^tl 
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1 am ordered to print the following 
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ST.VTEMEXT OF THE OWXER- 

■SHIP, MAXAGEMEXT, CIRCU- 

LATIOX. ETC., 
of Book Notes, published fortnightly, 
at Providence, Rhode Island, required 
by the Act of August 24, 1912. 

Editor, Managing Editor, Business 
Manager and Publisher, Sidney S. 
Rider, Providence, R. I. 

Owners, none; no bondholders, no 
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Sidney S. Rider. 

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BOOK NOTES 

HISTORICAL, LITERARY AND CRITICAL. 

CONDUCTED BY 

SIDNEY S. RIDER, 

7J ALMY STREET, .... - - PROVIDEyCE, R. J . 

Entered as Second class Matter, at the Providenc*-, R. I. Pi.st Office. 



^c.^^^^^^^.^^vo^^y. j Saturday, Dec. 20, 1913. 



THE MEXTAL DEVELOPMENT OF 
RHODE ISLAND. AS SHOWN IN 
THE PUBLICATION OF BOOKS. 

Part Jl. 
Tlicse almanacs were one of the 
greatest factors in the awaking to ac- 
\ion the Human Minds in Rhode Is- 
lan<l. Jiunc'S Frai'.klin was the elder 
brother of Benjamin Franklin. He 
printed at Newport in 1729 "Barclay's 
Apology," one of the most favorite 
treatises on the Doctrines and Prin- 
ciples of the Society of Friends, or 
Quakers. It was first printed in Eng- 
land in 1676, and dedicated to Charles 
the Second. There is a curious error 
in paging the book. It appears to 
have 524 pages. It really has 574 
pages. 

I return for one moment to the "Al- 
manac,'" Pour Robin's (James Frank- 
lin's) Rliode Island Ahnanac, was the 
First in Rhode Islanri. Poor Richard's 
(Benjamin Franklin's) was lirst pub- 
lished in Philadelpiiia in 17^2. The 
Nathaniel Ames Ahnanac, first published 
in 1725, was published fifty. years by the 
I'ather and Son, and always packed solid 
with actually brilliant mental work, and 
great was their circulation here in Rhode 
Island. In 1747, the Colony began the 
printing of the Acts and Resolves of the 
Genera! Assembly, and have not yet 
stopped. Digests of the Laws, were first 
printed in this Colony in 1721. In 17G2, 
on the 20th of October, William Godd- 
ard and his wife, Sarah Updike began 
the publication of the Providence 
Caci'lti-. tlic first newspeper printed in 
Providence. In 1700, Sarah Goddard 
and Company, published a book, bearing 



ihe title "Letters of the Right Honour- 
able Lady M-y W-y. M-e, Written Dur- 
ing her Travels in Europe. .\sia and 
.\frica, to Persons of Di-tinction, Men 
«if Letters, etc." It was published in 
Providence, in New England It was 
in size, a 12 mo., Iiaving 204 pages. It 
^'ands to day in the higher lines of En- 
glish Literature. Sarah Goddard and 
Company were the first ever to import 
English Books here in Rhode Island, to 
be sold. "Mar}- Wortley Monatgu" was 
the author's name. 

Stephen Flnpkiiis wa.> the first man to 
write a Hi.^tory and Growth of Provi- 
dence. It was printed in the Providence 
Gaccttc (Sarah Goddard's newspaper 
beginning on the 12th of January, 17G."<, 
and ending March 30th of the s;ime year. 
In 1704, John Waterman had a mill at 
Olneyville for the manufacture uf "cart- 
ridge" paper as it was called in my 
tarly days. I think there are 'nuoks in 
the Providence Athenaeum library still 
wearing ' covers made «)f Waleniian's 
"cartridge" paper. A prin-ing pre.-.? was 
( stablished there by Waterman ; and 
many curious little books were printed 
there. Here is one. "Verbum Sempiter- 
uwm," which may have been intended to 
me-in "Words Eternal or Everlasting." 
This book is divided in two ^ections, the 
first refers to the "Old" Teslinvnt, and 
the second refers to the ".\'ew" Testa- 
ment. Here is another, "The Renowned 
iii.^tory of Giles Gingerbread." It has 
si.xteen wood cuts, and a floral tailpiece. 
(;ne wood rut is entitled The Bull Les- 
son; another, the Dog Lesson; another 
the Horse Lesson. Here is another, 
"Songs Composed for the use and cdi- 



lication of such as love llie Trulli in its 
Native Simplicity." I will give you a 
couple of specimen \ersos. 

'•Then martyrs will rejoice and siny 

To see the smoke arise 
Of torment, which their (.'.od doth bring 

On all their enemies. 

"Though God is pleased in His own Son 
And Christ His work has fully done 

In Nature all are Liars still 
And Captive led at Satan's will. " 

There were hut two churches in Pro\i- 
dence at the time when this "Hymn 
Book" was printed. But I cannot deter- 
mine which Church used this precious 
puhlication ot 17CS. These churcl^cc 
were the "Benevolent"' and the "Beneu- 
ctnt.'' In 1774, there was printed at 
Newport, a book with this title "The 
Judgment of Whole Kingdoms and Na- 
tions Concerning the Right, Power and 
Prerogative of Kings, and the Rights, 
Properties and Privileges of the Peiiple 
and etc.," London, 177L by John, L<-'rd 
Somers, one of the greatest legal and 
political minds of his time. 1G52-171G. 



In Providence was printed " English 
Liberties or the Free P.orn Sul)jects In- 
heritance— t(^getlur Willi a History of 
the Succession, not by any Hereditary 
Right; Also a Declaration of the Liber- 
ties of the Subject'' by Henry Cane and 
William Nelson of the Middle Temple, 
London. Providence. Rhode Island 
Printed 1774. 

In Newport. Rhode Island, a Poem 
was ])rinted name OiH-roii. from the Cer- 
man of Wieland, translated by William 
Sothcby in the year 1810, 2 vols., S vo. 
with 4(!0 pages. A single poem. The 
l'>ook has a bibliographical sketch of 
Wiclaiid; and a sketch analytical of the 
Poem; both were written by William 
Hunter, then a resident of Vewp. >rt. 

In 17G.^, Rhode Island Co'lege was in- 
coriiorated by the Rliode Island Gen- 
eral Assembly. In 1^'()4. the name was 
ch;inged to P.rown University. 

In 1729, Dean Berkely came to New- 
port to remain until he could get an ap- 
pointment to an educational college on 
the Island of Bermuda. He failetl to get 
it. While there, James Kraiiklin printed 
a book written bv Berkciv entitled 



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FRANK E. CHAFEE, Treasurer. 

CHARLES H. SHELDON. Secreiary. 

CLINTON F. STEVENS. Ass't Treasurer and Ass't Secretary. 



Samuel M. Nicholson, 
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Harold J. Gross, 
Benjamin A. Jackson, 
Joseph Samuels, 



DIRECTORS. 
Arthur H. Watson, 
Clarence L. Watson, 
Marsden J. Perrv. 
William W. Douglas, 
Harry Cutler, 
Charles Alexander. 
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Everett L. Spencer. 
Albert A. Remington, 
Philip Allen, 
George W. Thurston, 
William B. Greenough 
Walter W. Griftith. 



■'Alciphr.>n, or the Minute Pliilosophcr." 
The hook had n rapid sale. Alciphrou 
was an ancient (.".reek "^ipphisi, delineti as 
one of tliose "who I'v tiieir fallacious 
laii plau.-ililc reasoning, puzzled inquir- 
ers after irutli, weakened the faitii <>i 
the people; and drew upon thein.-elv(.s 
general hatred and contempt." Tiiere 
was a rising opposition to tlie work oi 
the Churches of the time. Itwastiuit 
feeling wliich hrought out tlie publica- 
tion of the "Looking Class for Elder 
Clarke and Elder Wightmau." It was 
against it that Dean Bcrkely wrote Al- 
cii)hron. The religious distrust (1720- 
i;:!0) then arising, led Dean lierke- 
ley to give Alciphron's name to this 
book. Short as was his residence at 
Xewj)ort. sii great was his love of books 
that a great intercut was aroused among 
tb.e people for a Public Library. One 
was started soon after 17:;:.', and Dean 
P.crke'y gave many books of high cost 
to it. In 1747, Abraham Redwood, a 
merchant duelling at Newport gave Five 
Hundred Pounds Sterling to buy En- 
glish books for the Lilirary in Xewport. 
It was named by the ("icncral Assembly 
immediately "The Redwood Library," 
and that rame still remains. It was the 
first Puldic Library in Rhode Island. In 



1TJ4, the General Assembly granted a 
Charter to the Providence Library Com- 
l>.uiy: and the use of a room in the 
^late House, in which to keep it. Four 
>ears after, the building was burned 
(l'>:i.-ii; and the Ixioks were burned up 
Sid)se(iuently, the (^.eneral Assembly 
granted two Lotteries, one for a new 
State liuilding; and one for a new Li- 
brary. This now Library after 
s-juie years became a part of tb.e 
Providence Athenaeum. Public 

Schools did not come into existence 
in iVovidence until about ISOO, and all 
over the Slate, until Thomas W. Dorr 
by his work in the General .Assembly 
l)rought them into existence here. I'ri- 
vate Tutors were emp'oyed in families 
ti) a smali extent. Judy>. VV. R. 3iai-le> 
admits that "Education has not always 
receixed the same degree of attention in 
Rli.ide Island that it has received in 
other Xew England States.'' (.Vnnals of 
Pro\idence, p. 492.) He further stated 
that William Turpin, was the first school 
master in Providence. (.\nnals of 
Providence,, p 49:^.) and that he made 
an agreem.ent with William Mawkins and 
wife, to furnish their child. Peregrine 
Hawkins, with board and schooling 
for one year, for six pounds; forty shil- 



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HigUGraclelRvestn^enlSecuriries 

Orders executed on the New York and Boston Stock 
Exchange. Foreign Excliange bought and sold. Letters of 
Credit furnished for travelers. 



^o4 



lings of which was to be paid in beef and 
pork; the pork at two pence; the beef 
at three peace and a half penny per 
pound; twenty shillings in corn at two 
shillings per bushel, and the balance in 
silver money. He, the boy, was to be 
instructed in reading and writing." (An- 
nals of Providence, p. 493.) When this 
Contract is understood, and money con- 
ditions understood, it will appear shrewd 
in its construction Hut Turpin's School 
-Ma'-ter business was of short duration 
On the 14th Dec, K1S4. he was ordered | 
by the tknernment ihen in session, to 
take out a license; or he. Turpin, would 
be impounded for keeping a victualling 
iiouse, or sellitig beer, ale, liquor or other 
strong drink--or the penalty by law 
V'-iiiu iie luoxi.icd" i Col. Kcc. v. :*.. p 
235.) That was the last specimen of 
School jMaster Hist<:)ry for a century. 

In 17S0, there was a marked improve- 
ment in the desire for School Ivducatiou; 
in ITS."), a great improvement had taken 
place. In 1780, an "American l.atli' 
Grammar" was printed in Providence. 
It was written by a Massachusetts man 
named Ross, aclergyman Early in the 



last century there began a development 
of the "Poetic Art." A young Rhode Is- 
land man, named Wil'iam W'insor, born 
in Smithfield, was a graduate of Brown 
University. ISll, published in 1.S12, a 
Poem entitled "The Poetic Art." It was 
soon followed by many men and women. 
i>etween the years 1S00-1S60, there were 
at least one hundred and eight (lOS) 
specimens of the work of Rhode Is- 
land writers of Poetry which was print- 
ed and published. Several writers pub- 
lished several publications, so that there 
were possibly one hundred and twenty- 
tive printed specimens. I will mention 
a few names: Paul Allen, Josias Lyn- 
don .-Krnoid. Daniel Benedict, Sarah 
Warner Brooks, Rev. Charles T. Brooks 
Tii-tam IViirges, Julia P. Burge, Job 
Durlee, Thomas Durfee, Elijah Fitch 
Allicrt G. Greene, Mrs. Edward B Hall 
Sophiah Little, Annie C. Lynch, Ann 
Page, Miss S. Power, Sarah Helen 
Whitman, a sister of Miss Power, James 
Cook Richmond. William E. Rich- 
mond, Catherine R. Williams and 
Prances H. Whipple, the first 
the Editor of the Providence 
Journal. Of these writers of Poetry, I 



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MIICHAEL F. DOOLEY. President. 

Vice-Presidents, FREDERICK S. PECK, TOSEPH E. FLETCHER, 

AUGUSTUS R. PKIRCE. 

C. H. W. MAXDEVTLLE, Cashier. 

GEORGE G. WOOD, Asst. Cashier. 



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Charles Fletcher. 
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Charles H. W. Mandeville, 
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B. Thomas Fotter, 
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Clarence L. Wntson. 



One of the Oldest and Strongest Banks in Rhode Island 



205 



personally knew thirteen. I wilt close 
with one more item. There were writ- 
ten and published in Providence, between 
\S.iQ and 1S35, three volumes of stories 
of the sea, written by Nathaniel Ames 
"the third" of that name; great in litera- 
ture. The names of the books are, "A 
Mariner's Sketches;" "Nautical Rem- 
iniscnces;" and ''An Old Sailor's Varus." 
First-rate illustrations of the intellectual 
strength and force which grew so rapid- 
ly, finally, here in Rliode Island after the 
first Ames, the grandfather of the last 
Ames, began his work. Fisher Ames 
was a brother of the author of these 
admirable "Sketches," and was one of 
the most celebrated men during the 
war of tlie Revolution; he wrote in 
IROl an adniiiabie papei un the cun- 
struction and use of School Books. 
Flvery teacher in Rhode Island ought 
to commit it to memory and instant 
use. 

From A. D. backwards, ran four 
thousand years, known as F>. C; 
A. D. is now approaching its 1914th 
year. Such a thing as w^e know as a 
P.ook printed with movable types like 
.\ B C was never known until about 
A. D. 1458. Before that time all 
writers of books, wrote and "pub- 



lished" only single copies. Multitudes 
of men and women could neither 
read, think. nor understand. 

Those people covering a period 
of 545S years were no more educated 
than millions of cats or rats. The com- 
irg of the year A. D. 14.")S opened the 
d )ors to mental develipmcnt tor the 
masses of men and women. There are 
neithi'r bibliographers, nor Imoks, 
which existed, before movable types 
were invented. Aldus Manutius was 
the first great printer of Books with 
movable types. I brought to Provi- 
dence and sold in a book shop the 
first specimen of his book e\er seen 
here. Moxable types were used, at 
first, to lay the ancient works of the 
most ancient writers ()eiore tiie Peo- 
ple, and then follow with men then 
living. 1 will give the dales o: a lew 
ancient writers, and tlie tirst time 
their books were printed with mov- 
able types. 



Strabo 

.\eschylus 

Galen 

Hippocrates 

Longinus 

Pausanius 



Li\ed 

B. C. (i4 

B. C. 525 

A. D l.io 

B. C. 4r,o 

A. D. 273 

B. C. 4T9 



P.ook Printed 
A. 1). 151f. 
A. D. 1518 
A. D. 152.-, 
A. 1). i.V2<; 

A. 1). lo44 
A. D. 1470 



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Capital, $3,000,000. Surplus $3,000,000. 



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Certificates of Deposit at attractive rates. Loans and Discounts. 
Collections made on all points on favorable terms. 

FOREIGN EXCHANGE DEPARTMENT — Foreicrn Drafts and 
Letters of Credit available in all parts of the \\'or]d. Cable 
Transfers. 

TRUvST DEPAKTMENT—Authorized to accept Trusts. Is a legal 
depositary for trust funds. Acts as Trustee, Executor, Adminis- 
trator, Guardian and as Registrar and Transfer Agent of Coj]>ora- 
tions. 



^6(S 



Micloniiis 



A. D. 
A. D. 



A. D. 1516 I 
A. V. 1470 I 



I :icitus A. IJ. 

Straho liad been dead 1452 years 
before h's mental work became 
known to men; Aeschylus 2045 years; 
C.alen ]:;'.),> years; Hippocrates 19S0 
years; Lonirinus 1271 years; Pau- 
sanius 991 years; Suetonius 1462 
years; Tacitus 140S } ears. 

It is tlius clear, that with the in- j 
vention oi" movaldc types, to be used j 
in the manufacture oi liooks in 1458. I 
came the mental development of men, 
and women, in capacity to compose, j 
and write books to be printed. Tiie I 
mental powers developed. This will | 
l)e seen all through this paper, blinds i 
grew constantly and immensely. The j 
World's God in lTe;^vcn has like- i 
wise developed immensely since so 
many great and good souls have i 
gone Iiack to join Him. Socrates has 
told the great results which might fol- 
low I'.is death; and now it is clear to us. 

How to use these great blessings, i 
and the opportunities offered to | 
young men and women, by becom- I 
ing Librarians in these great days of | 
the growth of men.tal strength, both ' 
for tb.ernselves and to tlie boys and 
girls, and fathers and mothers who are 
yet alive. Book work has parts; 



thinking is one, writing is another, 
development of mind another; then 
comes tlie art of discovering of what 
is real and true in books. Librarians 
sliould themselves see quickly what 
is in books before spreading them 
abroad. Apply your minds to the 
uleas of tlic author, and learn how 
the author has used his ideas— and 
yuur work will be worth its weight in 
gold. Give fifteen minutes examina- 
tion to every book. 

Catherine R. Williams was the au- 
thor of a volume of I'oetry, and seven 
other l)ooks. Frances H. Whipple 
was the author of seven books, and 
of the I'oeni, "Xanunteno." legend 
of the Xarragansetts. a grand "In- 
dian'" poem. Another of Miss Whip- 
ple's books was "Might and Right," 
a liook on what was called the Dorr 
war. These books will' mark epochs 
in the mental development of women 
in Rhode Island; in truth the special 
purpose was to educate the mental 
development of women in Rhode 
Island. "Might and Right,"' above 
mentioned, is the finest specimen of 
hook writing concerning the Revolu- 
tion (for that is what it was in Rhode 
Island), which was then written by 
any man, or woman. In the days of 



(Twelve (12) Copies, only, remain.) 

The Lands of Rhode Island 

as they were known to 

CAUNGUNICUS AND MIANTUNNOMU 

wlien Roger Williams came in 1636. 

An Indian Map of the Principal Locations 

known to the NAHIGANvSKTvS and ELABORATK 
HISTORICAL XOTKS by Sidnf.v S. Rider. ' 

The edition con.si.sti'd of 495 ; 19 remain to be sold. Price, post 
paid $9.00. Address the Author, Providence, R. I.' 



my childhood, Aaron Town, kept a 
Itarher shop at Xo. 2 Union Build- 
ing: and Cliailfs lUirnelt kept a 
hook shop directly opposite, wlivrc 
1 was then chief (.hottle \vashor\antl 
Aaron Town, my liair cntttr. One 
day he stopped cuttinir a monunt, to 
look at an oj)en l)in»k. l>in,y upon a 
little shelf beiiind him. Natural in- 
quisitivei'.ess nuw Inl ine to see wiiat 
bofjk it was; it was '■Oliendor I's 
French Grammar" then O'^-^^), a new 
hook. Mr. '["own was working stead- 
il}-. and learning to read French. I 
ran the same road as a hook seller. 
1-rom the year A. I). 1458, hack to 
B. C. ^000; and them hack to B. C. 
1; when God created a w^oman with 
one rilv T 'n^'-i ^'?\::\1 cnc wor.::::'.: 
and only one, who was the author 
of a book, in manuscript, in prose or 
poetry. Sappho. Sapplionis, Safto. or 
Sapphus as Brunet, the greatest clas- 
sical biographer the world has ever 
known, gives us. Other w-riters men- 
tion Gorgo, Andromeda, Anacioria. 
Gongyla, Hunica, Attliis, Mnasidea, 
Damophila, Erinna and others; but 
Brunet seems never to have found 
them. 

Here for a moment we will rest. 
The subject is a great one, and one 



which has never before been handled. 
It V ill grow greater and greater. fi)r 
\ears to come, and the erTeets upDU the 
iluniau Race will be inmiense. imt nv .>t 
of all upon wnmen. 

IT IS WHOLESOME 







NAAOa HQISdn 

noA Nanx h^ahn miM ±i 

THE SHgPARD COfvlPANY, 

251-273 Westminster Street, 

MISS ANNIE E. RIOER, 

73 Almy St., Providence. 

TRY THIS TASTE-FULL-TONIC. 
li and G means "Orange-." 



SOUL LIBERTY 



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RHODE 1SL.\ND'S GUT TO THK 

NATION. 

An inqttiry concerning^ the xalidilN' of tlic claims made liy Roman 
Catholics tlial. Maryland was settled upon tlint basis (Soi-i. I.iiii-ktv) 
before Roger Williams planted the Colon}- of Rhode Islandi. 

-BY- 
SIDNEY S. RIDER. 

"1 feel soti!ev.-)i.it acquaiiUed with \ou throush nivtiatiial perusal of youi niasNrrl) 
treatise, entitl'rd : SOir. LIBKKTV." .A .J. S. Jioufdeau , Aliisi\in,iiy Sfi'^, U\i:lnt.^l,„ . O.C 

Qnarto, 95 pages, $1.25 

(Twenty-five copies). 



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To those desiring to change or make new banking 
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Ail Indian Map of fiis Lands of GENTLEitlEN'S SHIRTS 



RHODi: \mm 



As they were known to Canonicus 

and Miantinonii when Roger 

Williams knew them 

in 1636. 



A Beautiful and Precions Christmas 
Gift, only $1.50. 



OF Tllfi FINEST MATERIA 
THE BEST rOSSlBLE FITTING 
THE FINEST PRIVATE WOBK 

AXD 

A Durability Approachiiig Perpetnalitj 
Orders Taken for Kutlouholes. 

Your MONErnever 
went so far in SlIiRTS 
in the WORIJ before. 



ANNIE E, RIDER, 73 ALMY STREET. 



BROWN,LISLE&MARSHALL 

Investm ent Securities 

TURK'S HEAD BUILDING, PROVIDENCE, R. I. 



PUBLIC SERVICE BONDS. 

Tliere are three elements to be considered in inakin^^ an investmeTit, Safetv, 
Perrnauenne and Income. The bonds of efliciently manatrcd Public Service CoV- 
j)orationE- oiler the investor a paiiicularly well balanced combination of tbe^e 
esscmiaU. Tl)e biisinesn is not alTocted by tarift" changee and is i)eriiianeni 
because it furnii-bes public neceHsiiieK. such as the telephone, elect ricilv, ^ap, 
street railways, etc. liiiBiness deprehsions do not interrupt the steady incieaf-e iii 
earuinf,'s. The income is hij^h in relation to the tafety of the'princiijal. 

We arc in a position to obtain accurate inforiuatiou couceruini- the 
corporations whose boridt; we offer. '^ 



AN INDEX TO PRINCIPAL LOCAL 

AND 

HISTORICAL MATTERS, 



Alaska and the Seal Skin Crop.. 173 
AxGF.LL, Wai.tkr F., discovers tlio 
direct ancestry line of Roger Wil- 
liams 65 

Kailev, \V. WHiTNrAX. Hi? poem, 

■'To a Peerless Rider"' 39 

Blodgktt, Joh.v Taggard, (V.orilied 
by the Providence Journal as a 
Judge of the Supreme Court.... 154 
Bloix^i-tt, J. T.\GG^\Ru, His work 

while a Supreme Court Judge 5S 

Blc.mek, Dk. G. a., Story of Psap- 

hion becoming a Divine G>:>d by 

getting a lot of Parrots and 

t:mght them to call him a Priest 74 

Books. Dangers of to the Human 

Mind 113 

Bolinxbkoke. Lord. (;)n th,e Pope's 
'"Power to dtnermine rightfully 

against right" 173 

Boulders, or the Blunders Which. 

in Smithfield. R. 1 97 

Eravto.v,, Cuareks R.. Hi? political 
use by Henry B. .\nthr,ny and Xe'.- 

son W. Aldrich 41 

BuRXiXG 270 I men and women in 
London by order of the Pope of 
Rome — and what has followed... 26 
Ctivrcii— i.s Church rot sjielling ... lOG 
CoDDiN-GTox. William and his Polit- 
ical Rascality 33 

Co .M MISSION- Government R >t 13.i 

CoRPOR.\TiONS use the Highways ox 
the People, for their enrichment 

by robbing the Peop'c fiS 

CuKREXCv Law, How will it work 
with the $.>G,0(tn,00().oou now in 
the hands of RockefcU.r. Ryan. 

Morgan and Baker 21 

Deckle edge paper 1S."> 

De Lune Book Swindling descriljcd 1 
Dorr, Thomas, nonsense article 

about; in N. Y. newspaper 13'.i 

Dl-bots. Chief Justice. p.)t a per- 
petual salary, retired from the 
Bench and was elected President 
of the Apponaug Co 14S 



Dleois. E. C. Secures the enact- 

; ment of Perpetual Statutes 

I Kakth Hunxer, the result of the 

; work of English Peers 164 

I En-glaxp, The infernal work of the 

Peers in England 21 

i Epitome of the Fall of Man— Adam 

; and Eve raised C-ain 70 

■ Erraxp Boys in Power, How they 

became Great Business S9 

: Expres.s Compaxies, Their ruin be- 

: gun 134 

I-ooD. Prices for, and how arranged 
in the Rom?-,' V,.-,.^\,-fl k,- ri;^„i„ 

tian. A. D. 303 iso 

FicTiox, That "now published is the 

rottene,-t e\er printed So, SS 

j Food Swixdles of Providence— Gas, 
Milk, Ice, Markets, Hens, Eggs. 

Butter 74 

Food; and the Earth— are both ne- 

: ces-ities of Life, are we going to 

permit money sharks to rob u? 

of Both, or Either 16 

Food. What men paid in is.io, com- 
: pared with what men paid in 1912 19 
Frieumaxx. \^accination against 

Tuberculosis 61, 74, 119, 16-3 

God's Temple near the Devil's 

,' Chapel 4 

GovEKXor-s of States, engaged in 
"pardcning" criminals out of 

pri.^on ]3 

Hell. The Baptist? ha\e rc-estal)- 
lished it : heretiifore we have b;en 
kept in t!ie belief that r,od made 

a Hell f<jr us 22 

HovsE. fur House — rot 106 

Hr.M.Kx Rights 137. I7fi 

Iki.sh.\'ex. Shipload? sent to Boston 

in ]^47 9 

Legal Ten Commandments 76 

LrtREXz, His escape from Pri-Jon 

85, 134 

Lloyd. George on Engli.di Lands, 

SL-e Human Right? 10, 137, 142, 170 





Lyman, Josias. Xationality of .... 50 

^rii.LEKiTKS. Their Farcical Relig- 
ious work 21 

Market Horsi;, "The Old," in 

Providence 44, 74 

ME-V formerly called Thieves, Mur- 
derers, or Assassins — now men 
caM them "Cracksmen." Gunmen," 
"Yeggmen," "Grafters," etc 55 

MK-NTae Development of Rhode Is- 
land as shown in the Publication 
of P)Ooks, with moveable type 

70, 19:2. 201 

^[oKiAKTv, G. AxoKAw. Jr., At- 
tempts to overthrow Angell's 
History of Roger W'i'iiams' Fam- 
ily Decent 6r., 7.'> 

IMoRSE, the New Yi:>rk Bank Smash- 
er, and how three doctors got him 
out of Prison 12 

rNlORK Relickjx and less Cliarity; 
•Christmas Dinners, etc 5 

IMei.eE.v, R. R., work in Rhode Island 
25. 45, 74, 75, 99, lOS, 1S4 

Peekless Rider,, A Poem written 
by W. Whitman P.ai'ey to My 
Dear Companion of Half a Cen- 
tury 39 

Pharaoh's Serpexts, A little piece 
of Fire-works in 1SG6, brought by 
a Friend, from England 145 

Peopee, Is ours a Government of 
the People, by the People, for the 
People 

Pope of Rome has a Pad'.ock on the 
Gate of Heaven, and a Corkscrew 
to the Hole of Hell 47. 08, 14:;. 173 

PROVIDEXCE G,As CuMpAxv imperils 
the life of every man or woman 
in Providence, to squeeze big divi- 
dends for stock-holders i:"'.9 

Pkoviden'ce Milk Inspector scored 
for bad milk S4 

Providence, The robbing of the 
People of tnoney for meats — be- 
gun here in lS50^it is greater to- 
day than ever 17 

Putmax, Dr. Hki.ex C.. New Rook, 
"School Jauitors and ScJwol 
HcitUh" 100 

Richards, Rev. \Yii.t,iAM C, A 
poem, "All in One' 20 

Rider, Sidxev S.. Dimur given t'l. 
by Colleiic Men lS:t 



Advised to "Get Right with God" 

76, 97 

How I. an Errand Boy, became a 
Student of Rhode Island History 1S3 
His ownership, and government, 
of Book Xotes Ill, 120 

RoMAX Catholic Priests denounce 

American Schools 54 

One named Schmidt, a brutal 

murderer 15S 

Their work in Italy 116 

Churches in Rhode Island struck 

by lightening 140, 140 

Rhode Islaxd Street Railroad Cor- 
porations — the number and size of 

its accidents 12 

Court Judges, Po'itical Work for 

Salary 41. 40, 57 

Government — A brief account of 

its rise and settlement 129 

Six men controlled the Knart- 
mcnt of all Laws — the Judicial 
Decision of all Suits in all Cour-ts, 
and the absolute control of the 

Elective Franchise 153 

Created Forty-six Banks, in six 
years. 1S50-1S50. to help the stock- 
holders to squeeze money from 

men who had any 14S 

Hi.nv the State has been treated 

in History 13 

Declaration of Independance — A 
Tablet set up in old State House 
by the Lippitt Fami'y to glorify 
the Act — which was never enacted 77 

Scott's Poxd. The Floating Island 121 

Seri'm Fraud in Vaccination 78 

Ship-Fevek came to Xew England 
with Shiploads of Irishmen in 
1S47 9 

Smaij.-Pdx in R. I.. A second- ■ 
story fraud . 107 

Smoke Xl'isaxce in Cities 13 

Sxow Storm, here in Providence in 
January, 1S57, descril)cd 25 

SorL LiHERTv. not Religious Tolera- 
tion was what R'^ger Williams 
estal)lished here 3S 

SoT-LS. Xeitber Corporations U'^.r 
Catamounts ha\e them 11 

Streets of Providence — and see 
how the Pe(jple are Robbed liy 
CorporaticMis using them 4S 

Sti'nts — What is an .\crinl Stunt 
105, 117 



St-TKK.MK U. S. Court admits distrust 
of Judges — by O. W. Holme-;, cue 
of the Judges S4 

SwKhe's "Public Market'' in Frovi- 
dence and its Work IT. 73. SI, 100, 
loG, ISO, 16T, 100. 100. 

TARiKr. History. Origin and Use 
of the Word 171 

Tag Dav Abomination 1S7 

Taxes, All that are levied upon the 
Rich, at once transferred upon 
the Poor 11 

Truth, the telling oi, without 
Malice, not a Libel in Rliode Is- 
land 1S5 



' TvPHOiD Fr.vKK, who generated it, 

j in going to "Put-In Bay" ITti 

Urinary Palact, for merl and wo- 
men (in) Weybosset Street erect- 

' ed by the City (".overnment 157 

' Vaccination', Another Doctor kill- 
ed by 63 

' Voting, The Property Qualification 

of in Rliode Island 140 

Wert, Benjamin, Historical work 

120, 133 

Williams, Roger, The direct ances- 

; try of, discovered by Walter F. 

Angell 65, 75 

! Williams, Roger. A few thoughts 

from 3 



8015